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Use contextual keywords relevant to your job position industry. Polymer Paper. Use formal fonts and the font size should be 14 for headings and 12 for the rest. You must use strong verbs such as “managed”, “handled”, “led”, “administered”, “charted” etc. Begin the resume with summary sentence so that the hiring manager can have a blue-print of your skills abilities at a glance. Include personal accomplishments if they are pertinent to the relevant job opening. Focus on quantifiable accomplishments include facts figures. No grammar mistake or typo error is allowed in your resume. Don’t use generic words like hardworking or confident- rather use “efficient at handling big teams for account executive, crucial projects”. Don’t use informal email ids in contact details. Don’t use chronological resume when you have big gaps in your career.
Don’t include irrelevant personal hobbies. No lengthy resume. Composites. Don’t lie in your resume and be honest. When you are looking for best resume format examples, we at template.net are ready to help you with your expert-designed resumes- whether you need a chronological one or a functional one or a combination resume. Ceative Resume Templates must be drafted using a formal format and budge wilson metaphor, a professional tone but it may not be possible for research, everyone to get it right. Thus one can make use of a resume format. A resume format is a detailed layout and format of a resume which can be used by those who are confused about the format of legitimate help, such a formal document. A resume format is divided into composites research paper, sections and categories in the exact same way as needed in a resume. It gives the prompts and multiple choice questions users a reference point of view and idea of how a professional Resume Templates must look like. Resume formats may also be provided with the main headings like personal details, academic details, professional experience etc. for better use and reference of the users. Polymer Research Paper. What makes a resume format the best resume format is the manner in which it is drafted or framed and how much convenience it offers to the user.
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For example, if you download marketing resume collection, you will get a lot of Marketing Resume Format Templates and polymer composites paper, you can choose the best one that appeals to you and fill in the details to send it out. What kind of Resume Should I use?(100 Words) Basically, there are four types of resume available. American Dream And The. They are chronological, functional, combinational and targeted. Chronological resumes are most commonly used as it represents the data sequentially for the employers to find them easily at the very first glance. Polymer Research. In case you have some lapse in your work and study, then it is and multiple questions, better to use a functional resume to cover it up skillfully. Combinational resume must be used when you are very experienced and your work history matters more than basic data. Targeted resumes are most effective and you need to spend more time preparing it. Download some Basic Resume Format Templates and some samples to make a perfect resume yourself. Which Format do Most Employers Prefer for Resumes? Depending on the job requirement, different employers prefer different resume formats.
If the job requirement is for freshers only, employers would like to composites paper receive chronological resumes as the data and information about the budge wilson metaphor candidate would be sequentially and it would be easy to locate required information easily. But in the case of hiring experienced professionals, employers prefer to have functional resumes where experience and skills get the priority. But in general, employers prefer chronological resume format. Therefore, you need to download different formats like IT Resume Format Templates to apply in IT firm and research paper, then based on the job requirements, you have to form the resume that the employers would prefer the most. To write a resume, you have to collect all the required data and information about you in one place. Then you have to budge download some sample resumes and resume templates as per the purpose of the resume. For example, if you are applying in an IT firm, you should download IT resumes or if you are applying for a post of composites paper, HR, you should download HR Resume Format Templates.
After downloading them, open them and start filling the details. If there are any unnecessary headings that do not match your profile, you have to omit and delete them. You should refer to sample resume for checking out how exactly to fill the cover data and information to look impressive. what are two of the Most Popular Resume Formats. Out of the composites research four different types of resumes we listed above, chronological and functional are the most popular resume formats. Chronological resume formats are popular among freshers or those who have light experience of a couple of and multiple questions, years. On the polymer composites paper other hand, functional resumes are popular among experienced professionals with at assignment least experience of working in two and more companies. Freshers can also use it in case the candidate has diverse skills and has done many internships in the past. There are multiple formats available in these two categories and one should download freshers and Experienced Resume Format Templates to have different variations to choose from. Polymer Composites Research. A chronological resume is the most used resumes in the world. In a chronological resume, everything is listed from the recent to format of research school the earliest format.
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Goodbye to All That: Why Obama Matters. Is Iraq Vietnam? Who really won in 2000? Which side are you on composites research, in the culture wars? These questions have divided the help Baby Boomers and distorted our politics. One candidate could transcend them. Trump's Puerto Rico Visit Is a Political Disaster.
Civil-Rights Protests Have Never Been Popular. Sterilizing a Child, for a Better Life. The Absurdity of the Nobel Prizes in Science. The logic behind the candidacy of Barack Obama is polymer paper, not, in the end, about Barack Obama. It has little to do with his policy proposals, which are very close to his Democratic rivals’ and website for essay writing, which, with a few exceptions, exist firmly within the conventions of our politics. It has little to do with Obama’s considerable skills as a conciliator, legislator, or even thinker.
It has even less to do with his ideological pedigree or legal background or rhetorical skills. Yes, as the many profiles prove, he has considerable intelligence and not a little guile. But so do others, not least his formidably polished and practiced opponent Senator Hillary Clinton. Obama, moreover, is polymer composites research, no saint. He has flaws and essay and multiple choice questions, tics: Often tired, sometimes crabby, intermittently solipsistic, he’s a surprisingly uneven campaigner.
Andrew Sullivan speaks candidly about why he supports Barack Obama, how he became a blogger, and why he's not afraid to change his mind. Listen to an excerpt from his interview with Andrew Sullivan. (Audio player will pop up in a new window.) Listen to a podcast of Andrew Sullivan's discussion with Tom Ashbrook on NPR's On Point. A soaring rhetorical flourish one day is polymer composites paper, undercut by a lackluster debate performance the next. He is thesis on the american dream great, certainly not without self-regard. He has more experience in public life than his opponents want to acknowledge, but he has not spent much time in Washington and has never run a business. His lean physique, close-cropped hair, and stick-out ears can give the polymer composites research impression of a slightly pushy undergraduate. You can see why many of his friends and admirers have urged him to wait his turn.
He could be president in five or nine years’ time—why the rush? But he knows, and privately acknowledges, that the thesis and the fundamental point of his candidacy is that it is happening now. Composites Paper! In politics, timing matters. And the most persuasive case for on the great Obama has less to do with him than with the composites research paper moment he is meeting. Website For Essay! The moment has been a long time coming, and polymer paper, it is the result of a confluence of essay and multiple choice questions, events, from one traumatizing war in Southeast Asia to another in the most fractious country in polymer composites research paper the Middle East. Legitimate Assignment Help! The legacy is polymer composites paper, a cultural climate that stultifies our politics and corrupts our discourse. Obama’s candidacy in this sense is a potentially transformational one. Unlike any of the other candidates, he could take America—finally—past the debilitating, self-perpetuating family quarrel of the Baby Boom generation that has long engulfed all of us. So much has happened in America in the past seven years, let alone the past 40, that we can be forgiven for focusing on the present and the immediate future. But it is account executive letter uk, only when you take several large steps back into the long past that the full logic of an polymer composites Obama presidency stares directly—and uncomfortably—at you. At its best, the Obama candidacy is about ending a war—not so much the war in Iraq, which now has a momentum that will propel the occupation into the next decade—but the war within America that has prevailed since Vietnam and that shows dangerous signs of essay choice, intensifying, a nonviolent civil war that has crippled America at the very time the world needs it most.
It is a war about war—and about culture and composites, about religion and about race. And in that war, Obama—and Obama alone—offers the thesis dream possibility of a truce. The traces of our long journey to this juncture can be found all around us. Its most obvious manifestation is political rhetoric. The high temperature—Bill O’Reilly’s nightly screeds against anti-Americans on one channel, Keith Olbermann’s “Worst Person in the World” on research, the other; MoveOn.org’s “General Betray Us” on the one side, Ann Coulter’s Treason on the other; Michael Moore’s accusation of treason at the core of the Iraq War, Sean Hannity’s assertion of treason in the opposition to it—is particularly striking when you examine the generally minor policy choices on the table. Something deeper and more powerful than the actual decisions we face is driving the tone of the debate. Take the biggest foreign-policy question—the war in assignment help Iraq. The rhetoric ranges from John McCain’s “No Surrender” banner to the “End the War Now” absolutism of much of the Democratic base. Yet the substantive issue is research, almost comically removed from legitimate, this hyperventilation.
Every potential president, Republican or Democrat, would likely inherit more than 100,000 occupying troops in January 2009; every one would be attempting to polymer composites research redeploy them as prudently as possible and to build stronger alliances both in the region and in the world. Every major candidate, moreover, will pledge to use targeted military force against al-Qaeda if necessary; every one is committed to ensuring that Iran will not have a nuclear bomb; every one is committed to an open-ended deployment in Afghanistan and an unbending alliance with Israel. We are fighting over school, something, to be sure. But it is more a fight over paper, how we define ourselves and over long-term goals than over what is practically to be done on the ground. On domestic policy, the prompts primary issue is health care. Again, the ferocious rhetoric belies the composites mundane reality. Between the boogeyman of “Big Government” and the alleged threat of the drug companies, the practical differences are more matters of nuance than ideology.
Yes, there are policy disagreements, but in the wake of the Bush administration, they are underwhelming. Most Republicans support continuing the Medicare drug benefit for seniors, the largest expansion of the entitlement state since Lyndon Johnson, while Democrats are merely favoring more cost controls on drug and insurance companies. Between Mitt Romney’s Massachusetts plan—individual mandates, private-sector leadership—and Senator Clinton’s triangulated update of her 1994 debacle, the difference is more technical than fundamental. The country has moved ever so slightly leftward. But this again is less a function of ideological transformation than of the current system’s failure to provide affordable health care for essay and multiple choice questions the insured or any care at all for growing numbers of the working poor. If the Supreme Court overturns Roe v. Wade, it will set off tectonic shifts in composites research the American political landscape not seen since the civil-rights movement—or perhaps even the Civil War. By Jeffrey Rosen. Even on issues that are seen as integral to the polarization, the practical stakes in this election are minor. A large consensus in America favors legal abortions during the for essay writing first trimester and varying restrictions thereafter.
Even in solidly red states, such as South Dakota, the support for total criminalization is weak. If Roe were to fall, the primary impact would be the end of a system more liberal than any in composites research paper Europe in favor of one more in sync with the varied views that exist across this country. On marriage, the battles in on the dream and the the states are subsiding, as a bevy of blue states adopt either civil marriage or civil unions for gay couples, and the rest stand pat. Most states that want no recognition for same-sex couples have already made that decision, usually through state constitutional amendments that allow change only with extreme difficulty. And the one state where marriage equality exists, Massachusetts, has decided to maintain the reform indefinitely. Given this quiet, evolving consensus on policy, how do we account for polymer composites the bitter, brutal tone of for high, American politics? The answer lies mainly with the polymer composites research biggest and most influential generation in America: the Baby Boomers. Format For High! The divide is polymer composites, still—amazingly—between those who fought in Vietnam and metaphor essay, those who didn’t, and between those who fought and dissented and those who fought but never dissented at all.
By defining the contours of the Boomer generation, it lasted decades. And with time came a strange intensity. The professionalization of the polymer composites battle, and the emergence of an array of on the american great, well-funded interest groups dedicated to continuing it, can be traced most proximately to the bitter confirmation fights over Robert Bork and Clarence Thomas, in 1987 and 1991 respectively. The presidency of Bill Clinton, who was elected with only 43 percent of the vote in 1992, crystallized the new reality. Composites Research! As soon as the legitimate assignment Baby Boomers hit the composites commanding heights, the Vietnam power struggle rebooted. The facts mattered little in the face of such a divide. While Clinton was substantively a moderate conservative in policy, his countercultural origins led to website writing the drama, ultimately, of religious warfare and even impeachment. Clinton clearly tried to bridge the Boomer split. But he was trapped on one side of polymer research paper, it—and his personal foibles only reignited his generation’s agonies over american great, sex and love and composites research, marriage. Even the failed impeachment didn’t bring the two sides to budge their senses, and the election of 2000 only composites made matters worse: Gore and Bush were almost designed to reflect the Boomers’ and the country’s divide, which deepened further. The trauma of 9/11 has tended to obscure the memory of that unprecedentedly bitter election, and its nail- biting aftermath, which verged on a constitutional crisis.
But its legacy is very much still with us, made far worse by President Bush’s approach to format paper dealing with it. Despite losing the popular vote, Bush governed as if he had won Reagan’s 49 states. Instead of cementing a coalition of the center-right, Bush and Rove set out to ensure that the new evangelical base of the Republicans would turn out polymer composites, more reliably in 2004. Instead of seeing the format of research school post-’60s divide as a wound to be healed, they poured acid on it. With 9/11, Bush had a reset moment—a chance to polymer composites research paper reunite the country in a way that would marginalize the extreme haters on both sides and forge a national consensus. Account Executive Cover Letter! He chose not to do so. It wasn’t entirely his fault. Polymer Composites Paper! On the left, the truest believers were unprepared to give the president the benefit of any doubt in the wake of the 2000 election, and they even judged the 9/11 attacks to be a legitimate response to decades of U.S. Website! foreign policy. Some could not support the war in Afghanistan, let alone the polymer adventure in essay prompts and multiple choice Iraq. As the Iraq War faltered, the polarization intensified. In 2004, the Vietnam argument returned with a new energy, with the research paper Swift Boat attacks on John Kerry’s Vietnam War record and CBS’s misbegotten report on Bush’s record in the Texas Air National Guard.
These were the legitimate help stories that touched the collective nerve of the polymer research paper political classes—because they parsed once again along the for essay writing fault lines of the Boomer divide that had come to polymer research paper define all of us. The result was an even deeper schism. Kerry was arguably the worst candidate on earth to put to american rest the post-1960s culture war—and his decision to embrace his Vietnam identity at the convention made things worse. Bush, for his part, was unable to polymer composites do nuance. And so the campaign became a matter of assignment help, symbolism—pitting those who took the terror threat “seriously” against those who didn’t.
Supporters of the polymer composites Iraq War became more invested in asserting the morality of executive letter uk, their cause than in polymer composites research examining the effectiveness of their tactics. Opponents of the war found themselves dispirited. Some were left to hope privately for American failure; others lashed out, as distrust turned to paranoia. It was and is a toxic cycle, in which the interests of the United States are supplanted by prompts questions domestic agendas born of pride and ruthlessness on the one hand and bitterness and alienation on the other. This is the critical context for the election of 2008. It is an election that holds the potential not merely to intensify this cycle of division but to bequeath it to a new generation, one marked by a new war that need not be—that should not be—seen as another Vietnam. A Giuliani-Clinton matchup, favored by the media elite, is a classic intragenerational struggle—with two deeply divisive and ruthless personalities ready to go to the brink. Giuliani represents that Nixonian disgust with anyone asking questions about, let alone actively protesting, a war. Clinton will always be, in the minds of so many, the composites research young woman who gave the commencement address at Wellesley, who sat in on the Nixon implosion and who once disdained baking cookies. Legitimate Help! For some, her husband will always be the draft dodger who smoked pot and wouldn’t admit it. And however hard she tries, there is nothing Hillary Clinton can do about it.
She and polymer research paper, Giuliani are conscripts in their generation’s war. To their respective sides, they are war heroes. In normal times, such division is not fatal, and can even be healthy. It’s great copy for journalists. Legitimate Assignment Help! But we are not talking about routine rancor. And we are not talking about normal times. We are talking about a world in which Islamist terror, combined with increasingly available destructive technology, has already murdered thousands of Americans, and tens of thousands of Muslims, and could pose an existential danger to the West. The terrible failures of the paper Iraq occupation, the resurgence of website, al-Qaeda in Pakistan, the progress of Iran toward nuclear capability, and paper, the collapse of America’s prestige and moral reputation, especially among those millions of Muslims too young to have known any American president but Bush, heighten the stakes dramatically. Perhaps the underlying risk is best illustrated by our asking what the writing popular response would be to another 9/11–style attack. It is hard to imagine a reprise of the sudden unity and solidarity in composites research the days after 9/11, or an outpouring of support from wilson essay, allies and polymer, neighbors.
It is far easier to imagine an even more bitter fight over who was responsible (apart from the perpetrators) and on the american dream great, a profound suspicion of research, a government forced to impose more restrictions on account executive cover, travel, communications, and civil liberties. The current president would be unable to command the trust, let alone the polymer composites research support, of half the country in account cover uk such a time. He could even be blamed for provoking any attack that came. Of the polymer research paper viable national candidates, only Obama and possibly McCain have the budge metaphor potential to bridge this widening partisan gulf. Composites Research! Polling reveals Obama to be the favored Democrat among Republicans. McCain’s bipartisan appeal has receded in for essay recent years, especially with his enthusiastic embrace of the latest phase of the Iraq War. And his personal history can only reinforce the Vietnam divide.
But Obama’s reach outside his own ranks remains striking. Paper! Why? It’s a good question: How has a black, urban liberal gained far stronger support among Republicans than the made-over moderate Clinton or the southern charmer Edwards? Perhaps because the Republicans and independents who are open to american and the great an Obama candidacy see his primary advantage in prosecuting the war on Islamist terrorism. It isn’t about his policies as such; it is about his person. Composites Research Paper! They are prepared to set their own ideological preferences to assignment one side in favor of what Obama offers America in a critical moment in our dealings with the rest of the world.
The war today matters enormously. The war of the last generation? Not so much. Composites Research Paper! If you are an American who yearns to format paper for high finally get beyond the symbolic battles of the Boomer generation and face today’s actual problems, Obama may be your man. What does he offer? First and foremost: his face. Think of research, it as the most effective potential re-branding of the United States since Reagan.
Such a re-branding is not trivial—it’s central to an effective war strategy. The war on wilson metaphor, Islamist terror, after all, is two-pronged: a function of both hard power and soft power. We have seen the potential of hard power in removing the Taliban and Saddam Hussein. We have also seen its inherent weaknesses in Iraq, and its profound limitations in winning a long war against composites paper, radical Islam. The next president has to paper for high school create a sophisticated and supple blend of soft and hard power to isolate the enemy, to fight where necessary, but also to create an ideological template that works to composites the West’s advantage over the long haul. Choice! There is simply no other candidate with the potential of Obama to do this. Which is where his face comes in. Consider this hypothetical. It’s November 2008.
A young Pakistani Muslim is watching television and sees that this man—Barack Hussein Obama—is the new face of polymer research, America. In one simple image, America’s soft power has been ratcheted up not a notch, but a logarithm. A brown-skinned man whose father was an essay choice African, who grew up in Indonesia and Hawaii, who attended a majority-Muslim school as a boy, is polymer, now the alleged enemy. If you wanted the crudest but most effective weapon against the demonization of America that fuels Islamist ideology, Obama’s face gets close. It proves them wrong about what America is in ways no words can. The other obvious advantage that Obama has in facing the world and our enemies is for essay, his record on polymer, the Iraq War. He is the only major candidate to have clearly opposed it from the start. Legitimate Assignment Help! Whoever is in composites research paper office in January 2009 will be tasked with redeploying forces in and out of Iraq, negotiating with neighboring states, engaging America’s estranged allies, tamping down regional violence. Obama’s interlocutors in Iraq and the Middle East would know that he never had suspicious motives toward Iraq, has no interest in occupying it indefinitely, and foresaw more clearly than most Americans the baleful consequences of american dream and the, long-term occupation. This latter point is the most salient. The act of picking the next president will be in polymer composites research some ways a statement of America’s view of Iraq.
Clinton is running as a centrist Democrat—voting for war, accepting the need for an occupation at least through her first term, while attempting to do triage as practically as possible. Obama is running as the clearer antiwar candidate. At the same time, Obama’s candidacy cannot fairly be cast as a McGovernite revival in tone or substance. He is not opposed to war as such. He is not opposed to of research school the use of unilateral force, either—as demonstrated by his willingness to polymer composites research target al-Qaeda in Pakistan over the objections of the Pakistani government. He does not oppose the idea of democratization in the Muslim world as a general principle or the concept of nation building as such.
He is uk, not an isolationist, as his support for the campaign in Afghanistan proves. Polymer Paper! It is worth recalling the key passages of the speech Obama gave in prompts and multiple choice Chicago on October 2, 2002, five months before the composites research war: I don’t oppose all wars. And I know that in this crowd today, there is no shortage of patriots, or of patriotism. What I am opposed to is a dumb war. What I am opposed to is a rash war … I know that even a successful war against Iraq will require a U.S. occupation of undetermined length, at undetermined cost, with undetermined consequences. I know that an invasion of Iraq without a clear rationale and without strong international support will only fan the flames of the choice questions Middle East, and encourage the research worst, rather than best, impulses of the Arab world, and strengthen the recruitment arm of al-Qaeda.
I am not opposed to all wars. I’m opposed to dumb wars. The man who opposed the war for the right reasons is for legitimate help that reason the potential president with the most flexibility in dealing with it. Clinton is polymer composites research paper, hemmed in for essay by her past and her generation. If she pulls out too quickly, she will fall prey to the usual browbeating from the right—the same theme that has played relentlessly since 1968. If she stays in too long, the antiwar base of her own party, already suspicious of her, will pounce. The Boomer legacy imprisons her—and so it may continue to imprison us. The debate about the war in research paper the next four years needs to be about the practical and difficult choices ahead of us—not about the website writing symbolism or whether it’s a second Vietnam. How Hillary Clinton turned herself into the consummate Washington player.
By Joshua Green. A generational divide also separates Clinton and Obama with respect to domestic politics. Clinton grew up saturated in the conflict that still defines American politics. As a liberal, she has spent years in a defensive crouch against triumphant post-Reagan conservatism. The mau-mauing that greeted her health-care plan and the endless nightmares of composites research paper, her husband’s scandals drove her deeper into her political bunker. Her liberalism is warped by what you might call a Political Post-Traumatic Stress Syndrome.
Reagan spooked people on the left, especially those, like Clinton, who were interested primarily in winning power. She has internalized what most Democrats of prompts and multiple, her generation have internalized: They suspect that the polymer composites majority is not with them, and so some quotient of discretion, fear, or plain deception is required if they are to advance their objectives. And so the legitimate assignment less-adept ones seem deceptive, and the more-practiced ones, like Clinton, exhibit the plastic-ness and inauthenticity that still plague her candidacy. She’s hiding her true feelings. We know it, she knows we know it, and there is research paper, no way out of it. Obama, simply by virtue of when he was born, is free of this defensiveness. Website For Essay Writing! Strictly speaking, he is at the tail end of the Boomer generation. Research! But he is not of it. Listen to for essay an excerpt from Obama’s interview with Andrew Sullivan. “Partly because my mother, you know, was smack-dab in the middle of the Baby Boom generation,” he told me. Composites Research! “She was only 18 when she had me. So when I think of Baby Boomers, I think of my mother’s generation.
And you know, I was too young for legitimate assignment help the formative period of the ’60s—civil rights, sexual revolution, Vietnam War. Those all sort of passed me by.” Obama’s mother was, in fact, born only five years earlier than Hillary Clinton. Polymer Research! He did not politically come of age during the Vietnam era, and he is simply less afraid of the right wing than Clinton is, because he has emerged on the national stage during a period of executive cover letter, conservative decadence and decline. And so, for paper example, he felt much freer than Clinton to say he was prepared to meet and legitimate assignment help, hold talks with hostile world leaders in his first year in office. He has proposed sweeping middle-class tax cuts and opposed drastic reforms of Social Security, without being tarred as a fiscally reckless liberal. (Of course, such accusations are hard to make after the fiscal performance of today’s “conservatives.”) Even his more conservative positions—like his openness to bombing Pakistan, or his support for polymer merit pay for public-school teachers—do not appear to emerge from a desire or need to credentialize himself with the executive cover letter uk right. He is among the first Democrats in a generation not to be afraid or ashamed of what they actually believe, which also gives them more freedom to move pragmatically to the right, if necessary. He does not smell, as Clinton does, of polymer composites, political fear. There are few areas where this Democratic fear is more intense than religion. The crude exploitation of sectarian loyalty and budge wilson metaphor, religious zeal by polymer composites research paper Bush and Rove succeeded in deepening the culture war, to cover letter uk Republican advantage. Again, this played into the divide of the Boomer years—between God-fearing Americans and the peacenik atheist hippies of polymer composites, lore.
The Democrats have responded by pretending to a public religiosity that still seems strained. Listening to Hillary Clinton detail her prayer life in public, as she did last spring to account executive uk a packed house at George Washington University, was at once poignant and repellent. Poignant because her faith may well be genuine; repellent because its Methodist genuineness demands that she not profess it so tackily. But she did. The polls told her to. Obama, in contrast, opened his soul up in public long before any focus group demanded it. Polymer Research Paper! His first book, Dreams From My Father , is account executive cover letter, a candid, haunting, and supple piece of writing. It was not concocted to solve a political problem (his second, hackneyed book, The Audacity of Hope , filled that niche). It was a genuine display of paper, internal doubt and conflict and executive cover uk, sadness.
And it reveals Obama as someone whose “complex fate,” to use Ralph Ellison’s term, is to composites research be both believer and doubter, in a world where such complexity is as beleaguered as it is necessary. This struggle to embrace modernity without abandoning faith falls on one of the fault lines in the modern world. It is arguably the critical fault line, the tectonic rift that is format school, advancing the bloody borders of polymer paper, Islam and the increasingly sectarian boundaries of American politics. As humankind abandons the format of research for high school secular totalitarianisms of the last century and grapples with breakneck technological and scientific discoveries, the appeal of absolutist faith is research paper, powerful in both developing and developed countries. It is the legitimate latest in a long line of rebukes to liberal modernity—but this rebuke has the deepest roots, the widest appeal, and the attraction that all total solutions to the human predicament proffer. From the doctrinal absolutism of Pope Benedict’s Vatican to the revival of polymer research, fundamentalist Protestantism in the U.S. and legitimate assignment, Asia to polymer paper the attraction for many Muslims of the of research most extreme and antimodern forms of Islam, the same phenomenon has spread to polymer research paper every culture and place.
You cannot confront the complex challenges of domestic or foreign policy today unless you understand this gulf and its seriousness. You cannot lead the United States without having a foot in both the religious and on the and the great, secular camps. This, surely, is research, where Bush has failed most profoundly. By aligning himself with the most extreme and basic of religious orientations, he has lost many moderate believers and alienated the secular and agnostic in the West. If you cannot bring the agnostics along in a campaign against religious terrorism, you have a problem. Here again, Obama, by virtue of legitimate assignment, generation and polymer composites research paper, accident, bridges this deepening divide. He was brought up in a nonreligious home and converted to Christianity as an adult. But—critically—he is not born-again. His faith—at once real and measured, hot and cool—lives at the center of the for essay writing American religious experience.
It is a modern, intellectual Christianity. “I didn’t have an epiphany,” he explained to me. “What I really did was to take a set of values and ideals that were first instilled in research me from my mother, who was, as I have called her in my book, the last of the legitimate help secular humanists—you know, belief in kindness and empathy and discipline, responsibility—those kinds of paper, values. And I found in the Church a vessel or a repository for budge wilson metaphor essay those values and polymer paper, a way to connect those values to a larger community and a belief in God and a belief in redemption and mercy and justice … I guess the website writing point is, it continues to be both a spiritual, but also intellectual, journey for me, this issue of faith.” The best speech Obama has ever given was not his famous 2004 convention address, but a June 2007 speech in Connecticut. In it, he described his religious conversion: One Sunday, I put on composites research paper, one of the few clean jackets I had, and went over to on the american dream Trinity United Church of Christ on polymer research paper, 95th Street on metaphor, the South Side of Chicago. And I heard Reverend Jeremiah A. Wright deliver a sermon called “The Audacity of Hope.” And during the course of that sermon, he introduced me to someone named Jesus Christ. Polymer Composites Research! I learned that my sins could be redeemed. I learned that those things I was too weak to accomplish myself, he would accomplish with me if I placed my trust in thesis on the dream and the great him. And in time, I came to composites paper see faith as more than just a comfort to the weary or a hedge against death, but rather as an account executive active, palpable agent in the world and in my own life. To be able to express this kind of religious conviction without disturbing or alienating the growing phalanx of polymer research paper, secular voters, especially on the left, is quite an achievement.
As he said in 2006, “Faith doesn’t mean that you don’t have doubts.” To deploy the rhetoric of Evangelicalism while eschewing its occasional anti-intellectualism and hubristic certainty is as rare as it is exhilarating. It is both an intellectual achievement, because Obama has clearly attempted to executive letter uk wrestle a modern Christianity from the encumbrances and anachronisms of its past, and an American achievement, because it was forged in the only American institution where conservative theology and composites paper, the Democratic Party still communicate: the black church. And this, of course, is the other element that makes Obama a potentially transformative candidate: race. Here, Obama again finds himself in the center of letter uk, a complex fate, unwilling to composites research paper pick sides in a divide that reaches back centuries and appears at times unbridgeable. His appeal to whites is thesis dream, palpable. I have felt it myself. Earlier this fall, I attended an polymer composites Obama speech in Washington on tax policy that underwhelmed on delivery; his address was wooden, stilted, even tedious. It was only after I left the hotel that it occurred to me that I’d just been bored on tax policy by a national black leader. Executive Cover! That I should have been struck by this was born in my own racial stereotypes, of research, course. But it won me over. Obama is deeply aware of how he comes across to and multiple choice questions whites.
In a revealing passage in his first book, he recounts how, in adolescence, he defused his white mother’s fears that he was drifting into delinquency. Polymer Composites! She had marched into his room and demanded to know what was going on. Wilson Metaphor Essay! He flashed her “a reassuring smile and patted her hand and told her not to worry.” This, he tells us, was “usually an effective tactic,” because people. were satisfied as long as you were courteous and smiled and made no sudden moves. They were more than satisfied; they were relieved—such a pleasant surprise to find a well-mannered young black man who didn’t seem angry all the time. And so you have Obama’s campaign for white America: courteous and smiling and with no sudden moves. This may, of course, be one reason for his still-lukewarm support among many African Americans, a large number of whom back a white woman for the presidency.
It may also be because African Americans (more than many whites) simply don’t believe that a black man can win the presidency, and so are leery of wasting their vote. And the persistence of race as a divisive, even explosive factor in American life was unmissable the week of Obama’s tax speech. While he was detailing middle-class tax breaks, thousands of activists were preparing to march in Jena, Louisiana, after a series of crude racial incidents had blown up into a polarizing conflict. Jesse Jackson voiced puzzlement that Obama was not at the forefront of the composites research march. “If I were a candidate, I’d be all over Jena,” he remarked. The South Carolina newspaper The State reported that Jackson said Obama was “acting like he’s white.” Obama didn’t jump into the fray (no sudden moves), but instead issued measured statements on Jena, waiting till a late-September address at legitimate assignment Howard University to find his voice. Research! It was simultaneously an endorsement of black identity politics and a distancing from it: When I’m president, we will no longer accept the false choice between being tough on crime and vigilant in our pursuit of justice. Dr. King said: “It’s not either/or, it’s both/and.” We can have a crime policy that’s both tough and smart.
If you’re convicted of a crime involving drugs, of course you should be punished. Budge Wilson Metaphor! But let’s not make the punishment for crack cocaine that much more severe than the punishment for powder cocaine when the polymer composites paper real difference between the two is the skin color of the people using them. Help! Judges think that’s wrong. Republicans think that’s wrong, Democrats think that’s wrong, and yet it’s been approved by Republican and Democratic presidents because no one has been willing to brave the politics and make it right. That will end when I am president. Obama’s racial journey makes this kind of both/and politics something more than a matter of political compromise. The paradox of his candidacy is that, as potentially the first African American president in a country founded on slavery, he has taken pains to polymer downplay the racial catharsis his candidacy implies.
He knows race is important, and yet he knows that it turns destructive if it becomes the only important thing. In this he again subverts a Boomer paradigm, of black victimology or black conservatism. He is neither Al Sharpton nor Clarence Thomas; neither Julian Bond nor Colin Powell. Nor is he a post-racial figure like Tiger Woods, insofar as he has spent his life trying to reconnect with a black identity his childhood never gave him. Equally, he cannot be a Jesse Jackson. His white mother brought him up to be someone else.
In Dreams From My Father , Obama tells the story of a man with an almost eerily nonracial childhood, who has to thesis on the great learn what racism is, what his own racial identity is, and even what being black in research paper America is. And so Obama’s relationship to format for high the black American experience is as much learned as intuitive. He broke up with a serious early girlfriend in part because she was white. He decided to abandon a post-racial career among the upper-middle classes of the East Coast in order to reengage with the polymer paper black experience of Chicago’s South Side. It was an act of integration—personal as well as communal—that called him to the work of community organizing. This restlessness with where he was, this attempt at prompts choice personal integration, represents both an affirmation of identity politics and a commitment to carving a unique personal identity out of the race, geography, and class he inherited. It yields an identity born of displacement, not rootedness. And there are times, I confess, when Obama’s account of composites research paper, understanding his own racial experience seemed more like that of a gay teen discovering that he lives in two worlds simultaneously than that of a young African American confronting racism for the first time.
And there are also times when Obama’s experience feels more like an immigrant story than a black memoir. His autobiography navigates a new and dream and the great, strange world of an American racial legacy that never quite defined him at his core. He therefore speaks to a complicated and mixed identity—not a simple and alienated one. Polymer! This may hurt him among some African Americans, who may fail to on the great identify with this fellow with an odd name. Black conservatives, like Shelby Steele, fear he is too deferential to the black establishment. Black leftists worry that he is not beholden at all. But there is no reason why African Americans cannot see the polymer composites research logic of Americanism that Obama also represents, a legacy that is ultimately theirs as well. To be black and white, to have belonged to a nonreligious home and a Christian church, to have attended a majority-Muslim school in Indonesia and a black church in urban Chicago, to be more than one thing and sometimes not fully anything—this is an and the great increasingly common experience for Americans, including many racial minorities. Obama expresses such a conflicted but resilient identity before he even utters a word. And this complexity, with its internal tensions, contradictions, and moods, may increasingly be the main thing all Americans have in common. None of this, of course, means that Obama will be the president some are dreaming of.
His record in high office is sparse; his performances on polymer research, the campaign trail have been patchy; his chief rival for the nomination, Senator Clinton, has bested him often with her relentless pursuit of the middle ground, her dogged attention to her own failings, and her much-improved speaking skills. At times, she has even managed to appear more inherently likable than the skinny, crabby, and sometimes morose newcomer from Chicago. Clinton’s most surprising asset has been the sense of security she instills. Her husband—and the good feelings that nostalgics retain for his presidency—have buttressed her case. In dangerous times, popular majorities often seek the conservative option, broadly understood.
The paradox is legitimate assignment help, that Hillary makes far more sense if you believe that times are actually pretty good. If you believe that America’s current crisis is not a deep one, if you think that pragmatism alone will be enough to navigate a world on the verge of even more religious warfare, if you believe that today’s ideological polarization is not dangerous, and that what appears dark today is an illusion fostered by the lingering trauma of the polymer Bush presidency, then the argument for Obama is not that strong. Clinton will do. And a Clinton-Giuliani race could be as invigorating as it is utterly predictable. But if you sense, as I do, that greater danger lies ahead, and that our divisions and recent history have combined to make the on the american and the great American polity and polymer research, constitutional order increasingly vulnerable, then the calculus of cover letter uk, risk changes.
Sometimes, when the world is changing rapidly, the greater risk is caution. Polymer Composites Research Paper! Close-up in this election campaign, Obama is unlikely. From a distance, he is necessary. Account Letter! At a time when America’s estrangement from the polymer composites research world risks tipping into dangerous imbalance, when a country at budge war with lethal enemies is composites, also increasingly at war with itself, when humankind’s spiritual yearnings veer between an format of research for high excess of polymer research paper, certainty and an inability to believe anything at all, and legitimate help, when sectarian and racial divides seem as intractable as ever, a man who is a bridge between these worlds may be indispensable. We may in fact have finally found that bridge to the 21st century that Bill Clinton told us about. Its name is Obama. Does Technology Need to Be Ethical? Entrepreneur Anil Dash believes that the tech world has an obligation to be more humane. Trump's Puerto Rico Visit Is a Political Disaster. The president told residents to be “very proud” they hadn’t endured a “real catastrophe” like Katrina, doing little to erase the impression that he sees hurricane relief more as a political story than a human one.
Making his first appearance in hurricane-ravaged Puerto Rico since Maria’s landfall, President Trump offered a hearty round of congratulations to federal relief efforts and thanked the island’s governor. But the president also suggested Maria was not a “real catastrophe,” made an odd and polymer research paper, misleading comparison to the death toll from Hurricane Katrina, and joked about legitimate how the hurricane would affect the federal budget. It was a typically strange, disjointed appearance by the president, and it came just days after Trump spent much of the weekend picking fights with the polymer paper mayor of San Juan and insisting that, against all evidence, the recovery effort had largely responded to Puerto Rico’s needs. At Muniz Air Force Base, Trump was eager to legitimate help praise the work of federal agencies, including FEMA, the Air Force, the Navy, and the Coast Guard, amid a chorus of criticism that Washington’s response has been too slow and too small. But that praise led him in strange directions. A small group of programmers wants to change how we code—before catastrophe strikes. T here were six hours during the night of April 10, 2014, when the entire population of Washington State had no 911 service. People who called for polymer composites research paper help got a busy signal. One Seattle woman dialed 911 at least 37 times while a stranger was trying to break into her house. On The And The Great! When he finally crawled into her living room through a window, she picked up a kitchen knife.
The man fled. The 911 outage, at the time the largest ever reported, was traced to software running on research, a server in Englewood, Colorado. Operated by a systems provider named Intrado, the server kept a running counter of how many calls it had routed to executive cover uk 911 dispatchers around the country. Research Paper! Intrado programmers had set a threshold for how high the counter could go. They picked a number in the millions. Civil-Rights Protests Have Never Been Popular.
Activists can’t persuade their contemporaries—they’re aiming at the next generation. One common response to the national anthem protests originated by Colin Kaepernick is to prompts and multiple questions disparage them as polarizing. Composites! Joe Scarborough, host of Morning Joe , summed up this particular critique in a tweet last weekend: This may be unpopular but it is a political reality: The idea here is that kneeling NFL players are committing an act of such blatant disrespect that they hand Trump an easy image with which to demagogue. Often attendant to essay questions the idea that protesting players are shooting themselves in the foot is the notion that in some other era, black protest proved to composites research paper be a unifying force that altered the psychology of some critical mass of open-minded whites. Sterilizing a Child, for a Better Life. Though it can tread dangerously close to eugenics, some parents argue that sterilization improves quality of life for their disabled children, and format of research paper school, themselves. When Sophie Carter entered puberty, her parents had more to dread than just a temperamental adolescent.
Sophie is now 31 but still has the intellectual capacity of a three-year-old. There were no concerns about drugs or boyfriends and paper, no chance of having “the talk” about sex with her. The hardest part for Sophie’s Sydney-based parents was managing her periods. “She has an older sister and a younger sister and we tried to get her to use pads, but it just didn’t work,” said Merren Carter, Sophie’s mother. “People talk about stigma associated with menstruation but there was none of cover uk, that at our house. I will always remember a dinner party where [Sophie] proudly showed her pad to all of our visitors.” The Absurdity of the Nobel Prizes in Science.
They distort the nature of the scientific enterprise, rewrite its history, and overlook many of its most important contributors. This morning, physicists Rainer Weiss, Kip Thorne, and polymer composites research paper, Barry Barish received the Nobel Prize for Physics, for their discovery of budge wilson essay, gravitational waves—distortions in the fabric of space and time. The trio, who led the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) project that recorded these waves, will split the 9-million-Swedish-krona prize between them. Perhaps more importantly, they will carry the status of “Nobel laureate” for composites the rest of their lives. But what of the other scientists who contributed to the LIGO project, and whose names grace the three-page-long author list in the paper that describes the discoveries? “LIGO’s success was owed to hundreds of researchers,” astrophysicist Martin Rees told BBC News. “The fact that the Nobel Prize 2017 committee refuses to make group awards is causing increasingly frequent problems and giving a misleading impression of how a lot of science is actually done.” A New History of the First Peoples in the Americas. The miracle of modern genetics has revolutionized the story anthropologists tell about website for essay writing how humans spread out across the Earth. Europeans arriving in the New World met people all the way from the frozen north to the frozen south.
All had rich and mature cultures and polymer research, established languages. The Skraeling were probably a people we now call Thule, who were the thesis on the american dream and the great ancestors of the Inuit in Greenland and Canada and the In?upiat in Alaska. The Tai?no were a people spread across multiple chiefdoms around the Caribbean and Florida. Based on cultural and language similarities, we think that they had probably separated from polymer composites, earlier populations from South American lands, now Guyana and Trinidad. The Spanish brought no women with them in 1492, and raped the Tai?no women, resulting in the first generation of on the and the, “mestizo”—mixed ancestry people. Mass Shootings Don't Lead to Inaction—They Lead to Loosening Gun Restrictions. The most probable policy response to composites research the atrocity in Las Vegas will be new laws allowing more guns to be carried into more places. “After Newtown, nothing changed, so don’t expect anything to change after Las Vegas.”
How often have you heard that said? Yet it’s not true. The five years since a gunman killed 26 at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut, have seen one of the most intense bursts of gun legislation in U.S. history—almost all of it intended to ensure that more guns can be carried into more places. In the format of research paper for high school aftermath of the polymer composites paper Newtown massacre, gun-rights activists assertively carried openly displayed weapons into more and more places. Many national chain stores banned weapons, but at account executive least one—Starbucks—did not. In August 2013, gun-rights activists declared a “Starbucks Appreciation Day.” They made a special point that day of carrying weapons in Starbucks outlets nationwide, including the composites Starbucks in Newtown itself. (The store closed for the day to avert the demonstration.)
The foundation of Donald Trump’s presidency is the negation of Barack Obama’s legacy. It is insufficient to state the obvious of legitimate help, Donald Trump: that he is a white man who would not be president were it not for this fact. With one immediate exception, Trump’s predecessors made their way to high office through the polymer composites research passive power of whiteness—that bloody heirloom which cannot ensure mastery of all events but can conjure a tailwind for most of them. Land theft and human plunder cleared the grounds for Trump’s forefathers and barred others from it. Once upon the field, these men became soldiers, statesmen, and format of research paper for high school, scholars; held court in Paris; presided at Princeton; advanced into research, the Wilderness and then into the White House. Their individual triumphs made this exclusive party seem above America’s founding sins, and it was forgotten that the former was in fact bound to the latter, that all their victories had transpired on for essay, cleared grounds. No such elegant detachment can be attributed to Donald Trump—a president who, more than any other, has made the awful inheritance explicit.
The world’s most powerful information gatekeepers neglected their duties in Las Vegas. Again. In the crucial early hours after the Las Vegas mass shooting, it happened again: Hoaxes, completely unverified rumors, failed witch hunts, and blatant falsehoods spread across the polymer composites research paper internet. But they did not do so by themselves: They used the infrastructure that Google and Facebook and for essay writing, YouTube have built to achieve wide distribution. These companies are the most powerful information gatekeepers that the world has ever known, and polymer composites paper, yet they refuse to essay prompts and multiple take responsibility for their active role in damaging the quality of information reaching the public. BuzzFeed ’s Ryan Broderick found that Google’s “top stories” results surfaced 4chan forum posts about a man that right-wing amateur sleuths had incorrectly identified as the research Las Vegas shooter.
The Needless Complexity of Academic Writing. A new movement strives for simplicity. “Persistence is one of the assignment great characteristics of a pitbull, and I guess owners take after their dogs,” says Annetta Cheek, the co-founder of the polymer research paper D.C.-based nonprofit Center for Plain Language. Cheek, an anthropologist by training who left academia in the early 1980s to work for the Federal Aviation Commission, is responsible for something few people realize exists: the 2010 Plain Writing Act. Legitimate Assignment Help! In fact, Cheek was among the first government employees to champion the composites use of clear, concise language. Once she retired in 2007 from the FAA and cover, gained the freedom to lobby, she leveraged her hatred for polymer gobbledygook to of research for high school create an polymer composites paper actual law. Executive! Take a look at recent information put out by many government agencies such as the Department of Veterans Affairs , the Department of Health and Human Services, and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau—if it lacks needlessly complex sentences or bizarre bureaucratic jargon, it’s largely because of Cheek and her colleagues. What If Everyone Ate Beans Instead of Beef? What can an composites paper individual do about climate change? The easiest answer: make this one dietary switch.
Research shows that using curse words can persuade everyone from voters to your co-workers. Depression, anxiety, overeating, addiction, and all other mental disorders share a common mechanism. Get 10 issues a year and save 65% off the cover price.
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op ed essay sample THE STANDARDS THAT WILL BE USED. TO EVALUATE YOUR OP-ED PIECE. The Point: Does the opinion piece have a point that is clearly expressed? The Point may be a recommendation for action or it may be to alert readers to a problem. The author should make a single point well. Polymer Research Paper? You, as the reader, should be able to explain the author's message in a sentence or two. 6-7: The opinion piece has an original, well-argued point. Executive Cover Letter Uk? The piece draws the reader into looking at the topic in a new way or with new insight. The reader can readily summarize what the author is saying and why. 4-5: The opinion piece makes a point that appears original.
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6-7: A reader comes away from budge wilson, reading the piece feeling the author has effectively argued for a certain point. The author uses concrete examples that resonate with readers. 4-5: The opinion piece highlights an important topic. But it does not really convince readers as to the value of the polymer composites paper author's position. 2-3: The opinion piece seems mostly a personal venting. Paper For High School? The author is not reaching out to readers or trying to research paper, connect with them in a meaningful way. 1: The piece is unconvincing. An unbiased reader, reading this piece, would not find the piece very persuasive. Hook and Structure: Does the opinion piece engage the reader right at the beginning? Is there evidence of thoughtful organization? Does the prompts choice questions author summarize the main point at the end?
6-7: The main point is effectively stated in the first few sentences. Polymer Composites Paper? These first few sentences capture the reader's attention and draw the reader into reading further. The author effectively summarizes the piece's argument in a strong final paragraph. 4-5: Readers are not immediately draw into the argument. But they are not put off by it either. They find the piece reasonable but a little slow moving. It does not keep your attention. The final paragraph does not offer a powerful restatement of the author's position.
2-3: The piece makes a basic point. But it does not catch your attention. It does draw you in at the beginning nor summarize its message at the end. 1: The author never draws the reader into the opinion piece. It is not clear what the author is saying nor why it is important. Writing and Clarity: Is the piece readily understandable to non-academic readers? General readers should find the piece easy and interesting to website writing, read. There should be few grammatical and spelling errors. 6-7: The writing is clear. Composites Research? The author's own voice and questions perspective come through in a convincing way. You can identify with the author and the position she or he takes.
There are no grammatical mistakes that distract from the author's argument. 4-5: The writing is reasonable. The sentences and composites research paper paragraphs are a bit too long or the legitimate assignment help passive voice is emphasized. There is a bit too much jargon. 2-3: The author tends to go on too long. It is not really clear what point she or he is making.
The author has long sentences and paragraphs. 1: A reader is research paper left confused as to what point the account executive cover author is research trying to make. Tone: Is the website opinion piece polite and respectful? The focus in on persuading the reader rather than voicing indignation or condemnation. 6-7: The opinion piece is polymer paper polite and respectful in tone. Rather than dismissing the other side, it acknowledges its value while disagreeing with it.
It comes across as written by a thoughtful professional versed in the subject being discussed. 4-5: There is generally a polite tone. But the author does not acknowledge that reasonable people might disagree regarding the point being made. The author asserts there is one reasonable position and she or he is account executive letter presenting it. 2-3: The piece comes across as quite opinionated. It appears the author is venting about something that bothers her or him. 1: The piece is similar to a political attack ad. The author is pouring at rage with little concern for who is polymer reading the piece. [Source: a combination of prompts choice Karl Schmid’s (York University) “Instructions for Wring Op-Ed Pieces and Duke University’s “Op-Ed Aritcles: How to Write and Place Them (http://news.duke.edu/duke_community/oped.html)]
TWO GOOD AND ONE POOR EXAMPLE. ONE POOR EXAMPLE: A Gentleman, Yes, But Not Yet a Scholar. The New Untouchables. By Thomas L. Friedman. The New York Times, October 21, 2009.
Last summer I attended a talk by Michelle Rhee, the composites research dynamic chancellor of public schools in Washington. Just before the session began, a man came up, introduced himself as Todd Martin and account executive cover letter uk whispered to me that what Rhee was about to speak about polymer composites research paper our struggling public schools was actually a critical, but unspoken, reason for the Great Recession. As the Harvard University labor expert Lawrence Katz explains it: If you think about the executive uk labor market today, the top half of the composites college market, those with the format of research paper school high-end analytical and polymer paper problem-solving skills who can compete on the world market or game the thesis on the american dream and the financial system or deal with new government regulations, have done great. But the paper bottom half of the top, those engineers and programmers working on more routine tasks and on the dream great not actively engaged in developing new ideas or recombining existing technologies or thinking about what new customers want, have done poorly. They've been much more exposed to global competitors that make them easily substitutable. The Globe and Mail, August 31, 2009. Moods and composites research fashions in Japan often arrive like tsunamis, typhoons or landslides. After more than 50 years of almost uninterrupted power, the ruling Liberal Democratic Party has been buried in a general election. Change came once before, in format of research for high, 1993, when a coalition of opposition parties briefly took power, but the LDP still held on to a majority in the Diet's powerful lower house. Polymer Research? Sunday, even that last bastion fell. The world, fixated on China's rise, was slow to pay attention to letter, this seismic shift in the politics of the globe's second-largest economy.
Japanese politics has a dull image in the world's press. Composites Research Paper? Most editors, when they cover Japan at essay prompts questions, all, prefer stories about the zaniness of its popular youth culture, or the paper wilder shores of Japanese sex. The main reason for this is, of course, that Japanese politics was dull, at essay prompts and multiple choice questions, least since the mid-1950s, when the LDP consolidated its monopoly on polymer composites research power. Only real aficionados could be bothered to assignment, follow the ups and downs of the ruling party's factional bosses, many of whom were from established political families, and polymer composites paper most of whom relied on shady financing. Corruption scandals erupted from time to time, but these, too, were usually part of intraparty manoeuvres to account cover uk, rein in those who got too big for polymer composites paper, their britches. The system worked in a fashion: Factional bosses took turns as prime minister, palms were greased by various business interests, more or less capable bureaucrats decided on domestic economic policies and the United States took care of Japan's security (and much of its foreign policy). Some thought this system would last forever. Indeed, it has often been said, by Japanese and foreign commentators, that a de facto one-party state suits the Japanese. Stability, based on soft authoritarianism, is the Asian way, now followed by China. Asians don't like the messy contentiousness of metaphor parliamentary democracy. Look what happens when Asians are foolish enough to import such a system, as in South Korea or Taiwan, the argument goes.
Instead of civilized debate, they have filibusters and fisticuffs. But, notwithstanding the occasional bust-ups, Korean and Taiwanese democracies seem remarkably robust. Polymer Composites Research Paper? And the argument that Japanese, or other Asians, are culturally averse to political competition is not historically true. In fact, Japanese history is full of strife and rebellion, and for essay writing Japan was the first independent Asian country with a multiparty system. Its early postwar democracy was so unruly, with mass demonstrations, militant trade unions and composites research vigorous left-wing parties, that a deliberate attempt was made to website for essay writing, impose the boredom of a one-party state. This happened in the mid-1950s – not for cultural reasons, but entirely because of politics.
Like Italy, a close parallel, Japan was a front-line Cold War state. Domestic conservatives, and the U.S. Composites Research Paper? government, worried about a Communist takeover. So a large conservative coalition party (much like the Italian Christian Democrats), funded to some degree by Washington, was put in place to marginalize all left-wing opposition. This involved some strong-arm tactics, especially against the unions, but it worked mostly because the middle class settled for an informal deal: increased prosperity in exchange for political acquiescence. The “LDP state” was based on website for essay writing the promise, given by prime minister Ikeda Hayato in 1960, that family incomes would soon be doubled. Increasingly marginalized, the opposition dwindled into composites paper, an impotent force, mere window-dressing to a one-party state.
But one-party rule breeds complacency, corruption and political sclerosis. Help? In the past decade or so, the LDP – as well as the once-almighty bureaucracy that ran the system – began to look incompetent. Prime minister Junichiro Koizumi gave the composites party a last breath of life by promising reform in 2001, but it wasn't enough. The patience of Japan's middle class finally cracked. The victorious Democratic Party of Japan may not immediately set off any political fireworks. Its leader, Yukio Hatoyama, is an uncharismatic scion of yet another established dynasty – his grandfather, Ichiro Hatoyama, took over as prime minister in 1954 from Shigeru Yoshida, who was the grandfather of the thesis dream last LDP prime minister Taro Aso. The DPJ's aims are excellent: more authority to elected politicians, less bureaucratic meddling, less dependence on research paper the United States, better relations with Asian neighbours, more power to voters and less to big business. Whether Mr.
Hatoyama and his colleagues have the on the american dream great wherewithal to achieve these aims is an open question, but it would be wrong to belittle the importance of what has happened. Even if the DPJ fails to implement most of its reforms in short order, the fact that Japanese voters opted for change will invigorate their country's democracy. Even if the system were to become like Japan's democracy in the 1920s, with two more or less conservative parties, this would still be preferable to polymer composites paper, a one-party state. Any opposition is thesis and the better than none. Composites Research Paper? It keeps the government on its toes.
A firm rejection of the one-party state will also reverberate far beyond Japan's borders. It shows clearly that the desire for political choice is uk not confined to a few fortunate countries in polymer, the West. This is a vital lesson, especially at a time when China's economic success is convincing too many leaders that citizens, especially but not only in account cover letter uk, Asia, want to be treated like children. Poor Example: A Gentleman, Yes, But Not Yet a Scholar. by A. Paper? B. Stoddard. Aren't you just dying to know what Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) is saying about his friends in high places at for essay writing, Arizona State University? And has the gossip mill targeted the exact people responsible for deciding President Obama was worthy of a commencement invitation but no honorary degree?
It doesn't matter if we ever learn their names — you know who you are and you should be laughing at paper, yourselves! I can't imagine how that meeting went. Let's invite the president of the wilson essay United States — a new president, an immensely popular president, the first African-American president — to be our speaker. Polymer Research Paper? Wait, he hasn't really spent enough time in his field to essay, earn the degree typically conferred upon polymer research each speaker at graduation. But he's so appealing, we'll invite him anyway. It's our practice to recognize an individual for his body of work, somebody who's been in budge metaphor, their position for a long time, Sharon Keeler, an ASU spokeswoman, told The Associated Press at the time. His body of work is yet to come. That's why we're not recognizing him with a degree at the beginning of his presidency.
Apparently the nationwide shock was more than ASU could stand, because on Sunday they suddenly announced the creation of a Barack Obama scholarship program. But there was no acknowledgment of error or faux pas, just bewilderment at the confusion created by the media. When in doubt, blame the media (it works for polymer paper, Sarah Palin). University President Michael Crow said despite the paper school view that Obama was being denied something bestowed upon Erma Bombeck, It has always been our intention to recognize and honor President Obama's accomplishments during his visit. He added, I apologize for polymer research paper, the confusion surrounding our invitation to President Obama to address ASU students at format for high, commencement. We all know Obama couldn't care less about the degree, he's just happy for the speaking engagement in a swing state he is just itching to win in 2012. And from composites research, now on some kids will be tickled to become Barack Obama scholars.
Everybody wins except for those oh-so-selective big cheeses at ASU who thought it was a good idea to keep a president out format, of an polymer composites research, exclusive club.
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An Interview With A Google Search Quality Rater. Research Paper. Since at wilson essay, least 2005, Google has been using a large, worldwide focus group to help review its search results and the quality of the web pages that rank well in its algorithm. The people in this program are called Quality Raters and, as you can imagine, the work they do is important to polymer composites paper, search marketers everywhere. Google was actually advertising Quality Rater jobs in late 2004, but today the legitimate help, Quality Raters don#8217;t actually work for polymer Google; they work for help contractors such as Lionbridge, Leapforce, Butler Hill and possibly others. According to Lionbridge#8217;s Internet Assessors Program job page, it has more than 4,500 people around the world rating search results. Leapforce#8217;s website doesn#8217;t indicate how many are in its program, but the job listings page includes opportunities with names like #8220;Search Engine Evaluator,#8221; #8220;Social Search Engine Evaluator#8221; and polymer research #8220;Search Quality Judge.#8221; The Quality Raters#8217; work has become more widely known over on the and the great the years thanks to a couple occasions when the guideline document that Google provides as part of their work has been leaked online. (See our posts in March 2008 and October 2011.) Webmasters have also noticed unique quality rater referral strings, indicating when one of the evaluators had visited a website. After Jennifer Ledbetter posted about the program last fall, one current Quality Rater contacted Search Engine Land wanting to explain and research paper clarify some of what#8217;s been written and said about the essay prompts choice questions, program. Since then, with a couple breaks for holidays, I#8217;ve traded numerous emails with this person … who, in addition to working for Lionbridge as a Quality Rater, also happens to work for a US-based search marketing agency. To help ensure that this person, whom I#8217;ve never met, is actually a Quality Rater, I asked for some screenshots from inside the website where the rating work is done. A couple of those are inserted within the interview, and here#8217;s an image of the rating tasks home page showing an empty task queue. Below, we talk about the hiring process, what Quality Raters look for composites research when they examine websites, details of the different evaluation tasks they do and much more.
QA With A Google Search Quality Rater. SEL: Tell me how, when and why you got started with the Quality Rater program. Format Of Research School. Quality Rater: I first started with Lionbridge in May of 2011. I was looking for work because my then current employer had told me I was taking a pay cut, so I needed a way to add income. I began searching all the normal places for job listings and came across one on Craigslist for a Quality Rater. Polymer Composites Research Paper. It sounded cool, so I sent them my resume and they got back to me the next day saying they were excited to have me and if I could just pass a few simple tests I would be hired. That was the easy part.
Did the job listing specifically mention Google? The listing didn#8217;t mention anything about Google but as soon as they contacted me, they said I would be doing work related to Google. So, you knew it was Google-related. At what point did you know that you#8217;d be rating Google#8217;s search results? I knew before I got hired. One thing I think the SEO community is missing is that this program has nothing to do with SEO or rankings. What this program does is wilson metaphor essay, help Google refine their algorithm. For example, the Side-by-Side tasks show the results as they are next to the results with the new algorithm change in them.
Google doesn#8217;t hire these raters to rate the research paper, web; they hire them to rate how they are doing in matching users queries with the best source of information. Let#8217;s talk about the hiring process. Account Executive. There#8217;s some kind of test. Composites Research Paper. Was it difficult? I had six days to complete both parts of the thesis american dream, test, with the composites research paper, second part opening after I passed the first test.
The tests turned out to be a 24-question, essay-response theoretical test that asked questions based on for essay a PDF they had sent me. The questions were designed to composites research paper, test my ability to take the website for essay writing, rules and paper apply them to situations that weren#8217;t covered in the PDF. One that I vaguely remember was about of research school, spam and composites paper what to do if the site didn#8217;t show any signs of spam, but it gave off a spammy feeling. It was the hardest test I have ever taken (for a reference point, I#8217;m a Literature major who has taken graduate-level courses). Only after having passed that test did I get to take the practical exam, which had more than 140 questions.
This test had actual results that I had to rate. In order to be hired, I needed to budge essay, score a 90% or higher in polymer, each of the four categories (which were Vital , Useful , Relevant and Off-Topic or Useless ). Ideally, these represented the actual tasks that I would receive as a rater. What were the paper for high, questions like? To give you example of questions asked: Query [crispy cream], English (US) It would then be up to me to research paper, visit the page #8212; something that I want to stress, because blogs out there have been saying that a rater can rate the for high school, page without visiting it #8212; decide if it fits the polymer research, query and then assign a rating. Website. It really is up to the rater, but the correct answer here is Useful because of the spelling. Polymer Composites Paper. If the user had typed #8220;Krispy Kreme,#8221; than this result would be off-topic, but because it is #8220;crispy cream,#8221; and the guitars on this page are called Crispy Cream, this could be the executive cover letter uk, page the user is wanting. There were 143 just like that.
It was good times. Do you have any direct contact with anyone at Google, or do you only communicate with Lionbridge? I have no contact with Google; it#8217;s only polymer, Lionbridge. After you get hired, is and multiple questions, there some kind of training? After I got hired there was a weekly, two-hour webinar along with training modules to polymer, complete.
It was very intense training. During the first four weeks, I was required to on the american, comment on polymer paper every rating I gave. These comments were then reviewed and commented on, giving me feedback on my ratings. At what point do you get the raters#8217; handbook? I got this the moment I got hired. It basically is just a list of tasks we perform along with examples of metaphor essay, how to rate them. How does Lionbridge (or Google) describe the polymer composites, handbook?
They refer to it as the guidelines, not a handbook. While we are on the subject of guidelines, one thing that really impressed me was how they have more than one rater looking at a site. I believe (I#8217;m not sure, I#8217;m going off the comments left by metaphor essay other raters) that there are about six raters looking at each task. If I rate something as useful but another rater says it#8217;s off-topic, we must come to an agreement (through comments and debate) before the rating is submitted. How much do you make and how often do you get paid? I get paid $14.50/hour and research paper I am paid once a month. I#8217;m only able to website writing, work a max of 20 hours a week and a total max of polymer composites research, 80 hours a month. In one of the recent articles about the Quality Raters, it says you can only work for a year and account executive letter then you have to paper, wait three months before you can re-apply.
Is that true? I know they say you can only be a rater for a year, but everyone I#8217;ve talked to says that, as long as they get their hours in and keep up the quality they are allowed to rate. Is the essay, schedule completely up to polymer research, you, or do they give you assigned hours? I schedule my own hours; as long as I get at least 10 but no more than 20, I stay on pretty good terms with them. Writing. They are very strict, but allow you to make up hours that you missed.
So, if I only did four hours the first week, I could make up the hours by doing 16 hours the next week. Composites. Still only allowed 20 hours a week max, so if I miss more hours than I can make up, I#8217;m out of and multiple questions, luck. They also tend to be really strict about their productivity goals. Polymer Composites. There is a certain number of help, tasks that I must complete every minute, depending on the task type. If I fall short of polymer, those goals, I am put on probation, during which I can not work. Format Of Research Paper. If my quality isn#8217;t up to par, they fire me. It#8217;s a very controlled work environment. You mentioned there about getting fired #8220;if my quality isn#8217;t up to par.#8221; How do you know if you#8217;re doing a good job?
It seems to me that in research, a lot of cases, rating search results is pretty subjective. Results are subjective, but they have a quality center that shows your progress over time. They track how many returned results you have, how long it takes you to take care of a troubled rating, etc. While the rating is up to me, it has to be similar to what other raters have said. Of Research School. So, they track quality based on staying within the time period for research rating tasks and the number of tasks you have returned to you. They return tasks to you #8212; what does that mean? It means that there has been a disagreement on the rating and you have to budge metaphor, go back in and come to composites, an agreement with the other raters. So, the rating of legitimate assignment help, search results is a group project. Composites Research. Is it difficult to budge metaphor, come to agreement?
Sometimes it#8217;s harder to agree with raters, especially if they haven#8217;t read the guideline like they should or if they are just starting out. However, after enough exchanges, they have a moderator come in and choose which rating matches it best. This moderator looks at our comments and makes a decision off of that. Composites Research. How often does that happen in your experience? Not very often.
Most of the metaphor, time if you give your reasoning for why you rated something one way, the other raters will agree with you. Most of the time, these types of disagreements occur when something is either slightly relevant or off-topic. Polymer Research Paper. Once in a while, someone will think that a page is spam that isn#8217;t, or the other way around. I#8217;ve only legitimate assignment, had a moderator step in paper, once. What do you know about the moderators? Are they Lionbridge employees? Yes, they work for Lionbridge. From what I know of them, they used to be raters and then got promoted. Prompts Questions. Do you only look at organic results, or are you also grading ads/PPC landing pages? We look at composites research paper, any type of page on the web.
Most of them are organic results, but some of the tasks are geared towards more ad-related topics. Do you remember an example of an ad-related task? Not really. Help. Most of what they were was placement on polymer the page, order in which they are presented and which one would I click, etc. Account Uk. Do you look at Google Places results and research paper other Universal results, like News or Videos? Yes, we do. I can think of many tasks where it shows the budge metaphor, map of what a user was looking at before they typed in a query, and polymer we are then to rate the letter uk, results of that query based on research the map they were looking at. We also rated news based on how current it was, how relevant it was to the query, and if it came from a trustworthy source. Help. As for videos, we had to watch the video to composites research paper, determine if it was a match for the query and rate it Useful , Relevant , Slightly Relevant , or Off-topic . That part about essay prompts and multiple choice, Maps is really interesting.
So, in that task, they were putting you in the middle of some process #8212; you#8217;re not just doing tasks that involve standalone searches, but sometimes taking into polymer account what has happened before? Does that also happen with other searches, too? Almost all of the tasks given have to do with user experience. Even with just the basic searches, we are given the school, user#8217;s language and location before we can rate a page. It#8217;s not about if a page fits a query, it#8217;s about polymer, if a user would find the page useful. Thesis American Dream. The Maps queries (called local queries) are the only ones that give what the user was looking at before searching, but we are supposed to keep in mind what a user is expecting to see from paper, that query with every task type. For example, if someone was in Seattle and account cover letter uk typed in the query #8220;weather,#8221; they would find a page showing the weather in Florida slightly relevant; however, someone in Tampa would find it useful. Aside from the collective rating that you described above, do you ever have other communication with other raters? Are there official or unofficial places where you can chat back and forth?
There are lots of places #8212; forums and such on the Lionbridge site #8212; where raters can talk to each other, but I never interact with them. Composites Research. I was always stressed getting my hours in for the week, so I didn#8217;t have time to mingle. Can you share a specific example of one of your recent tasks? I can#8217;t think of the exact URLs I rated, but the keyword was #8220;Nike Women#8217;s Running Shoes.#8221; It gave me a list of 20 URLs to rate (10 on each side) [ Ed. Thesis Great. note: he#8217;s referring to polymer paper, the #8220;Side-by-Side#8221; tasks mentioned earlier. ] and I visited each one in order to determine whether they were vital, useful, relevant, slightly relevant, or useless. With a recognized brand name like that, it wasn#8217;t hard to determine quality. For example, I think the Nike site was one of the options, so that would get a #8220;vital#8221; rating. I remember a couple of sites sold the shoes, so I gave them a #8220;useful#8221; rating and wilson metaphor the Wikipedia entry on Nike was giving a rating of #8220;slightly relevant#8221; because I believe not many people searching for Nike Women#8217;s Running Shoes want a history of the company.
Do you click through and composites review all ten results that show up for a given task? I always click all the links simply because I#8217;m not good enough to tell what the site is website for essay writing, about by just reading its description. Polymer Composites. No one is good enough, that#8217;s why they give us the links. When you click through from account executive, a Google search result page, what are you looking for on the web page that you visit? When looking at a site, I always check for spam signals first #8212; keyword stuffing, hidden text, sneaky redirects, and the like. Polymer Research Paper. Once I know it#8217;s a good site, I start to look at the page as a person who would type the query in Google and whether or not the content on essay prompts and multiple the page would help me fulfill my needs. There are some tasks that ask about design and layout and the like, but for polymer the normal URL rating or Side-by-Side tasks, I really just look at content and figure out if it would be a worthwhile page for a user to see. Do you ever look at the source code or anything like that? Are Raters asked or trained to look at source code of the web pages being rated? There is a quick primer on looking at thesis american great, the source code in the guidelines, nothing in depth. Basically we look for hidden keywords and polymer research paper other spammy tactics discussed in metaphor, the guidelines.
You mentioned URL rating tasks and research paper Side-by-Side tasks, but also some that involve design and layout. Format Paper For High. What are those tasks like? Design tasks ask if the page has a good ratio of main content, supplemental content, and ads. It also asks about the overall design, is it easy to polymer paper, read, clear communication of information, and the like. It#8217;s not about whether the executive letter uk, page is beautiful or amazing, but whether or not the normal user could find what they need on the page without getting lost. Do they give you a single web page and ask you to rate its design, or are you still going through a page of search results and then rating design? They are specific tasks, not part of rating a URL. Are spelling and grammar part of the design-based tasks? Spelling and polymer research grammar are something we look at in all tasks (at least I do) but there#8217;s not a ding for choice questions it.
When looking at design and layout, do your criteria change based on research paper the type of site you#8217;re looking at? For example, a web page on a big brand site might be expected to have a more professional design than some small business sites. Like I said before, it#8217;s more about the layout than the actual design. Budge Wilson Metaphor. A company with a simple design would be rated just as well as a big company with a professional design as long as the information is polymer composites research, clear and on the dream great presented in paper, a way that is easy to help, understand. To give you an example, a page where you can tell what the main content is with ads taking second page in the design would get a high rating. Polymer Composites Research Paper. A page where the ads are confused with the cover letter uk, main content, where you can#8217;t tell the difference between content and polymer ads would get a low rating. How many different kinds of tasks are there?
The guidelines I#8217;ve seen begin by saying #8220;you will work on many different types of rating projects.#8221; There are a lot of on the dream and the, different tasks but they are all grouped under four main groups: URL, Side-by-Side, Experimental, and Result Review. The big one there is the Experimental tasks which have a ton of composites research paper, different types of tasks in them. I#8217;ve included a picture that lists all the task types and how long they are supposed to format, take, as well. Display Block, if I remember right, is paper, a block of images that we rate as a whole rather than one at a time. TTR stands for Time to Rate, which is the baseline task they use to dream and the, determine how long it should take to get a task done. It has all the different tasks in it, but instead of looking for polymer composites research paper accuracy it just cares about time. Do they try to give you tasks related to topics and things you know about, or do you review pages about things you#8217;re not very familiar with?
If someone types in #8220;Best Dog Food for Puppies,#8221; it#8217;s not very hard to know what they are wanting and most queries have a fairly obvious meaning. However, once in a while I#8217;ll get one that I can#8217;t figure out and assignment help that#8217;s when I do research to figure out what they want. For example, if someone queried #8220;Release Liner,#8221; I would need to do some research to figure out polymer, that it#8217;s something used in assignment help, cutting vinyl for signs and polymer research paper the like. At that point, I could determine whether a site is worthwhile or not. Granted, it#8217;s not a perfect system but it works most of the time. Are there specific industries/niches that show up more than others in your rating tasks? Not that I have noticed. Account Executive Cover Uk. How does your work affect Google#8217;s search results #8212; do they tell you anything about that? They don#8217;t talk about that; however, I know that what it really does is composites paper, perfect the algorithm instead of thesis, changing actual live search results. Research. I gathered this from the for high, way that Side-by-Side are the most important tasks because they show the old algorithm versus a change in composites paper, the algorithm that they are testing.
Are you an active Rater these days? How long do you think you#8217;ll keep doing it? I still rate on of research paper for high the weekends. I like doing it, so I#8217;ll keep doing as long as I can. Research Paper. Does Lionbridge and/or Google know that you work in the search marketing industry? No. I got this job after I got the Lionbridge job. Do you know of any other search marketers who are also Quality Raters? I don#8217;t know any personally, but I bet there aren#8217;t a lot of us. What#8217;s your opinion of Google#8217;s search results, and has that opinion changed since you became a Quality Rater?
I#8217;ve always used Google as my #8220;go to#8221; search engine; however, since I became a rater, I#8217;ve started using it more because I can see the prompts choice, behind-the-scenes improvements they are trying to make. I like the idea that they have an army of actual people working towards bettering their engine. I know some people might think this wrong or even that raters have a negative effect on their rankings. Well, I can honestly say that they don#8217;t. Polymer Research Paper. The whole point behind quality raters is not to cover uk, rate the actual web, but rather rate how well Google is doing at composites research paper, providing quality results. Almost every company has some form of quality control. Do people get upset that McDonald#8217;s has someone check the quality of their food? I don#8217;t see what Google does as any different than wanting to present the best possible product they can to essay prompts and multiple, their users. So, to answer your question, yes, my opinion has changed for the better.
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essay special people Inclusion in the American Public Schools: 7U: 100 Mainstreaming the Exceptional Learner. One of the current trends in education in the American Public School is the move toward full inclusion of students with disabilities. There has been a rapid rise in the number of composites students with disabilities who are spending their school day in a general education classroom under the guise of full inclusion. Account Executive Uk? The practice of inclusion came about as a natural outgrowth of the polymer paper Mainstreaming movement of the 1960's. Inclusion is purported to be based on the rights of the students and the social benefits that they receive from being in a general education classroom. There are many who see this as a solution to account cover uk the problem of how to best educate children with disabilities. On the other hand, there are those who believe that this practice is based solely on the feelings of polymer paper what the inclusionists see as socially correct, and not on any real benefit to the students involved.
The question, which is now an often debated one, is whether or not this practice of full inclusion is assignment successful. Is including children with special needs in the general education classroom beneficial to their education? Since we cannot expect to cure or fix these kids who have disabilities, how can we educate them to their fullest capacity? The goal of educating these students with disabilities should be no different than the goals of educating the polymer students who are in general education, which is that we should educate them in such a way as to help them realize their full potential. This is where the problem and controversy arises in assignment, regard to students who have disabilities; how best to do this? To fully understand the research issue of inclusion in the American Public School, we must examine the history of paper school inclusion, the laws regarding the education of students with disabilities, and what some of the experts in education have to say about it.
Only after a full examination of the facts can we decide for ourselves which is most beneficial and appropriate in the education of students with disabilities today: to fully include students with disabilities in the general education classroom or not. Inclusion is defined as a professional belief that students with disabilities should be integrated into general education classrooms whether or not they can meet traditional curricular standards and should be full members of those classrooms (Friend and Bursuck, 2002, p. 505) . Polymer Composites Paper? Just how did the practice of inclusion come about? Modern day special education began in the 1960's after several hundred years where we saw thinking change from the time prior to1800 where the disabled were thought to be demon possessed; to the time in the 1800's where public thinking was largely based on the misinterpretation of Darwin's Theory of Evolution and the disenchanting effects of the Civil War; to theearly 1900's where the work of scientists such as Freud, Kanner, and Binet began to impact the public thinking; to the post-war era of the 1950's when special education was shaped by the work of Bettleheim, Redl and Wineman, and and multiple, Bower and many categories of disabilities became identified. From the composites research paper 1960's through 1985 we saw a real take off in public funding, the beginning of website many organizations to assist the disabled, and composites, the emergence of a number of conceptual models of legitimate assignment special education. Modern special education in the 1960's was from the point of view that because students with disabilities were so different in both their problems and abilities, that it did not make sense to treat all of these students the same. Children with disabilities were placed into polymer composites paper, self-contained classrooms with other students who had the essay and multiple same type of disability. The programs were categorical and the teachers were those with a degree in special education who had a specialty in a specific area of disabilities. The idea was to get these kids in school and get them in a program tailored specifically to polymer their disability. In the early 1970's parents wanted to be assured of account letter a suitable education for their children, so Public Law 94-142, the Education for Handicapped Act (EHA) , was passed which set guidelines for the services of special education (Friend and polymer research paper, Bursuck, 2002) . In 1975, the format paper for high federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was passed which marked the dawn of polymer what is commonly referred to as mainstreaming. This was a practice designed to get the students with disabilities out of their categorical classrooms and back into general education for specials (Music, Art, and Physical Education) , but for the most part the students were still separate and account, segregated within their schools. Proponents of mainstreaming were of the mind that social behavior does not occur outside of social contact and polymer composites research paper, therefore, students with disabilities should be with their non-disabled peers.
This involved the physical integration, functional integration, and social integration of the students. Thesis On The American And The? So, mainstreaming went from polymer research paper a time where we just wanted to for essay get these kids in composites research paper, school, to a time where we mainstreamed them for specials, to format of research paper for high a time where they were mainstreamed to composites paper become a part of the school. Thus the argument became that if we can include these kids with disabilities some of the time, why not include them all of the for essay writing time? This was the basis for composites paper our current trend toward full inclusion of all students with disabilities, regardless of for high their disability or abilities. Full inclusion is based on the rights of the students to be in the general classroom and the perceived social benefits that being in that classroom provides. There is, however, a difference in the social integration we saw in early mainstreaming versus that which we see in today's inclusion practices; the social integration of the 80's was done under highly controlled situations, while the social integration of full inclusion is not controlled. Polymer Composites? Understanding where the trend toward inclusion comes from is only a factual beginning in the understanding of whether or not inclusion is of research paper appropriate in the American Public School of today. What does the law have to say about the practices of inclusion? Have there been any tests of the law? How can this knowledge shape what is happening in our schools? One can find commentary on the laws regarding inclusion on a website of the University of Northern Iowa which includes IDEA, passed in 1975, which states the current federal mandate regarding the laws on inclusion in the American Public School: Each State must establish procedures to assure that, to the maximum extent appropriate, children with disabilities . are educated with children who are not disabled, and that special education, separate schooling, or other removal of children with disabilities from the regular educational environment occurs only when the nature or severity of the polymer composites disability is such that education in regular classes with the use of supplementary aids and help, services cannot be achieved satisfactorily.
20 U. S. C. Polymer Research? 1412(5) (B) (Website, Inclusive Education, http: //www. uni. edu/coe/inclusion, Feb. 27, 2003) . Essay Prompts Questions? Dr. Susan Etscheidt, University of Northern Iowa professor and administrative law judge, says that some of the polymer research first legal analysis of IDEA came when the Supreme Court said that everyone is to be given a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) (Inclusive Education, 2003) . Budge? This is important to composites research paper note in regard to the practices of inclusion. A school cannot legally exclude a student from an wilson, education, regardless of their abilities, and the education must be provided without cost. IDEA did leave room for interpretation, but several things were made clear. The responsibility would lie with each state. A child with disabilities can not be removed from composites a regular education classroom until such time as it is determined that a satisfactory achievement can't be made in a regular classroom even with the addition of wilson metaphor supplementary aids and services. Just what is a satisfactory achievement?
This is one area of hot debate. Is this strictly an academic achievement, or a social achievement? Who makes this determination and research, how do they make it? What are supplementary aids and services? These questions and legitimate help, their interpretation is what cause the controversy on whether or not full inclusion is polymer paper appropriate. Amendments to IDEA, in 1977, helped to clarify a few of the issuessupplementary aids and format of research, services were defined, and polymer paper, general education teachers were included in the teams which write the american dream Individualized Education Program (IEP) for each student so that they can be a part of the regular classroom (Inclusive Education, 2003) . Polymer Composites Paper? This is website for essay where IDEA and our federal mandate stand currently. There is still plenty of room for debate. There are people with strong views and opinions on both sides of the debate. Polymer Composites Research? The results of researchers who have studied issues in regards to inclusion are of a mixed variety: there is seemingly evidence to support both sides (Friend and Bursuck, 2002) . A legal precedence has been set to include children with disabilities into general education classrooms.
IDEA, preceded by and including EHA, is based on several principles including zero reject (a rule against excluding any student) , nondiscriminatory evaluation (requires the fair evaluation of for essay students to determine if a disability exists, and if so what kind and how extensive treatment should be) , individualized education (a tailored education for each child based on evaluation and enhanced by supplementary aids and services) , least restrictive environment (LRE--the education of students with disabilities along the side of students without disabilities to the highest extent possible) , and procedural due process (protects students rights and research, allows for necessary court actions) (Friend and Bursuck, 2002) . Account Executive Cover Letter? These principles still do not provide a clear cut analysis of the law; there is still room for interpretation and opinion. Specific cases which have been brought before the composites research paper courts have helped to clarify the of research for high meanings of IDEA, as well as provide an argument on research paper the side of full inclusion. Several court cases demonstrate the wilson metaphor difficulty in making a clear cut analysis of the law, as well as setting precedences for the practice of inclusion. The case of Brown v. Board of Education (1954) is discussed by polymer paper, Friend and Bursuck as a case establishing the principle that school segregation denies some students equal educational opportunity . . It has since become the cornerstone for ensuring equal rights for students with disabilities. (p. Account Executive Cover Uk? 8) This case is widely used by inclusionists to support their stand that all students with disabilities have a right to be in a general education setting, with support if necessary, regardless of their abilities.
Friend and Bursuck also note a case which is widely believed to composites research be critical in forming the foundations and legal precedence of inclusion: in Oberti v. Board of Education of account executive cover letter Clementon School District (1993) , which dealt with a student with Down syndrome, it was ruled by the court and later upheld by the court of appeals that school districts are required to make the supports available to students with disabilities to fulfill their needs in the regular classroom, and furthermore that they can't exclude a student from a regular classroom because they learn in a different manner than other students (p. 8) Inclusionists certainly view this as legal proof that full inclusion should be maintained in the American Public School of today. There are a number of other cases which further support the notion of full inclusion. The University of Northern Iowa's Inclusive Education website contains discussion of two such cases: Greer v. Rome City School District (1990/1991/1992) and Board of Education v. Holland (1992, 1994) (Inclusive Education, 2003) . In the Greer case, the courts found that school officials had not made the necessary changes to a kindergarten curriculum to facilitate the composites research paper inclusion of a child into a regular classroom and thesis on the american dream, that the whole range of supplemental aids and services must be offered by the school (Inclusive Education, 2003) . Paper? LRE was shown to be a distinct inclination of Congress in the case of Board of Education v. Holland and the educational benefits that a child with disabilities would receive in a regular classroom, as well as non-academic benefits should be considered (Inclusive Education, 2003) . Through these cases, as well as others, inclusionists have maintained and argued their views as supported by law. The law has shown a penchant for the inclusion practices of ensuring equal rights for students, for budge wilson metaphor not excluding students because of their abilities, for facilitating inclusion through the composites research support of prompts and multiple questions supplemental aids and services, and for always maintaining that LRE is the best way to assure a student gets the benefits of his/her education.
These court cases are a strong support for polymer paper the argument of inclusion. In the journal Childhood Education , Douglas Fuchs and Lynn S. Fuchs write about the opposing views on the inclusion of students with disabilities (Fuchs and Fuchs, 1998) . They bring up several points which inclusionists use as arguments in maintaining the practice of inclusion. Inclusionists state the writing necessity of depending on a regular classroom to provide the instruction necessary for students to succeed in school, and composites research, eventually get a jobteachers in these settings are experts in instruction . To the legitimate help fullest extent appropriate, teachers and students work on general education curricula and have an explicit understanding of the polymer composites research paper level of academic accomplishment necessary for success in regular classrooms (Fuchs and Fuchs, 1998) . Full inclusionists believe that educators' primary responsibility for children with disabilities should be to help them establish friendships with non-disabled persons . inclusionists claim that children with special needs must be placed in regular classrooms full-time (Fuchs and Fuchs, 1998) . Dorothy E. Hardin and Sally J. McNelis give details of a school which practices full inclusion in Baltimore in the article, The Resource Center: hub of inclusive activities , which they wrote for the journal Educational Leadership (Hardin and McNelis, 1996) . Hardin and paper for high school, McNelis speak highly of the success of full inclusion in this school with the support of a resource center which is used by all students, those with and without special needsit is their conclusion that this would work in all schools (Hardin and McNelis, 1996) . It is the opinion of the inclusionists that full inclusion and the changes necessary to make it work is something to which we are morally bound (Fuchs and paper, Fuchs, 1998) . This reinventing [of the and the schools shows] one of the new roles that special educators need to assume, first and foremost, is that of collaborators with classroom teachers . special educators . Composites Research Paper? should spend 100 percent of for essay their time with mainstreamed students, with and without disabilities, who require additional help ( Fuchs and Fuchs, 1998) . It is the stand of inclusionists that without full-time placement in regular classrooms, students with disabilities will not receive the type of academic teaching or the research paper opportunities to make friends that is budge wilson essay necessary to their success. Polymer Composites Research Paper? They say that it is the moral obligation of our society to make the necessary changes in our schools, including full collaboration of general education and special education teachers, to allow full inclusion to account be successful. Those who are against full inclusion see this in another light.
Most students are in special education to begin with because they have failed in regular education, so how can putting them back in the regular setting be beneficial to them? What evidence shows that full inclusion is the answer for all students? In a full general education classroom of students, a teacher must teach to an array of students. How can there possibly be time to manage the additional requirements of a child with disabilities? One teacher cannot possibly be expected to be all things to all students. Many things see their way into polymer composites paper, schools as programs without empirical evidence. Those who argue against the full inclusion of all students further maintain that a regular education teacher does not or cannot teach to the special needs of a child with disabilities which require much specialization, they are not trained to teach to of research for high that child, and there are no resources available for such. James M. Kauffman states in his book, Education Deform: Bright People Sometimes Say Stupid Things about Education , that Some of us have maintained the position that although inclusion in general education in regular schools with support from special educators may work well for some students, such inclusion is neither feasible nor effective for all students (Kauffman, 2002, p. 177) . Those who argue against full inclusion maintain that the composites research paper needs of each student must be assessed individually; inclusion can not and format school, must not be done in a manner which does not explore what is research right for prompts and multiple choice questions the individual.
Those who are in opposition to full inclusion have a very different view on composites paper Brown v. Board of Education (1954) than do their inclusionist colleagues. The decision in this case referred primarily to racial segregation (Friend and Bursuck, 2002) . The oppositionists to website inclusion are adamant that a case of racial segregation is totally different from and not related to segregation based on student ability in polymer, the American Public School. These oppositionists believe that inclusion has been seen as a right for students of special needs rather than what it actually is, one of a myriad of treatments available for the student with disabilities. Full inclusion, in their eyes, used as a blanket treatment for every child with a disability can be counter-productive. Where it may work for some students, it can't and assignment help, won't work for all and therefore should not be used in every case. The oppositionists, like the polymer research inclusionists, use court cases as a basis to essay prompts and multiple choice support their arguments on whether full inclusion should be used to educate all students in the American Public School.
In Clyde K. v. Puyallup School District (1994) , as discussed on research paper the University of Northern Iowa's site Inclusive Education, the determination was made that a boy with Tourette syndrome and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder could be put into legitimate help, a special education setting, outside of the regular classroom,because he wouldn't benefit in a social or academic way from being in a general education settingthe court further stated that the school had met the demands of IDEA by providing the necessary supplementary aids and supports which were to no avail (Inclusive Education, 2003) . Thus, the composites research paper oppositionists conclude IDEA suggests that inclusion is not the best solution for some students; therefore inclusion must not be applied in all cases. In Fort Zumwalt School District v. Missouri State Board of Education (1996) , again discussed on the site Inclusive Education, it was found by the courts that inclusion of a student with serious learning disabilities was inappropriate after the school refused to retrain its teachers (Inclusive Education, 2003) . Here we see the legitimate oppositionists argue that the composites paper courts agree that inclusion for all students is not always appropriate. The use of these court cases by the oppositionists to support their views is used in a similar fashion as the way in which the inclusionists used court cases to support their views. We can see that the IDEA laws and subsequent court cases are open to a broad range of budge metaphor essay interpretations and polymer, that both sides use them and translate them to their best advantage. To not use full inclusion as a blanket treatment for all students with disabilities is the basis for format of research paper for high the argument presented by the oppositionists. Their views are in agreement with many educators as demonstrated in journal articles.
In the Journal of Disability Policy Studies , Jean P. Composites Paper? Hall writes an article, Narrowing the Breach: Can disability culture and full educational inclusion be reconciled? , where she states People and thesis on the american dream and the, organizations favoring inclusion, however, are overlooking the value of the disability culture that is fostered when children with disabilities have the opportunity to associate with and learn alongside other individuals who share similar identities and life experiences . Polymer Research? changes to the existing system rather than a movement to full inclusion will be more effective in supporting disability culture and , ultimately the website needs of composites paper children with disabilities (Hall, 2002) . Oppositionists would make the analysis that if full inclusionists believe that students with disabilities are better off in wilson, a regular classroom, that they are not taking into account the polymer true effects of that classroom and that some students are in actuality affected negatively by that environment. Oppositionists maintain that the education of a student should always be a top priority when placing a child, or writing an IEP for a student. This opinion is supported by Tom E. C. Smith and metaphor essay, Carol A. Dowdy in their article for Childhood Education, Educating young children with disabilities using responsible inclusion (Smith and Dowdy, 1998) . Smith and Dowdy say, Placing children with disabilities in polymer composites paper, general education classroom settings, without regard to individual needs, because it reflects current ideas about best practice, does not support the least restrictive environment concept nor the thesis and the great goal of providing appropriate educational programs for polymer research paper all children (Smith and Dowdy, 1998) . The analysis of the oppositionists here concludes that education is to be accounted for first and is more important, ultimately, than any current trend in education. This analysis is also supported by Kauffman, who in his book states that Instruction, not place, should be the central issue in special education. Place is important because it constrains what instruction can be offered, but it is legitimate assignment a secondary consideration by logic and by polymer composites paper, law (Kauffman, 2002, p. 183) . The oppositionists inherently believe that full inclusion is wrong and that students are not necessarily better off in budge metaphor, a regular educational setting; in composites research paper, addition, they believe that education of each student should always be the driving force in determining the IEP and education of a student with disabilities, whether in thesis on the dream and the great, a general education setting or not.
Looking at inclusion from both sides, we see biases and opinions. We see that both sides are guilty of composites research paper measuring the effectiveness and using units of account executive cover uk analysis which can be biased toward their agendas. Polymer? We must not let these biases, however, cloud the real issue. The real issue is the education of thesis on the american great all children in the American Public School. All children's educational needs should be addressed individually. What is often seen missing from composites this debate is the effect that full inclusion has on the non-disabled students in the classroom. Essay Prompts? What effects does it have on a teacher in a day and polymer composites research paper, age when teacher retention is a burning issue in many school districts? We must remember that our decisions in regard to the education of students with disabilities will affect real children and are not just hypothetical situations. We must not forget that if we follow the path the inclusionists would have us follow, that we get rid of an array of services for students with disabilities leaving only two real options: full inclusion, or no school.
There would be no middle ground. What happens then when full inclusion does not work for a student? We cannot be naïve enough to essay choice believe that one solution will solve a variety of problems. In education, one size does not fit all. We must also remember that just because one does not support full inclusion does not mean that one doesn't see it as an effective treatment in some cases. It is the opinion of this author that to paper institute full inclusion in the American Public School would be to do a disservice to our students. We mustn't look at account executive cover uk only limited factors, that of student rights and composites paper, social benefits to students, in wilson essay, determining the appropriate education plan for a student with disabilities. Many factors should be reviewed to obtain an IEP for each student which reflects what is appropriate for the education and learning of that particular child. The most important factor in this determination should always be that of the child's learning. Every child should be placed in the environment, whether a traditional setting or not, that best affords that child to reach his/her potential.
We should also remember that when we place a student, that the needs of other students in polymer, that classroom also need to budge metaphor essay be considered. One child's rights to an education should not supercede the rights of another child. In fact, this author contends that one child's rights end where the next child's rights begin. We must consider that a child who is fully included in a classroom may not be fully served in polymer composites research, that classroom. Are we letting these kids' education slip through the of research for high cracks just so we can feel good about the polymer research social situation that we have placed them in? Is this social situation actually the help best for each student, or would we just like to believe that it is? Are we really serving the needs of polymer composites research these kids, or are we pleasing ourselves by their inclusion? Full inclusion is right for essay prompts and multiple questions some students, and not for others. We must learn to put the needs of the child first, making accurate assessments of their needs and abilities, and passing policies which protect them from research paper social do-gooders. We must ensure the rights of all students, both abled and disabled, to format paper for high school receive the education to which they are entitled by law.
Inclusion, even if it is the appropriate treatment for a child needs to be monitored for progress. This author spent volunteer time in a fifth grade classroom in Cedar Rapids, Iowa where there was a student with multiple disabilities who was being fully included. The IEP of the student did allow for a full time aid to assist the student and teacher in the applications which would allow the student to polymer composites research paper benefit from help her full inclusion. This all looked good on paper, but in reality this was disastrousnot only for this student, but also for research paper other students, one in particular, in that classroom. The problem here was that it took months to wade through the red tape, assessments, committee meetings and the like, before a suitable plan was made for this child. Once the plan to thesis on the american dream and the great hire an educational aid to polymer composites work with the child and her teacher was made and implemented, the aid quit after only three days because of the difficulty of the situation.
It was weeks until another aid was placed and who knows how long that arrangement will last. In the meantime while all of this was going on in the background, the child was spending her days in a general education classroom with very little in the way of supports. The teacher had another student assigned to assignment help be the permanent helper of polymer composites paper this childthe child was expected to for essay help the disabled student with her work, help with the discipline of said student, and to be an advocate for polymer composites this child in the classroom. This was done under the guise of education. The teacher believed that it was beneficial for cover letter uk this student to composites paper help another. There is format of research for high school nothing wrong in teaching one student to help another, or to be empathetic toward his/her situation, but it is composites research entirely another issue in making one eleven year old child responsible for another child in the classroom. This author found this situation to be a gross violation of both students' rights to be educated. We must not only place a student where they will be best served, but we must also make arrangements for what happens to that student in the time that the appropriate treatment is being arranged.
We must not let the child, in thesis, the mean time, to slip between the cracks and polymer research, receive no appropriate education at all. It is writing because of this experience, as well as the examination of the history, the laws, and the views of educators that this author believes that full inclusion should only be used as one of many treatments for a child with disabilities, not as an answer for all. There are strong points of law, court cases, and expert opinion to support both sides of the inclusion debate. We know that more and more students with disabilities are spending their school days in general education settings. The debate on the issue of inclusion will continue for some time. We must remember what we have learned from polymer paper both the proponents of full inclusion, as well as those who oppose it. Wilson Metaphor? The inclusionists are right to bring special education out into a new light, to consider the rights of children and the social ramifications of their placement. The oppositionist would ask, is this enough to determine the polymer composites research placement of a student with disabilities? The oppositionists are right to see inclusion as one of many treatments available for the disabled student and to consider the assignment education of that student as paramount in determining his/her placement.
The inclusionists would ask, where are the rights of the student? The history and subsequent laws of inclusion can help us to understand how we got to this point. Where will we go from here? When all is said and done, it still comes down to the lives of children. We cannot forget that how we proceed in the issue of paper inclusion will dramatically effect these children and for essay, their futures. What if it was your child?
Friend, Marilyn and Bursuck, William D. Research? (2002). Including Students with Special Needs, A Practical Guide for Classroom Teachers (3rd ed.). Account Executive Letter Uk? Boston, MA: Allyn Bacon, 2002. Kauffman, James M. (2002). Education Deform, Bright People Sometimes Say Stupid Things about Education. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, Inc. Fuchs, Douglas and polymer composites research, Fuchs, Lynn S. (1998). Competing visions for educating students with disabilities: inclusion versus full inclusion. For Essay Writing? Childhood Education, Midsummer 1998 v74 n5 p309 (8). Hall, Jean P. (2002).
Narrowing the paper breach: can disability culture and full educational inclusion be reconciled? Journal of wilson metaphor essay Disability Policy Studies, Winter 2002 v13 i3 p144 (9). Hardin, Dorothy E. and McNelis, Sally J. (1996). The resource center: hub of inclusive activities. Educational Leadership, February 1996 v53 n5 p41 (3).
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Essay Writing Advice (for ECPE and C2 EFL exams) Here we tell you how to write an essay that will get good marks in an English language (EFL/ESL) exam such as the composites research, Michigan ECPE. The advice would be the assignment, same for the essays that candidates have to write in other EFL/ESL exams such as the IELTS, TOEFL and Cambridge CPE exams. First, let's have a look at polymer composites paper, some actual ECPE exam writing tasks so that we can see the different types of essay that we might have to prompts and multiple choice questions write. Topic 1: In most families there is one family member who doesn't follow society's rules and often embarrasses the rest of the family by composites research paper doing or saying something unusual or funny. Describe one of your relatives who is format paper for high, like this. Include several examples of this person's behaviour. Topic 2: Pesticides are chemicals used to kill insects that damage food crops. Some people say farmers should not use pesticides because the pesticides harm the environment and people who eat the food. Others say that if we stop using pesticides, insects will destroy large quantities of our crops. Do you think farmers should stop using pesticides?
Explain the reasons for your opinion. Topic 1: There is a saying, Curiosity killed the cat, meaning that when a person is overly curious (eager to learn, know, or investigate something or someone) it can lead to polymer paper trouble. Wilson Metaphor Essay! Describe a situation when curiosity got you or someone you know into trouble. Topic 2: The production, distribution and polymer composites research use of illegal drugs is an essay international problem that affects almost every country. What actions should be taken to reduce the polymer research, production, distribution or use of illegal drugs around the help, world? Discuss. Topic 1: Everyone has different opinions about what makes someone a good parent. What three qualities do you think are the most necessary to research be a good parent? Why are these qualities important? Discuss, giving examples.
Topic 2: Unemployment is a problem facing many countries today. Should the government and/or businesses take an active role in reducing unemployment? Discuss, providing reasons. Topic 1: Some psychologists believe that there is more to intelligence than what traditional intelligence tests measure (mathematical verbal ability). They say there are many kinds of intelligence and help many ways to be smart. Polymer Research! Besides mathematical and linguistic intelligence, in what other ways do you think people are smart? Be specific in your discussion and provide concrete examples. Topic 2: Most people agree that it is important for co-workers to have good relationships. However, a recent survey suggested that friendships at work can also cause problems. In what ways can friendships at work be harmful. Discuss, giving specific examples.
2004 (Only one topic provided in the sample from ELI-UM) The United States government recently passed a law that would punish schools whose students do poorly on budge wilson national exams. Some people think that schools should not take all the blame. In your opinion, what factors influence students' performance? Discuss, giving specific examples to support your point of polymer composites research, view. 2010 Topic 1. Some people believe that body language shows more about peopleaˆ™s true feelings than spoken language. Writing! Body language includes peopleaˆ™s facial expressions, hand gestures, and posture. Composites! Do you believe we can tell more from body language than from thesis, what people say? Be specific and composites paper give concrete examples in website for essay writing your response.
Topic 2. Every generation of people is different from the previous one. What is one important way in which your generation is different from your parentsaˆ™ generation? How will this difference affect your country or culture? Give specific details and reasons to composites paper support your viewpoint. Looking at these examples, there are two obvious types of executive letter uk, essay question: descriptive and polymer composites paper discursive (i.e. presenting arguments and opinions). Some students who have experience of creative writing in their own language may find it easy to write the descriptive essay, but in our experience the majority of students feel more comfortable with the discursive essay, partly because it is usually possible to use a formula and a number of set phrases. Website! Note that there is not always a descriptive essay option, but (as far as we know) there will always be at least one discursive essay task. On the rest of this page we will concentrate on composites research the discursive essay. Plannning can seem like a waste of account executive, time, but it isn't, especially when time is short and there is no possibility of paper, redrafting the essay.
So after you have made sure that you have understood the topic correctly, give yourself a couple of minutes to essay prompts and multiple choice questions note down some ideas you could mention in composites research paper your essay. If you can quickly think of five or six, pause to decide which two or three you want to and the develop in your essay. Choose ideas that you know you have the vocabulary to discuss. Polymer Composites Research! If it is appropriate or necessary to mention examples, choose ideas that you know you have examples for. You will get marks for wilson metaphor, how well-organised your essay is, which means you are likely to lose marks if you just start writing about the polymer composites research paper, first idea that comes into your head. Every discursive essay needs an introduction and account executive cover letter uk a main body.
Normally a final paragraph that rounds off the essay is polymer paper, needed, but examiners know that time could easily run out before you manage to round off your essay. Not having a concluding paragraph will probably not matter much; not having a good introduction will matter a great deal. Begin by thesis redescribing the phenomenon, the trend or the debate that is the focus of the essay question. In a short ECPE essay this might only need one or two sentences. In the past, it seemed obvious to many that the only reliable test of intelligence was one which assessed a person's ability to reason, especially the polymer research paper, ability to see patterns in for essay words, numbers and symbols. In recent years, however, there has been a growing suspicion that those IQ tests assume a conception of polymer, intelligence that is too narrow. End your introduction either by: 1 briefly stating the point of view you are going to website writing defend.
As I see it, musical and polymer research sporting abilities are two of the thesis on the dream and the great, skill areas that deserve to be regarded as forms of intelligence. 2 stating what you are going to paper do in the rest of the essay. In this essay I will look at two skill areas that deserve to be regarded as forms of intelligence. 3 stating the two different points of view that you are going to consider. Although the vast majority of of research for high school, farmers look upon pesticides as invaluable, some consumers and composites research paper pressure groups have spoken out against them. 4 stating the question you are going to answer. This raises the question of budge wilson metaphor essay, whether the polymer research paper, benefits of website for essay, pesticides outweigh their drawbacks. If the essay question specifically asks about research, your opinion, it might be better to briefly state this at the end of the introduction, without giving any details or arguments (but it is essay prompts and multiple questions, not absolutely necessary, especially if you don't have a firm opinion). If you want to look at different points of view before you weigh them up and give your final assessment, it might be better to polymer use techniques three and website for essay four above. This needs two paragraphs, each of polymer, which should develop one point.
Depending on the essay task, you might need to describe examples (as in the question about account cover letter, intelligence), discuss different points of view, describe causes, make suggestions, and polymer composites give reasons for your point of budge essay, view. Below are examples of paragraphs that do each of these things. The exceptional bodily control seen in polymer some athletes and dancers could definitely be viewed as a form of intelligence. The ability of a ballerina, for instance, to maintain perfect balance and turn her movements into a work of art can only be developed with years of on the american dream and the great, strenuous training. In a sense, ballet has its own language, and it seems reasonable to polymer compare the skill of using this language with the skill of using the verbal language that has been traditionally tested when measuring a person's IQ. Help! Admittedly, performing in a ballet does not involve as much thought as solving problems in an IQ test, but that does not seem to me to be a good reason to exclude this as a form of research paper, intelligence. Discussing different points of view.
There are those who argue that the government should not interfere much in the economy, even if there are concerns about the level of unemployment. Website Writing! It is said that the polymer paper, rate of unemployment will fall naturally if there is economic growth, and the best way to website for essay guarantee economic growth is to allow the market to develop without government interference. Those with this point of polymer, view accept that the government has a responsibility, but they insist that it should not go beyond providing a minimal unemployment benefit to those who are temporarily out of work. Describing causes and website writing making suggestions. One of the reasons why some children fail at composites research paper, school is poverty. Students will only make good progress if they do their homework well, but a child from a large and writing poverty-stricken family who does not have a quiet room at home in which to polymer research study will not be able to do her homework well. Furthermore, in poor families the parents sometimes have a very low level of education and may even have a negative opinion about the importance of education. In these cases, they will not be able to give the help and encouragement that the child needs. Giving reasons for your point of view. One very powerful argument against pesticides is that they are harmful to humans. Chemicals can only be used as pesticides if they are toxic either to assignment help plants or animals.
These are poisons, and it is hardly surprising that chemicals that are poisonous to composites research paper some forms of plant life, for instance, also have detrimental effects on human health. Eating rice that has been sprayed during storage and transport to prevent it being eaten by insects may not make us ill immediately, but by continually eating sprayed fruit and vegetables it is almost certain that we increase our risks of suffering from cancer. Use this paragraph to re-emphasize the main point or points you want to make, or to weigh up the opinions presented earlier in the essay. Then add a comment about, for instance, why this is so important, or about how difficult or easy it will be to change things, or about the likely consequences if we do nothing. In conclusion, for the sake of both the environment and essay prompts questions human health drastic reductions in polymer our use of pesticides must be made. Admittedly this will not be easy, since they have become such an important part of modern agriculture. However, if there is executive letter uk, enough investment in research into alternatives I am optimistic that we will be able to phase out the polymer research paper, use of website, these harmful toxins. Try to avoid simply repeating what you have already said. This can be particularly difficult, especially when the composites, essay task merely involves describing different aspects of something (like the forms of intelligence). To sum up, it is clear that the ability to do the old-fashioned IQ tests is not the only form of intelligence.
Not only are music and movement areas where we can see how smart people are, but there are also many others. It is wonderful that we are now appreciating this variety instead of giving a privileged place to writing one narrow set of abilities. When writing academic essays the polymer paper, usual advice is to avoid expressions that are considered informal. For instance, expressions with get are considered quite informal, so instead of saying kids will get bad marks, it would be better to say, children will receive a poor grade. One good reason for following this advice is that most of the language you have been learning on your proficiency course is formal, and so by choosing a formal register (as we call it) you give yourself more opportunities to show what you have learnt on thesis american dream and the great the course. However, you may be surprised to see that the sample essay from Michigan which was given an honors grade begins with a very informal conversational style. OK, so your son got a low score in his IQ tests. Polymer Composites Research! Don't be discouraged since this does not mean he is not intelligent. It simply means they may not have tested his main intelligence. More and more reassuring news is coming from website writing, new research. These new studies indicate that there is more to intelligence than the traditional mathematical and polymer research linguistic intelligence.
In his notes, the legitimate, examiner calls this a strong beginning, but not everybody would agree. (By the way, the rest of that essay didn't use a conversational style.) Our advice is to use more formal and sophisticated language wherever you can because this will give better proof that you have become a proficient user of the kind of academic English that makes up most of the ECPE exam. Do make sure you have understood the task correctly. Do ask if you are not sure about the task. Do spend a couple of minutes thinking of ideas, choosing the best ones and the order you will discuss them in. Do try to have a good introduction. This creates the polymer composites, first impression on the examiner, and first impressions are very important. Do show that you appreciate how complex the topic is (vital if you want to get a rating of A or B) Do make sure that each paragraph in the main body of your essay has a clear topic. Do develop your ideas by giving arguments for the opinions you mention, and/or giving examples, or drawing a contrast, or by acknowledging the opposite point of view (if you have not planned to do that in the following paragraph). Do imagine that you are writing for for essay, someone who is not quite as well-informed as you are, so that you really have to make your points clear.
Do try to use a good range of vocabulary. Do not just use the composites research, simplest expressions that come to mind first, and avoid repeating the executive letter, same words if you can. Do find ways to avoid the sort of repetition seen here: A major health hazard nowadays is pesticides. Pesticides are widely used in modern agriculture. Do use expressions such as On the one hand, Secondly, By contrast, Furthermore, Last but not least, All in all, etc, where appropriate, to make the connection between your sentences perfectly clear. See our list of useful phrases for essays. Polymer Composites Research! Do vary the length of your sentences. If all your sentences are either very short or very long, the essay will be boring to read. Do use some of the lovely proficiency structures you have learnt throughout the course. Choice! See our essay grammar structures to composites get a few ideas. Do not use phrases like, As I said above, which just prove that either you didn't plan the essay or the plan was a bad one.
Do not use extremely general sentences that say nothing about your particular topic (sentences such as There are two sides to legitimate assignment help every coin. Everything has its drawbacks. Nothing is perfect. etc). Send queries, comments and gentle reminders about spelling mistakes to: About Fullspate: - Fullspate is actually one man with a PhD and a laptop who grew tired of the bland contents of polymer research paper, EFL coursebooks, decided to write slightly more engaging stuff for his English students, and then thought it might be nice to share them online. The sites of some of website, our friends: Show your generosity by giving us the thumbs up on our Facebook page and polymer research do leave a message. It's the feedback that makes it all seem worthwhile.
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