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Short essay against death penalty

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College Admissions Information: University of Connecticut. Welcome to an Ongoing Series on College Admissions. If you’re starting the college admissions process you’ve probably discovered that it’s not always easy to find answers to your college admissions questions. That#8217;s why I created a place where you can hear directly from college admission counselors about applying to college , interviewing for college , writing the college application essay and financial aid . Against. I developed these questions with help from families who’ve recently been through the college application process. Because each school answers the same questions you#8217;ll be able to compare information with other schools. I hope you find this a valuable resource for college admissions information. Who knows? You might even find yourself considering options you hadn’t thought of before.

With the introduction out of the way, let#8217;s find out about the University of example of business, Connecticut . Founded in essay against death, 1881 and set in the beautiful unspoiled forests of the northeast, the University of Connecticut is located in for high school, Storrs . There are 5 regional campuses : Avery Point, Greater Hartford, Stamford, Torrington, and Waterbury. UConn is one of the premier national public universities in short essay against death penalty, the country, recently ranking in the Top 20 Public Universities by U.S. News World Report. And Mutual Is Vital. It offers world-class faculty and academics, as well as vibrant activities and NCAA Athletics, including recent national championships in Men’s and Women’s Basketball. UConn students come from diverse backgrounds : More than a quarter of students represent ethnic minorities, and the student body is against death selected from countries and cultures around the globe. The school#8217;s proximity to Boston and on tolerance and mutual understanding New York City affords students easy access to internships or simply a weekend escape. This post focuses on UConn#8217;s main campus at Storrs . Look for information on the regional campuses in a later post. Facts about UConn/Storrs Campus. Undergraduate enrollment: 17,815 (2011) Entering freshmen enrollment: 3,327 (2011) Connecticut residents: 75% of undergrads Undergraduate costs 2012-13: In State : $22,382 (Tuition Fees: $11,242; Room Board: $11,140) Out of State : $40,214 (Tuition Fees: $29,074; Room Board: $11,140) Average SAT score: 1216 Students receiving financial aid: Over 75 percent Athletics: NCAA Division I. Nathan Fuerst, Director of against, Undergraduate Admissions , answered the following questions during a recent interview: Q: What percentage of conservation essay, applicants does UConn admit? A: Approximately 45% of applicants are successful in gaining admission to UConn’s Storrs campus.

Q: Does applying early decision/action improve a student#8217;s chances for admission? A: For the Fall 2013 term, UConn will no longer facilitate an early action/decision program. Against Penalty. Q: How important are extracurricular activities in admissions decisions? A: Involvement beyond academics is important and is considered . We encourage students to for high school research focus on investing themselves heavily in a limited number of activities and demonstrate the impact from their activity on both the community as well as their development as young adults. Q: How important is against death taking advanced, accelerated, or honors courses?

A: It#8217;s important that students take the appropriate opportunities to challenge themselves academically. Therefore, we do consider advanced and honors courses . However, it#8217;s just as important for thinking scenarios, students to remain in course levels that are appropriate for their level of skill and aptitude for the particular subject. Q: Which teachers should write a recommendation? A: Recommendations that make the most impact come across as authentic and against death personal. Students should approach teachers with whom they have strong relationships.

Teachers who contribute beyond just academic performance provide the most revealing and conservation helpful information in the recommendation letters. Q: Do you look for short essay, what is not said in a recommendation? A: We avoid drawing conclusions or speculating on what may or may not be omitted from a recommendation. However, it is often apparent when there is inconsistency in message between the recommendations that we receive. Q: Is the scientific essay, quality of an applicant’s high school taken into essay death penalty, consideration? A: The application review is a holistic one that allows us to take any and camps essays all factors in to consideration . Strength of short against penalty, school is something that could be considered in the context of how the student has performed given the educational opportunities and challenges that are available within a particular school. Q: What is the relative importance of grades versus board scores? A: Both factors are critical pieces in our review of applicants for admission for different reasons. Therefore, it is difficult to cast one against the other. Grades provide great insight on a student’s capacity for academic success, but using board scores remains the only reliable method of comparing applicant performance that transcends an individual school.

Q: Does UConn offer interviews with admissions counselors? A: Given the size of our applicant pool and staff, we are unable to offer interviews . Q: What qualities do you look for in a well-written essay? A: We challenge students to write on a unique subject that has either defined who they are as a person or demonstrates the impact of their contributions through their activity in their environment. Statements Research. Q: Is there a type of essay death, essay you would recommend against critical thinking assumptions scenarios ? A: Applicants should consider their subject matter more globally and how it sets them apart from other students in the applicant pool. For example, when writing on a life event, consider what makes this a unique life event compared to other applicants. Q: Can an essay make or break an admission? A: Yes. I recall an short against penalty applicant whose subject and style was so profound and unique that I felt honored to offer such a talented author admission. Another example included a student who wrote about planning, community contributions that had incredible global impact.

The subject of this essay was driven by extremely hard work that impacted the lives of death penalty, students in villages in India and Africa. It was very inspiring! Q: Should a student discuss or explain a poor grade or marking period(s)? A: When a grade is out of character, it may justify the student addressing this. Critical Scenarios. However, we encourage students to use their personal statements as an opportunity to present their unique qualities, contributions and achievements . A single grade should not be made the focus of an application. Q: Where do you stand on the 500 word limit on the Common Application#8217;s personal statement? Can a student go over essay against death penalty, the Common Application#8217;s 500 word limit? A: We do have some amount of flexibility . We want students to essays express themselves as best they can. If that means that they go a few words over #8212; about 100 #8212; that#8217;s okay. Essay Penalty. But we also want the student to be cognizant of the Common Application#8217;s 500 word limit because some students can carry on for a while.

I#8217;d say to students write your college application essay as briefly and succinctly as you can, but don#8217;t feel like you need to camps leave out any major pieces, either. Q: How has the economic climate affected the admissions process and the availability of financial aid at UConn? A: This year (2012) seems to be an penalty improvement over the past several years. When the economy struggles, it forces families to take a closer look at finances and seriously consider their educational options based on cost of attendance. Essays. Over the past several years, there has been an increase in the number of students submitting the FAFSA to us. Short Essay. UConn has a priority of providing as much financial assistance as possible to students who demonstrate financial need. Q: What part of the admissions process is most misunderstood? A: I think the financial piece of conservation of trees, going to college is short essay against death penalty most misunderstood , as it can vary dramatically from one institution to the next . Conservation. Eligibility for scholarships varies widely from school to short death school. Different schools have different policies, different requirements and different ways to apply, and example of business that can make the short against, scholarship process difficult to understand.

If students or families need help understanding the scientific racism essay, scholarship opportunities at short essay, UConn, they should visit our undergraduate admissions page, student financial aid web page, or contact the Office of essay on tolerance understanding is vital peace, Student Financial Aid Services at (860) 486-2819. Q: How can people connect with UConn? A: Students can connect with us via Facebook and our YouTube channel. We also have a Twitter account and short essay student bloggers. Conservation Of Trees. Students who connect with UConn via these channels get regular updates on deadlines as well as updates on relevant activity at against penalty, UConn. Q: Please ask and answer a question that you#8217;d like students and thesis for high school families to know about UConn. Question: What is the retention rate of first year students returning in their second year? A: Ninety-three percent of first year students and short essay 92% of students of assumptions, color return for short, their sophomore year, exceeding the national average of camps for college, 72.9%. Office of penalty, Undergraduate Admissions.

2131 Hillside Road, Unit 3088. Essay Is Vital For World. Storrs, CT 06269-3088. Phone: (860) 486-3137. other posts in this series: Housatonic Community College. University of Bridgeport. Death Penalty. Need help? I work with students everywhere: in-person, over the phone, and by computer. Visit my website for more info. Connect with me on Google+, Twitter and Pinterest: Leave a comment — let me know what you think! College consultant, teaching students how to conservation of trees essay write memorable college application essays, grad school and against prep school essays, and succeed at job and college interviews.

5 thoughts on “ College Admissions Information: University of Connecticut ” COLLEGE ESSAY WRITING AND INTERVIEW SKILLS AT YOUR FINGERTIPS. Welcome! I'm a Writers Guild Award Winner and Two-Time Emmy Nominee for writing who teaches people around the world how to write memorable college, prep and grad school essays, write outstanding resumes, and succeed at college and job interviews. My business is First Impressions College Consulting, based in Redding, Connecticut.

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linux resume bullets If you want to short death land a System Administrator job and essay on tolerance and mutual understanding is vital for world get paid a top Systems Administrator salary, you need to know how to write a System Administrator resume. This guide will not only teach you how to create an eye-catching System or Network Administrator resume, it will actually do most of the work for you, while still helping you create a unique document that is yours and yours alone.christian louboutin deutschland,cheap ralph lauren shirts,cheap louis vuitton bags uk,cheap michael kors handbags,cocktail dresses cheap. I, the founder of the Resume to Interviews team, could have easily compiled another 20,000 words on this subject. Our team has helped over short against death penalty 5,000 clients with their resumes and CVs since 2007 and and mutual understanding is vital peace have learned a lot about resume best practices. We hope not only will this advice help you secure a System Admin job or Network Admin job, the lessons and much of the sample content it provides can also be used to create effective Database Administrator, Network Engineer, SAN Administrator, Computer Operator, and Web Administrator resumes and CVs, just to essay against penalty name a few. The first step is to write a well-targeted summary. So let’s get started! Step 1: Summarize Your Skills and scenarios Experience, Not Your Goal.

You may have heard that resumes should start with an “Objective” describing the applicant’s goal. If somebody is reading your resume, they know that your objective is to against land a job at their company. Explaining that your objective is to conservation essay get a System Administrator job on short essay, a System Administrator resume is not only redundant, it’s a waste of space, and scientific essay most importantly, it eliminates your chance to make a good first impression and “hook” the reader. Also, as a System Administrator it’s your job to keep up with the latest industry trends. The first thing on your resume should not be an outdated piece of resume writing history like the “Objective Statement.” Instead, you should use a “Summary of Qualifications” or “Profile”, which explains your abilities relative to the job you are seeking. Short? This means it is going to contain the experience and skills that you have which are the most relevant to the position. Read the camps essays, difference between an objective statement and penalty a summary of qualifications statement. Read the difference between an objective statement and a summary of qualifications statement. “ To obtain a position working with advanced systems and technical infrastructures.” Summary of example planning, Qualifications: Good Examples. A System Administrator with ten years of enterprise-level work experience, specializing in the design, implementation, maintenance, and support of large scale IT infrastructures.

An Information System Administrator here with eight years of infrastructure support work experience, specializing in the implementation, management, and maintenance of servers, software, equipment, and LAN, WAN, and short against MAN networks. A System Administrator with three years of technical support and administration experience, specializing in the implementation, management, and support of Windows-based server and desktop roles. A Linux System Administrator with four years of system deployment and management work experience, specializing in essay and mutual understanding is vital for world peace, the planning, development, design, deployment, monitoring, and against death penalty support of IT hardware and software. The summary or profile should mirror the desired experience, skills, and requirements in the job posting (hint: Indeed.com and LinkedIn are the best websites to find job openings) while accurately describing your skills and experience. The idea is to make the person reading the resume think that you are exactly what they are looking for . As a side note, if you have been a System Administrator or Network Engineer for a long time, you may be tempted to for college load the summary with every piece of essay death, equipment, software, or skill you’ve ever used. Essay Peace? Do not do this. Short Essay Against? It is a surefire way to have your resume tossed aside, because when you try to say everything, you end up saying nothing . Instead, pick the two or three most important general concepts and list those. Examples could include “Linux server administration,” “virtualization,” or “network monitoring” among many others. You want to communicate your main selling points to example of business that particular employer.

If you are an short essay against death, experienced Systems Administrator or IT professional, you might have a longer resume with a lot of impressive accomplishments spread throughout. In this case, you might want to add a “Career Highlights” section directly underneath the conservation of trees, Summary Statement. This will allow the reader to see your summary and immediately know your background and skills, and then see your most important accomplishments in short, the first few seconds of looking at your document. If you use a “Career Highlights” section, make sure the highlights you list are concrete accomplishments that have numbers to support them. Avoid filler and cliches. For example: Career Highlights: Led a six-member System Administration team that maintained 99% uptime for racism essay, an international financial network with 5K users. Oversaw a site migration for ninety users while achieving zero network downtime. Essay Against Penalty? Managed a $1MM desktop, server, application, and of trees telecom inventory by tracking employee equipment assignments and purchase, billing, and decommission dates.

Obviously, if you don’t have highlights that are worth separating from the rest of the bullet points, then don’t use a “Career Highlights” section. Essay Death Penalty? This should also only be used if you want to cherry pick the best things from several jobs and put them on the top of conservation, your resume. If you only against have one or two relevant jobs, this isn’t necessary. Step 2: Create Great Content by Quantifying Your Accomplishments and critical assumptions scenarios Demonstrating Skills (or Just Play Mad Libs with this List) Once the summary or profile is in short against penalty, place, add your degree , certifications , and work history . You should create a section for each. Essay Understanding Is Vital For World Peace? Arrange them in order of essay against death, importance. Usually this will mean certifications first and thesis statements for high then work history. If you are a recent graduate without much work experience, you will put your degree before your work experience. If you have work experience, put that before your degree. The most difficult part of writing a resume is creating the against, bullet points and camps for college essays content for essay death penalty, individual System Administrator jobs. System Administrators do so many different tasks that it can be difficult to know what to add and what to leave out.

You have to show specific technical knowledge while making sure the example planning, resume is readable. Death Penalty? You also have to convey big picture information while mentioning specifics and details. Thesis For High School Research? This is all a careful balancing act. We are going to show you exactly how to maintain that balance. One of the short essay, most common mistakes you can make on your System Administrator resume is presenting it as a giant list of every software or equipment you’ve ever used. There’s a place for that in the technical skills section. For High Research? (We’ll get to that later.) But when you present an employer with a massive list of names, concepts, and buzzwords with little context, you are relying too much on them to make the connection between what you list and what you use it to do. If you mention a particular software or type of short essay against death, equipment like Dell PowerEdge servers or Active Directory, you need to show that you actually know how to critical thinking use it.

Each point should contain: A: The software/equipment used whenever possible. B: What you actually used it to do. C: The results/improvements, if applicable. You also want to start each job’s content with a general, overarching bullet point that introduces the reader to the job and your responsibilities there. This accomplishes something very important: setting the context. If someone is reading a resume and trying to against death penalty figure out the scope of your responsibilities or what kind of company you worked for as they are reading the bullet points then you have a problem. If that is for college essays happening, then the reader isn’t actually reading the bullet points to understand your skills and accomplishments, they are reading them to short penalty understand what the job was. Essay On Tolerance And Mutual Understanding Peace? That’s if they keep reading at all; often a bunch of data without context is enough to get a resume tossed. Short Death Penalty? Establish scope and context in the first bullet point.

Specifically, that first bullet point should establish: The scope of your responsibility. This should include how many users you supported, how large the network was, how many servers you maintained, etc. What kind of company you worked for and how large it was. How many people under you or how large the team you were on was. The bullet points that follow will highlight the for high, accomplishments you achieved, the skills and tools you used, and the impact you had on the business while fulfilling that responsibility, Have you ever played mad libs ? That’s basically what we are going to do right now, except the end result won’t be a funny story, it will be resume content that clearly and elegantly communicates your skills and experience to potential employers. Paste the content below under each job on your resume. Then insert the correct numbers and short against penalty details in the blank spaces. Delete any bullet points that don’t apply to your experience.

The base of a good job description is all here. You only thinking need to edit the details to essay death penalty personalize your resume. Your most recent job will typically have the most content. If you end up repeating content across multiple jobs, delete the essay on tolerance and mutual peace, duplicate content from the essay against death, older jobs and leave it in essay is vital for world peace, the newest one. You want to show that you are adding responsibilities as you progress in your career, and you want to show that your knowledge is short essay death penalty fresh and up to thinking assumptions date. That’s why duplicate content goes in the newest job. System Administrator Job Description Mad Libs Guide: Underline = replace specific details with your own. Bold = replace numbers with your own. Starter Sentence: Examples of sentences you can use as the first sentence of your Systems Administrator job description. Short Against Death Penalty? Choose one that is the closest to of business your experience and change the details.

Managed data center operations and resolved ten daily third-tier technical support tickets for a medium sized, high density data center specializing in fully managed external infrastructures for against, 273 Fortune 500 and small business clients. Managed and trained three Technicians providing internet, VoIP, co-location, and network systems support to 300 clients, including Checkpoint, Wikimedia, PS Print, Groupon, and Roku , for a B2B ISP and services integrator . For College? Deployed eight physical and virtual clouds for seventy Developers producing custom Big Data analytic s software for essay against penalty, municipal governments . Scenarios? Managed and maintained fifty Windows Server 2003, 2008, and 2008 R2 servers and the VMware server infrastructure for a credit union with fourteen branches and 495 users as part of short against death penalty, a three -member Network Team. Troubleshot and resolved up to twenty Linux-based support issues per week for conservation essay, hundreds of PPTP, L2TP, and short against penalty OpenVPN clients of for college, a Private Internet Access service with an infrastructure of over 800 servers . Installed and maintained the workstations, servers, printers and short against penalty networking equipment, including switches, routers, firewalls and proxy devices , for thinking assumptions scenarios, a naval ship with over 700 military personnel . Administered network cabling, NIPRNet and SHF telecommunications devices, including Super High Frequency, Nonsecure Internet Protocol Router Network (NIPRNet) computers, and COMSEC equipment. Penalty? Designed, implemented, and maintained the company server and racism essay network infrastructure supporting eighty users at short penalty, an e-commerce retailer. Administered and maintained an IT infrastructure for a 25 -bed critical access hospital with seventy Windows servers , over 300 workstations , and assumptions technical business equipment, including networked devices, document scanners, printers, and a PBX phone system. Descriptions of duties: bullet points you can use throughout your System Administrator job description s. Performed desktop, laptop, and death penalty system maintenance, security updates, security audits, and machine hardening. Maintained a collocated datacenter with over twenty Windows and Linux servers, a VMWare virtualization cluster, and technical business equipment, including a wide-area network, document scanners, printers, and VoIP PBX phone system. Received a “ commendable ” rating on security practices and procedures from planning DSS Inspectors.

Setup and short essay penalty maintained network infrastructure for two offices, which included a RADIUS server for wireless authentication using the Virtualbox virtualization software. Setup and scientific essay maintained an OpenVPN server, the Redmine project management application , and a Gitlab code repository on Windows Server 2008 Hypervisor and Ubuntu 12.04 virtual servers. Conducted set ups, equipment purchasing, and short death security in-processing for ten new hires with JPAS. Migrated and maintained web environments. Resolved WAN and thesis statements school research LAN connectivity issues, public and private IP assignments, and DNS changes. Essay? Created and scientific racism maintained the company asset inventory for essay death, all computer hardware with Microsoft Excel. Evaluated and selected a new company email system by thinking assumptions researching and identifying potential systems, creating and administering user test groups, gathering system user feedback through interviews and against penalty surveys, and camps selecting and preparing the implementation of new systems while negotiating with vendors. Essay Against? Identified, researched, and negotiated the purchase of $25K worth of critical assumptions scenarios, hardware from against death five vendors. Developed and implemented a cloud computing system with six hardware nodes by essay understanding is vital researching, selecting, and short essay against negotiating the purchase of camps, $13K worth of hardware, building and configuring laptops, and training users. Death Penalty? Designed and maintained the server room with five Dell servers supporting two office locations.

Set up and maintained company tools, including VTC, IP-based phone and conference systems, and mobile phones. Maintained 99.99% uptime by conducting server maintenance, updates, and patches. Wrote and collected documentation and maintained the Standard Operating Procedures, knowledge base, and FAQs. Scientific? Monitored and controlled blades and enclosures using HP BladeSystem Onboard Administrator and Cisco Unified Computer System Manager. Provided administrator support for six Sun servers running Centos 5 and Ubuntu Server LTS 10-12. Created standardized equipment deployments for customers, including network switches, modems, and death routers, saving entire days of support and planning for critical assumptions scenarios, each deployment.

Installed and configured Nagios with a 24/7 server and network monitoring system. Short Against Penalty? Performed primary Windows and Linux server administration tasks, including setup, installation, OS patching, data backup, user account management and access control. Deployed an camps for college essays, internal wiki used by fifteen Engineers and the company CEO which included server and workstation inventories and roles, step-by-step guides to generate daily reports, and essay vendor information. Performed cost/benefit analyses while researching and selecting hardware vendors for services and devices. Performed feasibility studies on network distribution technology based on cost and statements for high research the time needed to acquire and install the hardware during purchasing recommendations for short penalty, management.

Tracked and monitored the security of example of business, $500K worth of IT assets through a proprietary ticketing system. Step 3: Organize Your Content (Be a Jack and a Master of All Trades) If you’ve been working in IT and technical fields for a long time, especially with a smaller company, you may describe yourself as a “jack of essay against death penalty, all trades.” Maybe you’ve also heard of the scientific racism essay, old saying “jack of short essay death, all trades, master of none.” This. means that although you have experience with a lot of different things, you don’t actually do any one particularly well. This creates a problem. We want to show a wide range of skills, but we don’t want to give the impression of camps for college, far-reaching superficial knowledge. So if you have lots of bullet points, like more than half a page, and it’s all good and relevant content, you need to short essay against death penalty organize that information so it’s not a “wall of text” that ends up making the reader’s eyes glaze over. To avoid that, create between two and four categories and use them to organize the bullet points. This will both reinforce the idea that you have a few primary areas of knowledge and expertise, while simultaneously showing a wide range of skills and for college accomplishments that can be easily scanned by the reader.

Think about your work experience and look at your bullet points. Against? Come up with three categories that you can distribute the bullet points among while keeping each category roughly equal in size. Camps For College? Some good examples of categories might be “Network Design,” “Technical Support,” “Project Management,” “System Upgrades,” “Server Maintenance/Configuration,” “Network Monitoring,” “Staff Management/Training,” “Security,” or “Virtualization.” Ideally, the categories will also reflect the skills most highly valued by the employers you want to work with (look at the jobs listings to short against death penalty see what these are). This is another example of something, like the summary, that should communicate your experience relative to scientific racism essay the jobs you want to short death penalty apply to. The categories don’t have to for college essays be perfect, but they should be relevant. They also shouldn’t overlap. For example, having a “Management” category and a “Project Management” category isn’t that helpful, even though they are technically different things.

The individual bullet points might be relevant to multiple categories, but the titles of the penalty, categories should be clearly delineated. Distribute the bullet points among the scientific racism essay, categories you’ve created. Death Penalty? Then rearrange the bullet points so that the most important and impressive descriptions are at the top. Scientific Racism Essay? After that, order the categories in essay against penalty, terms of importance as well. The most important category on top, least important on bottom. Remember the general bullet point we talked about, the one that sets the of trees essay, context for short death penalty, everything? We are still going to use that first. We are going to essays put it above the categories . This will serve as an introduction to the categories and bullet points that follow. You might even use two bullet points to short essay against death set the context and describe the overall responsibilities above the scientific, categories. Essay? The end result should look something like this: System Administrator June 2009 June 2012 Author Jason B. Description The Complete Guide to Writing Resumes for Social Media Job Openings.

Tips, rules, and examples Included. Designed, implemented, and maintained the company server and network infrastructure supporting eighty users. Configured, implemented, and administered two domain controllers, a Storage Area Network (SAN) server, a Linux development server, a SIMS database server, and domain and on tolerance understanding for world peace collaboration tools. Hardware Design and Implementation: Developed and implemented all IT solutions, including internet connection and IP phone systems, for an office location with forty staff. Evaluated and selected a new company email system by researching and against penalty identifying potential systems, creating and administering user test groups, gathering system user feedback through interviews and surveys, and selecting and preparing the implementation of new systems while negotiating with vendors. Identified, researched, and statements for high research negotiated the purchase of essay against, $25K worth of for high, hardware from five vendors.

Developed and implemented a high performance, low-cost cloud computing system with six hardware nodes by researching, selecting, and negotiating the purchase of $13K worth of hardware, building and configuring Dell laptops and Apple MacBook Pros, and training users. Designed and maintained the essay death penalty, server room with five Dell servers supporting two office locations. Ensured IA compliance as directed by the NISPOM using software tools provided by the Defense Security Service (DSS) to audit the company classified laptop for security vulnerabilities and recommend courses of essay and mutual, action. Managed the pilot encryption program for company computer assets that ensured compliance with Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS), and evaluated and essay tested encryption solutions from four vendors. Reviewed classified laptop security audit logs to prevent unauthorized access and update virus detection software.

Performed weekly system security audits, wrote the company System Security Plan (SSP), and built security infrastructure and alarm systems in statements for high school research, coordination with the Facility Security Officer as the Information Systems Security Manager. Technical and System Support: Provided the day to day operation and management of the IT network while resolving ten daily user technical support cases for eighty internal staff located across Virginia, Maryland, and Florida locations. Set up and maintained company tools, including VTC, IP-based phone and conference systems, and mobile phones and short blackberries. Created and maintained company asset inventory for all computer hardware with Microsoft Excel and example of business planning a hardware based Dell Asset Management Appliance. Short Essay Against Death Penalty? Managed and secured software licensing agreements and communicated changes in requirements to company Representatives and Vendors. Developed the standard baseline hardware configuration for laptops and on tolerance and mutual is vital peace servers. Created documentation for new and against death existing users on computer and network service use, and wrote the monthly IT column for camps for college essays, the company newsletter.

Delivered bi-monthly training meetings for short penalty, forty staff to introduce new features and upcoming changes. Conducted bi-weekly time critical maintenance and repairs on essential communications equipment such as routers and switches, VOIP and POTS telephones, computers, and encryption devices. Camps? Provided telephone and email support for short against death, 35 weekly help desk issues, including desktop, laptop, printer, software, telephones and networking issues. Step 4. Create a System Administrator Technical Skills Section (Because Robots Read Resumes Too) Now the only thing left to do is create a section called “Technical Skills.” This will be a comprehensive word bank with all the software, hardware, programming languages, equipment, methods, and for college skills you have are familiar with. Now the against, only thing left to do is create a section called “Technical Skills.” This will be a comprehensive word bank with all the software, hardware, programming languages, equipment, methods, and skills you have are familiar with. This allows anybody reading your resume to quickly see if you have familiarity with specific tools, software, or areas of knowledge. Most importantly, it helps your resume get detected by resumes scanning software (iCIMS Talent Platform, Capterra, etc.), therefore increasing the chances that your resume will end up in the hands of thesis for high, a real live human being. In this day and short essay against age, you need to be writing your resume with this kind of software in thesis statements, mind.

If you don’t, your resume might never actually get rid by essay against penalty a flesh and blood person. This kind of racism, software absolutely exists and essay companies use them, especially large corporations. Although you do want to of business be thorough about your skills and technological proficiencies, you do not want to spam hiring managers with technologies and concepts you barely know. Like all resume content, the essay against death, information in this section should be targeted at the jobs you are seeking. So what terms should you use? How should you organize these terms? Good questions, but once again, we have you covered.

A starter list of skills you need is just below. Copy and paste these into your resume. Then go through and delete anything that doesn’t apply to you. Software: Microsoft Access,Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Visio, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Premiere Pro, Adobe Audition, Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Lightroom, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008 R2, SQL Server, Exchange Server, Mac OSX, Faronics Deepfreeze, m0n0wall, pfSense, VNC, Ubuntu Linux, SketchUp, Wirecast Networking: Cisco Routers, Modems, Firewalls, NIC’s, WIC’s, Managed Switches, Hubs, Patch Panels, Relay Racks, VOIP Phones, Video Distribution, Network Wiring, DHCP, QoS, Active Directory, FTP, File Shares, Wireless Routers, Sophos/Astaro Unified Threat Management, Sonicwall Networking Routers: Cisco 17xx, 18xx, 28xx-Series, 7206VXR NPE-G1/NPE-G2, 650x-Series SUP720-3BXL, 760x Series RSP720-3CXL-10G, IOS 12.2 thru 12.5, Vyatta VC/VSE 6.3-6.5, Mikrotik RouterOS Firewalls : Cisco PIX 501, 506E, 515, PIX-OS 6.3, ASA 5505/5510 ASA v7.x 8.x Switches : Catalyst 29xx-Series, ME3400, Netgear Managed Switches, Dell 54xx-Series Managed Switches, HP Procurve ADSL2+/VDSL2 : Zyxel DSLAM and CPE Routers, Draytek ADSL2+ CPE Routers, Motorola-Netopia IPS/IDS : TopLayer E-5500, Ntop, Netflow Datacenter : Portmaster Serial Console Server, Avocent Cyclades Serial Console Server, APC Managed Power, Baytech Managed Power Concepts, Topology and Protocols : IPv4, IPv6, BGP, OSPF, TCP/IP, UDP, ICMP, NAT, MLPPP Bonding Over T1 and scientific essay ADSL, Opt-E-Man Fiber Metro Ethernet, DS3/T3, ATM over DS3, T1/DS1 Over Channelized DS3, Traffic Shaping Using GTS/CBWFQ, VOIP QoS, SMTP, POP, IMAP, MAPI, FTP, SIP, RTP, XMPP, FTTP, 802.1q VLAN and VLAN Trunking, STP, 802.1ad Q-in-Q VLAN Stacking, PPTP VPN, IPsec VPN, BIND DNS, ARIN SWIP VoIP, PBX and Telephony : Communicate Pro VoIP PBX, Broadsoft VoIP PBX, Polycom IP Phones, SIP/RTP, Linksys SPA and PAP, Avaya IP Phones, Nortel PBX Norstar Key Systems, Adtran Total Access 9xx-Series Router VoIP Gateway, ISDN T1-PRI, POTS Programming/Web development : PHP, HTML, JavaScript, CSS, C++, Visual Basic, Java, SVN, PHP-cURL, SOAP (PHP NuSOAP), BashShell Server Operating Systems : Linux (RHEL 5/6, CentOS, Ubuntu Server, Debian), FreeBSD (8.x, 9.x), Windows (Server 2008 R2, 2008, 2003, 2000, NT 4.0) and Mac OS X Server. Server Software : Zookeeper, Tomcat, Apache (httpd), JBoss (EAP/AS), nginx, Sonatype Nexus, Jenkins, Google Apps for Business, Microsoft SQL 2008 R2, Exchange 5.5-2010 Operating Systems : CentOS, Debian, Gentoo, RHEL, Ubuntu, OSX, Windows 3.1/95/98/2000/XP/Vista/7, Windows Server 2000/2003/2008 Virtualization : VMWare ESX 3.5, VMware Infrastructure 3, vSphere (4.0-5.1), VMWare Workstation, MS Virtual PC, ESXi, P2V Migrations, KVM, OpenStack, Oracle Virtual Box, VirtualPC Storage : NetApp NFS, Dell SAS, RAID Servers : Dell PowerEdge, Supermicro, HP DL, Apple XServe Hardware: Servers, Desktops, Laptops, Direct Attached Storage, Mobile Devices (iOS, Android), Symbology RF Barcode Scanners, Thermal Printers System Analysis: Process Flow Analysis, Lean Manufacturing Windows Administration : Active Directory, Exchange 2003, 2007, Group Policy, IIS, MSSQL, Remote Access, Terminal Server, Windows Server 2000, 2003, 2008 Monitoring Logging: Nagios, Ganglia, ELSA, AIDE, eEye Retina, Altiris, Microsoft SCCM Directory Services : Active Directory, Red Hat Directory Server, FreeIPA Automation Deployment : Puppet, Foreman, Perl, Bash Scripting, Power Shell Traditional Databases: MySQL, Postgres NoSQL Databases: Hadoop (Apache tarballs, CDH3/4 Hortonworks), CouchDB, MongoDB, Accumulo, MarkLogic Cloud/Virtual Hosting: Amazon EC2, Linode Management Tools : Symantec Management Platform 7, Altiris Deployment Solution 7, Altiris CMS 7, Ticketing Systems, Microsoft SCCM, FrontRange, Lansweeper, Kaseya MIS : Business Systems Analysis, Information Systems Design, Project Management Project Management: Risk Management, Progress Reporting, Project Facilitation, Budgeting, Retrospectives, Resource Planning, Scoping, Iterative Development and Planning, Project Scoping, Resource Identification, Budget Management, Timeline Management, Resource Identification, Risk Management, Change Management Server: Sendmail, Postfix, IIS, Apache, BIND, LAMP, FTP, DHCP, MySQL, SSL/TLS, CPanel, SMTP, SNMP Storage: Fibre Channel, FCoE, iSCSI, NFS, NAS, SAN Systems Analysis: Agile, Sequential, and Iterative methods of Analysis and short Design, Object Oriented and Structured Systems Analysis Methods, Gathering Information, Documenting Business Process Workflow Windows Administration: Exchange, Active Directory, MSSQL Enterprise Systems Analysis and Integration: IS Analysis and Design, IS Infrastructure, Project Management, Change Management, Information Systems Design Technical Writing/Support: Problem Investigation, Documentation Creation, Training Curriculum, Technical Documentation, Quick Fact Guides Linux Administration: Ubuntu, RedHat, SuSE, LAMP Stack Content Management: FTP, WordPress, FOSWiki, Oracle Portal, Ek Security: GE Sapphire Pro Security Systems, Genesis Security Systems, Security Information Management System (SIMS), DVTel Video Surveillance, Lenel Access Control Networking : Active Directory, Cisco Systems Anyconnect, Cisco VPN Client, Juniper VPN Client, Virtual Networking Computing (VNC), Remote Desktop Connection (RDP), OpenVPN client and server Data Backup : FreeNAS, Cobian Backup, Crashplan Pro, Windows Backup Utility (Server 2008/7) Encryption : Wave Systems Endpoint Encryption, PGP, TruCrypt, Bitlocker. Once you have all the info that applies to statements school research you, try and cut it down to no more than half a page of the most relevant content. Short Penalty? Then organize the conservation essay, categories the same as the bullet points: most impressive/important on top, lest important on bottom. Short Essay Against? However, by far the thesis, best method for identifying a list of skills is to search for terms online. How Do I Fill Up the Rest of essay, this Page? How to Write a Resume for System Administrators With No Experience:

A lot of the advice given so far applies to people with all levels of of business planning, experience, but I’m sure some of essay, you are looking for help with creating a Systems Administrator resume specifically because you have zero experience in the field and don’t know how to fill a page with related, relevant content. Maybe you are still in school and just about to graduate. Camps? Or maybe you just completed your networking certifications and death penalty are looking to get out of your current field. Either way, you can create an entry-level Systems Administrator resume that will be perfect for critical, you. First, an essay death, important note regarding certifications: As soon as you figure out when you are going to earn a specific certification, like the camps, CompTIA Network+ or Red Hat Certified Systems Administrator (RHCSA) certification, list it. I know you’re probably wondering how you can list a certification if you have not yet earned it or not sure when you will earn it. Well, there’s a simple way around that issue. Put the name of the short essay penalty, certification, and after it put “Expected September 2014,” or whatever the appropriate month or year is.

This can always be changed later, and it has the advantage of showing employers that you have a plan to get these certifications, which is better than not listing it at all. Here are some examples: CompTIA + Expected July 2014 Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA), Routing and Switching Expected August 2014 Description The Complete Guide to critical scenarios Writing Resumes for short essay, Social Media Job Openings. Tips, rules, and camps for college essays examples Included. Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE) Expected September 2014. You now have your certifications or future certifications listed, but if you don’t have any work experience, you are going to need some more content to short essay fill up a whole page. Example? To do that we are going to create a “projects” section. Short Essay Penalty? We can either create a section called “Independent Projects,” or a section called “Academic Projects” if you are in school or are a recent graduate. Or you can create both if you have the essay on tolerance is vital for world, projects to justify multiple sections.

You are going to list projects you completed at short essay death penalty, school, in the course of for college essays, getting your certifications, or on your own, and death penalty treat them like jobs you did. Example? We aren’t going to trick anybody into thinking they were professional, but we are going to present them the same way in order to communicate relevant skills and technological proficiencies to potential employers. For each project, create a header that says what the short essay against, project was (ex. “Virtual Server Build” or “Game Coding Project” ) and essay understanding the time you worked on it (January 2012 May 2012). Essay Death Penalty? Then write bullet points briefly describing the project and explaining how you used systems administration knowledge and skills. You might need to write some of scenarios, your own bullet points to essay against death explain those experiences, but the camps for college essays, same general concepts from the content above will work. Just choose a few bullet points that show some relevant skills that you learned during these projects. Thesis: Mobile OS Security Architectures September 2013 December 2013. Wrote a 48-page thesis identifying, analyzing, and comparing the base security architectures and histories of the short essay against death, iOS and Android mobile operating systems. Analyzed official reports and documentation from Apple and Google, as well as third party sources that identified security issues and thesis school detailed device architecture. Penalty? Created and presented a twelve-minute tutorial video demonstrating the of trees essay, proper execution of the against death, De-ICE 2.100 Penetration Test.

Identified and prepared strategies to achieve specified penetration goals, including obtaining root access to and mutual understanding is vital target machines, and uncovering hidden files. Incident Response Project March 2013 May 2013. If you have been studying for against, the various certification tests at racism, home and don’t have any experience at all, you could create an short against, “Independent Projects” section that looks something like this: CCNA Laboratory January 2014 April 2014. Combine all of this with a technical skills section and whatever non-related work experience you have, including the for college, job you had waiting tables, and you should be able to fill up a page. Against Death? You don’t want to spend bullet points and space describing unrelated jobs, but just showing you have actually worked before is better than nothing. A well-written, detailed, and conservation focused System Administrator resume or Network Administrator resume can secure you a well-paying position in nearly any industry. Healthcare, finance, entertainment: just about short essay death penalty, every industry needs System Administrators to design and maintain critical network infrastructure and systems.

These jobs are everywhere, and the sad truth is that very few Systems Administrators know how to communicate their accomplishments and responsibilities effectively to both the HR people who read resumes (and have no technical backgrounds) and the IT Managers and Directors who are looking for specific technical skills and proficiencies. The title “Systems Administrator” can apply equally to individuals with a wide range of on tolerance and mutual understanding, experience. You could be the veteran Technician with twenty years of systems administration and essay against penalty engineering work experience, or you might be the Junior System Administrator who just earned their first Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator (MCSA) or CompTIA certification. Although the general principles for creating a great System Administrator resume will apply to camps essays all Systems Administrators, regardless of experience, this guide will teach how to distill many years of experience and short against death technical knowledge into a concise document that highlights your most impressive accomplishments and most important skills. Armed with an effective System Administrator resume and cover letter, you are going to camps for college essays receive emails and calls looking to short death penalty set up interviews immediately, no matter how much or how little experience you have. Five-thousand words about resume writing can look overwhelming at essay on tolerance understanding for world peace, first glance. Short Essay Penalty? The truth is I can easily write another five-thousand words with even more advice on on tolerance is vital peace, how to write the short, ideal resume. Who has the critical thinking, time to read that?

I want to short hear what you think is critical assumptions missing from this article. What advice would you give someone applying to Systems Administrator jobs and related fields?

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Why I am against the death penalty - UK Essays

An A to Z of Theory | Roland Barthes: Death of the Author. Many of Barthes#8217;s works focus on literature. However, Barthes denied being a literary critic, because he did not assess and provide verdicts on works. Instead, he interpreted their semiotic significance. Short Against? Barthes#8217;s structuralist style of literary analysis has influenced cultural studies, to the chagrin of adherents of traditional literary approaches. One notable point of controversy is Barthes#8217;s proclamation of the #8216;death of the author#8217;. This #8216;death#8217; is directed, not at the idea of writing, but at the specifically French image of the auteur as a creative genius expressing an inner vision.

He is opposing a view of texts as expressing a distinct personality of the author. Barthes vehemently opposes the view that authors consciously create masterpieces. He maintains that authors such as Racine and Balzac often reproduce emotional patterns about which they have no conscious knowledge. He opposes the view that authors should be interpreted in terms of what they think they#8217;re doing. Their biographies have no more relevance to what they write than do those of scientists. In #8216;The Death of the Author#8217;, Barthes argues that writing destroys every voice and point of origin. This is because it occurs within a functional process which is the practice of on tolerance and mutual is vital for world signification itself. Its real origin is death penalty language. A writer, therefore, does not have a special genius expressed in the text, but rather, is a kind of thesis for high school craftsman who is skilled in using a particular code.

All writers are like copywriters or scribes, inscribing a particular zone of language. The real origin of a text is not the author, but language. If the writer expresses something #8216;inner#8217;, it is only the dictionary s/he holds ready-formed. There is a special art of the storyteller to essay, translate linguistic structures or codes into essay understanding is vital particular narratives or messages. Each text is composed of multiple writings brought into dialogue, with each code it refers to being extracted from essay against a previous culture. Barthes#8217;s argument is directed against schools of literary criticism that seek to uncover the author#8217;s meaning as a hidden referent which is the final meaning of the text. By refusing the #8216;author#8217; (in the sense of a great writer expressing an inner brilliance), one refuses to assign an ultimate meaning to the text, and hence, one refuses to fix its meaning. It becomes open to different readings. According to Barthes, the unity of a text lies in its destination not its origin.

Its multiplicity is focused on the reader, as an absent point within the text, to whom it speaks. The writer and reader are linguistic persons, not psychological persons. Their role in the story is defined by their coded place in discourse, not their specific traits. A text cannot have a single meaning, but rather, is composed of multiple systems through which it is constructed. Camps Essays? In Barthes#8217;s case, this means reading texts through the signs they use, both in essay their structure in the text, and in their wider meanings. Literature does not represent something real, since what it refers to is not really there. For Barthes, it works by planning, playing on against, the multiple systems of language-use and their infinite transcribability – their ability to be written in different ways. The death of the author creates freedom for the reader to interpret the text. The reader can recreate the text through connecting to conservation of trees essay, its meanings as they appear in different contexts. In practice, Barthes#8217;s literary works emphasise the practice of the craft of writing. For instance, Barthes#8217;s structuralist analysis of Sade, Fourier and Loyola emphasises the structural characteristics of their work, such as their emphasis on against death penalty, counting and their locations in self-contained worlds.

He views the three authors as founders of languages (logothetes). The Structure of Narrative. In #8216;Introduction to the Structural Analysis of Narratives#8217;, Barthes explores the structure of camps essays narrative, or storytelling, from a structuralist perspective. Narrative consists of a wide variety of against death penalty genres applied to a wide variety of substances – for example, theatre, film, novels, news stories, mimes, and even some paintings. We can see what Barthes terms #8216;narrative#8217; whenever something is camps for college used to short death penalty, tell a story. People using this theory will often refer to the way people live their lives as narratives, and some will talk about a right to camps for college essays, tell our own story. Narrative is taken to be humanly universal – every social group has its own narratives. Barthes models the analysis of narrative on structuralist linguistics.

The structure or organisation is what is most essential in any system of meaning. The construction of a narrative from different statements is similar to the construction of a sentence from phonemes. Barthes argues that there are three levels of essay death narrative: functions, actions, and narration. Each has meaning only in relation to the next level. Functions refer to statements in narratives. Every statement or sentence in a novel, for example, has at least one function. Scientific Racism? Barthes gives examples like: #8216;James Bond saw a man of short about fifty#8217; and of business #8216;Bond picked up one of the four receivers#8217;. For Barthes, every statement has a particular role in the narrative – there are no useless statements, no #8216;noise#8217; in the information-theory sense. But statements vary in their importance to the narrative, in how closely or loosely it is tied to the story. Some are functions in the full sense, playing a direct role in the story.

For instance, a character buys a gun so s/he can use it later in the story. The phone rings, and Bond picks it up – this will give him information or orders which will move the action forward. Others are #8216;indices#8217; – they index something which establishes the essay against penalty context of the story. They might, for instance, convey a certain atmosphere. Or they might say something about the psychology or #8216;character#8217; of an actor in the story. The #8216;four receivers#8217; show that Bond is in a big, bureaucratic organisation, which shows that he is on the side of order. The #8216;man of about fifty#8217; indicates an atmosphere of suspicion: Bond needs to establish who he is and which side he is on. Among the former – the true functions – these can be central aspects of the scientific narrative, on which it hinges (#8216;cardinal points#8217; or #8216;nuclei#8217;), or they can be complementary (catalysers). To be cardinal, a function needs to open or close a choice on which the development of the story depends. The phone ringing and essay against death Bond answering are cardinal, because the story would go differently if the phone didn#8217;t ring or Bond didn#8217;t answer. But if Bond #8216;moved towards the desk and answered the phone#8217;, the phrase #8216;moved towards the desk#8217; is a catalyser, because it does not affect the story whether he did this or not.

Stories often contain catalysers to provide moments of rest from the risky decision-points. Barthes sees true functions as forming pairs: one initiates a choice and the other closes it. These pairs can be close together, or spread out across a story. The choice is opened by the phone ringing, and closed by Bond answering it. Indices are also divided into true indices, which index things like an actor#8217;s character or an essay and mutual is vital peace atmosphere, and short death penalty informants, which simply identify something or situate it in time and space. A character#8217;s age is an example of an informant. True indices are more important to the story than informants. All moments of a narrative are functional, but some more so than others. For High School Research? Functions and indices are functional in different ways. Cardinal functions and essay death true indices have greater functionality than catalysers and informants. At root, however, a narrative is structured through its nuclei.

The other functional elements are always expansions on the nuclei. It is possible, as in folk-tales, to create a narrative consisting almost entirely of nuclei. Functions are arranged into narratives by being attached to agents – characters in assumptions scenarios the story who engage in actions. Short Essay Death? Every narrative necessarily has agents. The actions of an agent connect the critical assumptions nuclei of the narrative to particular #8216;articulations of praxis#8217; – desire, communication and struggle. The third level, narration, occurs between the narrator (or writer) and the reader.

The narrator compiles the narrative in a way which is addressed to short essay death penalty, the reader, and #8216;produces#8217; the camps reader as a particular position in essay death penalty the narrative. The positions of narrator and reader are clearest when a writer addresses a factual statement directly to the reader: #8216;Leo was the owner of the joint#8217;. Narrator and reader are largely empty positions within the narrative. Narratives also have a kind of logical time which is racism interior to them and is barely connected to real time. This logical time is constructed by the series of nuclei (which open and close choices), and their separation by other nuclei and by subsidiary elements. It is against held together by the integration of the pairs of nuclei. Narratives implicitly receive their meaning, however, from conservation essay a wider social world. Barthes maintains that narratives obtain their meaning from the essay against penalty world beyond them – from social, economic and ideological systems.

Barthes criticises the narratives of his day for trying to disguise the process of coding involved in constructing a narrative. As in Mythologies, he again argues that this naturalisation of signs, and denial of the on tolerance for world process of social construction of meaning, is specifically bourgeois. Both bourgeois society and its mass culture #8216;demand signs which do not look like signs#8217;. They are reluctant to declare their codes. Narrative also contains other potentials. Like dreaming, it alters the familiar in ways which show different possibilities. Although what is against death #8216;known#8217; or #8216;experienced#8217; is constantly re-run through narratives, the narratives do not simply repeat what is re-run through them. They open a #8216;process of becoming#8217;. In other words, things can run differently when run through narrative. Narrative shows that other meanings are possible. Familiar things can be given different meanings.

What happens in narrative has no referent. It doesn#8217;t refer to something in camps essays the real world. Short Against Death? Rather, what happens in narrative is language itself – the celebration of its many possibilities. Thesis Statements For High? However, it is also closely connected to monologue (which follows in personal development from dialogue). Against Death? Barthes is highly critical of realist and naturalist views of writing. For Barthes, literature is built on emptiness: it represents something which is not really there. All the arts of fiction, including theatre, cinema and literature, are constructed based on example of business, signs. They function by the suspension of disbelief.

They function by calling certain desires or structures into play, causing people to feel various emotions. They are not representations of reality, but rather, a way to induce feelings in the audience. The attempt to convince the audience that the story is real is a way of reproducing the naturalisation of short essay against penalty signs. Racism? A supposedly realistic or naturalistic art or literature never really #8216;tells it like it is#8217;. It represents through a set of conventional signs which stand for #8216;reality#8217;.

Barthes criticises those who believe authors imitate an existing reality (a practice known as mimesis). He is in favour of an emphasis on the creation of a discursive world (semiosis) rather than mimesis. Hence his interest in Sade, Fourier and Loyola. Instead of conventional views of the world, alternative presentations can denaturalise the present and provide utopian alternatives. Barthes also criticises the idea of clarity in literature, for similar reasons.

Clarity is simply conventional. It is relative to a particular regime of essay against penalty signs. It amounts to a criterion of familiarity. Therefore, it has conservative effects. Barthes views clarity as a class attribute of the bourgeoisie, used to signify membership of this class (this contrasts sharply with the more common claim in activist circles that speech should be clear so as to be working-class or inclusive). However, this is not strictly an conservation expressive view either. The actor or author doesn#8217;t necessarily induce sympathy for their own feelings. Short Against Death Penalty? Such an effect can amount to confusing art with reality. Essays? Instead, the actor, author and audience all know it#8217;s fiction.

In some contexts, such as theatre, wrestling, and (in Barthes#8217;s view) Japanese culture, performance or artifice is recognised for what it is. It is not taken to short against death penalty, be natural or real. In these contexts, signs have no content. Their operation serves to show the existence and functioning of signs. It also allows an expressive use of research signs, to stand for particular emotions. In #8216;Rhetoric of the Image#8217;, Barthes discusses the different levels of meaning in a Panzani advert.

Firstly, there#8217;s a linguistic message, which has the usual denoted and connoted levels. Secondly, there#8217;s a connotation, established by juxtaposition, associating the brand with freshness and home cooking. Short Essay Against Death Penalty? Thirdly, there#8217;s the use of colours and fruits to signify #8216;Italianicity#8217;, the mythical essence of Italy. Assumptions? Fourthly, the processed product is short presented as if equivalent to the surrounding unprocessed items. Example? These signifiers carry #8216;euphoric values#8217; connected to particular myths. According to essay, Barthes, at least the third of these meanings is quasi-tautological. The language of images is critical thinking constructed in particular zones or #8216;lexicons#8217;. Each of the connoted meanings refers to a specific body of social practice which certain readers will receive, and others may not. For instance, it mobilises ideas from tourism (Italianicity) and art (the imitation of the short death style of a still life painting). Often the same signifieds are carried by text, images, acting and racism essay so on.

These signifieds carry a particular dominant ideology. Short Against Death? A rhetoric of the is vital for world image deploys a number of connotative images to carry messages. All images are #8216;polysemous#8217; – they can be read in against death a number of ways. In an of business image such as this, language is used both explicitly and implicitly to guide the short death selection of meanings. The text directs the reader as to which meanings of the image to receive. Barthes thus suggests that texts have a repressive value relative to scientific racism, images: they limit what can be seen. It is in this limitation that ideology and morality function. Ideology chooses among multiple meanings which ones can be seen, and limits the short essay against shifting flow of signification which would otherwise happen. Euphoria has both positive and negative meanings in Barthes#8217;s work. As a negative term, it refers to the enjoyment of a closed system or familiar meaning which is induced by critical thinking scenarios, mythical signifiers. For instance, the essay death fashion system is euphoric because its persistence as a system defies death.

People can partake in of trees essay a system of meanings which seems eternal, and essay against death thereby experience some of its illusory universality as euphoria. Myth provides euphoria because it provides a sense that something is statements school research absolutely clear. It aims for a euphoric security which comes with enclosing everything in a closed system. Tautology, for instance, gives someone the minor satisfaction of opting for short essay against, a truth-claim without the risk of being wrong (because nothing substantive has been said). This can be compared to Negri#8217;s argument in camps essays Time for Revolution that systemic closure yields a certain type of enjoyment. On the other hand, it can also signify an death penalty experience of fullness arising from actually escaping the regime of myths. On Tolerance And Mutual Understanding Is Vital For World? In #8216;The Third Meaning#8217;, Barthes analyses Sergei Eisenstein#8217;s films, suggesting the presence of what he terms an #8216;obtuse#8217; meaning alongside the explicit denotative and connotative meanings. These images simply designate an short essay emotion or disposition, setting in motion a drift in meaning. Essay? They don#8217;t represent anything.

They are momentary, without development or variants. They have a signifier without a signified. They thus escape the euphoria of short essay against closed systems, pointing to something beyond. Indeed, an obtuse meaning is not necessarily visible to all readers. Its appearance is subjective. It is critical assumptions scenarios permanently empty or depleted (it remains unclear how this positive #8217;empty signifier#8217; relates either to the #8216;mana-words#8217; of Mythologies, or to essay death, Laclau#8217;s rather different use of the same term). It can also serve as part of mythical schemes. For instance, ,moral indignation can function as a pleasant emotion.

The obtuse meaning is not present in the system of language, though it is present in speech. It almost sneaks into speech, on the back of language. It appears as a rare and new practice counterposed to the majority practice of signification. It seems like a luxury: expenditure without exchange. And it seems to belong, not to today#8217;s politics, but to tomorrow#8217;s. Barthes sees such facets as undermining the integration of characters, turning them into nubs of facets. Thesis Statements Research? In other words, the #8216;molar self#8217; of the character (who, in against penalty Mythologies, is connected to conservation of trees, social decomposition and misrepresentation) is replaced by a different kind of connection which is, perhaps, directly lived and connected to the world, rather than projecting a literary figure onto it. It has been read in short against death penalty terms of camps a moment of emotion prior to thought. I think it might be better linked to Deleuze#8217;s idea of the #8216;time-image#8217;: the obtuse image is a momentary image which expresses the contingency of becoming.

Barthes suggests that the obtuse image is essay death carnivalesque, and that it turns the film into a #8216;permutational unfolding#8217;, a flow of becoming in the system of signs. In S/Z, a text devoted primarily to the study of Balzac#8217;s short story Sarrasine , Barthes proposes a distinction between two types of texts. A text is #8216;writerly#8217; if it can be written or rewritten today. A #8216;writerly#8217; text is critical thinking scenarios constructed in such a way as to encourage readers to short essay death penalty, reuse and reapply it, bringing it into new combinations with their own meanings. It is camps celebrated because it makes the reader a producer, not a consumer, of a text. The #8216;writerly#8217; value restores to each person the #8216;magic of the signifier#8217;. The writerly text is inseparable from the process of writing, as an open-ended flow which has not yet been stopped by any system (such as ideology or criticism). Short Against Death Penalty? It is necessarily plural. This is a kind of essay on tolerance is vital for world plurality distinguished from short death penalty liberalism: it does not acknowledge partial truths in different positions, but insists on difference as such.

Difference constantly returns through texts, which re-open the network of language at a different point. Barthes counterposes this view to is vital for world peace, an essentialist or Platonic view in which all texts approximate a model. For Barthes, texts instead offer entrances into the network of language. They do not offer a norm or law. Rather, it offers a particular perspective constructed of particular voices, fragments of texts, and semiotic codes. Texts have only a contingent unity which is constantly rewritten through its composition in terms of codes. A writerly text should have many networks which interact without any of them dominating the others. The #8216;readerly#8217;, in contrast, reduces a text to something serious, without pleasure, which can only be accepted or rejected.

A #8216;readerly#8217; text is so heavily attached to a particular system of meanings as to render the reader passive. It is death penalty a reactive distortion of the #8216;writerly#8217; through its ideological closure. Readerly texts must, however, contain a #8216;limited#8217; or #8216;modest plural#8217; in order to essay is vital for world, function. This limited plurality of the text is created through its connotations. There are also writerly and readerly styles of reading texts, depending whether one seeks predetermined meanings in short death it, or seeks instead to inscribe it in new ways. Instead of critical thinking assumptions scenarios treating a text as a single phenomenon which represents something, Barthes proposes to essay penalty, examine a text through the plural signs it brings together. Instead of racism giving a unified image of a text, it decomposes it into component parts. Essay Against Death? Such a reading uses digressions to show that the structures of which the text is woven can be reversed and rearranged. Barthes calls this style of reading #8216;starring#8217; of a text. It cuts the text up into blocks of camps essays signification, breaching its smooth surface and especially its appearance of against penalty naturalness. It interrupts the flow of the text so as to release the perspectives within it.

Each block is treated as a zone, in which the movement of meanings can be traced. The goal of this exercise is to hear one of the voices of the text. Readers should reconstitute texts as plural. Of Trees? Among other things, this means that forgetting meanings is short essay against a necessary part of reading. It ensures that multiple readings remain possible, and therefore, that signifiers are allowed to shift or move.

One can#8217;t reduce all stories to a single structure, because each text carries a particular difference. This kind of difference is not an irreducible quality, but the constant flow of language into new combinations. Conservation Of Trees? Analysing the short against death function of each text restores it to this flow of difference. He also calls for example, re-reading, as a means to short penalty, avoid repetition and to remove texts from linear time (before or after) and place them in example of business mythical time. Re-reading is #8216;no longer consumption, but play#8217;, directed against short, both the disposability of texts and thinking assumptions scenarios their distanced analysis, and towards the return of difference. It helps create an experience of plural texts. In this text, Barthes criticises many of his earlier views. He now claims that connotation is ever-present in #8216;readerly#8217; texts (though not in some modern texts). Short Against Death Penalty? There is no underlying denotative layer. Denotation is simply the most naturalised layer of connotation. Further, connotation carries voice into conservation of trees the text, weaving a particular voice into the code.

The writer, here, has more of a role than Barthes previously allowed. Writing brings in historical context through connotation. The text as expression for the reader is also criticised. Readers are also products of prior texts, which compose subjectivity as subject-positions in narratives. Reading is itself a #8216;form of short death penalty work#8217;. The content of this work is to of business, move, to shift between different systems or flows which have no ending-point. The work is against death penalty shown to exist only by example planning, its functioning: it has no definite outcome. To read is to find meanings within the endless flow of language. We might think of it as creating particular, temporary points or territories by finding resonances within a field which is like an short against ocean or a desert.

May 30, 2013 8:55. [#8230;] research, which was still taboo thirty years after Roland Barthes famously declared #8220;the death of the author,#8221; the ALA#8217;s focus was pugnaciously loyal to the special role of authorship. The [#8230;] Jun 15, 2013 2:57. [#8230;] In the fourth essay in his series on the French thinker, political theorist Andrew Robinson takes on one of Barthes#039; most famous (and controversial) proclamations: the death of the author. [#8230;] Oct 24, 2013 5:23. Feb 4, 2016 10:52. [#8230;] Robinson, “Roland Barthes: Death of the Author,” Ceasefire Magazine, Oct. Essay And Mutual For World? 14, [#8230;] Ceasefire Magazine 2002-2017.

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History Department – Essay Writing Guide. This guide is intended to provide you with information about the short against penalty, skills of essay writing, including how and when to use footnotes or endnotes, presentation requirements and how to reference different kinds of sources (books, articles or web pages, for critical scenarios, instance) and with more general advice about planning, introducing and developing your essays as coherent and effective arguments. The most important point to short, remember in working through this guide is that writing good essays and communicating your ideas effectively are skills you can learn, develop and build. One of the most important skills developed in an Arts degree is the ability to communicate your ideas in writing clearly and example of business, effectively. This involves numerous other skills, including the short death, ability to summarise and paraphrase the critical thinking, work of other writers, the development of arguments and conclusions, and the effective use of evidence to essay against penalty, support a case. Essay writing in History is particularly aimed at helping you progressively develop your skills in research, analysing different forms of source material, using different kinds of evidence, and writing strong, critical and clear arguments. In most History subjects, you will be asked to produce different kinds of writing.

Short tutorial and document exercises usually address specific skills or tasks (locating sources, analysing a documents point of view, or assessing how particular images or words help us understand historical context, for instance), while examinations assess your knowledge of the of business, content covered in particular subjects. Short Death Penalty? Essays provide you with an opportunity to explore a particular issue or theme in more depth. In general, the functions of an for college, essay are: to introduce an argument, or contention, based upon the question or problem you choose to tackle; to develop and defend that argument or contention by discussing and analysing a range of appropriate evidence, and by critically assessing the interpretations of other historians; and to propose conclusions. The best essays have a clear line of argument, and they present a thesis. In other words, they state a position, defend that position, and arrive at essay penalty strong, clear conclusions. They have a well-defined introduction which identifies the essays, central problem or issue and introduces the against penalty, argument, a body which logically develops the argument point-by-point, and of business planning, a conclusion which sums up the against, argument. There are no simple instructions for good essay writing. As you progress through your university course, you should be developing skills in research, analysis and communication which will not only allow you to write good essays, but to effectively communicate your ideas in other situations as well. The tutors assessment of your essays provides you with feedback on camps for college, your progress in these different skills. The desired outcomes of essays in third-year subjects include formulating research projects and acquiring independent research skills; presenting a sustained argument, based mainly on substantial primary sources; placing secondary sources in short essay against penalty, their cultural, ideological and epistemological context by showing where they fit into the current state of historical knowledge; and of trees, greater awareness of the ongoing debates about the philosophy and short against penalty, practice of history. The desired outcomes of essays in second-year subjects include developing skills in the use of bibliographies and other reference material, critical reading, putting more independent thought and reflection into scientific racism essay essays; greater understanding of short death documentary criticism and interpretation, and the critical analysis of secondary interpretations by other historians.

The desired outcomes of essays in first-year subjects include: helping you learn to argue your own position against other points of view; development of the conventions of good historical essay writing, such as rigorous documentation and of trees, footnoting; awareness of the variety of representations of the death, past; familiarity with the different ways historians use evidence; and the ability to recognise, analyse and summarise an historical argument. Do not assume that you should target your arguments for particular lecturers or tutors. For a start, your predictions may be inaccurate. Moreover, arguing what you think you ought to argue is a lot more complicated and a lot less interesting than arguing what you come to believe as you gather information, review different interpretations, and form your own perspectives on an issue or problem. Any teacher can tell you that some of the essay, best essays they read develop arguments they don’t agree with at all, or arguments which challenge their own interpretations. Writing is short against death, easier if you imagine an audience: a person you want to convince of something, a person who wants to know about your ideas and perspectives. Your task, however, is not to tell your audience what they think, but to tell your audience what you think, and give them reasons and evidence which show why your conclusions are significant, interesting and convincing. 3. Choosing and comprehending the question or topic. Choose a topic or question you find interesting and challenging: it is easier and much more enjoyable to develop and defend a strong argument on something which interests and intrigues you than on something you find boring or simple.

Writing is not the outcome or the finished product of learning: it is a vital part of learning. It is a way of sorting out and clarifying your interpretations, trying out your ideas, and discovering new ways of thinking about an thinking assumptions scenarios, issue. Think about the question or topic in these ways: what is the problem it suggests? what is the ‘angle’, the issue, which makes it interesting? what is my first reaction to the question: yes, no, maybe? do I agree or disagree with the contention or interpretation the topic suggests? what ideas and issues can I explore by answering this question? is there a simple answer, or might it be more complex than it looks? what kinds of information is the question asking me to use? what themes can I explore? It is also important to essay penalty, look at the question and ask yourself: do I understand what the question or topic is asking me to do? Have I interpreted the question correctly? If you are not sure, or if you want to check that the approach you are taking does address the thinking assumptions, question, talk to your tutor. Essay topics are designed to essay against penalty, draw on the subject content developed in conservation of trees essay, lectures and essay against death penalty, tutorials, and on reading you have completed. Reading the works of other historians, such as those suggested in camps essays, reading lists, will help you see how others have approached that problem or issue.

Historians often disagree on the importance or the meaning of events of evidence, or use different kinds of essay death evidence to example of business planning, challenge and amend prior interpretations. They will take different approaches to the same question, and suggest different ways of death examining an issue, be it gender relations in medieval Europe or the reasons for the collapse of the on tolerance is vital for world peace, Soviet Union or the impact of colonial rule in essay death, India. What you will see, however, is that all of these writers state a position. They address a problem. Assumptions? They answer a real or implied question. You should trace their strategies for short against death, developing arguments and drawing conclusions. As you do your introductory reading, review your lecture notes, and read more widely, think about your point of conservation essay view, your own position in relation to other writers, and your own response to a problem.

Examine and evaluate the against, evidence: what conclusions can you draw? Which interpretations do you think best fit the available evidence? Your interpretations and conclusions do not have to for college essays, be new to be original, challenging, and convincing. You should argue the case which you think emerges most clearly from the evidence and from your critical review of other historians work. You’ve read the short essay death, books and articles recommended in the handbook or by essay, your tutor. You’ve come up with some ideas about how you might approach the question, and you’ve got a pretty good idea about how other historians have interpreted the issues and addressed the short against, topic. You’ve collected some evidence from scientific racism a range of different sources and you’ve tried mapping out some preliminary ideas and arguments on paper. You’ve looked again at the major themes of the subject and short death penalty, thought about and mutual understanding is vital for world peace, how you might address them in this essay.

In order to plan your essay, you now need to come up with an argument, a point of short death penalty view which will guide your writing towards a conclusion. Would you agree with the argument that respect for scientific, the natural environment is a recent discovery for residents of Mars? Having read a variety of sources, you should be able to state your thesis (your answer) in a sentence or two. Yes, because prior to the environmental movements of the 1960s, the majority of Martians were more interested in exploiting than respecting the natural environment. No, because Martians have persistently respected their version of the natural environment, because natural environments are always viewed in a romanticised and idealised form. No, it is essay death, difficult to draw a simple, general conclusion on this issue, as the evidence suggests that different groups of Martians have interpreted and viewed the environment very differently over time, and no clear trend is visible even now. When you begin planning your essay, you should always be able to state your thesis in a fairly straightforward way, based on your initial reading and research for the topic.

This sentence or two states your case. Broadly, your essay is the critical assumptions scenarios, exposition and defence of that case: it shows the reader how, and why, you have arrived at short essay penalty those conclusions. To write a good essay, you must first decide what your central argument is going to be, and thesis for high school research, then plan your essay to develop that argument. Of course, as you write your first draft, you may find that the argument changes and develops in a direction you did not anticipate. Few writers are completely sure of short essay death penalty their final conclusions before they begin drafting: the task of writing down and defending the argument often reveals unanticipated problems, or challenges and changes your first thoughts, or leads you toward one interpretation more than another. Often, too, you might need to go back to critical assumptions, your sources, read through some of your notes, or do some further reading to clarify and expand an emerging point.

However, the basic thrust and content of your argument or thesis should be clear enough to allow you to plan the stages of your argument before you begin drafting. Essay Against Penalty? Perhaps the of business, single best way of ensuring a successful essay is short against death, having a good plan . The plan should lay out your argument, for instance in point form, and you can also use it to indicate where you will use certain items of evidence and statements school, supporting arguments. introduction: state the essay against, case for no: Martians have persistently respected their version of the critical assumptions scenarios, natural environment, because natural environments are always viewed in short penalty, a romanticised and idealised form explain the essay understanding is vital for world, thrust of the argument : dispute recent discovery, my essay focuses on previous century to short essay against, show that respect for conservation essay, environment is always based on historically variable assumptions and preconceptions about beauty, usefulness and worth of nature explain idealisation/romanticisation of the natural environment (summarise Smith’s theory of idealisation, discuss paintings, use examples from Connor and Jones) list and give examples of penalty different idealisations of critical thinking assumptions natural environment in the nineteenth century and show different assumptions about beauty and usefulness behind each one (use examples from Green and Brown) show how these different ideals were sometimes contradictory or came into conflict (use example of forestry in Mars Forest) case study: the Martian garden legend (discuss the short against, garden stories); argue that an environment under exploitation also increasingly romanticised (review the different interpretations of example Green and Red, show why I think Green fits better with the evidence) summarise above points about previous century; what is short death, respected in the recent past: argue that this is another idealisation (evidence: Martian tourist brochures); conclusion: restate the case , and argue that understanding respect for natural environment always means analysing the idealisation of racism natural environments. In the against penalty, short essays common in first year, your plan is likely to be less complex, and may only critical thinking assumptions scenarios have four or five main points. As you progress into second and third year, you are expected to develop more sophisticated arguments, which makes good planning even more important. 6a. Short Essay Death? Introducing and developing the argument. In your introduction , you should state your case and, as in the example above, set out the basic structure of your argument . You might also briefly summarise two or three of essay and mutual your main points.

If you have decided to adopt a particular focus (for instance, using case studies from a particular time or place, or narrowing the topic to concentrate on a particular theme), you should explain this in the introduction as well. Developing the argument : The example above shows how an short, argument is then developed towards its conclusion. Basically, each stage of your argument should be developed and defended in essay understanding, turn, by showing your interpretation of the appropriate evidence, by critically reviewing the work of other historians, and by using example, case study and essay against, explanation. Racism Essay? A good way of thinking about this is to imagine that you are building your argument in blocks . Essay Against Death? Each paragraph is a block which builds your argument towards a conclusion. Each block is introduced and described, and then its place in the whole structure is shown.

Block 1: stage of the argument. On Mars in the 1850s, the beauty of nature was usually associated with wild, untouched landscapes. Painters rarely drew human figures. Conservation Of Trees Essay? If there were humans, nature towered over them, as in Rembrandt’s Martian Mountains. In her book Environmental Perception on Mars, Joan Brown argues that painters in the 1850s focused on how nature was being conquered. However, Ash clearly shows that mid-nineteenth-century Martians usually depicted an idealised nature which was to be protected from the threats posed by civilisation. Block 2: next stage of the argument.

The most crucial changes occurred after the short against death penalty, Martian titanium rushes of the 1870s showed the potentially lucrative returns of mineral exploration and exploitation. Certainly, by the 1880s, most representations of the natural environment showed nature being tamed and civilised. Even mining sites appeared in nature paintings, and the work of Joseph Smith is a good example of how even the most intensive forms of camps exploitation were represented as beneficial intrusion for short, the landscape. Block 3: brief summary, and introducing the next stage of the argument. By the 1880s, therefore, the idealised untouched nature of the 1850s had been invaded by humans, and an ideal natural landscape was now represented as one which was productive and bountiful. Humans did not threaten nature; they unleashed its potential. It was important for Martians, Smith argued in 1883, to feel relaxed and comfortable about the past and future of the Martian environment. Yet representations of an ideal environment as one conquered and populated by humans never completely replaced the older tradition of mourning the degradation of another form of and mutual for world ideal environment, the Martian garden. This alternative version became popular again in the 1890s. The body of your essay, therefore, uses evidence, examples and explanation to against, develop your case point by point.

Each paragraph has a point to make, and occasional summary sentences guide the reader through the essay is vital peace, argument. 6b. Using different kinds of evidence. In developing your case, you will need to make decisions about the kinds of sources you will refer to, and essay against death penalty, the best ways to use them. Sources can generally be defined into two broad types: primary or documentary sources (usually written at the time by an eyewitness, direct participant or close observer) secondary or scholarly sources (usually interpretations and explanations written after the fact by someone analysing the primary or documentary sources) For example, a book containing the collected speeches of Charles de Gaulle is a primary source; an analysis of them by statements for high school, a political scientist or historian is against death penalty, a secondary source. An article in the Age of 30 June 1900 about the bubonic plague epidemic which affected Sydney during that year is a primary source; an article in the Age on 30 June 1990 discussing the impact of the epidemic on public health policy in Australia is a secondary source.

Broadly, the primary or documentary sources are the raw material used by racism essay, historians , the subject of against death penalty your argument, while the secondary or scholarly sources provide examples of how others have analysed and interpreted the problem or issue at hand. The distinction is thesis for high school research, not hard and essay death, fast, and there will always be exceptions. For instance, if you are writing an on tolerance and mutual understanding for world peace, essay about historians’ representations of race in Britain, the secondary sources of the historians are in fact your primary documentary source. In most essays, you will be expected to critically analyse the interpretations of other historians in this way. Short Essay Against? In any event, these different types of sources should both be read critically: analysed for their point of view, for scientific essay, the assumptions, ideas and short essay against death, understandings which inform them, and for the strategies writers use to thinking assumptions scenarios, advance their arguments. Don’t take anything on trust: be a critical reader of short against all kinds of sources and texts , and use your critical analysis of both primary and secondary sources in your essay. You also need to make decisions about on tolerance is vital for world, how to use evidence: in short essay penalty, the form of quotation, or in the form of for high school summarising. It is best to use quotation strategically and sparingly : quote phrases or passages which best illustrate the point you are trying to make, or which really help you give your reader the flavour of the evidence you are using. If you use a quotation, make sure it fits with the stage of the short essay death penalty, argument you are advancing. Refer to the language, analyse the assumptions or strategies it reveals.

In other words, use quotation when the actual words are the single best way of providing the evidence and developing your case. If the quotation is less than about thirty words, combine it with your text, as in this example where I am quoting the following phrase which is not very long. “You must always use quotation marks to indicate the separation between your words and the words of someone else.” If it is longer than this, you should separate it from the text, and indent it: This is an example of a much longer quote. It contains a few sentences, and needs to be distinguished from the body of the essay on tolerance and mutual understanding, essay. When you are indenting a quote like this, note that you do not have to use quotation marks; as it is against death, already separated, there is no need to indicate that by the use of such symbols. In general, use very little quotation from secondary or scholarly sources.

It is better to say what you mean in your own words, quoting another historian or interpreter only where the phrase is of business, particularly wonderful or where you need to show precisely how that writer made their point in order to criticise, defend or develop it. In all other cases, it is best to summarise. Short Essay Death Penalty? Write reflective summaries of what others have written, relating those interpretations to your argument. You might find that the example paragraphs on the previous page gives you a more concrete idea of how a writer can use a mix of summary and direct quotation from different kinds of sources to develop their argument. In your conclusion, you should restate your case strongly and clearly by summarising your main points. It is also possible to raise issues and problems in your conclusion, especially broader questions which are beyond the scope of your essay.

You might reflect on what your interpretation implies for contemporary debates or discussions, write briefly about the broader implications of your position, or consider what your interpretations tells us about the role and nature of of trees essay history itself. Use your conclusion to argue for the significance of your argument and your interpretation. Be careful, though: a poorly developed argument followed by sweeping speculations on the nature of the against death, universe or the human condition is unlikely to essay for world peace, be either effective or convincing. Again, as you develop your skills in formulating, developing and defending arguments, you will also develop your ability to essay against death penalty, write more reflectively and to use essays to open up these kinds of example of business complex questions. 7. Writing clearly and effectively. The best single rule is to always use clear expression: write simply and with clarity and avoid complex sentence constructions . Use definite, specific and concrete language. Don’t use unnecessary words, and make sure you understand the words you are using. Writing problems often occur when people try to use very complex language and syntax. Short Essay? A better idea is to establish a simple and clear style first, and then gradually develop more complex sentence forms and of business, means of essay expression. As you develop your writing skills, vary your sentence structures and lengths to add variety.

Short sentences often add emphasis to a particularly important point. Spelling, punctuation and grammatical errors detract from an argument, whatever its quality: careful editing of camps for college your draft is very important. It is short death, also important to for college essays, use accurate language, which is one good reason for using non-discriminatory language. For instance, the essay penalty, statement that men adapted themselves to these new conditions should lead any critical reader to ask what women were doing at that time. It is a reasonable and accepted convention that all forms of of business public communication, including journalism, business language and academic writing, should use non-discriminatory language. There are at least five effective ways of improving your writing. Always read your own work.

what is my main idea, my contention, my argument? am I getting it across to the reader? Take responsibility for critically assessing your own writing . Against Death Penalty? Look at the comments made on your previous essays, and work out whether this one repeats the strengths and overcomes the weaknesses of for high your previous work. If you need to, speak to the person who assessed your work, and ask them for more guidance. Reading other writers. As you read, evaluate the styles of short essay death different writers.

What makes them more or less effective? What is most important to you as a reader, and for high school, what makes good writers better to read? Practice. Like any other set of skills, writing improves with practice and with constructive assessment, by yourself and by short essay against death penalty, others. Read your own work out loud . For College Essays? You do not need to comprehend the rules of grammar or the intricacies of syntax to know when something sounds clumsy, or when a sentence needs punctuation, or when a long paragraph has completely lost its drift. Reading your draft out loud is also a good way to short essay against, add variety and oomph to your language. If its boring you to tears, or if you have no idea what it means, it might be time for redrafting.

Let other people read what you write . Camps Essays? It is particularly good to give your essay to someone who is not an expert in the area you are writing about. If it doesn’t make sense to them, your argument might need clarification. If they struggle to read it, you might need to edit more carefully. University teachers will not usually be able to against, read drafts of students work, but there are plenty of other people who can give you feedback. Swap essays with fellow students. Get the people you live with to read them. Distribute them on buses.

8. Referencing Instructions for Essays. Decisions about when to cite sources can be difficult. Effective referencing is another writing skill your university work aims to develop. The reader should, in for college, theory, be able to retrace your steps in gathering evidence for your argument. In other words, you provide citations as a kind of essay penalty road map that shows readers how you came to these conclusions, shows readers where you derived your information and, if relevant, shows readers where you derived the ideas or interpretations that you are paraphrasing, adopting or challenging. Therefore, you need to provide citations in of trees, the following instances: where you directly quote someone else’s words; where you are directly summarising someone else’s argument and ideas; where you are summarising arguments and ideas derived from a number of sources; to point your readers to the source of information; to translate words or phrase in a foreign language that a reader cannot reasonably be presumed to understand.

In general, you need to provide sources for statements that are problematic or debatable in the context of your argument, or that a reasonably well-informed person would not be expected to short against, know. Again, the ability to successfully make these judgements is a skill you will develop with practice and experience. If you offer a translation of a word or phrase in a foreign language, the basis of your decision should be whether a reader could reasonably be presumed to know the meaning of the for college, phrase or word already. There is no need to translate coup d’etat or Sultan or Blitzkrieg, for instance. The use of citation to refer readers to the work of other writers is occasionally useful, but for the most part, your citations refer only to books, articles and other material you have used directly.

Only cite information that you have actually looked at yourself, or: always SIGHT what you CITE . It is fine to use a second-hand reference (like a quotation or a summary in a book from a source to which you do not have access), but you should indicate that in your citation. An example of how to do this is short essay death penalty, provided in the next section. You can also use citations to clarify specific points, or add a small amount of additional information or supporting evidence. You should not use footnotes or endnotes as a sort of second argument, nor to provide paragraph after paragraph of new information. If it is not important enough to put into the body of the essay, then leave it out. 8b. Numbering and placement of footnote and thinking, endnote numbers. When providing footnotes or endnotes, number notes consecutively throughout the text.

Put these numbers at essay death penalty the end of sentences, if at all possible, and distinguish them from the text either by superscripting (raising above the line) or placing them in brackets. If you use material from two different sources in the same sentence, it is thesis for high school research, often possible to short against, combine the two citations in one footnote, using a semi-colon to separate them. Usually, you will refer to essay on tolerance understanding is vital, information or material at essay against particular places in a larger work so you will need to critical thinking, show the page (p.) or pages (pp.) on which the material is located. This text produces the following footnotes: On Mars in the 1850s, the short against death penalty, ‘beauty’ of nature was usually associated with wild, untouched landscapes. Example Planning? Painters rarely drew human figures. If there were humans, nature towered over them, as in Rembrandt’s ‘Martian Mountains’. 1 In her book Environmental Perception on Mars , Joan Brown argues that “painters in the 1850s focused on how nature was being conquered”. 2 However, Ash clearly shows that mid-nineteenth-century Martians respected an idealised nature which was to be kept separate from short against death civilisation. 3. 1 K. Float (ed.), The Magical World of Ken Rembrandt , New York, 1965, p. Camps For College? 68.

2 Joan Brown, Environmental Perception on Mars , Sydney, 1995, p. 13. 3 Ann Ash, Joan Brown is Wrong , Sydney, 1996, pp. 1-23. 8c. Citing different kinds of sources. The following rules should help you through most situations. The absolute rule is to be consistent. Inconsistency drives readers crazy, and is not a good tactic when you are attempting to convince those readers of the accuracy of your interpretations and arguments. There are also specific rules for the citation of against death penalty classical texts like the Bible, the Koran and so on. Of Trees? If you are studying subjects in which these texts are used, your tutor will provide you with the information you need to cite correctly.

Please note: Some areas of history, especially those published by European and English publishing houses (and now more often Australian publishers), follow the conventions set out in short against penalty, the MHRA (Modern Humanities Research Association’s) Style Guide (available electronically at http://www.mhra.org.uk/Publications/Books/StyleGuide/download.shtml, see section 10.2.2). The guide differs to the above in that it adds the publisher to thinking scenarios, the publication details, and is formatted differently. Essay? For example: Peter Burke, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998), pp. 54-56. It is now common practice to use full stops only of business where the abbreviation of the word does not contain the last letter of the word. So, editor becomes ed., but editors becomes eds. Doctor is Dr, but Professor is Prof.. Essay Against? Also, where an scientific essay, abbreviated title is short death, used very commonly, you do not need to put in full stops: for thinking assumptions scenarios, instance, ALP, ACTU or UNESCO . Primary or documentary material cited by another author.

If you need to short essay, refer to a quote or to a piece of evidence which you accessed in assumptions, a secondary or scholarly source rather than the original source, use these examples as a guide: R. Essay Against Penalty? G. Menzies, speech in the House of Representatives, 23 March 1943, cited in Judith Brett, Robert Menzies Forgotten People, Melbourne 1992, p. 47. Letter from Lewis Mumford to understanding, Frederic Osborn, 2 April 1937, cited in Alison Ravetz, Remaking the Urban Environment, London 1980, pp. 148-9. The general rule is that if the original source is available, you should go to and use that original source, rather than borrowing your evidence from another writer.

Author of short death penalty document (first name, last name), name of document (use italic or underline), in editor (ed.) or editors (eds), title of collection (use italics or underline), place and date of planning publication, page or pages. John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. Essay Against Death? J. Dickinson, in essay peace, J.B. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (eds), The Portable Medieval Reader , Harmondsworth, 1977, pp. 251-2. (Note: ‘trans.’ is the abbreviation for ‘translated by’.) If your area of history follows the short death penalty, MHRA Style Guide , this item in your bibliography would follow the thesis statements, same convention outlined earlier, namely: John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans.

J. Dickinson, in The Portable Medieval Reader , ed. by J.B. Ross and M.M. McLaughlin (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977), pp. Short Essay Against Death? 251- 2. If the document was not published but has a title (for instance, an unpublished paper or a speech or an article), use single inverted commas around the name of the critical assumptions, document. If it was not published and has no title (a letter, for short essay against, instance), there is no need for camps for college, any marking. For instance: Friederich Engels, ‘The evils of capitalism’, in K. Kharkov (ed.), The Collected Speeches of Engels , Moscow, 1954, pp. 23-8. Yves of short essay Narbonne, letter to Gerald of example of business planning Mallemort, c. 1241, in Walter L. Wakefield and Austin P. Evans (eds), Heresies of the High Middle Ages , New York, 1991, pp.

185-7. If you are going to be using documents in archives, or other unpublished material, consult your tutor for assistance with citation rules. If you are referring to normal newspaper writing (news of events, editorials, and so on), you need only provide the name of the newspaper and the date: The Age , 25 April 1996. If you wish to refer to death penalty, a specific article, usually by of business, an invited contributor, or to a significant special feature (say, a four-page special report or a report in a weekly magazine), use the same format as for articles in journals or magazines. Author (first name, last name), title (use either italics or underline), place and short essay death penalty, date of publication, page (p.) or pages (pp.) of the information to which you are referring. So: Tim Bonyhady, The Colonial Earth , Melbourne, 2000, p. 13. These publication details are always on essay, one of the first pages of the book (and usually on the page after the death penalty, main title page): these details list the publisher and understanding, the place of publication, and essay against, give other information, most of which you don’t need to provide (though see the note below). It is assumptions, important to check if this is the essay death penalty, first edition of the camps, book, as subsequent editions may contain major revisions, which your reader will need to short essay penalty, know in order to follow your research trail.

If the book is example of business planning, a second or subsequent edition, put that information behind the against penalty, title. Some further examples: Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Men’s Bodies , Britain and the Great War, London, 1996, pp. 98-104. John Kasson, Houdini, Tarzan, and of trees essay, the perfect man: the white male body and the challenge of modernity in America , New York, 2001, p. Essay Against? 231. Thompson, Paul, The Voice of the Past: Oral History , 2nd ed., Oxford, 1988, pp. 53-76. Again, for those following the MHRA style of referencing (see above), the publisher is included in the publication details. For example:

Peter Burke, The European Renaissance: Centres and Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998), pp. 54-56. Place of publication is always a city or town, not a state, province, region, nation or continent. Author (first name, last name), title of chapter (use single inverted commas around title, lower case), in of business, editor (ed.) (or editors (eds)), title of book (use either italics or underline), place and date of publication, pages to short death penalty, which you are referring. Roger Cooter, ‘War and Modern Medicine’, in W. F. Bynum Roy Porter (eds), Companion Encyclopedia of the essay and mutual is vital peace, History of Medicine , London, 1993, p. 156.

E. Zinkhan, ‘Louisa Albury Lawson: feminist and patriot’, in D. Short Essay Against? Adelaide (ed.), A Bright and Fiery Troop , Melbourne, 1988, 27-8. Estelle Freedman, ‘”Uncontrolled Desires”: The Response to essay and mutual understanding is vital for world, the Sexual Psychopath, 1920-1960’, in Kathy Peiss Christina Simmons (eds), Passion and Power: Sexuality in History , Philadelphia, 1989, pp. 187-99. Please note: for those following the MHRA Style Guide (see above), and are including the name of the publisher, a footnote reference would be styled like this example: Eve Salisbury, ‘ “Spare the short essay against death, Rod and Spoil the Child”: Proverbial Speech Acts, Boy Bishop Sermons, and Pedagogical Violence’, in Speculum Sermonis , ed. by Georgiana Donavin, Cary J. Nederman, and Richard Utz (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004), pp. 141-55 (p. Scientific? 153).

(Here ‘pp. Against Penalty? 141-55’ indicate the page span of Salisbury’s contribution to the volume, and essay, the bracketed ‘(p. 153)’ indicates the short essay against death, specific page reference.) Articles in essay and mutual understanding is vital, journals or magazines. Author (first name, last name), title of short penalty article (use single inverted commas around title, lower case), title of for college journal or magazine (use either italics or underline), volume or number, year of publication, pages covered by the article, specific page(s) to which you are referring. Phil Scraton, ‘Policing with Contempt: The Degrading of Truth and Denial of Justice in the Aftermath of the Hillsborough Disaster”, Journal of Law and Society , vol. Short Essay Against Death Penalty? 26, 1999, pp. 273-97, p. 275. Emily K. Planning? Abel, ‘Valuing Care: Turn-of-the-Century Conflicts between Charity Workers and Women Clients’, Journal of Women’s History , vol.

10, 1998, pp. 32-52, pp. Short Death Penalty? 34-5. You will find information about on tolerance understanding for world, volume number on short essay against, the title page of each journal. If there is both a volume and an issue number, just the volume number will usually do (for instance, American Historical Review , 102 (1995), or Australian Historical Studies , 26 (1994-5)). Most journals continue numbering pages throughout one volume, even if that volume has several separate issues or numbers.

So a reference would read: Katherine Lowe, ‘Elections of Abbesses and Notions of Identity in Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Italy, with Special Reference to Venice’, Renaissance Quarterly , 54 (2001), 389-429 (p. 390). Director (last name, first name), dir, Name of the film (use either italics or underline), year of release. Hicks, Scott, dir, Shine , 1996. Hitchcock, Alfred, dir, The Birds , 1963. Name of the planning, program (in single inverted commas) and, if this program is part of against death a series, the specific title of the program and the name of the series (use either italics or underline), location of the program, date of the program. Aboriginal Land Rights: A Special Report, ABC Radio National, 11 December 2002.

Interview with John Howard, 3LO, 8 February 2003. ‘Golly Gee, I’m Interviewing a Famous Person’, Sixty Minutes , Nine Network, 13 February 2001. ‘The Reckoning’, The Frontier House , ABC Television, 27 April 2003. Author of the for college, document (if known), name of the document (if relevant), date of the document (if known), at full WWW address, date on which you accessed the page. ‘Social Conditions in against penalty, Seventeenth-Century France’, at http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/17france-soc.html, accessed 31 March 2003. ‘Suffragists Picketing the thesis for high school research, White House, January 1917’ (photograph), at death penalty http://teachpol.tcnj.edu/amer_pol_hist/thumbnail291.html, access 17 April 2003.

Sojourner Truth, Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from Bodily Servitude by the State of New York, in 1828 (1850), at http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/truth50/truth50.html, accessed 16 April 2003. Using Resources From the scientific racism, Internet and WWW. While there are some very useful sites for historians, including homepages describing research, or containing documents, photographs and interpretive materials, or providing primary documents like speeches, transcripts or debates, you need to be as critical and careful in your use of WWW resources as in short essay, your use of any other kind of essay and mutual understanding is vital for world peace evidence . A good deal of the material on the web is not ‘screened’ in any way: it is not edited, reviewed by others, or subject to essay against, any control. This is its greatest strength and its greatest weakness as a medium, and makes the for college essays, task of short essay critically assessing and using sources even more important. For the conservation essay, citation, you need to essay, give your reader enough information so that they can easily locate your source: in of business planning, this case, the short against, full web site information. You also need to tell your reader when you accessed the page: because web pages are updated, the information may have changed location or been removed.

In fact, it is a good idea to print out a copy of the page(s) you are using: you can use them more easily, and you have a copy of the information should it subsequently disappear from the web. Citing something for the second time: use of essay abbreviations and short titles. Once you have given full information in the first footnote, you should use abbreviations and short titles to refer to the same source again. What will usually suffice is the authors last name and a short title (i.e. the first few significant words of the title, as below). Ibidem (always abbreviate as Ibid.) indicates in the place just described, but it must follow directly from the previous citation. 1 Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Men’s Bodies, Britain and the Great War , London, 1996, pp. 98-104. 3 Roger Cooter, ‘War and short essay against, Modern Medicine’, in W. Is Vital Peace? F. Bynum Roy Porter (eds), Companion Encyclopedia of the short against, History of Medicine , London, 1993, p. 156.

4 Bourke, Dismembering the Male , pp. 126-9. 5 Cooter, ‘War and Modern Medicine’, p. 158. In endnote 6, the information is contained on the same page as endnote 5, and therefore you do not need to repeat the page number. Again, keep in mind the principle of giving the reader the amount of information they would need to find the material for themselves.

There may be particular conventions which you should observe for particular units: you will be provided with these where necessary. In general, historians do not use the Harvard referencing system. Archaeology students, whose discipline does employ this system when referencing, should follow the norms of history referencing when writing history essays. And Mutual Understanding Is Vital For World? Similarly, history students should use the Harvard referencing system when writing archaeology essays. Students need to essay against death penalty, be aware that in archaeology/ancient history a variety of styles is used: Harvard, Oxford and MHRA. Students in the Centre for Archaeology and on tolerance and mutual understanding is vital peace, Ancient History must be able to use all of them correctly; they also use unpublished materials of the types outlined for history and reference them in footnotes. In the end, it is essay, a matter of communicating your understanding of scientific essay your evidence in the style appropriate for your discipline and task. Unit coordinators will advise you if you are unsure. 9. Forming a bibliography and an annotated bibliography. Your essay should include a bibliography of all sources. If you have used a wide variety of different types of sources, it is helpful to put them into different sections: for instance, the documents or texts (primary sources) you have used might be separated from the historical scholarship (secondary sources).

In general, follow the same conventions described above with the exception that authors’ surnames precede their forenames/initials to allow for easier alphabetisation (as in the example below). List your sources alphabetically within each section. However, you do not need to include the page numbers for specific information or citations in your bibliography. Films, television and against, radio shows and documents from web sites should be included: if there is no author, put them at the front of the list and order them alphabetically by title. Newspapers should be listed, but you do not need to provide the dates.

Note: those following the MHRA conventions will include the publisher’s name, along with slightly different formatting, as given in and mutual is vital for world, examples above (e.g. Burke, Peter, The European Renaissance: Centres and essay against death, Peripheries (Oxford: Blackwell, 1998)). Contemporary documents and texts. John of Salisbury, Policraticus , trans. Example Of Business? J. Dickinson, in essay against death, J.B. Example Of Business? Ross and against, M.M. McLaughlin (eds), The Portable Medieval Reader, Harmondsworth, 1977. Truth, Sojourner, Narrative of Sojourner Truth, a Northern Slave, Emancipated from Bodily Servitude by the State of New York, in 1828 (1850), at http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/truth50/truth50.html, accessed 16 April 2003. The Birds, dir. Conservation Of Trees? Alfred Hitchcock, 1963.

‘The Reckoning’, The Frontier House, ABC Television, 27 April 2003. Abel, Emily K., ‘Valuing Care: Turn-of-the-Century Conflicts between Charity Workers and essay against penalty, Women Clients’, Journal of Women’s History, vol. 10, 1998, pp. 32-52. Kasson, John, Houdini, Tarzan, and the Perfect Man: The White Male Body and the Challenge of Modernity in America, New York, 2001.

All sources which you have used in order to assist your interpretation of your evidence (the historical scholarship, or secondary sources), should be annotated, when an annotated bibliography is required in critical thinking, the unit. Annotation tells the reader what role a particular source played in developing your argument. A statement of essay death penalty two or three sentences is essay on tolerance and mutual, usually ample. For instance: Joanna Bourke, Dismembering the Male: Men’s Bodies, Britain and the Great War, London, 1996. Bourke’s argument about the changing meaning of ‘disability’ provided a very important perspective on the links between wartime and postwar debates over masculine vulnerability.

Her interpretation of what ‘shell-shock’ taught doctors about manhood was particularly valuable for my argument, as was her discussion of essay against death dress reform movements during the 1920s. One of the most important skills in assumptions, effective communication is formatting and presenting your work in ways which help rather than hinder your reader. The impression of clarity, fluency and organisation created by good formatting is very important; conversely, a good essay written without regard for the eye as well as the mind is an ineffective piece of communication. Some general guidelines: observe the word length, or at least a margin of error of about 10 per short against death penalty, cent: one of the skills of writing is to write to a target, and to tailor your argument to suit the demands of that target. Essay On Tolerance Understanding Peace? A short 1500 word essay on wartime politics in short against penalty, Nazi Germany or criminality in nineteenth-century Australia is meant to be a short essay, not a major thesis. Adapt your case, and the ground you will cover, so that you can write something effective and convincing within the word length; include a word count with your essay. type, print or handwrite the conservation of trees, essay on one side of the paper only, using standard A4 paper, and number each page. For essays of 1500 words or more, it is reasonable for your tutor to expect a typed or printed copy, though handwriting is fine for shorter exercises; double or one-and-a-half spacing is required, because it leaves more room for comments and corrections; leave a 4cm margin on the left hand side, and a 1.5cm margin on the right, again for short essay against, comments and ease of essay reading. Ensure that you use at least a 12-point font. attach a cover sheet (standard cover sheets are available in the pigeonholes under the counter of the School of Historical Studies’ General Office, W604).

You must tick all the boxes on short essay penalty, the reverse side of the essay, cover sheet before signing off under the death, plagiarism and collusion statement on the front of the sheet. ensure that your essay stays together: staples, paper clips, a plastic folder, whatever (we do not grade essays by weight, so go easy on the staples).