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DMusialik@schools.nyc.gov 2014-2015 School Year Congratulations! You have been accepted into chennai the Advanced Placement United States History . Course for the 2014-2015 school year. With over 100 well qualified applicants, you made the cut of only 36 students. You should be very proud of yourself. Prepare to immerse yourself in depression the great story that is U.S. History . As Mark Twain once wrote, “Truth is stranger than fiction, but it is because fiction is obliged to stick to phd thesis writing, possibilities; Truth isn’t. Africa , History of the account letter, United States , Martin Luther King, Jr. 623 Words | 2 Pages. Anthony Edwards 8/24/12 AP US History - Jones Colonial America DBQ An . interesting characteristic of the colonies that the English founded during the 17th and 18th centuries on the eastern coast of chennai, modern day America is that while all were indeed settled by people from England they each developed their own very distinct cultures and ways of life. While the varying environments from each colony to the next certainly isn’t a negligible factor in the diversification of. Colonialism , Colony , Connecticut 2011 Words | 5 Pages. ? AP U.S.

History Summer HW Sec. 1: 1. The settlers were finally able to get food when the Indians decided to give them corn . and bread. The problems that still remained were that they were once again running out of papers on digital watermarking, food and phd thesis they had no houses to live in. This led to essay scientific revolution, sickness and starvation amongst the settlers. Phd Thesis Writing Chennai. 2. The indications that Smith gave that morale and account cover letter leadership were problems for the young colony were that their president of the colony, Captain Wingfeild, was deposed of his presidency. Agriculture , Colonialism , Colony 1524 Words | 5 Pages. Phd Thesis Writing. AP Exam Essays 2001-2010 2010 AP Exam Essays 1. In what ways did ideas and values held by . Puritans influence the essay scientific, political, economic, and social development of the New England colonies from 1630 through the 1660s? 2. Analyze the political, diplomatic, and military reasons for the United States victory in the Revolutionary War. Confine your answer to the period 1775–1783.

3. Analyze the phd thesis writing, ways in which controversy over the extension of slavery into on digital watermarking western territories contributed to phd thesis writing, the. Essay High Scholarship. American Civil War , American Revolution , Cold War 1649 Words | 5 Pages. AP United States History Document-Based Question After its victory over Britain in the War of 1812, the United States of . America became immersed in phd thesis writing chennai national pride which led to Era of Good Feelings, a period of scientific, unprecedented political unity. However, problems and disagreements grew behind the facets of the era that manifested nationalism. Sectionalism began to form as the writing, dissent between the north and the south and different political figures intensified.

Divergence among politicians was. American Civil War , James Monroe , John Quincy Adams 957 Words | 3 Pages. 1993 DBQ New England and scientific revolution Chesapeake were two of the first colonies settled by people of English origin. That is where the writing, similarities . end. Essay School. These two colonies evolved into two completely different societies. There are many factors that contributed to the different lifestyles. These factors include government of society, socioeconomic status, and climate. These four exceedingly important aspects of any society provided a split in these two early English colonies. Those who arrived in the.

Colonialism , Colony , New England 1241 Words | 4 Pages. ?Cassie Creer p. 3 10/9/2014 AP American History Essay The British North American colonies grew . considerably between 1600 and 1763. Writing Chennai. Imports and exports across the essay scientific, Atlantic caused a constant demand for labor in phd thesis chennai the colonies. Tips Depression. The British colonies supplied raw goods as well as some manufactured goods for countries around the phd thesis, world especially in Europe. As the demand for cash crops and raw materials from the revolution, Americas grew, the phd thesis chennai, demand for labor also increased. Trans-Atlantic interactions fostered. American Civil War , Atlantic slave trade , British Empire 864 Words | 2 Pages. Scientific. membership reaches 5 million Scopes Trial –Evolution, Tennessee Model T Ford drops to cost $290 (3 months wages) “Scarface” Al Capone begins 6 years of . gang warfare Nellie Tayloe Ross elected Governor of Wyoming, First woman governor of phd thesis, a U.S.

State US troops occupy Nicaragua Lindbergh’s first solo flight across the Atlantic; Sacco and Vanzetti executed; Babe Ruth hits 60 home runs for the Yankees; Al Jolson stars in essay scientific The Jazz Singer, the first talking film U.S. citizenship granted to inhabitants. Aaron Burr , Alexander Hamilton , Democratic-Republican Party 416 Words | 3 Pages. Ch. 12 1) Among the primary reasons that young farm women moved from the farms to work in textile mill towns in the early 19th century was: To escape farm . life and earn wages 2) The history of chennai, Lowell epitomizes this transition: Self-sufficient farm families to urban wageworkers 3)In the pre-industrial system, a boy who wanted to learn a trade Entered a formal apprenticeship system 4)The organization of a family business in the pre-industrial era was Patriarchal 5) If you lived in Boston. Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War , Compromise of 1850 1039 Words | 4 Pages. Natives as inferiors. Step 2: Research Notes Use the chart below to keep track of primary and secondary source evidence you find that supports your . argument. Be sure to fill out each column. The following primary sources can be found on the AP U.S.

History Research Library: Thomas Morton, Manners and Customs of the Indians, an extract from his New English Cannon, 1637 Pedro Naranjo, Coexistence and Conflict in high scholarship school the Spanish Southwest: The Pueblo Revolt of 1680 Mary Rowlandson, Captivity and. Colonialism , Indigenous peoples of the Americas , Latin America 1831 Words | 6 Pages. Writing Chennai. AP WORLD HISTORY Name___________________ DBQ Period ______ Description: Students will research and then . Essay High School. create their own document-based question ( DBQ ) in AP World History . The DBQ should follow the format used on the Advanced Placement Examination, and students should observe the writing chennai, following guideline: 1. The question should be phrased using one of the following key terms or phrases: • -Defend or refute • -Analyze • -Evaluate • -To what extent and in what ways . APA style , Diary , Following 394 Words | 4 Pages. Nardine Salama 1998 DBQ ESSAY AP . USHISTORY The origins of the Federalist and Democratic-Republican . parties can be traced back to the early 1790s. Initially, the Federalists, or broad constructionists, favored the to avoid, growth of writing chennai, federal power and a strong central government. The Federalists promulgated a loose interpretation of the Constitution, which meant that they believed that the government could do anything by scientific revolution the implied powers of the Constitution or that congress had the right to. Democratic-Republican Party , Federalism , James Madison 1062 Words | 3 Pages. out of slavery and into freedom. Many slaves looked toward god in their battle against phd thesis chennai, slavery. Many of them attended meetings at congregations praising god . in research on personal hope and faith for freedom. Phd Thesis Writing Chennai. Slavery was known as terrible the whole time in American history . It was engrained in the souls of white and black that were alike preceding 1775. However, the blacks would attempt to free themselves and their brothers still in slavery by abolitionism.

Eventually a shift against slavery would occur and essay scientific revolution instead. African American , American Civil War , Black people 419 Words | 2 Pages. DBQ Introduction: In the late 18th century, Europe experienced a substantial amount of phd thesis chennai, urbanization due to the increase of industrialized . factories, especially in the textile industry. Papers. Question: Describe the inventions that improved production and writing the European marketplace through the to avoid, pre-Industrial Revolution. How did these advances affect social classes? Document 1: Letter from Leeds Cloth Merchants (a major center of wool manufacture in Yorkshire), 1791. Defending the use of machines. . Industrial Revolution , Loom , Pg.

99 826 Words | 3 Pages. ? AP US History Mrs. Scott 2/2/15 DBQ Essay In the writing chennai, 1630's and the 1640's, the . Puritans traveled to the colonies to get away from the school, Church of England, and the religious ideas they were forced to believe and phd thesis they were being persecuted by on effective classroom management the English church and government which were intertwined. They migrated to America and started new towns and started new lives to make their lives the way they wanted. The Puritans totally changed their ideas from the ideas of the Church of England. After the. Charles I of phd thesis chennai, England , Christianity , England 430 Words | 2 Pages. Research Paper. ?Jill Chipman November 28, 2008 Section 3 13-16 Essay Choice 1: How did TWO of the following contribute to the reemergence . of a two party system in the period 1820 to 1840? Major Political Personalities.

Economic Issues A distinct two party system began to form in the period of 1820-1840. This change began to phd thesis chennai, form because of research paper, several reasons including Major Political Personalities as well as economic issues. For example, a strong Sectionalist leader John. Andrew Jackson , Democratic-Republican Party , Henry Clay 1167 Words | 3 Pages. ?Miguel Raymond European History Essay Final Exam Was Germany to blame for World War 1? Germany was in fact to blame for chennai, . World War 1. Although there were other countries that were partially to blame for there actions. But it was clear that they played the minor role and essay on effective Germany played the major one.

In 1904 there was a rivalry between nations that increased to a certain extent that caused armies to expand. Certain nations also tried to build alliances. Germany was an imperialistic country. Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria , Belgium , German Empire 713 Words | 3 Pages. Cynthia Ms. Conboy AP U.S. History 25 January 2012 After the 13th Amendment was passed, African American slaves were . freed from their lifetime involuntary servitude, and life for them seemed to writing chennai, be on the way to happiness (Document A). An economy that worked without slaves was a new concept to the South; freedmen were joyous about it, and white planters loathed it.

The United States underwent a sort of revolution in its economy and its social hierarchy (Document D). After the research paper on personal development, Civil War ended. African American , American Civil War , Black people 717 Words | 2 Pages. ? Tips for writing a “9” DBQ : 1. Phd Thesis Writing Chennai. As you read the question, come up with at least three categories. Research Paper Development. Then try to fill in phd thesis as much specific . factual information that you can think of, and put this into the categories. It’s important to do this BEFORE you read the documents, so that you don’t forget them when you are analyzing the papers watermarking, documents. 2. After you do this, and ONLY after, start reading the documents. Chennai. When looking at the documents, be sure to look at paper development, who is the author/painter/political cartoonist/historian.

African American , African American history , Democratic Party 713 Words | 3 Pages. ?Ryan Guzzardo History 144A Mr. Dvorak Racism: A Cause of Failure for phd thesis writing chennai, Reconstruction The Civil War was a horrible conflict which cost the . Tips. lives of hundreds of thousands of young American lives all because of a racial inequality and civil liberties. Phd Thesis Chennai. After the conflict, a major reconstruction was begun to revolution, unify the country as a whole and slavery of the Negro population was abolished. Though the black community was technically free from slavery, the racial tension prevented the overall liberty of the. African American , American Civil War , Black people 1197 Words | 4 Pages. Phd Thesis Writing Chennai. ? Abdullah Dobashi AP World History Due: 9/11/13 Day of Empire In order for Amy Chua to fully . understand how nations succeed she first studied the ancient empires of Persia and tips to avoid depression China to the recent global empires of writing, England and the United States. While she was studying the essay classroom management, ancient empires of phd thesis writing chennai, Persia and China she discovered a historical pattern that even leads into today’s society. Amy Chua found out that tolerance and assimilation were necessary for paper on personal development, an empire to. Achaemenid Empire , China , Genghis Khan 1452 Words | 4 Pages. ?Evando Thompson Mr. Williams AP U.S. History 30 July 2014 James Loewen: Lies My Teacher Told Me In this book, Loewen . scrutinizes twelve U.S.

History textbooks that averaged four and a half pounds in weight and 888 pages in length (p. Chennai. 3). Relying on textbooks makes it easier for both the teachers and students to put forth minimal effort. Essay On Effective Classroom Management. The underlying message the book conveys is that one cannot trust their history books or their teachers because textbooks are a security to teachers, influence. Abolitionism , Abraham Lincoln , American Civil War 649 Words | 3 Pages. Bay colony was a stable , well ordered and well planned colony. The Chesapeake colony was not well planned and as organized as the New England Colony (doc c) . . The emigrant list in doc c. was less detailed then the chennai, New England colony and this shows us the lack of organization. The people in this colony often took oaths on supremacy and wanted to depression, migrate due to freedom. England was primogeniture , the oldest son inherited everything and the second and phd thesis chennai third born sons didn't really have an opportunity.

Connecticut , Connecticut Colony , Human migration 563 Words | 2 Pages. Ap World History Dbq Christianity. Essay Classroom Management. Unit 6 DBQ When thinking about the history of the chennai, world, one must always consider that merchants as well as trade have played an . immerse role in shaping the world as it is today. They are responsible for many of the cross-cultural interactions that we have had in essay revolution the past. Christianity and Islam, the two predominant religions of the world today, have both grown and chennai spread through merchants and trade also. These two chief religions both have attitudes towards merchants and trade that have either. International trade , Islam , Merchant 1597 Words | 4 Pages. Tyler Cabell AP United States History Essay “Geography was the high school, primary factor in chennai shaping the development of . the British colonies in papers North America.” I agree with this statement because geography did play an important role in the making of the British colonies. In all areas, the geography influenced the way people lived, what they ate, the types of homes they lived in, the jobs they held and the farming conditions for the better, and in some areas, for writing chennai, the worse. The New England colonies. British America , Former British colonies , Massachusetts 411 Words | 2 Pages. ?Writing In AP US History U.S.

History Essay Writing / Exam Information The . Depression. AP U.S. History Exam is writing 3 hours and 15 minutes long and includes both a 100-minute multiple-choice / short-answer section (Part I) and a 95-minute free-response section (Part II). Each section is divided into two parts, as shown in the table below. Student performance on these four parts will be compiled and weighted to determine an essay high scholarship school, AP Exam score. AP Scores are 5 – 1. Section Question Type Number of Questions Timing Percentage. American Civil War , Greek loanwords , Historiography 1641 Words | 6 Pages. points) 1. To complete this Graded Assignment, retrieve the Religious Views on War DBQ . Use this document with its essay . instructions and the DBQ Checklist to writing, complete this DBQ essay . Please consult the rubric throughout the high scholarship, process. Using the documents, compare the views of major world religions on war. What additional kind of document(s) would you need to compare the writing chennai, views of major world religions on war? Essay : While some religions, like Christianity and Islam, may have defended war in time. Scientific. Abrahamic religions , Bible , Christianity 1003 Words | 3 Pages.

AP European History DBQ Activity Using the APEURO DBQ from 2008 answer the . following questions. Write down the question you are going to be answering. Explain the chennai, reasons for the adaptation of a new calendar in the revolutionary France and scientific analyze reactions to it in the period of 1789 to phd thesis writing chennai, 1806. Tips To Avoid. Write down the 6 elements of the basic core you will be scored on and explain how you will receive these points. 1. Thesis 2. Majority. Catholic Church , Documents , Explanation 349 Words | 3 Pages. ?Spencer Chen AP Euro. Per. 1 12/5/13 DBQ Essay The people of the nation has came together to rise above all . nations to set an phd thesis writing, influential example for others to on effective, learn from.

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Goodbye Lenin Essays and Research Papers. Vladimir Lenin The Russian Revolution, we know how it began, why it began, and phd thesis the outcome of it. We know that without it Russia would have . not become to executive uk, powerhouse that it was during World War II and beyond (and without it might have been completely taken over by the Nazis). However, unlike the French Revolution which had no clear leader or originator of the revolution at the very beginning of Russia’s toppling of the monarchy and rise of Communism was one man: Vladimir Ilyich Lenin . Vladimir. Communism , Marxism , October Revolution 1575 Words | 5 Pages. Twentieth Century American Novels 14 January 2014 Goodbye , Columbus: “Who am I?” Who am I? This is a question everyone asks themselves . at a point in their life, and phd thesis is the exact question that Neil Klugman faces. In Phillip Roth's novella Goodbye , Columbus, there is an ongoing search by Neil Klugman who, according to essay revolution, Helge Nilsen, is involved in a struggle to develop and preserve an identity of his own amid different environments and conflicting impulses within himself, (Nilsen, 97). This. American Jews , Goodbye, Columbus , Novella 1660 Words | 5 Pages. ?Hein Aung Amy Katherine Cannon Writing 39B 17 Nov. Writing. 2014 The Long Goodbye : The Social Impacts of the Novel “The image of account uk, Los Angeles by . the 1950s was, in contrast, that of the wasteland: in the cold, hard city one was overwhelmed by emptiness, desolation, and despair,” as quoted in writing the article The Dark Side of the Dream by Tina Olsin Lent, overpopulation and industrialization were the major factors that led to account executive cover, gradual deterioration of the city of phd thesis writing chennai, Los Angeles.

Urbanization, invoked by the booming. Crime fiction , Detective fiction , Femme fatale 2677 Words | 10 Pages. Gonzales Mrs. Wilson Pre AP English 1 21 April 2012 Vladimir Lenin Vladimir Lenin , also known as Vladimir Lllych Ulyanov . Executive Letter. was a strong believer in equalism (Trueman 1).”Vladimir Lenin founded the Russian Communist Party, led the Bolshevik Revolution, and was the architect of the phd thesis chennai Soviet state ”(“Vladimir Lenin ” 1). In a book titled Animal Farm by George Orwell there is a character named Old Major who resembles Vladimir Lenin . Vladimir Lenin was one of the first to essay, encourage the writing idea of the rebellion. Bolshevik , Communism , Leon Trotsky 1494 Words | 4 Pages. Lenin was the leader of the Bolshevik (meaning Majority) faction of the Russian Social and Democratic Labour Party and took power in the . October Revolution of 1917. He was born in the city of Simbirsk in 1870 and studied Law at Kazan' university, where he was introduced to Marxist literature. High School. His brother Alexandr was involved in a plot to assassinate Tsar Alexandr III and executed.

He spent some time in internal exile in Siberia before being exiled from Russia. It was in London that he formed. Bolshevik , Communism , Marxism 789 Words | 3 Pages. Senor Maioranos (Mr. Phd Thesis Chennai. Better-years), who is Terry Lennox in disguise. He and Marlowe talk, but the paper on personal development old affection is gone. As Marlowe said of Linda Loring's . departure, to say goodbye is to die a little. As he had in phd thesis writing chennai the preceding The Little Sister (1949), Chandler engaged in pointed social criticism in The Long Goodbye , stretching the genre. The brunt of his attack is born by the rich: Marlowe sees their enterprises ? business, the press, gambling interests, lawyers, and on personal development the courts ? forming. Hardboiled , Marriage , Novel 1165 Words | 4 Pages.

struggle. From the crowd leaders emerge, the intelligent, the most powerful, and phd thesis the ones who can get the job done. In two of history's more renowned . revolutions, the French and Russian, two great thinkers pushed the essay on effective revolution onward, Robespierre and Lenin , respectively. Maximilien Robespierre was born on May 6, 1758, the son of a lawyer in Arras. His life was successful early on, being awarded a scholarship to chennai, the prestigious Louis-le-Grand College in on personal development Paris. Writing. Here he was prominent in essay school his studies of. Communism , French Revolution , Karl Marx 1030 Words | 3 Pages.

what the world would be like if he had not been there. Phd Thesis Writing Chennai. If Vladimir Lenin had not been born, there would be no Cold War, no Soviet Union and . Russia might still be ruled by a Tsar. However, Lenin was not simply a catalyst in on effective management the many changes Russia faced; he was a most volatile reactant in writing the chemistry of Russian and world politics. Breaking the barrier between attaining both economic success and political achievement, Vladimir Lenin almost singlehandedly ended the on personal development Tsardom and phd thesis chennai brought the socialist. Communism , Karl Marx , Marxism 1160 Words | 3 Pages. Vladimir Lenin; Contemporary Prince. capable of account executive letter uk, taking power and controlling it in such a form as Machiavelli prescribed it. Vladimir Ilich Lenin was this man, he became the writing chennai first . leader of one of the on effective classroom management most Machiavellian governments ever in existence, the phd thesis chennai Union of to avoid, Soviet Socialist Republics. Lenin represented the phd thesis writing chennai key principles of the Machiavellian idea.

When the account letter uk Communist government finally started to function properly, Lenin managed to be both loved and feared as the head of the phd thesis writing new state. Furthermore, he also managed to revolution, be greatly. Communism , Communist state , Joseph Stalin 911 Words | 3 Pages. Vladimir Lenin: A Catalyst for Change. Vladimir Lenin : A Catalyst for Revolution In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, revolutionary Vladimir Lenin was the . driving force behind Russian Marxism, reformation and chennai organization of the working class, and essay management the political catalyst behind the writing chennai Revolution of 1905. During this time period, the new Russian working class had left the countryside for depression, urban factories. Workers revolted against Tsarist oppression and participated in illegal strikes. Writing. Lenin organized workers under the Social Democratic. Bourgeoisie , Marxism , Russia 1506 Words | 4 Pages.

Lenin and Trotsky in the Russian Revolution. [pic] A Plan of Investigation To What Extent Was Vladimir Lenin Responsible for the Downfall of the research paper on personal development . Tsarist Regime, and chennai Subsequently the Provisional Government? The aim of this investigation is to determine the reasons that Vladimir “ Lenin ” Ulyanov was responsible for the downfall of the Tsarist Regime, and subsequently the provisional government in 1917. Scientific Revolution. The investigation focuses on phd thesis chennai Lenin’s newspaper, The Pravda, Lenin’s eloquent speaking in St. Communism , Leon Trotsky , Marxism 1961 Words | 7 Pages. Churchill Stalin is the Lenin of today, said a popular propaganda slogan of the thirties and the forties. Revolution. The situation has changed . drastically since that time; people's opinion of Stalin has changed in light of the new facts that came out during the course of history. One of such influencing factors was the secret speech given by Khrushchev during the Twentieth Congress of KPSS.

This speech, however, does not give a real picture of either Stalin or Lenin : Khrushchev denounces the idolization. Great Purge , Joseph Stalin , Leon Trotsky 1463 Words | 4 Pages. Vladimir Lenin - Revolutionary Momentum. In April 1917, a month after the Romanov Dynasty in Russia effectively ended with the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, Vladimir Ilich Lenin . returned to Russia from writing chennai, exile with a formidable revolutionary mentality. The Tsar’s abdication prompted a period of dual power between select members of the defunct fourth Duma, now termed the Provisional Government, and the newly formed Petrograd Soviet. This arrangement offered a sense of political stability, a stability that was detrimental to paper on personal development, Lenin’s quest. Communism , Karl Marx , Leon Trotsky 1184 Words | 4 Pages. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin | | Lenin in 1920 | Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the . Soviet Union (Premier of the Soviet Union) | In office 30 December 1922 – 21 January 1924 | Preceded by | Position created | Succeeded by phd thesis | Alexei Rykov | Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of the Russian SFSR | In office 8 November 1917 – 21 January 1924 | Preceded by | Position created | Succeeded by to avoid depression | Alexei Rykov | Member of the Politburo | . Bolshevik , Communism , Marxism 13430 Words | 38 Pages. Vladimir Lenin and the Bolshevik Party.

Vladimir Lenin devoted his life to leading a worker’s rebellion that would remove Tsar Nicholas II from power and spark a communist revolution. . The events of 1917, in phd thesis chennai February and October, led to a chain reaction that would allow Lenin’s Bolshevik party to high scholarship school, secure power. The overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II led to the installment of a weak transitional government and paved the way for the October revolution that was the birth of Soviet Russia. How did Lenin’s Bolshevik party, which was the minority. Bolshevik , Communism , Karl Marx 1975 Words | 6 Pages. The Life and Impact of Vladimir Lenin Essay. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin was an impactful political leader in Russia during the twentieth century. Phd Thesis. He was a famous figure and left a huge impact . on the Russian/Soviet Union Empire for papers, many decades to follow. Phd Thesis Chennai. What he may be known for essay scientific revolution, best, Lenin created and brought up the phd thesis Union of Soviet Socialist Republics along with helping with the introduction of communism. He applied that communism concept to the Union of essay on effective, Soviet Socialist Republics government that he was running. Writing Chennai. As the political leader in the Union.

Bolshevik , February Revolution , Leon Trotsky 1187 Words | 3 Pages. Was Lenin an heir to Russian tradition? ?To what extent was Lenin ‘heir to the Russian tradition of government’? Since the scientific tsar, Lenin has taken the chennai ‘throne’ and . along with the Bolsheviks proceeded to turn Russia into a one-party state. It can be argued that Russia has remained almost unchanged in terms of government policies and its traditions this is shown by Lenin's oppressive policies such as censorship. Lenin was not born into power and this shows he is in fact not an heir to Russian tradition. Similarly he had as little time. Bolshevik , Leon Trotsky , Marxism 936 Words | 2 Pages. How Successful Was Lenin as a Leader. How Successful was Lenin as A leader? In order to essay, access whether Lenin was a successful leader it is important to note four . main principals.

His establishment of power, his ideologies, domestic policies and the nature of Russia when he came into power. When looking into success we need to analyse how far Lenin accomplished his aim or purpose and phd thesis writing chennai how he turned Russia into a single party state in such a short period of time. Essay Revolution. It is also important to note the phd thesis writing chennai length of Lenin’s rule- he was not there. Bolshevik , Communism , Communist state 1523 Words | 4 Pages. Assess the role of Lenin in the Bolshevik consolidation of power. ?Assess the role of Lenin in the Bolshevik consolidation of power from 1917 to 1924. Lenin’s contribution to the Bolshevik Party was an . essential factor in their consolidation of power during 1917-1924, however; Lenin’s role was not the only factor contributing to their success. Scholarship School. The Bolsheviks were regarded as a “minor feature of Russian political life” and it was not until Lenin’s return to Russia that the party became a key player.

It can be seen that Lenin played a pivotal role in phd thesis writing the consolidation. Communism , Communist Party of the Soviet Union , Leon Trotsky 2484 Words | 7 Pages. James Hilton's novel Goodbye , Mr. Chips is the story of an English schoolmaster who dedicated his entire adult life teaching young boys. He . was a somewhat shy person. Nevertheless he was a competent school teacher, professional and attractive in many different ways.

Although his first teaching experience was not successful, he was determined to become a good schoolmaster. After coming to Brookfield, he began to warm up to his students. But more important he brought discipline to his school which. Education , Goodbye, Mr. Chips , James Hilton 1363 Words | 4 Pages. Assess the Role of Lenin in the Success of the Bolshevik Revolutuion. Essay 1: 1. Assess the role of Lenin in the success of the Bolshevik revolution. Lenin’s political role in the success of the 1917 . Research On Personal. Bolshevik revolution was to a critical extent due to his thirst for phd thesis, power.

However, to a reduced extent, the feebleness of the Provisional Government and the support/work of Trotsky guaranteed political accomplishment. Lenin’s strength within the political sphere was most accentuated by cover letter uk his April Theses – 7 April 1917. Lenin was a described by post-revisionist. Bolshevik , Menshevik , October Revolution 2030 Words | 6 Pages. History Essay- to what extent did Lenin honour his promises. extent did Lenin honor his promises? When Lenin published his April theses he began using the quote ‘peace bread and land’ as a . promise to the Russian people if he was their leader. This slogan was used, alongside many, to writing, drive the Bolsheviks into power after the October revolution. However, they weren’t exactly what the people expected, nor did the Bolsheviks expect the response they got from the people.

This essay aims to discuss the extent of the Bolsheviks keeping their promises. Lenin stuck. Bolshevik , Leon Trotsky , Marxism 1222 Words | 3 Pages. To what extent was Lenin crucial to essay scientific revolution, the Bolshevik seizure of phd thesis, power in October 1917? ?To what extent was Lenin crucial to account executive letter, the Bolshevik seizure of power in October 1917? On 24th October 1917 the Lenin and the . Bolsheviks led a revolution in Russia. The Bolshevik Red Guards led a revolution against the Provisional Government by seizing control of stations, telephone exchanges, post offices, the national bank and the Winter Palace in Petrograd. Phd Thesis Writing. Now Lenin set about creating the world’s first communist state.

Although he was a strong influence, he was not solely responsible for the outbreak. Bolshevik , February Revolution , Menshevik 1197 Words | 3 Pages. How successful was Lenin in solving the Problems he faced? Mr. Wade 28/01/14 How successful was Lenin (1917-1924) in essay on effective classroom solving the problems he faced? With the October revolution in 1917, . Lenin managed to execute a successful coup d’etat against the provisional government of Russia and with the death of the constituent assembly early 1918; Lenin and his Bolsheviks had finally control over Russia. Writing. However this was just the account executive beginning of various problems he would be facing. This raised the debate on whether Lenin could deal with these problems or not. Bolshevik , Leon Trotsky , October Revolution 1403 Words | 4 Pages. To What Extent Did Lenin Establish Communism in writing chennai Russia Fro 1920-1924?

extent did Lenin establish Communism in Russia from on digital, 1920-1924? From an early age, Lenin opposed the Romanov autocratic regime, . even more so following the execution of his brother for the assassination of Tsar Alexander III. Lenin was an avid follower of the phd thesis writings of Karl Marx and believed communism was the way forward. He believed that everything should be owned by the government and then distributed evenly amongst the people. Scholarship. During the February 1917 revolution in Russia, Lenin was in exile. Communism , Marxism , October Revolution 955 Words | 3 Pages. They demanded free speech, free elections, free trade unions and an end to war communism. Trotsky’s Red Army put the mutiny down with great losses. The . mutiny scared the Bolsheviks, because the Kronstadt sailors had been their greatest supporters and Lenin said later that the rebellion was “like a flash of lightning which threw more of phd thesis, a glare upon reality than anything else.” Since the Bolsheviks greatest supporters lost hope on essay classroom management them, this was a wakeup call for them to reflect on their policy and make. Bolshevik , Capitalism , Leon Trotsky 917 Words | 2 Pages. How Far Was Lenin Responsible for the Bolsheviks Growing Hold on Power in the Years 1917 24 Essay.

Far Was Lenin Responsible for the Bolsheviks' Growing Hold on Power in the Years 1917-24? Lenin was responsible for the . Bolsheviks’ growing hold on phd thesis chennai power during the years 1917 through to 1924. Lenin was a natural born leader and his leadership skills along with his access to the Red Army through with help from Trotsky cemented the Bolsheviks growing hold on cover letter uk power. A reason for Red Success was Geography. The white armies weaknesses also created an opportunity for both the red army and Lenin to seize. Bolshevik , Leon Trotsky , October Revolution 877 Words | 3 Pages. How Did Lenin and Stalin Transform He Society and Economy of the Ussr? How did Lenin and Stalin transform the society and economy of the USSR?

After the devastation of World War I, the Revolution, and Civil War, . Russia was a total wreck. Phd Thesis Chennai. Factories were in ruins and essay half the working class gone, either dead or returned to the farms. Phd Thesis Chennai. Millions had died, mainly from the famine and disease accompanying war. Two million more, mostly nobles, middle class, and intellectuals, had emigrated to other countries. Lenin returned to high scholarship, Russia from exile in chennai 1917 and it was up to. Communism , Great Purge , Joseph Stalin 1419 Words | 4 Pages. How important was Lenin compared to Trotsky in the Bolshevik coming to and consolidating power between 1917 and 1924? ?How important was Lenin compared to essay on effective classroom, Trotsky in the Bolshevik coming to and consolidating power between 1917 and 1924? Russia is extremely . large but much of the land is phd thesis chennai barren. As a result Russia experienced many problems, especially due to its backward nature. As Russia was a vast empire it was difficult to control and resulting in many revolutions.

The Russian Revolution was the series of essay on effective management, revolutions in Russia in phd thesis writing 1917, which destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and essay led to the creation of the Soviet. Bolshevik , Communism , Leon Trotsky 2658 Words | 7 Pages. How Far Was Lenin Responsible For The Bolsheviks Growing Hold On Power In The Years 1917. ?How far was Lenin responsible for the Bolsheviks’ growing hold on power in phd thesis writing the years 1917-1924? In 1917, the Bolsheviks gained power of . Russia and were able to hold onto this growing power until 1924 and later. There are several factors that could be considered to be the reason as to why they were able to seize control. It could be said that Lenin was a significant factor due to his pragmatism and his use of terror, however it also could be said that other members of the Bolshevik party such. Bolshevik , Cheka , Communism 836 Words | 2 Pages. Access the Methods Used by essay scientific revolution Either Peron or Lenin to Maintain His Position as Ruler of a Single Party State. by the phd thesis writing Bolsheviks as a result of the to avoid depression October Revolution.

The storming and capitulation of the Winter Palace on the night of the 7th to 8th of phd thesis writing chennai, November marked . the beginning of Soviet rule. Lenin was elected as the Chair of the Council of People’s Commissars by the Russian Congress of Soviets. In April 1917 Lenin published his April Thesis. This document outlined Lenin's aims for the future: to end the war; to give all power to the Soviet; to give all property and land to the people and papers watermarking worldwide revolution. Bolshevik , Communism , Leon Trotsky 1134 Words | 3 Pages. Factors Enabling Lenin and Bolsheviks to writing, Seize Power: Failures of the Provisional Goverment. Using the four sources and your own knowledge, assess the view that the failures of the Provisional Government were the main factors in essay on effective management enabling . Lenin and writing the Bolsheviks to essay high scholarship school, seize power. Seizure of power appeared more prominently due to the nature of 1917, in phd thesis writing chennai which the April Theses was published, the July Days occurred and the Kornilov Affair, which emphasised the weaknesses of the Provisional Government. However, it is how the Bolsheviks enabled their power through 1917: through their powerful. Bolshevik , Leon Trotsky , October Revolution 1900 Words | 5 Pages. month after Joan's death, Neil remarried, causing doubt about the healthiness of the relationship before Joan's demise.

He wed actress Marsha Mason, who . later appeared in a number of his works, including film versions of Only When I Laugh and The Goodbye Girl. The marriage lasted 9 years, and ended bitterly due to undisclosed reasons. Five years after his divorce from Ms Mason, he coupled with Diane Landers, also an actress. Papers. He had a second daughter, Nancy, with the actress, as well as adopting. Lost in Yonkers , Marsha Mason , Neil Simon 1520 Words | 4 Pages. Compare and contrast the economic policies of Lenin and Stalin and evaluate their success. contrast the economic policies of Lenin and Stalin and evaluate their success. Comparing Lenin and Stalin one finds that both . were following a communist ideal but what is the communist ideal? The main principal is to writing chennai, share a country's wealth amongst its people. This is the theoretical side of the communist idea; the practical side requires a careful planning of the country's economy and to avoid also a system that makes sure that everybody is treated equally.

When Lenin and the communist party took over. Communism , Communist Party of the Soviet Union , Communist state 1767 Words | 6 Pages. Did Lenin Lead to writing, Stalin? Examine the Elements of Change and account Continuity Within Soviet Russia 1917-1941. Vladimir Lenin and was one of the pivotal moments of the 20th Century. The ramifications of the event, and the subsequent establishment of the writing chennai . world's first Communist regime were immediately obvious, but also had continuing repercussions for papers watermarking, decades. Phd Thesis Writing Chennai. This essay will argue that although Lenin and Stalin seemed to papers watermarking, have conflicting views, in reality they shared very similar policies; Stalin just took these policies to an extreme. There was a rather significant continuity between Lenin and Stalin’s. Communism , Communist state , Leon Trotsky 1369 Words | 4 Pages. Compare and Contrast the Role of Lenin and phd thesis writing Trotsky in Establishing and cover letter Contributing to the Communist State in Russia From 1917-1924.

Lenin and Trotsky had both been able to contribute to the establishment and writing consolidation of a communist state in essay scholarship Russia 1917-24. In the . Phd Thesis Chennai. beginning, before the Civil War, Lenin's past seemed to be the one of essay, spreading ideology to chennai, communism by depression his speeches, slogans and other forms of propaganda. On the other hand, Trotsky was more of a realist. Phd Thesis. He took care of the action the tips Bolsheviks had to take in order to writing, be successful. Paper Development. He, assumingly, led the Bolshevik riots in the July days and phd thesis defeated the Provisional. Communism , Leon Trotsky , Marxism 781 Words | 3 Pages. ? Film 8 13 OCT, 2013 The long Goodbye The Long Goodbye is a 1973 ‘Neo-Noir’ directed by scientific revolution Robert Altman and based . on phd thesis chennai Raymond Chandler's 1953 novel of the same name. The screenplay was written by Leigh Brackett, who co-wrote the screenplay for “The Big Sleep” in 1946. The film stars Elliott Gould as Philip Marlowe, and features Sterling Hayden, Nina Van Pallandt, Jim Bouton and Mark Rydell. The film The Long Goodbye has been described as a study of a moral and decent man cast adrift.

American film actors , American television actors , Detective 2999 Words | 8 Pages. The Cather in essay scientific the Rye: Summary Chapters 1-8. three others. At Pencey, he has failed four out of writing chennai, five of his classes and scientific revolution has received notice that he is chennai being expelled, but he is not scheduled to return . home to Manhattan until Wednesday. He visits his elderly history teacher, Spencer, to say goodbye , but when Spencer tries to reprimand him for his poor academic performance, Holden becomes annoyed. Back in the dormitory, Holden is further irritated by his unclean neighbor, Ackley, and by his own roommate, Stradlater.

Stradlater spends the evening. Ash Wednesday , Brain tumor , Education 430 Words | 2 Pages. Was Lenin More Significant for His Actions in 1917 or for His Subsequent Actions from 1918 to 1924? Was Lenin more significant for his actions in 1917 or for his subsequent actions from 1918 to 1924? Lenin was a Russian . revolutionary and was best known for being one of the tips to avoid main leaders of the October Revolution in 1917 and the first head of the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic. But was Lenin more significant for his actions in 1917 or his subsequent actions from 1918 to 1924?

That is the question I will be exploring in this essay and I will be thinking of all of his actions in the mentioned. Bolshevik , February Revolution , Menshevik 1351 Words | 4 Pages. Was the leadership of Lenin the most important reason why the Bolsheviks were able to seize power in October 1917? Vladimir Lenin was an phd thesis outstanding figure of essay classroom, significance during the Russian Revolution. Under his strong leadership and chennai with the help of his . Research. loyal followers, Lenin enabled the Bolsheviks to come into power, overturning the Provisional Government in the second revolution of the year.

This has long been regarded as an important factor that contributed to phd thesis writing chennai, this seizing of executive cover letter uk, power. Phd Thesis Writing. However, it is executive cover letter uk not the sole reason, nor is it the most important one, with two others being the incompetence of the Provisional. February Revolution , October Revolution , Russia 1576 Words | 4 Pages. ?Money In Berlin Money plays an interesting role in the novel, Goodbye to Berlin. Phd Thesis Chennai. The 1930’s Berlin society places a large emphasis on tips to avoid . Writing Chennai. social standing based on money, though, ironically, the people who have it don’t deserve it and the pursuit of money tears people apart. Isherwood gives us a closer look on just how significant money is by essay peering into the lives of several different people, all of phd thesis, different social situations and showing how each of them is affected by the pursuit of it. The. Cabaret , Christopher Isherwood , Fiction 624 Words | 2 Pages.

?How significant were the personalities of the contenders to papers, succeed Lenin in accounting for Stalin’s defeat of his opponents in the years 1924-29. ?How significant were the personalities of the phd thesis chennai contenders to succeed Lenin in accounting for Stalin’s defeat of his opponents in the years . 1924-29 Lenin’s death in 1924 not only classroom created a power vacuum but also a bitter struggle for supremacy between Stalin, Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamenev and Bukharin as each tried to become the writing new leader of the communist party. Whilst I do think that the personalities of the combatants were noteworthy I believe that the other elements involved such as Stalin’s tactical. Communism , Communist state , Joseph Stalin 1502 Words | 4 Pages. Explain the Arguments of Both Schmitt and of Lenin Against Liberal Democracy of the Late 19th Century. been, a total state. (Schmitt, Carl, «Strong State and Sound Economy: An Address to Business Leaders», in on effective classroom management Carl Schmitt and Authoritarian Liberalism, . Cardiff, University of Wales Press, 1998, p. Chennai. 217.) Explain the arguments of on personal development, both Schmitt and of Lenin against liberal democracy of the late 19th Century. During the late 19th Century, liberal democracy was established in phd thesis the societies. Papers On Digital. This form of government implies to fair, free and competitive elections between distinct political parties. Communism , Liberal democracy , Marxism 1344 Words | 4 Pages.

How significant were the personalities of the contenders to succeed Lenin in accounting for Stalin’s defeat of his opponents in the years 1924-29? ?How significant were the personalities of the contenders to succeed Lenin in accounting for Stalin’s defeat of his opponents in the years . Writing Chennai. 1924-29? In the years before Lenin’s death and the years that followed. Stalin was seen to essay revolution, be in writing the weaker position than the seven other opponents, this being because he was doubted in his role in the revolution and therefore as his role of the leader of the party. I believe that the personalities of the contenders was significant in the power struggle but it. Bolshevik , Joseph Stalin , Leon Trotsky 1175 Words | 2 Pages. Lenin had a greater impact on Russia’s economy and society than any other Ruler. Watermarking. How far do you agree with this view of the period from writing chennai, 1855 to 1964? Lenin had a greater impact on Russia’s economy and society than any other Ruler. How far do you agree with this view of the period from 1855 . to 1964? Over the period from essay scientific, 1855 to 1964, Russia saw various reforms and policies under the Tsars and the Communist leaders that had great impacts on its economy and society both positive and negative.

Lenin definitely implanted polices that changed society and writing the economy for account executive cover letter uk, example with war communism. However whether his policies had the greatest impact. Alexander II of Russia , Alexander III of Russia , Joseph Stalin 2039 Words | 5 Pages. How Significant Were the Personalities of the Contenders to Succeed Lenin in Accounting for Stalin’s Defeat of His Opponents in the Years 1924-29? How significant were the personalities of the contenders to chennai, succeed Lenin in accounting for account cover uk, Stalin’s defeat of his opponents in the years . Phd Thesis Chennai. 1924-29? In the lead up to Lenin’s death and the years that followed, it would seem Stalin was in a weaker position than several of his opponents, as many doubted his role in the Revolution and, therefore, his role as a leader of the Party. Several factors played a role in allowing Stalin to be victorious, however, comparatively they hold varying significance. Grigory Zinoviev , Joseph Stalin , Lenin's Testament 1220 Words | 4 Pages. Goodbye Lenin-The nostalgia for the red state. ? Goodbye Lenin -The nostalgia for the red state The German unification was formally completed on the third of October in high school . 1990. Once a nation separated by different ideologies is now finally reunited by the wind of change.

Many orthodox historians could agree on that the falling of these communist regimes has brought rather positive social, economic changes to the former red states; however, could a notion of red nostalgia also existed within the people behind the iron curtain? The film Goodbye. Cold War , Communism , Communist state 1389 Words | 4 Pages. “Stalin Won Because Trotsky Lacked a Power Base”: How Far Does This Statement Explain Why Stalin, Rather Than Trotsky, Succeeded Lenin as Leader of the chennai Soviet State? “Stalin won because Trotsky lacked a power base”: How far does this statement explain why Stalin, rather than Trotsky, succeeded Lenin as . leader of the Soviet State? A power base is the source of a person’s organisation power or influence. The statement “Stalin won because Trotsky lacked a power base” does not explain the actual reasons as to scientific revolution, why Trotsky did not succeed Lenin as the leader of the Soviet state. Trotsky had the most powerful power base in Russia at phd thesis writing the time which was that he had control. Bolshevik , Communism , Joseph Stalin 2242 Words | 6 Pages. How significant were the personalities of the contenders to succeed Lenin in accounting for Stalin’s defeat of his opponents in the years 1924-29?

?How significant were the personalities of the contenders to succeed Lenin in accounting for essay scholarship school, Stalin’s defeat of phd thesis writing, his opponents in the years . 1924-29? Lenin's death on the 21st January 1924 caused huge sadness across the country. After Lenin's death, everyone was eagerly waiting to know who would be the next leader of Russia. In the years after Lenin's death, there was no clear successor to his leadership. However, when Lenin was leader, Trotsky was always there for him, and he played a huge role in. Bolshevik , Grigory Zinoviev , Joseph Stalin 1061 Words | 3 Pages. political groups. In December he isarrested. ? Lenin is expelled from Kazan University because of hisopen rebellion and finishes his law . studies in St.Petersburg. Essay. ? 1893-Passes law examination at St. Petersburg. Writing. ? 1893- Lenin becomes active in Marxist study group. ? 1896- Lenin is watermarking arrested and is exiled to Serbia after spending a year in St.Petersburg jail. While in exile he marries Nadezhda Krupskaya and writes hisfirst book. ? 1905- Lenin returns to Russia amid the writing chaos of the 1905. Bolshevik , Leon Trotsky , Moscow 326 Words | 2 Pages.

History Lenin and papers watermarking Stalin both attempted to improve the soviet economy, they each had a number of successes and . failures. The Civil War between the Red and the White army had destroyed the chennai Soviet economy. While Lenin had instituted the NEP, Stalin had tried to implement the 5 year plan in an attempt to improve the soviet economy. Tips. During the NEP the workers and farmers were much happier and they produced a lot of goods. However this method was highly ineffective because.

Cold War , Communism , Communist Party of the Soviet Union 636 Words | 2 Pages. How important was the fear of Trotsky becoming leader in explaining Stalin's victory in the power struggle in the years 1924-1929? take leadership after Lenin died, even if they didn’t want him to. Chennai. No one thought it would be Stalin. Therefore, Stalin felt he had to defeat . Trotsky in order to become leader. However, the fear of Trotsky becoming leader isn’t the only factor in explaining Stalin’s victory in the power struggle. Lenin died, January 21 1924. This is tips to avoid depression when the Lenin Legacy begun. Stalin took it upon himself to phd thesis chennai, give a speech at Stalin’s funeral; he personally swore to carry on scientific the work of Lenin . As General Secretary. Bolshevik , Grigory Zinoviev , Joseph Stalin 957 Words | 3 Pages.

Was the October 1917 Revolution a key turning point in the modernisation of Russia? undoubtedly a momentous and extremely important event in phd thesis Russia’s history, one that ousted the centuries-old Tsardom that ruled over the empire, in favour of . the radical communist movement in cover the form of the Bolsheviks, headed by one Vladimir Iliych Lenin . However, did this sudden move from phd thesis, autocracy to a supposedly more progressive democracy actually bring about the modernisation of Russia industrially, agriculturally and culturally, or was it simply a rebranding of paper development, a totalitarian state that would. Bolshevik , Communism , Democracy 1462 Words | 4 Pages. ethical principles (Random House). Vladimir Lenin was not a pragmatist or an idealist, but he was an opportunist because he pushed the Marxist . Phd Thesis Writing. goals, he tried to help grow the revolution middle class, and Lenin did his best to avoid war.

He used both ideologies, pragmatic and phd thesis chennai idealistic, to high, be an opportunist. Lenin was pragmatic as he used his efforts to phd thesis writing chennai, change nation and papers was idealist as he was ruthless in his choices. On April 22, 1870, Vladimir Illich Ulyanov Lenin was born in Simbirsk near the Volga River. Communism , Joseph Stalin , Marxism 997 Words | 3 Pages. How Far Has the phd thesis chennai Importance of Trotsky in Creating Political Change in Russia in 1917 Been Exaggerated? prompting the Storming of the Winter Palace. We know that it was Lenin , who came all the way from Finland to watermarking, Petrograd, spending a whole night . in order to persuade the Bolshevik Central Committee to launch a revolution. Trotsky was more of an organiser and writing orator then an event maker, as shown from Sources 76 and 78. In Source 52, Trotsky’s own use of “engine driver of the Revolution” while describing Lenin shows Trotsky’s admittance of Lenin and that the other sources were exaggerating his role.

Evaluating. Bolshevik , Menshevik , October Revolution 2026 Words | 5 Pages. meticulously plotted his way into power using influential events, such as the occurrence of his promotion to General Secretary in which he displayed . political skills to manipulate political situations, and also the influential post of liaising between Lenin and essay high the Politburo with great success. Though his ascent to the leadership of the Soviet Union was neither easy nor inevitable, Stalin’s success was not an accident. He had tactics in place to gain the position, and Lenin’s death was the writing chennai most major. Bolshevik , Grigory Zinoviev , Joseph Stalin 1410 Words | 4 Pages. benefit Russia the most. For example, Tsar Alexander II made many social reforms whilst Khrushchev concentrated on political issues.

The ruler who was most . Cover. successful in meeting the needs of the Russian people through their policies and phd thesis chennai reform was Lenin . During the executive period 1855-1964 there was a constant need to develop the political structure of Russia due to phd thesis chennai, the needs and on digital interests of the people. All of the phd thesis writing Tsars in his period were autocratic and papers on digital believed in divine right of chennai, kings. Essay Management. As a result of this. Alexander II of Russia , Nicholas II of phd thesis writing chennai, Russia , Russia 1377 Words | 2 Pages. During the civil war 1918-1920 Lenin tried to implement Communism. After the war ended though there were many crises that Lenin . Executive Letter Uk. had to deal with if he didn’t want to be overthrown.

To combat crises such as the Kronstadt Uprising, Peasant Revolts and the recent demobilisation of the phd thesis chennai Red army, Lenin changed tactic and told the public they had experienced War communism and introduced NEP (New economic policy) claiming it was a transition period to socialist paradise. Lenin continued his reign further by. Communism , Joseph Stalin , Leon Trotsky 1156 Words | 3 Pages. Machiavellian Principles Applied to the Bolshevik Revolution. his end by not being able to essay revolution, deal with fortune. During the Bolshevik Revolution, it's important to remember what was going on in the phd thesis writing rest of papers on digital, Europe and the . World. Russia was in the midst of fighting a war against phd thesis writing, the Germans and account cover uk Austria-Hungary. Lenin was not a dolt when it came to picking his allies, and neither were the Germans.

The Germans knew that they would never be able to win a war against a fully mobilized Russia because although they had the chennai superior arms and technology, the Russian army. Bolshevik , Leon Trotsky , October Revolution 1398 Words | 4 Pages. (Findley-Rothney, p. 88). Vladimar Ilyich Ulyanov, better known as Lenin , had become a revolutionary when his brother was executed for being . involved with the planning of the assassination of Tsar Alexander III. Essay Classroom Management. Under amnesty, political exiles such as Lenin were permitted to return. Lenin believed that he could form a revolution that would be successful and change the chennai world. Uk. Lenin knew that the Bolsheviks could now successfully seize and phd thesis chennai hold power.

Lenin did just that. “History will not forgive revolutionaries. October Revolution , Petrograd Soviet , Russia 1103 Words | 3 Pages.

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Adhd Research Paper (Argumentative Essay) Another common opposition to ADHD is the phd thesis writing, medications used to treat it. People wonder why hyperactive children are being treated with stimulants. The side effects of stimulant medications seem to not be so positive and don't seem to be acceptable for a child with ADHD. Side effects such as motor tics, insomnia, and loss of appetite are all commonly seen among stimulant medications. Cover Letter Uk. Stimulant They may say the child is “always on the go” or “never seems to listen”. Many children with ADHD are difficult to discipline, have low frustration tolerance, and have problems in peer relations. Other common characteristics of children with ADHD include general immaturity and clumsiness. Although signs of ADHD are often present in phd thesis writing chennai the preschool years, their classification often doesn’t take place until the elementary school years (Kirst-Ashman, Zastrow, 2004). Essay Scientific Revolution. Global Warming Argumentative Paper. Writing Chennai. The more people habituating the planet, the more potential there is for emission of green house gasses.

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Essay on Religion: Meaning, Nature , Role and writing, other details (5931 Words) Here is your essay on religion, it’s meaning, nature, role and other details! Religion is an account letter uk almost universal institution in human society. It is found in phd thesis chennai all societies, past and present. Essay Classroom Management? All the preliterate societies known to us have religion. Religion goes back to the beginning of the culture itself. Writing Chennai? It is a very ancient institution. High Scholarship School? There is no primitive society without religion. Image Courtesy : upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/9/9d/Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg/1280px-Religios_collage_%28large%29.jpg.

Like other social institutions, religion also arose from the intellectual power of man in response to certain felt needs of men. While most people consider religion as universal and therefore, a significant institution of writing societies. It is the essay high school, foundation on which the normative structure of society stands. It is the social institution that deals with sacred things, that lie beyond our knowledge and control. It has influenced other institutions. It has been exerting tremendous influence upon political and economic aspects of life. It is said that man from the earliest times has been incurably religious. Judaism, Christianity, Islam (Semitic religions), Hinduism and Buddhism; Confucianism, Taoism and Shinto (Chinese-Japanese religions) etc. are examples of the phd thesis writing chennai, great religions of the world. Religion is concerned with the shared beliefs and practices of human beings.

It is the human response to those elements in essay on effective classroom management the life and environment of mankind which are beyond their ordinary comprehension. Religion is pre-eminently social and phd thesis chennai, is found in nearly all societies. Majumdar and Madan explain that the word religion has its origin in the Latin word Rel (I) igio. This is derived from two root words. The first root is Leg, meaning “together, count or observe”.

The second root is Lig, meaning ‘to bind’. The first root refers to belief in and practice of “signs of Divine Communication”. The second root refers to the carrying out scientific, those activities which link human beings with the supernatural powers. Thus, we find that the word religion basically represents beliefs and practices which are generally the main characteristics of writing all religions. Central to all religions is the concept of faith. Religion in this sense is the organisation of faith which binds human beings to scientific revolution, their temporal and transcendental foundation. By faith man is distinguished from other beings. It is essentially a subjective and private matter. Faith is something which binds us together and is therefore, more important than reason.

Pfleiderer defined religion as “that reference men’s life to a word governing power which seeks to grow into a living union with it.” According to James G. Frazer considered religion as a belief in “Powers superior to writing chennai, man which are believed to scholarship, direct and control the course of nature and of human life”. As Christopher Dauson writes, “Whenever and wherever man has a sense of dependence on external powers which are conceived as mysterious and higher than man’s own, there is religion, and the feelings of awe and self-abasement with which man is filled in the presence of such powers is essentially a religious emotion, the root of worship and prayer.” Arnold W. Green defines religion as “a system of beliefs and symbolic practices and chennai, objects, governed by faith rather than by knowledge, which relates man to research on personal, an unseen supernatural realm beyond the known and beyond the controllable.” According to Maclver and Page, “Religion, as we understand the term, implies a relationship not merely between man and man but also between man and some higher power.” As Gillin and Gillin says, “The social field of religion may be regarded as including those emotionalized beliefs prevalent in a social group concurring the supernatural plus crest and behaviour, material objects and symbols associated with such beliefs.”

Thus, there are numerous definitions of phd thesis religion given thinkers according to their own conceptions. As a matter of fact the forms in which religion expresses itself vary so much that it is difficult to agree upon a definition. Some maintain that religion includes a belief in supernatural or mysterious powers and that it expresses itself in overt activities designed to deal with those powers. Others regard religion as something very earthly and materialistic, designed to achieve practical ends. Sumner and essay revolution, Keller asserted that, “Religion in chennai history, from the to avoid, earliest to very recent days, has not been a matter of phd thesis writing chennai morality at all but of rites, rituals, observance and ceremony”.

Religion, in fact, is not a mere process of mediations about man’s life; it is also a means of preserving the values of life. While it is possible to define religion as belief in God or some super-natural powers, it is research paper development, well to remember that there can also be a Godless religion as Buddhism. In sociology, the word religion is used in a wider sense than that used in religious books. A common characteristic found among all religions is that they represent a complex of phd thesis emotional feelings and attitudes towards mysterious and perplexities of life. According to Radin it consists of two parts: (a) Physiological and (b) psychological. The physiological part expresses itself in such acts as kneeling, closing the eyes, touching the feet. The psychological part consists of supernormal sensitivity to certain traditions and beliefs. While belief in supernatural powers may be considered basic to all religion, equally fundamental is the presence of a deeply emotional feeling which Golden Weiber called the “religion thrill”. If we analyse the account executive cover letter uk, great religions of the world, we shall find that each of them contains, five basic elements: (1) belief in supernatural powers, (2) belief in the holy, (3) ritual, (4) acts defined as sinful and (5) some method of salvation. The first basic element of religion is the belief that there are supernatural powers.

These powers are believed to influence human life and control all natural phenomena. Some call these supernatural forces God, other call them Gods. There are even others who do not call them by any name. They simply consider them as forces in their universe. Thus, belief in the non-sensory, super-empirical world is the chennai, first element of religion. There are certain holy or sacred elements of letter uk religion. These constitute the heart of the religion.

There are certain things which are regarded as holy or sacred. But a thing is holy or sacred not because of a peculiar quality of thing. An attitude makes a thing holy. The sacred character of a tangible thing is not observable to the senses. Sacred things are symbols.

They symbolize the things of the unseen, super-empirical world, they symbolize certain sacred but tangible realities. When a Hindu worships a cow, he worships it not because of the kind of animal the cow is, but because of a host of super-empirical characteristics which this animal is writing chennai, imagined to represent. Religious ritual is “the active side of religion. It is behaviour with reference to super empirical entities and sacred- objects”. It includes any kind of behavior (such as the wearing of special clothing and the immersion in certain rivers, in account letter uk the Ganga for instance), prayers, hymns, creedal recitations, and other forms of reverence, usually performed with other people and in public. It can include singing, dancing, weeping, crawling, starving, feasting, etc. Failure to perform these acts is considered a sin. Each religion defines certain acts as sinful and profane (unholy). They are certain moral principles which are explained to have a supernatural origin. Phd Thesis Chennai? It is believed that the powers of the other world cherish these principles. The violation of these principles creates man’s sense of guilty.

It may also bring upon him the disfavour of the on effective, supernatural powers. If the behaviour is not in accordance with the phd thesis, religions code, the behaviour or act is essay scientific revolution, considered as sinful. A method of salvation is the fifth basic element of writing chennai religion. Account Executive Cover Letter? Man needs some method by phd thesis chennai which he can regain harmony with the Gods through removal of guilt. In Hindu religion Moksha or Salvation represents the end of life, the essay, realisation of an inner spirituality in man. The Hindu seeks release from the bondage of Karma, which is the joy or suffering he undergoes as a result of phd thesis his actions in classroom his life.

The ultimate end of life is to attain Moksha. The Buddhist hopes to phd thesis, attain Salvation by being absorbed in the Godhead and entering Nirvana. Depression? The Christian has a redeemer in Christ who gave his life for man’s sins. In short, religion is the institutionalised set of beliefs men hold about supernatural forces. It is more or less coherent system of beliefs and practices concerning a supernatural order of beings, forces, places or other entities. Religion is interwoven with all aspects of human life: with kinship systems, economic and political institutions. Prior to writing, the advent of what may be called as “the age of reason”, religion has been the chief supporter of the spiritual and moral values of life. It has shaped domestic, economic and political institutions. Hence, it is scientific, obvious that religion performs a number of functions both for the religious group and for the wider society. These functions of religion are discussed bellow.

1. Religion Helps in the Struggle for Societal Survival: Religion may be said to help in the struggle for societal survival. Rushton Coulborn has shown that religion played a crucial role in the formation and early development of seven primary civilisations: Egyptian Mesopotamian, Indian, Cretan, Chinese, Middle American and Andean. Religion in each of these societies gave its members the courage needed for survival in writing an unfavourable environment, by giving explanations to account cover letter uk, certain aspects of the human conditions which could not be explained in a rational manner. In present societies religion also performs this role. By relating the empirical world to the super-empirical world religion gives the individual a sense of security in this rapidly changing world. Phd Thesis? This sense of security of the individual has significance for the society. Since religion helps man to forget the suffering, disappointments and sorrows in this life’, social dissatisfaction and social unrest become less frequent and the social system continues functioning.

2. Religion Promotes Social Integration: Religion acts as a unifying force and hence, promotes social integration in several ways. Religion plays an important part in crystallising, symbolising and reinforcing common values and norms. It thus provides support for social standards, socially accepted behaviour. Common faith, values and executive letter uk, norms etc. are significant in unifying people. As the individuals perform rituals collectively their devotion to group ends is enhanced. Through a ritual individual expresses common beliefs and phd thesis, sentiments. It thus helps him to identify himself more with his fellows, and to distinguish himself more from members of papers watermarking other groups, communities or nations.

By distinguishing between holy and unholy things, religion creates sacred symbol for writing the values and this symbol becomes the rallying point for all persons who share the same values. The cow as a sacred symbol of the Hindus, for example, is a rallying point which gives cohesion to Hindu society. Religion performs its function of integration through social control. It regulates the conduct of individuals by high school enforcing moral principles on phd thesis them and by prescribing powerful sanctions against them for violation. 3. Religion helps to knit the Social Values of a Society into a Cohesive Whole: It is the ultimate source of social cohesion. The primary requirement of society is the common possession of social values by which individuals control the actions of self and others and through which society is research paper on personal, perpetuated. These social values emanate from religious faith. Religion is the foundation upon which these values rest. Children should obey their parents, should not tell a lie or cheat, women should be faithful to writing chennai, men; people should be honest and virtuous are some of the social values which maintain social cohesion.

It is religion that asks man to renounce unsocial activities and requires him to accept limitations upon his wants and desires. All the religions have preached love and non-violence. They have emphasized sacrifice and forbearance. 4. Religions Acts as an Agent of classroom Social Control: It is writing chennai, one of the means of informal means of social control. Religion not only essay scholarship school, defines moral expectations for members of the religious group but usually enforces them. It supports certain types of social conduct by placing the powerful sanctions of the supernatural behind them. It makes certain forms of social behaviour as offences not only against society but also against God. Writing Chennai? Hence, any violation of the acceptable norm is punishable not only by God but by society.

Hinduism gives sanction to the caste system which regulates social relations of account various classes in India. 5. Religion Promotes Social Welfare: Religion encourages people to render services to the needy and poor and promote their welfare. It develops philanthropic attitude of people. Help and assistance are rendered to poor and destitute persons due to religion inspiration. It is phd thesis writing, believed that one can obtain the cherished goal of religion by way of giving alms and assistance to the helpless and needy persons.

In this way religion promotes the welfare of individuals, groups and community. The priesthood often was dedicated to art and scientific, culture. The priests laid the foundations of writing chennai medicine. Magic supplied the essay, roots of observation and experimentation from which science developed. It also inculcated the habit of phd thesis writing charity among the people who opened many charitable institutions like hospitals, rest houses, temples to help the needy and the poor. 7. It Rationalizes and Makes bearable Individual Suffering in the known World: Religion serves to soothe the man in times of school his suffering and disappointment. In this world man often suffers disappointment even in phd thesis writing chennai the midst of all hopes and achievements. The things for which he strives are in some measure always denied to him.

When human hopes are blighted, when all that was planned and striven for has been swept away, man naturally wants something to classroom management, console and compensate him. When a son dies man seeks to assuage his grief in ritualistic exchanges of writing condolence. On God he puts faith and entertains the belief that some unseen power moves in mysterious ways to paper on personal, make even his loss meaningful. Faith in God compensates him and chennai, sustains his interest in life and makes it bearable. In this way religion helps man to bear his frustrations and encourages him to accept his lot on earth. 8. Religion Enhances Self-importance: It expands one’s self to infinite proportions. Man unites himself with the depression, infinite and feels ennobled. Through unity with the infinite the self is made majestic and triumphant. Man considers himself the noblest work of God with whom he shall be united and his self thus becomes grand and phd thesis writing, luminous.

Besides this, religion shapes domestic, economic and political institutions. Religion supports institutional pattern more explicitly. All the great religions of the world have attempted to regulate kinship relations, especially marriage and essay high scholarship school, family. Political institutions are often sanctioned by religion: the emperor of writing chennai China or Japan was sacred; the ruling caste of tips to avoid depression India was sanctioned by Brahmanism; the kings of France were supposed to rule by divine right. Religious rites are performed on many occasions in relation to vital events and dominant interests: birth, initiation, marriage, sickness, death, hunting, animal husbandry and so on; and they are intimately concerned with family and phd thesis, kinship interests and with political institutions. Religion is the central element in depression the life of civilisation. Religion has also performed some other services to humanity among which Sumner and Keller included the provision of work, the spread of education, the accumulation of capital and the creation of a leisure class. For thousands of years, religion has exerted a great influence over economic and political life. Even today religion is writing, called upon to support rulers, contacts and on effective, other legal procedures. In addition to positive functions of religion, there are some negative aspects of its social functions.

Although religion is an integrative force, it may be disruptive for the society as a whole. Sumner and Keller, Benjamin Kidd, Karl Marx, Thomas F. O’ Dea and others have pointed the dysfunctions of religion. The dysfunctions of religion are as follows. 1. Religion Inhibits Protests and Hinders Social Changes: According to Thomas F. O’ Dea, religion inhibits protests and impedes social changes which may even prove to be beneficial to the welfare of the society. All protests and conflicts are not always negative.

Protests and conflicts often become necessary for bringing out changes. Some changes would certainly lead to positive reforms. By inhibiting protests and preventing changes religion may postpone reforms. 2. Hampers the Adaptation of Society to Changed Conditions: Social values and norms emanate from religious faith. Some of the norms which lose their appropriateness under changed conditions may also be imposed by religion. This can “impede a more functionally appropriate adaptation of society to changing conditions.” For example, during the chennai, medieval Europe, the Church refused to grant the ethical legitimacy of money lending at interest, despite the great functional need of this activity in a situation of developing capitalism”. Even today, traditional Muslims face religio-ethical problems concerning interest-taking.

Similar social conflict is evident in the case of research paper on personal development birth control measures including abortion, in the Catholic world. 3. Religion may Foster Dependence and Irresponsibility: Religion often makes its followers dependent on religious institutions and leaders. Chennai? But it does not develop an ability in them to assume individual responsibility. Essay High School? For example, a good number of people in writing India prefer to take the advises of priests and religious leaders before starting some ventures. But they do not take the suggestion of those who are competent in the field. In its course of development religion has supported and promoted evil practices such as cannibalism, slavery, untouchability, human and animal sacrifice etc. As religion interprets misfortune and suffering in this world as manifestations of the supernatural order itself, it sanctifies the existing social structure. Religion preaches submission to the existing socio-economic condition and to fate. It is this control function of religion that caused Marx to call religion as “the sigh of the account executive, oppressed creature, the sentiment of a heartless world, and the soul of phd thesis writing chennai soulless conditions.

It is the opiate of the people.” By sanctifying norms and legitimizing social institutions, religion serves as a guardian of the status quo. Religion is the source of many superstitions. These superstitions have caused harm to human being. Superstitions like evil spirits and ghosts cause diseases; poverty is the desire of the God etc. On Effective Classroom Management? hinder the welfare of human beings. Religion results in inter-group conflicts by dividing people along religious lines.

It is phd thesis chennai, deeply related with conflicts. Wars and essay scientific revolution, battles have been fought in the name of religion. Sumner and Keller are of the opinion that religion often causes economic wastes. For example, investing huge sums of money on building temples, churches, mosques, etc., spending much on religious fairs, festivals and writing chennai, ceremonies, spoiling huge quantity of food articles, material things etc., in the name offerings. It leads to waste of human labour, energy and time. Religion creates diversities among people. Executive Cover Letter Uk? It creates a gap among them. In the name of God and religion, loot, plundering, mass killing, rape and other cruel and inhuman treatments have been meted out to people.

Religion has made people blind, dumb and deaf to the reality. They have faith without reasoning which is blind. On the contrary, it has often made people to become bigots and fanatics. Bigotry and fanaticism have led to persecution, inhuman treatment and phd thesis, misery in the past. Religion preserves traditions. It preaches submission to the existing conditions and maintenance of status quo. Religion is not readily amenable to social change and progress. 12.

Religion Retards Scientific Achievement: Religion has tried to prevent the scientists from discovering new facts. For example, it tried to essay classroom management, suppress the doctrines of Darwin, Huxley and others. By placing high premium on divine power religion has made people fatalistic. They think that all events in phd thesis writing life is essay scientific revolution, due to some divine power and hence due to fate. As a result, his power and potentiality is chennai, undermined. Thus, religion affects the creativity of man. Marx has strongly criticised religion. For Marx all that was fundamental in the science of society proceeded from the material and tips depression, especially the economic sphere. For him therefore religion is, to be sure, superstition, but to stop at phd thesis writing, this point is to limit religion to merely abstract belief. It leaves the impression that religion may be dislodged simply by new, rational belief.

Marx’s sense of the matter is more profound. Merely changing beliefs is not enough. The transformation of an entire social order is required, for belief is deeply rooted in the social relations of men. Religion, writes Marx, “is the ‘self-consciousness and tips depression, self-feeling of man who either has not yet found himself or has already lost himself. But man is no abstract being, squatting outside the world. Man is the world of man, the state, and society. This state, this society produce religion, a perverted world consciousness, because they are a perverted world. Religion is the compendium of that world, its encyclopedic, its enthusiasm, its moral sanction, its solemn completion, its universal ground for consolation and justification. It is the writing, fantastic realization of the human essence because the human essence has no true reality. Marx believed, like Luduig Feuerbach, that what man gives to research paper, God in the form of worship, he takes from himself.

That is, man is persuaded through suffering or through false teaching to project what is his to a supernatural being. But he was convinced, unlike Feuerbach, that what is fundamental is not religious forms – against phd thesis writing, which Feuerbach had urged revolt-but the on effective, economic forms of existence. The abolition of religion as the “illusory happiness” of the people is required for their real happiness, declared Marx. But before religion can be abolished the conditions which nurture it must be done away with. “The demand to give up the illusions about its condition is the demand to give up a condition which needs illusion”. Marx’s criticism of religion is thus deeply connected with the criticism of right and the criticism of politics. As Marx put it… “The criticism of heaven transforms itself into the criticism of earth, the phd thesis writing, criticism of religion into the criticism of law and the criticism of theology into the criticism of politics”. Marx was an atheist as well as a great humanist. He had profound sympathy for all who look up to religion for salvation. This is amply clear from his following observation: “The criticism of religion ends with the teaching that man is the highest essence of man, hence with the categorical imperative to overthrow all relations in which man is debased, enslaved abandoned…” Change is the very essence of a living thing.

A living religion must grow, must advance and must change. No form of religion is static. Tips? In some cases the writing, change may be slow and minor, in to avoid depression others relatively rapid and major. Every religion claims its first principle supreme, original and eternal. Hence, there is also an writing element of censure for change. Broadly, there are three types of changes in religion: (i) from simple to complex, (ii) from complex to simple and (iii) mixing forms. Contact with complex form of religion adds many new elements in papers the simple form of tribal religion. For example, with the gradual spread of Vaishnavism in chhotanagpur, the Oraons tribe which lives in that region, began to reorganise traditional faith. There are also examples of simplification of complex form of religion, specially of rituals and ceremonies.

Buddhism for instance, came as a revolt against the Vedic ritual which was both complex and expensive, and also beyond the common man’s reach. In the 19 century, Brahmo Samaj again tried to simplify the complex nature of Brahmanic Hinduism. Mixing of more than one form has caused development of new religious organisation. The most excellent example is phd thesis, of Sophism. It has evolved from Persian, Zoroastrianism and Arab Islamism. Watermarking? Sikhism, Kabirpantha and many other Santa-Sampradayas of their kind are Sanatan Hinduism, modified by Buddhism and Suphism.

The history of the development of religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated village towards large, complex, urban, industrialised society the character of influence of religion on phd thesis chennai man and his life changes. Essay School? In the earlier phases of religion the primary needs of mankind, those concerned with the necessities of life, played a dominant part. As man’s knowledge of writing chennai natural forces grows, he learns to control them by on effective classroom management natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and conditions. As religious explanation of the universe is phd thesis, gradually substituted by executive uk rational scientific explanations and various group activities (such as politics, education, art and music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastical to civil and other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as a power over man and phd thesis writing, his society loses its importance. This movement is sometimes referred to as secularisation. Thus secularisation as Bryan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance.

In Europe, secularisation is held to be the outcome of the social changes brought about by urban, industrial society. Management? It means that religious beliefs and practices have tended to chennai, decline in modern urban, industrial societies, particularly among the working class in papers Western societies. Religion in Western societies has tended to place less emphasis on dogma and more on phd thesis writing chennai social values. It has tried to essay revolution, reconcile its doctrine with scientific knowledge. As Barnes has pointed out religion adapted to our changed conditions of life is worth preserving and it must seek to organise. Phd Thesis Chennai? The masses and guide their activities for the benefit of the society rather than for the purpose of pleasing the God. Secularism as an ideology has emerged from the dialectic of modern science and Protestantism, not from simple repudiation of religion and the rise of rationalism. However, the process of secularisation has affected the essay scientific, domination of religious institutions and symbols.

The process of secularisation was started in India during the British rule. Phd Thesis Writing Chennai? But the process of secularisation took its course unlike Western Europe renaissance and to avoid, reformation in the fifteenth and sixteenth century. The process was very slow. However, this worldly outlook, rationality and secular education gradually affected various aspects of religion in India. Various laws of social reformation, modern education, transport and phd thesis, communication contributed towards decline in religiosity among the Hindus. No doubt we are moving from religiosity to secular way of life. But evidences show that religious beliefs have not declined in West as well as in our society. First, organised Christianity plays an important political force in Europe and North America. Second, the vitality of Zionism, militant Islam (Islamic fundamentalism), radical Catholicism in Latin America and Sikhism, fundamentalism and communalism in essay high scholarship school India suggest that no necessary connection exists between modernisation and secularisation. All these criticisms are formidable indeed.

But it should be noted that the diversity of religious sects and cults in modern societies demonstrates that religion has become an individual matter and phd thesis chennai, not a dominant feature of essay social life. It can also be argued that, while religion may play a part in ideological struggles against colonialism (as in Iran), in the long run modernisation of society brings about secularisation. The history of the development of religion shows that as mankind moves from small isolated villages towards large, complex, urban, industrial society; the influence of religion on man and his life changes. Phd Thesis Writing Chennai? In the earlier phases of religion the primary needs of mankind were very much influenced by it. Essay On Effective Classroom Management? As man’s knowledge of natural forces grows, he learns to control them by natural methods, that is, by a detailed scrutiny of their causes and phd thesis writing, conditions. As religious explanation of the universe is gradually substituted by rational scientific explanations and various group activities (politics, education, art and on effective classroom management, music) have been increasingly transferred from ecclesiastic to civil and other non-religious agencies, the conception of God as power over man and his society loses its importance. This movement is phd thesis, sometimes referred to as secularization. Secularism as an ideology has emerged from the dialectic of modern science and Protestantism, not from a simple repudiation of religion and the rise of rationalism. ‘Secularisation’, in the words of Peter Berger, refers to ‘the process by essay which sectors of society and culture are removed from the chennai, domination of essay high scholarship religious institutions and symbols. Brayan Wilson argues that the following factors encouraged the development of rational thinking and a rational world view. Firstly, ascetic Protestantism, which created an ethic which was pragmatic, rational controlled and anti-emotional.

Secondly, the rational organizations, firms, public service, educational institution, Government, the State which impose rational behaviour upon them. Thirdly, the chennai, greater knowledge of social and physical world which results from the development of physical, biological and social sciences. He says that this knowledge is based on reason rather than faith. He claims that science not only explained many facts of life and the material environment in a way more satisfactory (than religion), but it also provided confirmation of essay scholarship school its explanation in practical results. The term ‘secularisation’ has been used in different ways. Some have misunderstood, misconceived and misinterpreted the meaning of the concept. Others have included discrete and phd thesis writing, separate elements loosely, put them together that create confusion. The range of meaning attached to the term has become so wide, that David Martin advocates its removal from the sociological vocabulary. There are two meanings of the word current in modern and modernizing India and even in to avoid depression the whole of this subcontinent.

One of the two meanings is found by writing consulting any standard dictionary. But there is the difficulty in finding the other, for it is account executive, non-standard, local meaning which, many like to believe, is typically and distinctively Indian or South Asian. The first meaning becomes clear when people talk of writing chennai secular trends in history or economics, or when they speak of secularizing the State. The word secular has been used in this sense, at least in essay the English-speaking West, for more than three hundred years. This secularism chalks out an area in public life where religion is not admitted. One can have religion in one’s private life. One can be a good Hindu or a good Muslim within one’s home or at one’s place of worship. But when one enters public life, one is expected to leave one’s faith behind. In contrast, the non-Western meaning of secularism revolves round equal respect for all religions. In the Indian context the word has very different meaning from its standard use in writing the English language. It is held that India is uk, not Europe and writing chennai, hence secularism in India cannot mean the same thing as it does in Europe.

What does it matter if secularism means something else in Europe and American political discourse? As long as there are clear and commonly agreed referents for the world in on digital watermarking the Indian context, we should go ahead and address ourselves to the specifically Indian meaning of secularism. Unfortunately the matter cannot be settled that easily. The Indian meaning of secularism did not emerge in ignorance of the European or American meanings of the word. Writing Chennai? Indian meaning of secularism is debated in its Western genealogies. New meaning is acquired by the word secularism in India. The original concept is named by the English words, Secular and secularism in the Indian languages, by neologisms such as ‘Dharma-nirapekshata. On Effective Classroom? This is translation of those English words and dharma-nirapekshata is used to refer to the range of phd thesis meanings indicated by the English term. The term dharma-nirapekshata cannot be a substitute of secular or secularism which is standardly used in talking about the role of religion in depression a modern State or society. Dharma-nirapekshata is the outcome of writing vested interests inherent in our political system.

Dharma-nirapekshata is understood in essay terms of phd thesis writing practice of any religion by any citizen. Besides, the State is papers, not to give preference to any religion over another. But this term is irrelevant in a democratic structure and it bears no application in reality because three principles are mentioned in the liberal-doctrine (Liberty which requires that the State, permits the practice of any religion, equality which requires that State not to give preference to any religion and phd thesis chennai, the principle of neutrality). Indian secularism has been inadequately defined ‘attitude’ of goodwill towards all religions, ‘Sarvadharma Sadbhava’. On Effective Management? In a narrower formulation it has been a negative or a defensive policy of religious neutrality on the part of the State.

Hence, the original concept will not admit the Indian case with its range of references. Well-established and well-defined concept of secularism cannot be explained differently in phd thesis terms of development Western or Indian model. To Herberg, ‘authentic religion’ means an emphasis on the supernatural, a deep inner conviction of the phd thesis writing chennai, reality of supernatural power, a serious commitment to religious teaching, a strong element of the theological doctrine and a refusal to compromise religious beliefs and values with those of the wider society. If there is any trend of decline in any aspect of religion mentioned above, then it is indicative of the research on personal, process of secularisation. Thus secularization, as Brayan Wilson has defined, refers to the process in which religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance. Religion in America is subordinated to the American way of life. It means that religious belief and writing chennai, practices have tended to decline. Secularism is taken to mean that one’s religious ideals and beliefs should not interfere in general with social, economic and essay scientific, political field. Paying equal importance or constitutional guarantee for coexistence of religions does not mean secularism. There are other aspects of secularism. Secularism is related to rationalism and phd thesis writing, empiricism.

Secularisation involves reduction of religious influence on men, elimination of some aspects of it which are not beneficial to human welfare, elimination of on effective superstitions and blind beliefs. In this manner, the process of secularisation implies the following assumptions. The process of secularisation implies the transformation of religious institutions as a whole. There is the need to secularise the religious institutions. Writing Chennai? This means less emphasis on supernatural power, lack of theological doctrine, and desirability to compromise with religious beliefs and values. The religious institutions undergo a process of on digital change in phd thesis writing the context of changing society. In a modern society sacred has little or no place, that a society undergoes a process of ‘desacrilisation’ . This means that supernatural forces are no longer seen as controlling the world. Action is not directed by essay classroom religious beliefs. People in a modern society increasingly look upon the world and their own lives without the benefit of religious interpretation. As a result there is a ‘secularisation of consciousness’.

Berger argues that the ‘decisive variable for phd thesis secularisation is the process of rationalisation’. That is the pre-requisite for research any industrial society of the modern type. Secularisation also implies rationality. Wilson argues that a rational world view is the energy of religion. It is based on testing of arguments and beliefs by rational procedure, on asserting truth by writing chennai means of factors which can be quantified and objectively measured. Religion is based on faith. Its claim to essay on effective management, truth cannot be tested by rational procedures. A rational world view rejects faith which is the chennai, basis of religion. It removes the mystery, magic and authority of religion. A secular man lays more emphasis on physical laws rather than supernatural forces. The process of secularisation as the most important component of the process of modernisation is occurring in different forms in various contemporary societies.

Like modernisation, this process is paper on personal development, good and desirable for the welfare of mankind. Finally, it is both a product and a process. Leave a Reply Click here to cancel reply. You must be logged in to post a comment. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the phd thesis chennai, following pages:

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Essay: Business plan – #039;JoyIce#039; iced tea. Tea has a special place in chennai the hearts and minds of research, people in sub-continent especially in Pakistan. People’s creativity has led to writing chennai the birth of many other flavors which are exclusively found in Pakistan. To Avoid Depression! And other parts of the world. It is the phd thesis, favourite hot drink of the nation and acquires market share second to essay high scholarship school none. Writing Chennai! People consume at least two to three cups of tea any given day. Social and business gathering involves tea as refreshment, but to introduce a cold variant of the hot drink can only be done during summers. Pakistan has a dynamic weather system, where south remains hot throughout the year, center experiences all 4 weathers and the north is dominated by cold weather. Stepping into cold beverage market is a tough step as it is dominated by cold drinks such as Pepsi and papers watermarking Coke, and other juice based drinks. Their market share is high however there are hardly any companies who are in Ice Tea with a big market share. Our product will be launched initially with limited popular flavours with a name JoyIce Tea. Writing! ( Abbas et al.2011)

JoyIce will be offered in many flavors, such as Original, Kashmiri, Lemon and Rose. Ice tea at essay scholarship school, the moment involves multinational and local manufacturers having their own brands. Phd Thesis Writing Chennai! In terms of Ice Tea the two main competitors are Nestle and Lipton ice tea but their flavors normally focus on essay scientific, fruits and because of the phd thesis chennai, price, they still haven’t got enough market share as available due to lack of awareness about the to avoid depression, advantages of chennai, Ice tea for people. In order to enter with a new product in market it is important to analyze different market segments. Essay Scientific Revolution! Segmentation can be done according to demographics, psychographic, audience and age group. (www.highbeam.com) The launch strategy of our product will involve educational promotions about the advantages over other available products and how to utilize this product in daily life. The main goal is to provide the consumer nutrition, alertness, energy and a taste of chilled tea. The company will have a flat structure with two owners in a partnership both investing in equal share under a name of Hi-Life limited .The main plant of phd thesis writing, production will be rented in North Karachi industrial area which is located in Karachi on on personal, 200 acres as per estimate. Writing Chennai! The company is looking forward to make arrangements of having agreements with four big depots already being operated by companies supplying for paper others. Phd Thesis Writing Chennai! With four depots in major cities of Pakistan which are Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad and Quetta we will be able to supply according to required demand.

The depot which will be hired in Quetta will supply for two provinces which are KhyberPakhtoonKhuwa and Balochistan. Legal requirement will involved, clean water supply certificate, business trade certificate, operation in plant certificate and manufacturing plant approval on that particular land by Government of Pakistan. Mission Statement: JoyIce tea is aiming to reach consumer demand in their busy life and to essay scholarship school provide them with a drink which can make them enjoy the refreshing taste and relax low calories and less sugar but a quality product in taste. We aim to phd thesis chennai build a strong relationship with our customers through JoyIce tea and everyone attached to essay classroom it. Costing and Pricing:

The cost of manufacturing plays an important role in chennai pricing a product for consumer. Ice tea will be marketed in two volumes with 250 ml and 500ml.A 250ml will be available in cans and 500ml in bottles. The average cost of competitors in the market is Rs 30.Our target is to bring our product out in papers watermarking the market with making profits for suppliers, retailer as well for phd thesis writing the company. (Kamerow, 2010) PRODUCT COST PRICE. Ice Tea in 250ml Can Rs 11.00 Rs 25.00. Ice Tea in 500ml Bottle Rs 16.00 Rs 40.00250ml x 4 RS 75.00. Fig 1: Cost and Price. For the initial months or a year, the on digital, sale projection will be focused on getting our product more and more to the consumers and building a good reputation of taste and quality. By providing discounted pack size like for writing a pack of 4 and 8 we will try to maximize our sales. Fig 2: Sales Projection.

Sales projection suggest that the business will rise steadily after getting started in essay on effective classroom management 2015.With the increase in sales in each year we are expecting a high rise in sales during 2018 and 2019 as by this time after years of writing, promotions and marketing our product will be trusted by customers with quality and taste. For a new product like ice tea in market promotion is the best tool in order to attract consumers towards the product and making them to buy the product. Different marketing and promotion strategies have been formed in different places of the country. ‘ Road Promotion: Different cars and essay vans with ice tea drinks on various spots can provide free small samples to people in order to taste the phd thesis writing chennai, product. Scientific Revolution! If they like, they will buy it from the phd thesis writing, store to enjoy it again in big volumes.(Cooper,1984) ‘ Cool Spots: This include setting up different stalls in play grounds, shopping malls and walking parks. People will see the product being promoted and will try to buy it for the first time just to try a new taste.

By these families, kids and research working consumer can have the opportunity to try it. Location Promotion: Universities, Colleges, Schools and office buildings where people are found in big number will be targeted by supplying the different stores in these premises to phd thesis chennai sell them out. Initial supply to these retailers will make the retailers pay the company after selling them.(Cooper,1984) JoyIce Cafe: We plan on establishing a caf?? focusing on development, JoyIce tea products along with complementary food items and promote it as a place for people to relax and hang out with their friends. ‘ Sponsorships: Our promotional plans also include hosting a morning radio show as people traveling in buses can hear about product through radio.

One music video will also be launched and sponsored with JoyIce tea in promotion on social media as well as on TV. Phd Thesis! JoyIce tea sponsored stores will be also be a part of promotion for few stores in a city depending on essay school, the population of chennai, that area and high scholarship consuming capacity.(Abbas .et al,2011) ‘ Club Programme: Hi-life club will formed for ice tea users to participate in different events either sponsored or held by them. This would involve small gathering and some exclusive events in town. ‘ Social Marketing: Social Marketing will play a major role in attracting young and phd thesis working class. We will organize different campaigns for awareness of our product on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, YouTube and other social sites. (J.Quelch,2008) JoyIce Tea in the current market scenario of Pakistan has a potential to generate market shares in this category of cold drinks. Essay High! Few brands are available for ICE Tea in market but a large volume of market share is still unexploited. JoyIce tea has different flavors than its competitors and can do well if they get initial good reviews from consumer and phd thesis writing stores. People are moving to different drinks now as compared to previous years where only soft drinks used to dominate.People are looking for healthy, refreshing and energizing drinks and it comes in ice tea then people will havemore options to choose from.

People are now more conscious about their health and fitness, they look for a drink which can provide them with all the basic nutrients and our product is an ideal drink with the fundamental nutrients. (www.euromonitor.com) ‘ College and Universities. ‘ Social Gathering organizer and events. ‘ People are becoming diet conscious and with milk tea they gain high amount of calories by sipping two or cups per day. With JoyIce tea we are offering a low calories drink to watermarking make as a substitute for people who drink more of soft drink and tea. ‘ There are number of people we don’t drink hot tea or don’t prefer them and phd thesis writing it’s a different market share which can be capitalized by research paper development chilled JoyIce tea. They not only quench their thirst but also enjoy the flavor of tea. ‘ Tea Flavors are used in JoyIce tea rather than using fruit flavors. Chennai! This provides consumer of a different choice rather their buying an ICE tea with fruit flavor which they can also taste in a juice form.

‘ Youth is always looking for on digital watermarking a drink to pump extra adrenaline and phd thesis writing is the high scholarship school, major part of writing chennai, Pakistan population. Essay High School! Our target would be to attract the attention of youth towards our product so they can enjoy the chilled JoyIce tea and allow us to gain a market share. Tea culture in Pakistan is one of the major parts of chennai, social, professional and family gathering. Research Paper On Personal Development! People in writing offices, universities, colleges, hospital and the list goes on consume tea as a part of high school, routine.Tea Cafes are increasing day by day and most of them are running well throughout Pakistan. The busiest period is evening and night time where people gather to socialize and chat with friends, family and writing chennai colleagues. People love tea of all age groups.

JoyIce tea will allow people to follow the same culture in a different form of drink. Male 65% and Female 35% Age Group from 18-45 years. Income: Average per state income. Locality: Urban area.

Cities: Karachi, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Quetta and Peshawar. Lifestyle: Working,studying, events, restaurants, cafes, events and gathering. JoyIce tea is a new company and its competitors have a reputed names with market share in thie industry. Tips To Avoid Depression! In terms of Ice tea in phd thesis writing Pakistan, Lipton and Nestle are the biggest threats as they are leading brands of the world. Their ice tea is available in account different flavors all over Pakistan.They have various depots installed in different parts of Pakistan. Another market segment which is a major competitor is the popularity of hot tea cafes.

People love to gather and socialize in these cafes and phd thesis initially it will be tough for our product to penetrate in to these potential customers. Secondary competitors are soft drinks,energy drinks and juices. People of every class drink them a lot .Some are cheaper in price and some are really good in taste. Once you are in a routine of using them it takes a bit of time to try a new product and revolution getting used to with it. The company will focus on providing quality taste with JoyIce tea so when customers try our product they should like it and buy it more often. (White,2004) Hi-Life is planning to form four different departments with their own team headed by the department. Fig 3: Organization Structure.

Human resource and phd thesis Management: Company is planning to on effective have five member of Human Resource team including Head of phd thesis writing, HR. Along with this Head of organization will also be involved in recruiting some employees in key positions with the HR department. Initially, the structure of to avoid, HR will be limited but as the company will progress plans will be made to extend this department. The selection criteria will be on experience in the field, current occupation, expectation of an writing chennai, employee from the company. Newly graduates will be given opportunity to work and their selection criteria will be based on situational paper based questions and then after short listing the potential candidate final interview will be held to employee them. Essay On Effective Classroom! As we are a new company, we will try recruiting both young and experienced staff in order to phd thesis chennai utilize the combination of on digital watermarking, ideas and workforce for better outcome.( T.Watson,2012)

Total Man Power: 80 people will be working initially at the start-up of JoyIce tea including all departments of operations. Motivational Schemes for phd thesis writing chennai employees. ‘ Annual bonuses depending on companies’ progress. ‘ Promotions on yearly basis. ‘ Offering holiday packages to best employees.

‘ Job security and personal time to employees by the head of paper on personal development, organization regarding any problems at work. (www.hrps.org) Initially to a start new business requires a lot of investment, planning, strategies and real effort in order to launch a quality product in market for consumers. Following tables represent the complete profile from initial expenses to overall company’s assets and value. Expenses in Start-up Amount. License and Certifications Rs 1,50,000.00. Promotions Rs 10,0000.00. Insurance Rs 5,00,000.00. Rent Rs 1,00,000.00. Plant and equipment Rs 50,0000.00.

Others Rs 150,000.00. Total Rs 60,0000.00. Start-up Assets Amount. Required amount in Cash Rs 150,0000.00. Inventory Rs 200000.00. Long-term Assets Rs 100,0000.00. Other Assets Rs 300000.00. Total Assets Rs 2,00,0000.00.

Fig 3: Expenses and Assets. Funds for start-up Amount. Funds for Expenses Rs 60,00000.00. Assets to writing Fund for high scholarship Start-Up Rs 2,000000.00. Total Required Funds Rs 260,0000.00. Fig 4: Funds for Strat-Up. Current Borrowing Rs. 1,000,000.

Long-Term Rs. 2,000,0000. Outstanding Payable Rs 0. Other Liabilities Rs 0. Total Rs. 3,000,000. Involved Capital Amount. Investment by Owners Rs. 16,000,000. Other Investors Rs.

1,5000,000. Bank Loan Rs. 0.00. Extra Investment Requires Rs. 0.00. Start-Up Expenses( Loss in Capital) Rs. 6,000,000. Total Rs. 25,000,000. Total Liabilities Capital Rs. 280,000,000.

Total Required Funding Rs. Phd Thesis Chennai! 260,000,000. Fig 5: Capital, Liabilities Total funding Required. The Tax returns for rental production companies is 25% and rental plant expenses have been added in the finance projection table.The total amount being invested in this project is 280,000,000.00 and the major capital is invested by the two brothers .Other small investors are also providing their shares in this amount. On Effective! Initially the plant for phd thesis chennai production is being rented and company will plan to research buy a separate land depending on the sales and capital return in the following fiveyears. After five years we plan to chennai setup few depots in different cities of Pakistan in order to on effective expand the distribution channel. Towers Watson, S.Harding,(2012).

Manager Redefined: The competitive advantage in the middle of you Oraganization,4(156) Zamin Abbas,R.,Rafay, A., Ahmad Z.(2011).A study of Strategic Orientations, Pakistan Brands and. Implications.InterdisciplinaryJournal of Contemporary Research in Business,2 (10) Kamerow, D. (2010). The case of the sugar sweetened beverage tax. BMJ, 341. Kamerow,D.(2010).The case of the sugar sweetened beverage tax.BML,341. Mark.A.Thomas.(1996).What is writing chennai, a Human Resource Strategy.Health Man power management.22(2) Cooper,R.C.(1984).New Product strategies:What distinguishes the top performers?

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