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Master s thesis – Master of Electrical Engineering - ESAT, KU Leuven

Master thesis electrical engineering

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bilography Dissertation on New Woman Novelists (preliminary stage to Ardis's later book, see Ardis 1990). Assumes an early beginning of the master thesis engineering modernist era. Attempts a diachronic arrangement of literary works. Provides many textual references. Advertisement Essay! Ardis, Ann. 1990.

New Women, New Novels: Feminism and Early Modernism . New Brunswick London: Rutgers UP. Batchelor, John. Master Thesis Electrical Engineering! 1986. The Edwardian Novel. London: Duckworth. Beauman, Nicola. 1983. A Very Great Profession: The Woman's Novel 1914-39 . London: Virago. Beetham, Margaret. 1996. A Magazine of Her Own?: Domesticity and Desire in the Woman's Magazine, 1800-1914 . London New York: Routledge.

Study on the development of (conservative) women's magazines in the time of 1880-1914. Boom in the 1990s: New Journalism . Change of images of women to a limited degree and in opposition to the New Woman : discussion of middle-class working women, modification of the image of the housewife, division of the reading public into mothers , girls , fashionable women , women at home , ladies. Communication Skills! Culture of advertisement. Beddoe, Deirdre. Master Thesis Electrical Engineering! 1989. Back to skills essays Home and Duty: Women Between the Wars, 1918-1939 . London etc.: Pandora. Study on the situation of women between the wars. Key words: misogynist trends in society, female education as an enclave of emancipation, professions for women, health, leisure, reading, cinema, radio. Images of electrical engineering, Women, influence on women writers.

Bjorhovde, Gerd. 1987. Rebellious Structures: Women Writers and the Crisis of the Novel 1880-1900 . Oslo: Norwegian UP. One of the few books specifically focusing on interpreting fin-de-siècle highbrow texts by women. Textual material: four representative authors of the late 19th century - Olive Schreiner, Margaret Harkness, Sarah Grand and George Egerton. Forerunners of modernism, prepared the grounds for analysis, modernist change in terms of content and form: Authors address matters of female concern gained importance in the public consciousness at the turn of the century and shortly before.

Tension between positive and negative evaluation of the New Woman as an interesting topic to narrate. Foci of New Realisms: Scepticism, questioning of conventional values, transgression of conventional Victorian conception of genre. 'Crisis' of the novel: Breaking of conventional structures of time, plot, content and style. Fragmentarization of plot, anachronisms, subjectivity, internal focalization, no explicit narrator. Bjorhovde provides very detailed analyses of texts. Bland, Lucy. 1995. Banishing the Beast: English Feminism and Sexual Morality, 1885-1914.

Harmondsworth: Penguin. Bland's book is a comprehensive study on the subject of feminism and sexual morality around the thesis electrical turn of the (19th to communication skills 20th) century. Her aim is to master thesis electrical engineering sketch the contemporary (and, at least from a 21st-century point of thesis on lupus, view, often problematical) feminist discourse in its interdependence with the restrictive cultural context of the time. Master Thesis! The study therefore provides a wealth of biographical material. Part One: historical and scientific background of the topic (constructions of femininity in dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and their feminist reception). Parts Two and Three: discussion of the concrete practical difficulties in realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on the fields of prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and alternative forms of sexual identity. Brokoph-Mauch, Gudrun. Cuny City! 1995. Salome and Ophelia: The Portrayal of Women in Art and Literature at the Turn of the Century. In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds.

The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. 466-474. Burmeister, Tereza. 1994. In Search of the Lost Woman-Time: Cross-Biographical Studies on master electrical the Construction of (Post-)Modern Gender Identity. History of European Ideas 19: 837-844. Chinitz, David. 1997. 'Dance, Little Lady': Poets, Flappers, and the Gendering of Jazz. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach. New York London: Garland Publishing.

319-335. Feldman, Jessica. 1989. Gender on the Divide: The Dandy in Modernist Literature. Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Felski, Rita. 1995. The Gender of Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and college cultural history.

Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Engineering! Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Finney, Gail. 1989. Women in Modern Drama: Freud, Feminism, and European Theatre at the Turn of the Century . City College Application Essay! Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Flint, Kate 1993. The Woman Reader, 1837-1914. Oxford: Oxford UP. Study on master electrical engineering female identity and readership.

Key words: motivation to city college essay read, responses to master books, effects of reading on body and mind, reading in different contexts (e.g. Advertisement Analysis! advice manuals, periodical press, fictional reading, reading practices). Considers various discourses: chapter on medical, physiological and thesis psychoanalytic theory. Provides information on the material read: helpful source for lesser known primary literature (novels and documentary texts). Gale, Maggie B. 1996. West End Women: Women and the London stage 1918-1962 . London New York: Routledge. Study on women and the theatre. Describes the significant participation of communication, female authors in the theatrical world between 1918 and master thesis electrical 1962. After winning the printmaking watermark vote, women were on the advance in electrical engineering, every sector. Gale addresses women questions, but not from a feminist theoretical background.

Topics of thesis statement on lupus, interest: profession and family, working class women, mother role, relationship mother-daughter. Gardiner, Juliet, ed. 1993. Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman. London: Collins Brown.

Essay collection on literary representations of the New Woman. Analysis is not limited to the genre of the New Woman novel , covers a wide range of textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and other cultural-historical documents. Deals with established and less established writers. Hall, Lesley. Electrical! A. 1991. Hidden Anxieties: Male Sexuality 1900-1950. Cambridge: Polity Press. Study on men and uk sexuality. Depicts different perspectives on how male sexuality is constructed.

Grounds on biographic material: letters to Marie Stopes written by different men as a response to Stopes's Married Love. Addresses male sexual inhibitions, problems and sexual enlightenment. Master Electrical Engineering! Horn, Pamela. 1995. Women in the 1920s. Stroud: Alan Sutton Publishing.

Jeffreys, Sheila. On Effective! 1985. Thesis! The Spinster And Her Enemies: Feminism and sexuality 1880-1930 . London etc.: Pandora. Study on the image of the spinster. Pays critical attention to the so-called sexual liberation in modernism from a gender-oriented perspective. Main point: sexual liberation applied for men, could be counter-productive for statement, women - negative effects on women: enormous pressure to master electrical do sexually well, blurred boundaries between sexual liberation (for men) and cuny city essay sexual obligation (for women). Ergo: diverse feminist reactions to sexual liberation: Purity Movement: postulated the spiritual nature of love, chastity as liberty (images of thesis electrical engineering, women: spinster , frigid women , lesbian ), Free Love: Sexuality increases in value, this became especially true for extra-marital love. Yet the problem of sexual obligation remained. Revolt against male harassment: prostitution, child abuse. Joannou, Maroula.

1994. 'Nothing Is Impractible for advertisement analysis, a Single, Middle-Aged Woman with an Income of her Own': The Spinster in Women's Fiction of the 1920s. In: Sybil Oldfield, ed. This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and Culture(s) in Britain 1914-1945 . London: Taylor Francis. 175-191. Paper on the 1920s image of the spinster in thesis engineering, English culture and literature (May Sinclair, Katherine Mansfield, Ivy Compton-Burnett, Sylvia Townsend Warner, F.M. Mayor). Discusses fears of society's feminisations through the demographic 'redundancy' of women and contrasts these with the actual economic and familial situation of the majority of English spinsters.

Joannou, Maroula. 1995. 'Ladies, Please Don't Smash These Windows': Women's Writing, Feminist Consciousness and Social Change 1918-38 . Advertisement! Oxford Providence: Berg. Study on women writers between 1918 and 1938. Master Thesis! Covers a wide spectrum of female authors, some established and some less established. Less established writers: Vera Brittain, Leonora Eyles, Radclyffe Hall, Sylvia Townsend Warner, E.H. Young.

Established writers: Virginia Woolf, Dorothy Richardson, Elizabeth Bowen, Rosamond Lehmann, Rebecca West. Essay! Further textual material considered: Anti-fascist writings. Study contains a detailed chapter on the image of the spinster and gives relevant textual examples. Kent, Susan. 1987.

Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP. Master! Study on the role of sexuality in cv covering letters uk, first wave feminism and its ideological context. Master Thesis Electrical Engineering! Foci: stereotypes of femininity (overview). Women's vote as a symbol of sexual liberation. Further foci: sex war, prostitution, marriage, medicine, legislation. Laity, Cassandra. 1996. H.D. and the Victorian Fin de Siècle : Gender, Modernism, Decadence . Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Ledger, Sally. 1997. The New Woman: Fiction and feminism at the fin de siècle. Manchester New York: Manchester UP. Study on the New Woman: supplementary to Ardis (1990). Complex and contradictory definition of New Woman: New Woman as a textual phenomenon in magazines and novels, as a trigger of controversial public debate. Detailed contextualization: women's liberation movement in its relation to socialism, imperialism and the debate over sexuality ( purity movement vs. decadence), theories on lesbian love, New Woman as a phenomenon of the city.

Classification of the New Woman novel in literary-historical terms: shows a multitude of literary forms, only partially to be classified as modernist. Melman, Billie. 1988. Women and the Popular Imagination in the Twenties: Flappers and Nymphs . London: Macmillan. Study on images of women in the 1920s.

Images dominating the public consciousness: flapper and surplus woman. Analysis of a very broad spectrum of popular literature (broad in terms of reception rather than sales figures). Key words: best-seller, serial fiction, book business and magazines. Milgram Knapp, Shoshana. 1996.

Revolutionary Androgynity in the Fiction of 'Victoria Cross'. In: Kaplan, Carola M. Anne B. Simpson, eds. Seeing Double: Revisioning Edwardian and Modernist Literature . New York: St. Martin's Press. 3-19. Miller, Jane Eldridge. 1994. Rebel Women: Feminism, Modernism and the Edwardian Novel . London: Virago. Study on the feminist movement in the context of the modernist era. Revision of the literary canon: Provides a discussion of women's novels between 1900 and 1914, a period often neglected in literary criticism.

Describes the transitional period of literary modernism: Thematic innovations and formal modification of traditional narration. Attempts of independent female development and criticism of women's role in society replace the letters traditional courtship plot. Critical reflection of marriage. Discussion of (new) images of women. Genre: predominantly suffragette novels.

Considers the engineering socio-cultural context of the literary texts. Ouditt, Sharon. 1994. Fighting Forces, Writing Women: Identity and Ideology in the First World War . London New York: Routledge. Study on printmaking women and master electrical engineering World War I. Starts out focusing on a description of women at work (medical duty, agricultural work, work in munitions factories).

Continues to approach the topic by looking at different texts: magazines, autobiographies and novels (partly popular literature). Literature (fictional and non-fictional) is granted a major role in this context. Areas of discussion: images of women: stereotypical Red Cross Nurse (active role of hero, yet female) - the ordinary housewife at the home front as angel in the house in war literature. Critical reflection on the war and women's roles in postwar fiction. Image of the mother as a preserver of life. Feminist pacifism. The shock experience of war and the temporary allocation of roles as a danger to identity. Discussion of the influence of skills, World War I on society and literature as part of modernism. Pumphrey, Martin. 1987.

The Flapper, the thesis electrical Housewife and the Making of Modernity. Cultural Studies 1.2: 179-194. Cv Covering Uk! Pykett, Lyn. 1992. The Improper Feminine. The Woman's Sensation Novel and the New Woman Writing. London: New York: Routledge. Thesis Electrical! Study on femininity and city application essay women's writing. Genre: Sensational novel and New Woman novel between 1860 and 1900.

Points to thesis electrical their subversive and emancipatory aspects. Canon-revisionary impact: Pykett stresses the importance of the sensational novel and essay on effective classroom the New Woman novel for literary history. Forerunners of modernist authors such as Woolf and Richardson. Considers formal aspects of subversion: Sensational novel depicts female stereotypes, yet subverts them by introducing female protagonists deviating from traditional gender norms. New Woman novel subverts on the level of master thesis, narration and plot: non-realistic, impressionist, episodic. Management! Pykett's study is a source for less established primary literature. Electrical Engineering! Pykett, Lyn.

1995. Engendering Fictions: The English Novel in the Early Twentieth Century . London etc.: Edward Arnold. Study proceeds from literary history focusing on novels. Introduces established modernist writers on the basis of the gender crisis at the time (relatively selective). Deals with New Woman writing, psychological theories, Dora Marsden's The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist and the phenomenon of degeneration as a result of mass society.

Defines literary modernism quite restrictively: modernism as a programme of literary aesthetics, experimentation and formation of a canon, period beginning in 1890. Provides critical discussion of arguments against a feminist revision of the modernist canon. Showalter, Elaine. 1990. Sexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture at the Fin de Siècle. London: Bloomsbury. Study on gender concepts at the fin de siècle . Breaking of traditional roles. Key words: theories on magazine advertisement essay sexuality, naming of homosexuality, multiple personalities (Jekyll/Hyde), reflection on physicality in terms of dissecting bodies (Jack the Ripper), venereal diseases, aestheticization of sexuality, concepts of decadence, images of women (New Woman, surplus woman). Simpson, Anne B. 1996. Architects of the Erotic: H.G. Master Electrical Engineering! Wells's 'New Women'.

In: Kaplan, Carola M. Anne B. Simpson, eds. Seeing Double: Revisioning Edwardian and Modernist Literature . Thesis On Lupus! New York: St. Martin's Press. Master Electrical Engineering! 39-55. Stern, Katherine. 1987.

The War of the Sexes in British Fantasy of the Suffragette Era. Critical Matrix 3.1: 78-109. Study dealing with differences of male and female utopian fiction. Genre: drama and novel. Focus is on uk women's concerns: 'female' defence and 'male' rejection. White, Cynthia L. 1970. Women's Magazines 1693-1968 . London: Michael Joseph. A seminal account of the development of women's magazines. One of White's foci is the literature published in these magazines. Pages 77-117 are of particular interest.

Chinitz, David. 1997. Dance, Little Lady': Poets, Flappers, and the Gendering of master thesis, Jazz. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach.

New York London: Garland Publishing. 319-335. Gitter, Elizabeth G. 1984. The Power of Women's Hair in the Victorian Imagination. Skills Essays! PMLA 99: 936-954. Analyses the significance of women's hair as fetish and instrument for hypnosis in the poetic and visual imagination of the Victorians. Kaplan, Joel H. Sheila Stowell. 1994. Theatre and master thesis electrical engineering Fashion: Oscar Wilde to the Suffragettes . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Study on the interrelationship of theatre and fashion: reciprocal influence.

Function of statement, showing fashionable women's clothes on stage: attracting and stimulating for audience (except in performances of Ibsen or Shaw). Engineering! Semantic function of dress: social status of a character and advertisement analysis essay its alteration in the course of the play ( Pygmalion ; from flower girl to lady). Symbolization of stereotypes of master, femininity: Woman as sex object, New Woman and Suffragette emphasize masculine markers (e.g. Essay! boots, umbrella) and reject female markers (e.g. skirts, sashes, puffed sleeves) - this is true for the stage as well as social reality. Marvin, Carolyn. 1988. When Old Technologies Were New: Thinking about Electric Communication in the Late Nineteenth Century . New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Cultural studies approach. Analyses technological innovations (the 'new media') of the late 19th century and their medial and communicative impact in Anglo-American culture.

Ch. 3: Focuses on the gender-specific functionalization of the body for promoting new electronic technologies. Müller-Tamm, Pia Katharina Sykora, eds. 1999. Puppen. Körper. Automaten: Phantasmen der Moderne. Kunstsammlung NRW, Düsseldorf: Oktagon.

Collection of essays discussing modernist representations of the puppet, the body and the automaton. The book includes a picture catalogue with short explanatory texts. The ten essays go beyond the discourse of fine arts: they show different perspectives on the subject reflecting both the boundary position of the artificial human being between art and cultural history and its transformation within contemporary art. Reynolds, Dee A. 1997. Dancing Free: Women's Movement in thesis, Early Modern Dance. Essay On Effective! In: Rado, Lisa, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing.

247-279. Sennett, Richard. 1994. Flesh and Stone: The Body and the City in Western Civilization . New York London: W.W. Norton. Study on space and bodily experience.

Key words: sensory perception, movements, analogies of city and body, allocation of meaning to certain areas (public, private etc.), historical change of cities, interior rooms, increasing dimension of the private in master thesis electrical engineering, interior rooms. Whiteley, Nigel. 1997. Whitewash, Ripolin, Shop-Girls, and Matière : Modernist Design and Gender. In: Rado, Lisa, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. 199-228.

Bland, Lucy. 1995. Banishing the Beast: English Feminism and Sexual Morality, 1885-1914. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Bland's book is a comprehensive study on the subject of feminism and sexual morality around the turn of the statement on lupus (19th to 20th) century. Her aim is to sketch the contemporary (and, at least from a 21st-century point of view, often problematical) feminist discourse in its interdependence with the restrictive cultural context of the time. The study therefore provides a wealth of biographical material. Part One: historical and scientific background of the topic (constructions of femininity in dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and their feminist reception). Parts Two and Three: discussion of the concrete practical difficulties in realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on the fields of prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and thesis engineering alternative forms of sexual identity.

Castle, Terry. 1993. The Apparitional Lesbian: Female Homosexuality and Modern Culture. Cv Covering! New York: Columbia UP. Felski, Rita. 1995. The Gender of Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and master thesis engineering cultural history. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Focus on essay on effective classroom management one author: Marie Corelli.

Gilman, Sander L. Master Electrical Engineering! 1985. Difference and Pathology: Stereotypes of essay on effective management, Sexuality, Race and Madness. Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Hall, Lesley. A. 1991. Hidden Anxieties: Male Sexuality 1900-1950. Cambridge: Polity Press. Study on men and sexuality. Depicts different point of views on how male sexuality is constructed. Grounds on biographic material: letters to Marie Stopes written by different men as a response to Stopes's Married Love. Master Electrical! Addresses male sexual inhibitions, problems and sexual enlightenment.

Jeffreys, Sheila. 1985. The Spinster And Her Enemies: Feminism and sexuality 1880-1930 . London etc.: Pandora. Study on the image of the spinster. Pays critical attention to the so-called sexual liberation in modernism from a gender-oriented perspective. Main point: sexual liberation applied for men, could be counter-productive for women - negative effects on women: enormous pressure to do sexually well, blurred boundaries between sexual liberation (for men) and sexual obligation (for women).

Ergo: diverse feminist reactions to sexual liberation: Purity Movement: postulated the spiritual nature of love, chastity as liberty (images of women: spinster , frigid women , lesbian ), Free Love: Sexuality increases in city application, value, this became especially true for extra-marital love. Yet the problem of sexual obligation remained. Revolt against master thesis, male harassment: prostitution, child abuse. Advertisement! Kent, Susan. 1987. Sex and Suffrage in master thesis electrical engineering, Britain, 1860-1914. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP. Study on the role of sexuality in first wave feminism and its ideological context. Foci: stereotypes of femininity (overview).

Women's vote as a symbol of sexual liberation. Further topics: sex war, prostitution, marriage, medicine, legislation. Ledger, Sally. 1997. The New Woman: Fiction and feminism at the fin de siècle. Manchester New York: Manchester UP. (ch. 5 on lesbian identity) Study on statement on lupus the New Woman: supplementary to Ardis (1990). Complex and contradictory definition of electrical engineering, New Woman: New Woman as a textual phenomenon in magazines and novels, as a trigger of controversial public debate. Detailed contextualization: women's liberation movement in its relation to socialism, imperialism and the debate over sexuality ( purity movement vs. decadence), theories on lesbian love, New Woman as a phenomenon of the city. Classification of the New Woman novel in literary-historical terms: shows a multitude of literary forms, only partially to be classified as modernist.

Lucas, John. 1997. The Radical Twenties: Aspects of Writing, Politics and Culture. Nottingham: Five Leaves. One field of analysis are theories of sexuality and their portrayal in 1920s English literature (D.H. Lawrence, Joyce), the legal situation concerning homosexuality, psychology's impact on printmaking paper watermark sexual 'liberation' and the attitude of the Bloomsbury Group towards sexuality. Mort, Frank. 1987 [2000].

Dangerous Sexualities: Medico-moral Politics in England since 1830. London: Routledge. Master Engineering! Study on sexuality as represented in a medico-moral discourse. Discourse-theoretical approach. Depicts the interaction between morality and medicine in cuny city college, the field of sexuality. Key words: Debate on social hygiene: purity vs. Master Thesis Engineering! decadence. Sexuality in the context of the city. Moscucci, Ornella. 1990.

The Science of Woman: Gynaecology and Gender in England, 1800-1929. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. College Application Essay! Comprehensive study on the conception of female sexuality, proceeding from engineering, cultural history. Cv Covering Letters Uk! Focus: 19th century. Important points: Historicity of gender and gynaecology, dependence on cultural context. Concepts of femininity in medical discourse. Gender difference explained physically and electrical engineering psychologically.

Discussion of bisexuality and hermaphroditism. Further foci: Darwinism, environmentalism, degeneration, anthropology. Rado, Lisa. 2000. Essay On Effective Classroom Management! The Modern Androgyne Imagination. A Failed Sublime. Charlottesville and thesis engineering London: UP of Virginia. Showalter, Elaine. 1990. Cv Covering Uk! Sexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture at the Fin de Siècle.

London: Bloomsbury. Study on gender concepts at the fin de siècle . Breaking of traditional roles. Key words: theories on sexuality, naming of homosexuality, multiple personalities (Jekyll/Hyde), reflection on physicality in terms of dissecting bodies (Jack the Ripper), venereal diseases, aestheticization of sexuality, concepts of decadence, images of women (New Woman, surplus woman). Weeks, Jeffrey. 1985. Sexuality and its Discontents: Meanings, Myths Modern Sexualities . London: Routledge Kegan Paul. Study on the development of the scientific discourse on sexuality. References to psychoanalysis, Darwinism and master thesis engineering eugenics. A very useful collection of essay on effective, articles from the thesis perspectives of printmaking paper, natural science, social science and the humanities which provides an overview on the degeneration debate in the 19th and master the early 20th centuries.

The institutionalisation of the degeneration debate is reflected in the light of the essay management discourses of medicine, anthropology, and the theatre. Premises: degeneration as a counterpart to the nineteenth-century belief in progress; degeneration and regeneration as two poles of a rhetoric strategy and logical order - fact and fiction at the same time. Electrical! Cf. Siegel for specific strategies of representation. Carpenter, Edward. [1889] 1903. Die Civilisation, ihre Ursachen und ihre Heilung , transl.

Karl Federn. Leipzig: Hermann Seemann Nachfolger. [engl. On Effective Classroom! Civilization: Its Cause and Cure ] Cultural criticism with a socialist orientation. Characterised by a harsh criticism of civilisation in which cultural and bio-medical discourses intermingle: contemporary English civilisation as infectious disease either culminating in death following various stages of master, degeneration or culminating in skills essays, social stagnation. Master! The socialist form of society as utopian potential. Dijkstra, Bram. 1986. Idols of Perversity: Fantasies of Feminine Evil in the Fin de siècle. New York, London: Oxford UP. Study on representations of uk, femininity in the late 19th century, proceeding from art history. References to literature and other cultural discourses of the time.

Of particular interest in electrical engineering, this context: motif of the magazine analysis self-sufficient Narcissa , a degenerate/deviant woman (due to her auto-eroticism) subverting the conventional image of altruistic femininity. Master Thesis Engineering! Reference to her criminal disposition (Lombroso), Narcissa as a potential danger to male identity in sexological theory (Moll, Feré, Krafft-Ebing). Doyle, Laura. 1994. Bordering on the Body: The Radical Matrix of Modern Fiction and Culture . New York Oxford: Oxford UP. Fuchs, Stefan F.-J.

1992. Dekadenz: Versuch zur ästhetischen Negativität im industriellen Zeitalter anhand von Texten aus dem französischen und englischen Fin de siècle. Heidelberg: Winter. Philosophically oriented dissertation on decadence. Rejects an historical approach to the literary texts of decadence, rather, uses them as a basis for historical and philosophical reflections on pre-modern developments in the 19th century. Crucial points: the radically negative connotation of the term decadence, as opposed to its appropriation as a means to counter an on effective classroom, optimistic bourgeois belief in progress.

Greenslade, William. 1994. Degeneration, Culture and the Novel, 1880-1940. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Master Electrical! Hurley, Kelly. 1996. The Gothic Body: Sexuality, materialism, and degeneration at the fin de siècle. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Kline, Salli J. 1992.

The Degeneration of Women: Bram Stoker's 'Dracula' as Allegorical Criticism of the cv covering 'Fin de Siècle' . Rheinbach-Merzbach: CMZ-Verlag. Study of Bram Stoker's Dracula analysing the novel in relation to Nordau's cultural criticism and master electrical Lombroso's theory on atavism, degeneration, innate criminal disposition and thesis statement 'moral insanity'. Main thesis: Stoker's novel shows a constant blotting out master thesis electrical engineering, of the sensus literalis by a sensus allegoricus with the latter serving as an instrument of an ultra-conservative (also in terms of gender), reactionary polemic against advertisement, ongoing changes of consciousness and master electrical social changes of the period. Link-Heer, Ursula. 1986. 'Le mal a marché trop vite.' Fortschritts- und Dekadenzbewußtsein im Spiegel des Nervositäts-Syndroms.

In: Wolfgang Drost, ed. Fortschrittsglaube und Dekadenzbewußtsein im Europa des 19. Jahrhunderts: Literatur - Kunst - Kulturgeschichte . Heidelberg: Winter. 45-67. Valuable historical overview on skills the cultural significance and medical diagnosis and treatment of nervous illnesses in the 19th century. Main theses: a) these kinds of diseases have always been read as cultural pathologies, i.e. as symptoms of cultural crisis; b) there has been no clear-cut temporal succession of notions of progress and of decadence but both have always been closely interwoven. The study places degeneracy (nervous exhaustion) in the cultural context of the time, as one of the illnesses of the peripheral nervous system. Master Electrical! Investigates modern nervousness as a syndrome and manner of self-description of an industrial culture striving after expansion and progress. Considers psychiatric writings of the 19th century (Erb, Morel, Beard). Mehnert, Henning.

1986. Cuny College! Zur Bedeutung der Begriffe 'symbolisme', 'décadentisme' und 'dégénerescence' im 19. Jahrhundert. In: Wolfgang Drost, ed. Fortschrittsglaube und Dekadenzbewußtsein im Europa des 19. Jahrhunderts: Literatur - Kunst - Kulturgeschichte . Heidelberg: Winter. Master Engineering! 75-84. Study traces concepts of decadence back to Montaigne and Rousseau and analyses the later tendency to individualise and psychologize these notions (starting with Morel).

Focus on analysis essay Morel's prototypical study: the medico-psychiatric component of degeneration, which is also analysed in Magnan, Lombroso, Gobineau, Nordau and, as a literary premise, in Baudelaire and Huysmans. Nordau, Max. 1993. Degeneration . Lincoln, New York: University of Nebraska Press. [Original: Entartung , 2 vols. Berlin: Carl Duncker, 1892/93]. Master Engineering! Study in two volumes by Max Nordau, a doctor and cultural theorist, first published in German, from 1895 onward also available in an English translation. A scandalous success at the time, one of the statement best known works in the debate on degeneration. It is master thesis electrical a poignant, and at times openly polemic attack against certain tendencies in the arts: Decadence, aestheticism, symbolism (among others) are classified as degenerate (in a physiological and mental sense). Application Essay! Nordau's argumentation is based on his medical knowledge and on the criminological theories of Lombroso. Criticism of civilisation is expressed in the form of apocalyptic scenarios ('the dusk of nations') and, for the first time, presented as a concern of doctors and, especially, psychiatrists. Phenomena of thesis, degeneracy (intellectual, moral or physical) become the object of psycho-pathology.

For Nordau, mysticism and egomania count as typical symptoms of the degenerate artist, for which he offers methods of diagnosis and city college application essay even suggestions for master engineering, therapy. Nordau's study is an attack in scientific disguise against intellectuals and is directed against personalities like Wagner, Nietzsche, Ibsen, Swinburne, Huysmans or Wilde. Pick, Daniel. 1989. Faces of Degeneration: A European Disorder, c. 1848-c. 1918 . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. A sociological study, well-documented and thoroughly researched. Provides important information on cv covering letters uk the concept of degeneration in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Pick predominantly analyses scientific and pseudo-scientific documents of the time, but also considers literary examples. Study covers texts from all over Europe but lacks any explicit reflection on the interrelation between degeneration and gender. Pykett, Lyn.

1995. Engendering Fictions: The English Novel in the Twentieth Century . London, etc.: Edward Arnold. Master Thesis! Feminist study on the interdependence between constructions of femininity and magazine analysis degeneration: The New Woman as cause and symptom of cultural degeneration and as 'cure for social evils'; like the engineering homosexual, the New Woman is an example of the transgression of gender boundaries (illustrated also in exterior appearance: body and style); effects: pathological allocations of sexual excess, degeneration, denial of femininity. Urban mass culture and society as a product of printmaking watermark, feminisation. Electrical Engineering! Feminism as a symptom of degeneration. Emerging concepts of regeneration within the feminist debate. Rose, Jonathan.

1986. The Edwardian Temperament 1895-1919. Athens/Ohio, London: Ohio UP. Study on the change of values in the Edwardian period, proceeding from cultural and literary history (however, literary texts are generally only discussed on a surface level, and the category of gender is reflected in a rather uncritical manner, if at all). Aspects of interest: religious (and moral) crisis, the secularisation of spirituality and the emergence of surrogate religions, the 'quest for otherness', the idealisation of interpersonal relations and in particular homoeroticism, the cv covering letters cult of vitality as a reaction to late Victorian decadence, the motif of the illegitimate child and the unmarried mother, the efficiency movement and eugenics, the Edwardian culture of leisure and fun. Schulte, Christoph. 1997. Psychopathologie des Fin de siècle : Max Nordau: Der Kulturkritiker, Arzt und Zionist. Frankfurt/M.: Fischer. Engineering! Revised postdoctoral thesis based on the unpublished works of Nordau (mainly letters, researched for the first time).

A comprehensive study, structured biographically. Theoretical approach: rejects deconstruction, favours Foucauldian discourse analysis. Content: Analysis of the interconnected strands within intellectual history 1870 to 1920. Shows the printmaking lasting effects of scientific positivism on social theories, psychology and medicine as well as the transfer of psycho-pathological findings into master electrical the field of civilisation and art criticism through terms like decadence and degeneration. Shaw, George Bernard.

1932 [1908]. The Sanity of Art: An Exposure of the Current Nonsense about Artists Being Degenerate. In: Major Critical Essays . London: Constable. 281-332. Polemic response to Nordau's Degeneration from the perspective of the artist. Shaw refutes Nordau's arguments by showing up their inherent paradoxical and cuny unscientific nature and thus attacks Nordau at his weakest point, i.e. his attempt to legitimise his theories with the master electrical engineering help of medical science. Siegel, Sandra. 1985. Skills Essays! Literature and Degeneration: The Representation of 'Decadence'.

In: Edward J. Chamberlain Sander L., Gilman, eds. Degeneration: The Dark Side of Progress. New York: Columbia UP. 199-219. Trotter, David. 1993. Master Electrical Engineering! The English Novel in History . London, New York: Routledge. (ch.7) Short outline of the history of degeneration theory focusing on the origins of degeneration in the natural sciences and medicine, its Darwinist basis, the classification of degenerative symptoms, the paper watermark emergence of a discourse of degeneration in the cultural and literary theory of the master thesis engineering late 19th century. Important points in the literary context of degeneration: popularity of a 'plot of decline, of physical and moral exhaustion' in naturalistic fiction (also in so-called slum fiction). Degeneration as a topic in the new woman novel and likewise in popular fiction.

Bland, Lucy. 1995. Banishing the Beast. English Feminism Sexual Morality. 1885-1914. London et. al: Penguin Books. Bland's book is a comprehensive study on the subject of feminism and sexual morality around the turn of the (19th to 20th) century. Her aim is to on effective classroom management sketch the contemporary (and, at least from a 21st-century point of master electrical engineering, view, often problematical) feminist discourse in its interdependence with the restrictive cultural context of the time. The study therefore provides a wealth of biographical material. Part One: historical and cv covering letters uk scientific background of the electrical engineering topic (constructions of femininity in paper, dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and their feminist reception).

Parts Two and Three: discussion of the master thesis engineering concrete practical difficulties in thesis statement, realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on the fields of prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and electrical engineering alternative forms of sexual identity. DiQuinzio, Patrice Iris Marion Young, eds. 1997. Feminist Ethics and cuny college application Social Policy . Thesis Electrical! Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana UP. A slightly heterogeneous collection of essays, essays focusing on examples of practised (feminist) morality. Requires knowledge of the master electrical theoretical discussion. Provides articles on the following topics: politics, medicine, health system, military, immigrants, AIDS, pornography and abortion. Main focus: the printmaking situation in the United States. Dreitzel, H.P. 1972. Die gesellschaftlichen Leiden und das Leiden an der Gesellschaft: Vorstudien zu einer Pathologie des Rollenverhaltens.

Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke. A study on subjectively perceived marginality and its psycho-pathological and socio-pathological causes from the perspective of social psychology. Suggested approach: role theory. Of particular interest: Dreitzel's notion of 'Anomie' (= total lack or confusion of norms), which he derives from the master thesis history of sociology and supplements with his own concepts of interaction and role identity. Gilligan, Carol.

1982. In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women's Development . Cambridge, Mass. London: Harvard UP. Probably the most influential feminist study on the topic of morality. Takes Lawrence Kohlberg's model of moral development as a starting point. Exposes Kohlberg's argumentation as male-centred. Modifies his theory with the help of object relations theory to account for gender differences. Gilligan's work is based on empirical studies. Her main thesis: due to disposition and experiences of socialisation, men/boys tend to classroom an ethic of justice whereas girls/women typically internalise an ethic of care . Gilman, Sander L. 1985. Difference and Pathology: Stereotypes of Sexuality, Race and Madness.

Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Thesis Electrical Engineering! Hall, Lesley. A. Letters Uk! 1991. Hidden Anxieties: Male Sexuality 1900-1950. Cambridge: Polity Press. Study on men and sexuality. Depicts different point of views on thesis engineering how male sexuality is constructed.

Grounds on biographic material: letters to Marie Stopes written by different men as a response to Stopes's Married Love. Addresses male sexual inhibitions, problems and sexual enlightenment. Harrison, Beverley Wildung. 1985. Making the Connections: Essays in Feminist Social Ethics, ed. Carol S. Essay On Effective! Robb. Boston: Beacon Press.

A collection of essays (written between 1972 and 1985) on the feminist discourse of ethics and Christianity. Approach: theologically oriented social history. Master Engineering! Harrison's ethics is communication characterised as feminist socialist Christian in Robb's preface. Harrison sets a universalist Christian ethics against electrical engineering, the ideas of Carol Gilligan. Advocates an advertisement analysis, equality feminism pleading for 'objectivity' of the feminist perspective. Hekman, Susan J. 1995. Moral Voices, Moral Selves: Carol Gilligan and electrical Feminist Moral Theory . Cv Covering Uk! Cambridge, Oxford: Polity Press. In-depth discussion of the work of Carol Gilligan offering various readings of her work. The study also provides a critical analysis of the meaning of morality in electrical, a poststructuralist context (Foucault, Lyotard et al.). Documents a significant conceptual shift in the morality debate, which has lost theoretical impact through the influence of other academic disciplines. Hekman favours a gender-oriented reconceptualization of moral theory that would take its pluralistic approach from discourse analysis.

Jakobsen, Janet R. 1998. Working Alliances and the Politics of Difference: Diversity and Feminist Ethics . Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana UP. Study on feminist practices of alliance politics . Rejects notions of female unity as an axiomatic base. Discards the feminist difference hypothesis. Argument proceeds from postmodern theoretical debates: ethics as a field of complex negotiations; agency as a basis for alliance politics. Jeffreys, Sheila. 1985. The Spinster And Her Enemies: Feminism and Sexuality 1880-1930 . London etc.: Pandora. Skills! A very useful study which questions critically the general presumption of sexual liberation in the modernist period, a development which continues to be regarded as one of the most characteristic and influential within the modernist context. Thesis! Jeffreys shows that the emergence of sexology by no means meant that women experienced sexual liberation. Quite the opposite, according to Jeffreys, it helped to force women into male-dominated heterosexual patterns.

Mort, Frank. 1987 [2000]. Dangerous Sexualities: Medico-moral Politics in England since 1830. London: Routledge. Study on sexuality as represented in a medico-moral discourse. Essays! Discourse-theoretical approach. Depicts the interaction between morality and medicine in the field of sexuality. Thesis Electrical Engineering! Key words: Debate on social hygiene: purity vs. Skills! decadence. Sexuality in master thesis electrical engineering, the context of the city. Moscucci, Ornella.

1990. The Science of Woman: Gynaecology and Gender in essay classroom management, England, 1800-1929. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Thesis Engineering! Comprehensive study on the conception of female sexuality, proceeding from communication essays, cultural history. Focus: ed. century.

Important points: Historicity of gender and gynaecology, dependence on cultural context. Concepts of femininity in medical discourse. Master Electrical! Gender difference explained physically and psychologically. Discussion of bisexuality and magazine analysis hermaphroditism. Further foci: Darwinism, environmentalism, degeneration, anthropology.

Nunner-Winkler, Gertrud, ed. Engineering! 1995. Essay Classroom Management! Weibliche Moral: Die Kontroverse um eine geschlechtsspezifische Ethik . München: dtv. Essay collection which discusses critically and master systematically Carol Gilligan's notion of a gender-specific morality (female ethics of care vs. male ethics of justice ). Covers work by Butler, Gilligan, Harding, Habermas. Some of the articles were previously published. Singer, Mona.

1996. Weibliches Subjekt und Gastfreundschaft: Ende und Anfang einer Moral. In: Ruthard Stäblein, ed. Moral: Erkundungen über einen strapazierten Begriff. Frankfurt/M.: Fischer. 118-139. Stäblein, Ruthard, ed. 1996. Moral: Erkundungen über einen strapazierten Begriff. Frankfurt/M.: Fischer.

Relatively heterogeneous collection of essays, partly in form of interviews. Includes articles by Baudrillard and Blanchot. Points of management, interest: morality's myths of origin, gender difference and master thesis electrical engineering morality (Nitzschke, Singer), Foucault's notion of morality. Weeks, Jeffrey. Essay On Effective! 1985. Sexuality and master thesis its Discontents: Meanings, Myths Modern Sexualities . London: Routledge Kegan Paul. Study on the development of the scientific discourse on sexuality. References to statement psychoanalysis, Darwinism and eugenics.

Bland, Lucy. 1995. Banishing the Beast: English Feminism and Sexual Morality, 1885-1914. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Bland's book is a comprehensive study on the subject of feminism and sexual morality around the turn of the (19th to 20th) century.

Her aim is to sketch the contemporary (and, at least from a 21st-century point of view, often problematical) feminist discourse in its interdependence with the restrictive cultural context of the time. Master! The study therefore provides a wealth of biographical material. Part One: historical and scientific background of the topic (constructions of femininity in dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and their feminist reception). Parts Two and essay on effective management Three: discussion of the concrete practical difficulties in realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on the fields of prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and alternative forms of sexual identity. Byles, Joan Montgomery. 1985. Women's Experience of World War I: Suffragists, Pacifists and Poets. Women's Studies International Forum 8.5: 473-487. Article on engineering the suffrage movement in the context of World War I. Key words: division - militarist suffragettes vs. pacifist suffragettes. Example: conflict between Emmeline and Sylvia Pankhurst.

Textual material: war poetry by women. Dyhouse, Carol. 1989. Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939 . Cuny City Application! London: Blackwell. Study on family and marriage from a woman-centred perspective.

Textual material: basically (auto)biography, but also some novels. Felski, Rita. 1995. Thesis! The Gender of Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and cultural history.. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Garner, Les. 1984.

Stepping Stones to Women's Liberty: Feminist Ideas in the Women's Suffrage Movement 1900-1918. Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson UP. Kent, Susan. 1987. Sex and Suffrage in printmaking, Britain, 1860-1914. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP.

Study on the role of sexuality in first wave feminism and its ideological context. Foci: stereotypes of femininity (overview). Women's vote as a symbol of sexual liberation. Further topics: sex war, prostitution, marriage, medicine, legislation. Lyon, Janet. 1992. Militant Discourse, Strange Bedfellows: Suffragettes and Vorticists before the War. Master Electrical Engineering! differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 4.2: 100-133.

Article on the suffrage movement and developments in art before World War I. Discusses analogies and communication skills essays interactions between militant suffragettes and radical artists of the avant-garde (e.g. vorticists, futurists). Key words: militancy, iconoclasms, feminist delimitation and self-marginalisation, polarizing tendencies and linguistic unambiguity in feminist pamphlets and manifestos. Lyon, Janet. 1994/95. Women Demonstrating Modernism. Discourse 17.2: 6-25. Stowell, Sheila. Electrical Engineering! 1992. A stage of their own: Feminist playwrights of the suffrage era . Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Stowell, Sheila. 1996. Suffrage critics and political action: a feminist agenda. In: Michael R. Booth Joel H. Kaplan, eds. The Edwardian Theatre: Essays on performance and the stage . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 166-184. Bjorhovde, Gerd. 1987. Rebellious Structures: Women Writers and the Crisis of the Novel 1880-1900 . Oslo: Norwegian UP. One of the few books specifically focusing on interpreting texts of high literary One of the magazine analysis few books specifically focusing on thesis interpreting fin-de-siècle highbrow texts by women. Analysis! Textual material: four representative authors of the thesis late 19th century - Olive Schreiner, Margaret Harkness, Sarah Grand and George Egerton.

Forerunners of modernism, prepared the grounds for modernist change in terms of content and form: Authors address matters of female concern that emerged in the public consciousness at the turn of the century and shortly before. Tension between positive and negative evaluation of the New Woman as an paper watermark, interesting topic to thesis electrical engineering narrate. Foci of cv covering letters uk, New Realisms: Scepticism, questioning of conventional values, transgression of conventional Victorian conception of master thesis electrical, genre. 'Crisis' of the novel: Breaking of conventional structures of time, plot, content and style. Fragmentarization of plot, anachronisms, subjectivity, internal focalization, no explicit narrator. Bjorhovde provides very detailed analyses of texts.

Burke, Carolyn. 1984. Communication! Getting spliced: Modernism and Sexual Difference. Thesis Electrical! American Quarterly 39.1: 98-121. Burmeister, Tereza. 1994. In Search of the Lost Woman-Time: Cross-Biographical Studies on the Construction of (Post-)Modern Gender Identity. History of European Ideas 19: 837-844. DeKoven, Marianne. 1991. Rich and Strange: Gender, History, Modernism . Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP.

Study on Gender, History and Modernism (DeKoven's periodization: 1890-1930). City Application Essay! Based on Derrida's concept of master thesis electrical, two co-existing paradoxes ( sous-rature ). Main point: male and essay female authors are afraid of revolutionary literary changes for different reasons: on the male side it is fear of master engineering, losing one's power position, on the female side it is fear of being punished. Textual material: analysis of skills, canonized texts. Criticism: DeKoven's study is partially difficult to comprehend. Felski, Rita.

1995. The Gender of Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and cultural history. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Master Engineering! Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Friedman, Ellen G. Miriam Fuchs, eds. 1989. Cv Covering Uk! Breaking the Sequence: Women's Experimental Fiction . Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP. Gale, Maggie B. Electrical! 1996. On Effective! West End Women: Women and the London stage 1918-1962 . London New York: Routledge. Master Thesis Electrical Engineering! Study on women and the theatre.

Describes the significant participation of female authors in cv covering, the theatrical world between 1918 and 1962. Master! After winning the vote, women were on the advance in every sector. Gale addresses women questions, but not from a feminist theoretical background. Topics of interest: profession and family, working class women, mother role, relationship mother-daughter. Gardiner, Juliet, ed.

1993. Magazine Essay! Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman. London: Collins Brown. Essay collection on literary representations of the New Woman. Analysis is not limited to the genre of the New Woman novel , covers a wide range of textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and other cultural-historical documents. Deals with established and less established writers. Gardner, Viv Susan Rutherford, eds. 1992. The New Woman And Her Sisters: Feminism And Theatre 1850-1914 . Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf.

Gilbert, Sandra M. Master Engineering! Susan Gubar, eds. 1986. The Female Imagination and the Modernist Aesthetic . New York etc.: Gordon Breach. Gilbert, Sandra M. Susan Gubar. 1988.

No Man's Land: The Place of the Woman Writer in the Twentieth Century. Vol. I: The War of the essay classroom Words . New Haven: Yale UP. Gilbert, Sandra M. Susan Gubar. 1988.

No Man's Land: The Place of the Woman Writer in the Twentieth Century. Master! Vol. II: Sexchanges . New Haven: Yale UP. Gilbert, Sandra M. Susan Gubar. 1988. No Man's Land: The Place of the Woman Writer in the Twentieth Century. Vol. III: Letters from the Front . New Haven: Yale UP. Griffin, Gabriele, Ed.

1994. Difference in View: Women and Modernism . London: Taylor and Francis. Ingram, Angela Daphne Patai, eds. 1993. Rediscovering Forgotten Radicals: British Women Writers, 1889-1939 . Chapel Hill London: The University of North Carolina Press. Essay collection on radical feminist socialist women writers between 1889 and 1939.

Textual material: novels in general (special focus on magazine advertisement essay popular literature by forgotten female authors), a multitude of biographical information, New Woman novel , Romance, Utopian fiction. Distinction between middle-class and working-class authors and thesis electrical engineering readers. Topics of social criticism: birth control, marriage, alcoholism, venereal disease. Formal aspects: Modification of plot with feminist impact. Joannou, Maroula.

1995. 'Ladies, Please Don't Smash These Windows': Women's Writing, Feminist Consciousness and Social Change 1918-38 . Oxford Providence: Berg. Study on women writers between 1918 and 1938. Covers a wide spectrum of female authors, some established and some less established. Less established writers: Vera Brittain, Leonora Eyles, Radclyffe Hall, Sylvia Townsend Warner, E.H. Young. Established writers: Virginia Woolf, Dorothy Richardson, Elizabeth Bowen, Rosamond Lehmann, Rebecca West. Further textual material considered: Anti-fascist writings. Study contains a detailed chapter on the image of the spinster and gives relevant textual examples. Light, Alison. 1991.

Forever England: Femininity, literature and conservatism between the printmaking watermark wars . London New York: Routledge. Laity, Cassandra. 1996. H.D. and the Victorian Fin de Siècle : Gender, Modernism, Decadence . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Liska, Vivian.

1995. From Topos to Trope: Feminist Revision of Modernism. In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. The Turn of the thesis electrical Century: Modernism and Modernity in Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. 66-76. Miller, Jane Eldridge. 1994. Rebel Women: Feminism, Modernism and the Edwardian Novel . London: Virago.

Study on the feminist movement in the context of the college essay modernist era. Revision of the literary canon: Provides a discussion of thesis electrical engineering, women's novels between 1900 and cv covering uk 1914, a period often neglected in literary criticism. Describes the transitional period of literary modernism: Thematic innovations and formal modification of traditional narration. Attempts of independent female development and criticism of women's role in master thesis, society replace the cuny college application essay traditional courtship plot. Critical reflection of marriage. Discussion of (new) images of women. Genre: predominantly suffragette novels. Considers the master electrical socio-cultural context of the literary texts. Montefiore, Janet. 1996.

Men and Women Writers of the 1930s: The dangerous flood of history . London New York: Routledge. Communication Essays! Useful study on lesser known authors and texts. Textual material: works by left-wing women writers, antifascist texts, novels, autobiography and poetry. Pykett, Lyn. Master Thesis Electrical Engineering! 1992. The Improper Feminine.

The Woman's Sensation Novel and the New Woman Writing. London: New York: Routledge. Study on femininity and women's writing. Genre: Sensational novel and New Woman novel between 1860 and 1900. Points to essay on effective their subversive and emancipatory aspects. Canon-revisionary impact: Pykett stresses the importance of the sensational novel and master electrical the New Woman novel for advertisement, literary history. Forerunners of modernist authors such as Woolf and master engineering Richardson. Considers formal aspects of city college application, subversion: Sensational novel depicts female stereotypes, yet subverts them by introducing female protagonists deviating from traditional gender norms.

New Woman novel subverts on the level of narration and plot: non-realistic, impressionist, episodic. Pykett's study is a source for master electrical engineering, less established primary literature. Pykett, Lyn. 1995. Engendering Fictions: The English Novel in the Early Twentieth Century . London etc.: Edward Arnold. Study proceeds from literary history focusing on novels. Introduces established modernist writers on the basis of the city application gender crisis at the time (relatively selective). Deals with New Woman writing, psychological theories, Dora Marsden's The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist and the phenomenon of degeneration as a result of mass society. Defines literary modernism quite restrictively: modernism as a programme of literary aesthetics, experimentation and formation of a canon, period beginning in 1890. Provides critical discussion of arguments against a feminist revision of the modernist canon. Quinn, Patrick J., ed.

1996. Engineering! Recharting the Thirties . Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. Essay collection on the effects of on effective classroom management, World War I on society and particularly on literature. Electrical Engineering! Considers neglected authors: Irene Rathbone, R.H. Mottram, but also Rosamond Lehmann and Elizabeth Bowen.

Rado, Lisa, ed. 1994. Rereading Modernism: New Directions in Feminist Criticism . Printmaking Paper Watermark! New York London: Garland. Feminist collection of essays on modernism. Essays address the following topics: Dorothy Richardson as a modernist, Rebecca West as a critic, Left Bank Women and lesbian life, the work of Sylvia Townsend-Warner, women's magazines, Wyndham Lewis's Tarr (as a misogynous text). Of particular importance is Felski's article on the term 'modernism' (see above Felski 1994). Schabert, Ina. 1997. Thesis Engineering! Englische Literaturgeschichte: Eine Darstellung aus der Sicht der Geschlechterforschung . Stuttgart: Kröner. Srebrnik, Patricia.

1994. The re-subjection of 'Lucas Malet': Charles Kingsley's daughter and the response to muscular Christianity. In: Donald E. Hall, ed. Muscular Christianity: Embodying the Victorian Age . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 194-214. Canon-revisionary article on Lucas Malet (pseudonym of Charles Kingsley's daughter). Questions traditional concepts of masculinity in Malet's Novels. Stowell, Sheila. 1992.

A stage of their own: Feminist playwrights of the suffrage era . Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. City College Essay! Stowell, Sheila. 1996. Suffrage critics and political action: a feminist agenda. In: Michael R. Booth Joel H. Kaplan, eds. The Edwardian Theatre: Essays on performance and the stage . Master Thesis! Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

166-184. Waters, Chris. 1993. New Women and Socialist-Feminist Fiction: The Novels of Isabella Ford and Katherine Bruce Glasier. In: Angela Ingram Daphne Patai, eds. Advertisement Analysis! Rediscovering Forgotten Radicals: British Women Writers, 1889-1939 . Chapel Hill London: The University of North Carolina Press. 25-42.

Altick's seminal account of the development of the reading culture in England from the master thesis electrical engineering 15th to the early 20th century. Especially his chapter on printmaking watermark Periodicals and Newspapers 1851-1900 (chapter 15) is master thesis important for an understanding of the background of publication practices in city application, the modernist period. Benstock, Shari. 1986. Women of the master thesis electrical engineering Left Bank: Paris, 1900-1940 . London: Virago.

An important study on women writers of the Left Bank in general. Of special interest is chapter 10: At the Sign of the Printing Press: The Role of Small Presses and Little Magazines. Unfortunately Benstock remains on essay on effective a biographical and electrical anecdotal level, introducing editors, publishers and contributors. She says very little about the actual contributions. Beetham, Margaret. 1996.

A Magazine of Her Own?: Domesticity and Desire in the Woman's Magazine, 1800-1914 . London New York: Routledge. Essay On Effective Classroom! It is Parts III and master engineering IV (New Woman, New Journalism, the 1880s and 1890s, The reinvention of the domestic English woman: into the twentieth century) that are of cv covering letters uk, particular interest. Beetham concentrates on magazines that offer alternative and reactionary discourses on women to the innovative trends of the time. She also comments on the literature that appeared in these magazines and its function. She thus offers an important view of this area of public culture that many of the modernist women reacted against. Dennison, Sally. 1984. [Alternative] Literary Publishing: Five Modern Histories . Thesis Electrical! Iowa City: University of Iowa Press.

Dennison demonstrates how all sorts of non-commercial publishing - from essay classroom, self-publishing to small presses, university press publishing, little magazine publishing, publishing through a bookstore, and publishing through patrons - helped to further modernist literature and to make it accessible to a wider audience. In most cases such alternative publishing was the only means for young authors to get their works published at all. Dennison uses Eliot, Joyce, Woolf, Nin, and Nabokov as examples. Master Thesis! What she fails to notice is that alternative publishing can have commerical interests, too (see Rainey 1989, 1997, 1998). Dettmar, Kevin J.H. Stephen Watt, eds. Cv Covering Letters Uk! 1996. Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Ann Arbor: University of Michingan Press. An important essay collection by young American scholars presenting a new perspective on thesis and evaluation of watermark, modernist literature. They distance themselves from the traditional view of modernism as an awe-inspiring solitary fortress against a growing mass culture by showing that it was clearly rooted within commodity culture, too.

Today it is difficult to thesis electrical imagine that some senior scholars refused to contribute to this collection because they considered it inappropriate to discuss financial interests and commodity culture in connection with modernist literature. Of particular interest are the introduction and the essays by Diepeveen, Materer, and Murphy (see the respective entries). Eliot, Simon. 1994. Some Patterns and Trends in British Publishing, 1800-1919 . London: The Bibliographical Society. A statistical survey of book and magazine publications in the period of 1800-1919. The data is covered in six sections: Section A The Annual Pattern of Publication; Section B The Monthly Pattern of Publication 1800-1919; Section C Subject Publishing; Section D Price Structure; Section E Periodical Publication; Section F The Background. Unfortunately Eliot focuses mainly on the 19th century. He has nothing to say on the magazine and printmaking paper newspaper market in the 20th century, for example, so that his survey is engineering only of very limited value for the modernist period.

Feather, John. 1988. A History of British Publishing . London: Croom Helm. Feather offers important background information about the development of the publishing trade in Britain. Printmaking Paper Watermark! Although he only focuses on master electrical engineering commercial publishing the study offers some useful background information about the book market in general. Of particular interest is Part IV: The Trade in the Twentieth Century in which Feather uses Stanley Unwin, Victor Gollancz and Allen Lane as examplary publishers. Garrity, Jane. 1999. Thesis On Lupus! 'Selling Culture to the Civilized': Bloomsbury, British Vogue , and the Marketing of National Identity. Master Engineering! Modernism/modernity 6.2: 29-58. Garrity shows that the connection between commodity culture and printmaking watermark 'high culture' was much closer than has been previously thought by demonstrating how readily the various members of the Bloomsbury group published in thesis engineering, Vogue . Hanscombe, Gillian and printmaking Virginia L. Smyers.

1987. Writing for thesis electrical, their Lives: The Modernist Women 1910-1940 . Magazine Essay! London: The Women's Press. Hanscombe and Smyers's seminal study on master thesis modernist women writers, editors and publishers. Of special interest for modernist publication practices in general are Chapter 12 'The public is a stupid beast. ' Book publishing I and Chapter 13 'There is a climax in cuny essay, sensibility' Book publishing II in which they particularly stress the master thesis engineering close connection between little magazines and the book market. They argue that in most cases of experimental writing only cv covering letters, publication in little magazines made a later book publication possible.

Jensen, Robert. 1994. Engineering! Marketing Modernism in Fin-de-Siècle Century Europe . Princeton: Princeton UP. Jensen does not deal with modernist literature but with art. Analysis Essay! It is nevertheless an interesting study to compare developments in the art world (especially the marketing of avant-garde artists) and the book market. Engineering! Kaufmann, Michael. 1998. Letters! A Modernism of thesis electrical engineering, One's Own: Virginia Woolf's TLS Reviews and Eliotic Modernism. In: Beth Carol Rosenberg Jeanne Dubino, eds. Virginia Woolf and the Essay . New York: St Martin's Press. 137-155.

Kaufmann shows how the place of publication can be indicative of an advertisement analysis, author's conception of literature and her or his readership by comparing Virginia Woolf's and T.S. Master Thesis Engineering! Eliot's essays. He argues that Woolf's reviews in the TLS address a much more 'common reader' than Eliot's essays in ephemeral and elitist little magazines such as The Egoist and The Little Review . Keating, Peter. 1989. The Haunted Study: A Social History of the English Novel 1875-1914 . London: Secker Warburg. A seminal social historical account of the development of the contemporary bookmarket. Keating shows what influence the conditions and changes in the bookmarket had on writers. Advertisement Essay! Leavis, Q.D. 1932.

Fiction and the Reading Public . London: Chatto Windus. Leavis's still interesting study of British reading habits in the 1920s. It is not only an important document because of the empirical data she offers but also as a New Critical position taking within the intellectual and literary field of the early 1930s. Lee, Hermione. 1998. 'Crimes of Criticism': Virginia Woolf and Literary Journalism. In: Jeremy Treglown Bridget Bennett, eds. Grub Street and the Ivory Tower: Literary Journalism and Literary Scholarship from Fielding to the Internet . Oxford: Clarendon Press. 112-134. Lee not only gives an master electrical, overview of printmaking paper watermark, Virginia Woolf's journalistic work but also shows how she used journals and literary and little magazines in order to advertise her own and her friends' work as well as the Hogarth Press. Electrical! McDonald, Peter D. 1997. British Literary Culture and Publishing Practice 1880-1914 . Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Unfortunately a misleading title. McDonald does not analyse the publication system in the age of transition but rather in statement, late Victorianism. He hardly pays any attention to the authors of the 1890s. His case studies focus rather on Joseph Conrad, Arnold Bennett, and Arthur Conan Doyle without making clear why he chose these authors. Ohmann, Richard. 1996. Selling Culture: Magazines, Markets, and Class at the Turn of the thesis Century . New York: Verso. Communication Skills! Rainey, Lawrence. 1998.

Institutions of Modernism: Literary Editors and Public Culture . New Haven: Yale UP. A seminal contribution to the argument that the alleged gap between modernism and public (or even mass) culture was not as great as the modernists claimed themselves. As example cases Rainey uses the electrical engineering publication history of Pound, H.D., Joyce's Ulysses and Eliot's The Waste Land. One rather irritating 'flaw' of this otherwise important study is Rainey's discussion of H.D. Here he leaves his seemingly disinterested position and tries to show that H.D.'s recanonisation by feminist critics was a mistake since H.D.'s work does not deserve it at all (a judgement of the college essay value of an author he does not give with respect to any of the male authors!). Wexler, Joyce Piell. 1997.

Who Paid for Modernism? Art, Money, and the Fiction of Conrad, Joyce, And Lawrence . Fayetteville: The University of Arkansas Press. Using the careers of Conrad, Joyce and Lawrence as examples Wexler demonstrates that the modernist artists' image as oppositions to master electrical engineering financially oriented bourgeois artists is a myth and essay on effective that authors made use of this myth to further their success. She also shows that in modernism the writer's position became particularly complicated because s/he was wedged between the Romantic ideal of the genius who shows no interest in his or her market value and an interest in acknowledgement (because no recognition at master thesis engineering all is still regarded as a sign of failure) and being able to live on one's writing. White, Cynthia L. 1970. Women's Magazines 1693-1968 . London: Michael Joseph. A seminal account of the cv covering uk development of women's magazines. Master Thesis Engineering! One of printmaking paper watermark, White's foci is the literature published in these magazines. Pages 77-117 are of particular interest. Willison, Ian, Warwick Gould and Warren Chernaik, eds. 1996.

Modernist Writers and the Marketplace . Basingstoke London: Macmillan. An essay collection that deals with the conditions of master engineering, publication for modernist writers, focusing on the publication histories of individual (canonised) authors (James, Yeats, Conrad, Lawrence, Woolf, Eliot, Pound, Lewis). Only Edward Bishops essay on little magazines (see above) offers a more general overview on avant-garde publication practices. 291 (1915-1916, American magazine) The (New) Adelphi (1923-1955) Art and Letters (1917-1920) Blue Review (1913) Broom (1921-1924, American magazine) The Calendar of Modern Letters (1925-1927) The Chapbook (1919-1925) The Criterion (1922-1939) The Dial (1880-1929, American magazine; especially the era of Scofield Thayer's and Marianne Moore's editorship 1920-1929) The Egoist (1914-1919) The Enemy (1927-1929) (New) English Review (1908-1937) The (New) Freewoman (1911-1914) The Golden Hind (1922-1924) Life and paper Letters (1923-1924) Life and Letters later Life and Letters Today (1928-1950) The Little Review (1914-1929, American magazine) The London Aphrodite (1928-1929) The London Mercury (1919-1939) The Masses (1911-1917, American magazine) New Age (1894-1938; especially the years of A.R. Electrical! Orage's editorship, 1908-1922) The New Coterie (1925-1927) The New Masses (1926-. American magazine)

Others (1915-1919, American Magazine) Open Window (1910-1911) (New) Oxford Outlook (1919-1932) Oxford Broom (1923) The Palatine Review (1916-1917) Poetry (1912-present, American magazine; especially the phase of Harriet Monroe's editorship, 1912-1935) Poetry and Drama (1913-1914) The Poetry Review (1912-present) The Scottish Chapbook (1922-1923) Secession (1922-1924; exile-American magazine published in various European cities) Time and Tide (1920-1979) [in its first phase 1920-1928 it was a little magazine] Transatlantic Review (1924-1925) transition (1927-1938, published in France and Holland) The Tyro (1921-1922) Wheels: An Anthology of Verse (1916-1921) One of the first overviews of British and city essay American modernist little magazines and one of the bases for Hoffman, Allen and Ulrich's (1946) bibliography. Master Engineering! Allen especially stresses the importance of little magazines as almost the college essay only medium of publication for thesis electrical engineering, experimental young authors. Anderson, Margaret. [1930] 1971. My Thirty Years' War . Westport: Greenwood Press. Margaret Anderson's famous autobiography in which she not only describes her unconventional life but also the development of The Little Review under her editorship.

This is, of course, a very subjective account, but it nevertheless contains important information for essay classroom management, any study on little magazines. Anonymous. 1941. Little Mags, What Now?. The New Republic 104.13: 424.

A state-of-the-art article on little magazines. The author discusses the development of a little-magazine culture in America from the 1920s to the late 1930s and argues for a revival of little magazines in a 1920s fashion in order offer new authors a forum for master electrical, publication. Baker, Denys Val, ed. 1943. Little Reviews Anthology . London: Allen Unwin. An anthology of what Baker himself calls the best writing which has appeared in the little reviews and literary magazines of Britain since the outbreak of war (v).

His introduction offers some theoretical reflections on little magazines. Interesting is his choice of little magazines from which he takes the stories and poems: The Bell , Horizon , Indian Writing , New Writing , Oasis , Opus , Our Time , Now , Poetry (London), Poetry Quarterly , Poetry Review , The Bell , New Vision , Wind and the Rain , Oasis , Opus , Scythe (formerly Townsman ), and Seven . Barash, Carol. 1987. Dora Marsden's Feminism, the Freewoman , and the Gender Politics of on lupus, Early Modernism. Princeton University Library Chronicle 49.1: 31-56. One of the first essays on the development of The (New) Freewoman / Egoist from electrical engineering, a feminist to a literary little magazine. Barash presents this development as the story of Pound's take-over. Statement On Lupus! This assessment has changed, though (see especially Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997, 2001; Thacker 1993). Thesis! Bennett, David. 1989. Periodical Fragments and thesis on lupus Organic Culture: Modernism, the Avant-Garde, and the Little Magazine.

Contemporary Literature 30: 480-502. The author sees in little magazines an example for a distinction between avant-garde and modernism as proposed by Peter Bürger (1974). Publications in the ephemeral medium of master electrical, little magazines are still part of an cv covering uk, avant-garde culture, but they become modernist texts by engineering being published in book form. This distinction has been convincingly questioned by Bishop (1996) and Rainey (1998). Benstock, Shari Bernard Benstock. 1991. The Role of Little Magazines in the Emergence of Modernism. Library Chronicle of the University of Texas 20: 68-87. An important overview of the statement on lupus copies of (American) little magazines at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center at the University of Texas, Austin. Unfortunately the authors remain on a merely biographical level. The editors of the little magazines and their aesthetic ideas are introduced.

Benstock and Benstock say very little about the exact content of these magazines. van den Berg, Hubert Ralf Grüttemeier, eds. 1998. Manifeste: Intentionalität (Avant Garde Critical Studies 11). Amsterdam Atlanta: Rodopi. Engineering! A rather heterogeneous essay collection on literary manifestos (mainly European modernist ones). Theoretically the authors base their contributions on the intentionality debate (Eco, Searle, Fish, Knapp Michaels, Hirsch).

The authors' claim that a manifesto is necessarily intentional and on lupus that its authors' intentions can be gauged from it is quite problematic. Of particular interest are the contributions by thesis Wolfgang Asholt (on intentional strategies in communication, futurist, dadaist and surrealist manifestos) and by Martin A. Master Electrical! Kayman (on Pound and imagism). Bishop, Edward. 1996. Re:Covering Modernism - Format and college application Function in the Little Magazines. In: Willison, Gould and Chernaik, eds. 287-319. An important overview of little magazines from the thesis 1890s to the 1920s.

Bishop pays special attention to the connection between visual and typographical design and the literary contents of these magazines. He sees the different magazine as a representation of the increasing institutionalisation of modernism (in this he argues against Bennett's (1989) postulation that little magazines represent the avant-garde and not modernism). Bishop covers The Yellow Book , The Savoy , The Dial , The Little Review , Poetry , The Egoist , Blast , and Criterion . Bloomfield, B.C. 1976. An Author Index to Selected British Little Magazines 1930-1939 . Essay! London: Manssell. An additional (but by far not as comprehensive) reference to Sader, ed. (1976). Bradbury, Malcolm. 1958. The English Review . London Magazine 5: 46-57. One of the thesis electrical engineering first accounts of The English Review with a special focus on communication essays the period of master electrical, Ford Madox Ford's editorship.

Bradbury stresses that this was one of the few Edwardian magazines where new and experimental could publish alongside more traditional ones. Bradbury, Malcolm. 1961. The Calendar of Modern Letters : A Review in Retrospect. On Effective! London Magazine n.s. 1.7: 37-47. Bradbury's attempt to revaluate The Calendar of Modern Letters as an important literary-critical review alongside The Criterion and The Adelphi . He points out that the Calendar served as model for F.R.

Leavis's Scrutiny (a series of critical articles in the Calendar , called Scrutinies actually gave Leavis's magazine its name). Unfortunately the Calendar 's importance is master electrical engineering still not recognised today. Bradbury, Malcolm. 1971. The Social Context of Modern English Literature . Oxford: Blackwell. Communication Essays! Bradbury, Malcolm. 1976. London 1890-1920. In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Master Electrical! Modernism 1890-1930 . Harmondsworth: Penguin.

172-190. This chapter is of interest because Bradbury introduces some of the important contemporary British little magazines such as Rhythm / The Blue Review , The Poetry Review , a Poetry and cv covering letters Drama , The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist , and Blast . Bradbury, Malcolm. 1995. The Criterion. A Literary Review in Retrospect. The London Magazine 5.2: 41-54. Bradbury, Malcolm. 1999. Electrical Engineering! Modernism and the Magazines. In: Heinz Antor and Kevin L. Cope, eds. Transcultural Encounters - Studies in English Literatures . Heidelberg: Winter.

187-313. A survey of little magazines which mainly remains on a positivist level, listing names of magazines, editors, and contributors. Essay On Effective Management! Bradbury demonstrates the interconnection of the development of modernism and of little magazine. He manages to give an idea of the diversity of magazines, but because he covers so many he does not have much space for detailed discussions of specific examples. Bradbury, Malcolm James McFarlane. 1976. Movements, Magazines and Manifestos: The Succession from master thesis electrical, Naturalism.

In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism 1890-1930 . Harmondsworth: Penguin. 192-205. Letters! The authors show how much the various European modernist movements (especially Imagism, Vorticism, Futurism, Surrealism, Expressionism, and Dadaism) depended on little magazines as an outlet. Casford, E. Leonore. 1929. The Magazines of the thesis electrical engineering 1890's: A Chapter in classroom, the History of English Periodicals; Being a Critical Study of The Albemarle, The Yellow Book, and master thesis electrical engineering The Savoy, with a Brief Description of printmaking watermark, Other Literary Magazines of the 1890's (Language and Literature Series 1). Eugene: University of Oregon Press. An important overview of little magazines of the 1890s which shows how early the concept of little magazines received literary critical attention.

Apart from The Albemarle , The Yellow Book and The Savoy Casford also discusses The Anti-Philistine , The Butterfly , The Dome , Hobby Horse , The Pageant and The Quarto . Clarke, Bruce. 1985. Dora Marsden's Egoism and Modernist Letters: West, Weaver, Joyce, Pound, Lawrence, Williams, Eliot. Works and Days 2.2: 27-47. An early version of parts of his seminal study on Dora Marsden (1996). Clarke, Bruce.

1992. Thesis Electrical Engineering! Dora Marsden and city essay Ezra Pound: The New Freewoman and 'The Serious Artist'. Contemporary Literature 33.1: 91-112. An early version of parts of his seminal study on Dora Marsden (1996). Thesis! Clarke, Bruce. 1996. Dora Marsden and Early Modernism: Gender, Individualism, Science . Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. An important revaluation of Dora Marsden's role in the cultural field at advertisement analysis the beginning of the 20th century. Master Electrical! Clarke argues that Marsden's intellectual development from suffragism to on lupus egoism mirrors in a nutshell the direction literature took at the time (a turn from personal politics to an individualistic literary practice, 1). Master! He provides a detailed account of Marsden's philosophical, political and literary influences. Other than Barash (1987) Clarke sees Marsden's change of name of her little magazine from The (New) Freewoman to The Egoist as a voluntary one.

He thus reduces the influence Pound allegedly had on her (see also Barash 1989; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997, 2001; Thacker 1993). College Application Essay! Clooney, J.P. 1938. Among the Magazines. The Phoenix 1.2: 134-150. A very critical review of a number of literary magazines of the time with quite different literary and political positions ( The Townsman , Purpose , Life and Letters Today , Poetry , The Examiner ). Interesting as a document of how little magazines were received and discussed in the contemporary literary field. Diepeveen, Leonard.

1996. 'I Can Have More Than Enough Power to Satisfy Me': T.S. Eliot's Construction of His Audience. In: Kevin J.H. Master Thesis! Dettmar Stephen Watt, eds. Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Ann Arbor: University of Michingan Press. 37-60. An interesting discussion of how Eliot created his own elitist audience through his essays. Diepeveen shows the importance the ephemeral form of publication of little magazines had in this.

Eliot argued that only in essays, these smaller but literary more 'elitist' media of publication could he find what he termed the qualified reader Eliot explicitly differentiated himself from editors of larger - and thus to his mind more commercial - magazines such as The London Mercury (see also Kaufmann 1998 on the difference between Eliot's and Virginia Woolf's conceptions of their readership). Dupee, F.W. 1938. British Periodicals. Partisan Review 5: 45-48. A very critical review of electrical, British little magazines.

Dupee criticises their apolitical stance (which is not surprising considering the political position of the Partisan Review ) and at paper the same time stresses their ideological heterogeneity. Thesis! He also finds fault with the - to his mind - poor literary quality. He discusses The Criterion , Scrutiny , Purpose , Arena , Colosseum , Left Review , Life and Letters Today , and New Verse . Eliot, Thomas S. 1926. The Idea of a Literary Review. The New Criterion 4: 1-6. Eliot's own outline of an ideal little or literary magazine. Skills! It not only offers a contemporary perspective on little magazines but also reveals important information about his own conception of literature. Emmart, A.D. 1923. Master Thesis! The Limitations of American Magazines. Modern Quarterly 1.3: 17-26.

A very conservative critique of American little magazines and the literature published in them. He particularly finds fault with an alleged lack of essay management, moral and too much experimentation in the field of psychological realism. Emmart is especially critical of The Dial and The Little Review . Ferrall, Charles. 1992a. Suffragists, Egoists, and the Politics of Early Modernism. English Studies in Canada 18.4: 433-446. Ferrall tries to show that Pound's 'take-over' of the New Freewoman and master thesis electrical the change of name into The Egoist was not just an appropriation of a feminist magazine through 'phallocratic' and misogynist men but that this change reflects Marsden's development, too. He examines her turn from suffragism to communication skills a Nietzschean and Stirnerian egoism and points out some analogies between her political and philosophical writings and that of the imagists, especially Pound (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Morrisson 1997, 2001; Thacker 1993). Ferrall, Charles.

1992b. The New Age and the Emergence of Reactionary Modernism Before the Great War. Master Thesis Engineering! Modern Fiction Studies 38: 653-667. Ferrall counters the notion that the New Age was one of the paper watermark central magazines in propagating modernism in general. In contrast to Martin (1967) he argues that A.R. Orage, the editor at the time only thesis engineering, supported politically reactionary authors such as Ezra Pound and Wyndham Lewis and thus contributed to the development of a 'reactionary modernism' only.

Fletcher, John Gould. 1934. The Little Reviews: Yesterday and To-Day. Space 1.8: 84-86. An contemporary account of American little magazines (1914-1929). Fletcher observes a tendency towards a proletarisation and a decentralization of American literature and culture through these new little magazines (85). He does, however, acknowledge that some of the new authors would have had no other possibility of publication. Garner, Les.

1990. A Brave and Beautiful Spirit: Dora Marsden 1882-1960 . Aldershot: Avebury. The first book-length biography of Marsden. An attempt at a revaluation of city college, Marsden's role in the suffragette movement and in modernism. At times a little too subjective and anecdotal.

Of special interest are chapters 4 The Freewoman , 1911-1912; 5 The New Freewoman , June-December 1913; 6 The Egoist , January 1914-December 1919. Görtschacher, Wolfgang. 1993. Little Magazine Profiles: The Little Magazines in Great Britain 1939-1993. Salzburg: Salzburg University. Although Görtschacher focuses on master thesis electrical engineering little magazines of the communication essays second half of the 20th century his comments on the nature of little magazines in general are quite useful. Thesis! What he offers is management a descriptive discussion of various magazines and their editors (sometimes with interviews). It is a little odd, though, that he restricts the term 'little magazine' to poetry magazines only; his typology of master thesis electrical, little magazines is thus not very convincing. Graham, Walter.

1930. English Literary Periodicals . New York: Thomas Nelson. A very early survey of British periodical culture from the 18th century to the 1920s. He only briefly touches on little magazines, though. Of particular interest in magazine advertisement analysis, this respect are Chapter 9 The Later Reviews and the Fortnightly , Chapter 11 The weekly journal of belles-lettres , and Chapter 12 (in which he discusses among other magazines The (New) Adelphi , The Athenaeum , The Criterion , The English Review , Life and Letters The London Mercury , and the TLS ). Grant, Joy. 1967. Harold Monro and master thesis engineering the Poetry Bookshop . London: Routledge Kegan Paul.

A biography of one of the lesser known editors of little magazines ( The Poetry Review , Poetry and letters uk Drama , The Chapbook ) and a discussion of his own poetry. Hamilton, Ian. 1976. The Little Magazines: A Study of Six Editors . London: Weidenfels and Nicolson. A much quoted study in which Hamilton focuses on an anecdotal and biographical account of The Little Review , Poetry , The Criterion , New Verse , The Partisan Review , and Horizon . Hamilton's ironical comments on contributions that he regards as inferior can be quite irritating. One severe disadvantage is that he neither gives any bibliographical information about the quotations he uses nor offers a bibliography. Hanscombe, Gillian and Virginia L. Smyers. Thesis Electrical Engineering! 1987. Writing for their Lives: The Modernist Women 1910-1940 . London: The Women's Press.

Hanscombe and Smyers's seminal study on modernist women writers, editors and watermark publishers. Of particular interest for little magazines are Chapter 10 'The stand of the individual against immensities. ' - Periodical publishing I and Chapter 11: 'Life for Art's sake. ' - Periodical publishing II in which they discuss the role of women in little-magazine publishing. Master Thesis Electrical! Magazines they cover include The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist (here they hold the early feminist opinion that Pound forced Marsden into a change of name and conception of her magazine, cf. Communication Skills Essays! Barash), The Little Review , The Dial , Poetry , Contact , The Transatlantic Review , The Quarter , Close-up , and transitions . Hayman, Ronald. 1975. The Calendar of Modern Letters.

New Review 1: 14-19. Heyl, Lawrence. 1940. Little Magazines. The Princeton University Library Chronicle 2.1: 21-6. An early attempt at a definition and master description of (American) little magazines. Interesting as a historical document. Hoffman, Frederick J. 1943. The Little Magazines: Portrait of an Age.

The Saturday Review of Literature 26.52: 3-5. One of the first overviews of British and American modernist little magazines and one of the on lupus bases for Hoffman, Allen and Ulrich's (1946) bibliography. Allen especially stresses the importance of little magazines as almost the only medium of publication for experimental young authors. Hoffman, Frederick J., Charles Allen and Carolyn F. Ulrich. Thesis Electrical! 1946. The Little Magazine: A History and printmaking paper a Bibliography . Princeton: Princeton UP. Still the authoritative annotated bibliography of British and American little magazines. The introductory chapters are also of interest. Hoffman, Allen, and Ulrich even attempt a typology of little magazines, but mostly they remain on a positivist and anecdotal level listing dates of publication, names of master engineering, editors and contributors, etc.

Homberger, Eric. 1976. Chicago and New York: Two Versions of American Modernism. In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism 1890-1930 . Harmondsworth: Penguin. 151-161. Only of marginal interest for little magazines, but at least Homberger mentions the advertisement essay great influence of little magazines on the New York literary scene (e.g. The Liberator , Smart Set , Others , Glebe , Seven Arts , New Republic , The Freeman , Nation , Masses , The Little Review , The Dail ). Master Thesis Electrical Engineering! Howarth, Herbert.

T.S. Eliot's Criterion : The Editor and His Contributors. Comparative Literature 2: 97-110. Johnson, Abby Arthur. Printmaking Paper Watermark! 1973/74.

The Politics of a Literary Magazine: A Study of The Poetry Review , 1912-1972. Journal of Modern Literature 3: 951-964. Joost, Nicholas. 1967. Years of Transition: The Dial 1912-1920 . Barre, Mass.: Barre Publishers. Electrical! A detailed study of the development of The Dial from a rather conventional (literary) magazine to a platform for experimental literature under Scofield Thayer and Sibley Watson. Joost, however, argues that the literature that appeared in the Dial has been overestimated and that more radical magazines such as The Little Review did much more to further modernist writings. Joost, Nicholas Alvin Sullivan. 1970. D.H.

Lawrence and 'The Dial'. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois UP. A detailed account of Lawrence's involvement with The Dial in the course of his career. A bit too anecdotal at college application times, but still readable. Kadlec, David. 1993. Pound, Blast , and Syndicalism.

English Literary History 60.4: 1015-1031. Kadlec argues that the engineering design of BLAST was informed by the development of syndicalist miner's actions in Wales under Tom Mann before WW I. According to him not only the magazine's name is indebted to the worker's movement but also its visual aggressiveness and essay classroom aesthetic militancy. He also attributes Pound's radical aesthetics in this period to his interest in syndicalism (introduced to him mainly via A.R. Orage's The New Age ). Kenner, Hugh. 1971. The Pound Era . Berkeley: University of engineering, California Press. Kenner's book is interesting as an account of Pound's involvement with The New Freewoman / The Egoist - especially if you compare it with more recent studies of paper, this little magazine. It is amazing how Kenner manages to leave out Dora Marsden's entirely! Knight, Melinda. 1996.

Little Magazines and the Emergence of Modernism in the Fin de Siècle . American Periodicals 6: 29-45. Knight convincingly demonstrates that little-magazine culture in electrical, America did not begin in 1912 with the appearance of Poetry , The Poetry Journal , The Smart Set and cv covering The Masses , but much earlier with fin-de-siècle magazines such as The Chap-Book , M'lle New York , The Fly Leaf , The Lark , The Philistine and others. She argues for a revaluation of master thesis engineering, these magazines' influence in the development of modernism. Lewis, Wyndham. 1927. Editorial notes: Art and 'Radical' Doctrines. The Enemy 2: xxiii-xxviii. Lewis's own 'position taking' in the literary field. His editorial mainly consists of a biting critique of transitions and Gertrude Stein's - to his mind - negative influence on it. Implicitly, of course, this is indicative of his own conception of literature and little magazines. Lidderdale, Jane Mary Nicholson.

1970. Dear Miss Weaver: Harriet Shaw Weaver, 1876-1961 . London: Faber Faber. A still seminal biography of Harriet Shaw Weaver with a special focus on her role as Joyce's patron. Essay Management! But Lidderdale and Nicholson also touch upon her role as editor of The Egoist and publisher of The Egoist Press. Little Magazine. 1997. Britannica CD: Version 97 . Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. A valuable first source of information on little magazines providing a definition, a list of the most prominent British and American little magazines, and a classification into different periods. MacKendrick, Louis K. 1972. New Freewoman : A Short Story of Literary Journalism. Thesis Electrical Engineering! English Literature in Transition 15.3: 180-187.

MacKendrick, Louis K.. 1975. Statement! T.S. Eliot and the Egoist : The Critical Preparation. Dalhousie Review 55: 140-154. MacShane, Frank. 1961. The English Review . South Atlantic Quarterly 60: 311-320. Marek, Jayne E. 1995. Women Editing Modernism: Little Magazines and engineering Literary History . Lexington: The UP of Kentucky.

A very important feminist contribution to the history of little magazines. Marek tries to cuny city college application show that in thesis, the function of publishers and editors more women were involved in the development of advertisement essay, modernism than traditional accounts convey. The question, however, remains why there were not more women contributors (especially in a British context). With the exception of Bryher, Marek focuses on American women editors and publishers (Harriet Monroe, Alice Corbin Henderson, Margaret Anderson, Jane Heap, Bryher, Marianne Moore) and master thesis engineering has an additional chapter on Ezra Pound's role in little magazine culture. Marek concentrates on the editors' own writings in their magazines and their personal contacts. She says hardly anything about the set-up of particular issues or the norms and values conveyed in on lupus, other contributions. Marks, Peter.

1997. Illusion and Reality: the master thesis Spectre of Socialist Realism in Thirties Literature Williams, Keith Steven Matthews, eds. Rewriting the Thirties: Modernism and After . London New York: Longman. Uk! 23-36. In his essay on British literature of the 1930s Marks also discusses the role of little magazines. He distinguishes between left-wing magazines that explicitly engage in the relationship between literature and politics (such as The Left Review , New Signatures , The Adelphi , and Cambridge Left ) and those magazines that are their unpolitical or conservative ( New Verse , The Criterion , Scrutiny ). Interesting for an analysis of the master electrical engineering development of little magazine culture. Martin, Peter A. 1977. The Short Story in printmaking paper, England: 1930s Fiction Magazines. Studies in Short Fiction 14: 233-240.

An account of the role of little magazines ( New Writing , New Stories , Lovat Dickson's Magazine , Penguin Parade ) in the development of master engineering, prose writing - especially the short story - in the 1930s. Martin, Wallace. 1967. The New Age Under Orage: Chapters in essay, English Cultural History . Manchester: Manchester UP. One of the first studies on the role of the New Age in the modernist period. Thesis Electrical! Martin is a little too enthusiastic in thesis statement, portraying The New Age as a platform for innovative and experimental authors alongside BLAST and The Egoist (see for example Ferrall 1992b for a more critical evaluation of the master thesis magazine). On Effective Management! Masteller, Richard N. 1997.

Using Brancusi: Three Writers, Three Magazines, Three Versions of Modernism. American Art 11.1: 47-66. Materer, Timothy. 1996. Make It Sell! Ezra Pound Advertises Modernism. In: Kevin J.H. Dettmar Stephen Watt, eds. Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Ann Arbor: University of Michingan Press. 17-36.

Materer shows how Pound took over advertising schemes from commodity culture in order to make Imagism and Vorticism popular. He thus discloses the allegedly unbridgeable gap between the avant-garde and consumer culture as a mere modernist self-stylisation. He demonstrates how Pound used little magazines such as The Egoist , The Little Review and BLAST for his purpose and how these magazines themselves adopted methods from commodity culture advertising. Morrisson, Mark S. 1996. The Myth of the Whole: Ford's English Review , The Mercure de France and thesis Early British Modernism.

ELH 63: 513-533. Morrisson argues that Ford turned to France, i.e. the Mercure de France in his outline of The English Review because he saw no English equivalent that could bridge the gap between 'high' literary standards and a broad audience. He wanted neither a typical coterie magazine nor one of the typical mass papers such as the Daily Mail . Morrisson, Mark S. Essay On Effective! 1997. Marketing British Modernism: The Egoist and thesis Counter-Public Spheres. Twentieth Century Literature 43.4: 439-469. An analysis of the development from The Freewoman as a suffragist magazine to cuny essay The Egoist as a magazine of the literary avant-garde. Morrisson shows that this change not only master, had an influence on the readership of the magazine but on uk advertisers as well. He argues that The Egoist folded up because in contrast to The Freewoman it failed to address a homogeneous audience (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 2001; Thacker 1993).

Morrisson, Mark S. 2001. The Public Faces of master thesis, Modernism: Little Magazines, Audiences, and Reception 1905-1920 . Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press. A seminal study of little magazines. Morrisson not only gives the typical account of little magazines' central role in the development of modernism but also analyses their relationship to what he calls the 'public sphere'. He thereby manages to demonstrate convincingly that the alleged gap between mass culture and the avant-garde is not as great as has been posited. He focuses on thesis statement on lupus four British ( The English Review , Poetry and Drama , The Egoist , Blast ) and two American ( The Little Review , The Masses ) magazines (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997; Thacker 1993). Munson, Gorham. 1937.

How to Run a Little Magazine. The Saturday Review of Literature 15.22: 3-4, 14, 16-17. A contemporary discussion of little magazine culture. Munson interestingly already claims to have noticed a decline of and loss of interest in master electrical, little magazines as compared with the 1920s. Murphy, Michael. 1996. 'One Hundred Per Cent Bohemia': Pop Decadence and the Aestheticization of Commodity in the Rise of the statement on lupus Slicks. In: Kevin J.H. Dettmar Stephen Watt, eds. Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Ann Arbor: University of Michingan Press. 61-89.

Murphy demonstrates that the connection between commodity culture and avant-garde culture was much closer than has been previously thought. He uses Vanity Fair to show how quickly commodity culture picked up some of the features of the avant-garde. Master Electrical! Not only paper watermark, did modernist authors publish in magazines such as Vanity Fair but also the advertisements in these magazines show clear influences of engineering, modernist art. Nelson, Cary. 1989. Repression and Recovery: Modern American Poetry and the Politics of Cultural Memory, 1910-1945 . Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. In his study on American poetry of the first half of the 20th century Nelson also briefly discusses the role little magazines (including left-wing magazines and essay on effective management magazines of the Harlem Renaissance) played in the publication and, ultimately, canonization of some of the best known authors. He also provides an master, impressive variety of skills essays, illustrations from little magazines.

Nelson's canon debate originates in a Marxist rather than a gender-oriented position, but he discusses some lesser-known women authors, too. One great disadvantage is the structure of the book: Nelson deliberately designed it as one long essay without chapter divisions so that the reader is left with the electrical engineering detective work of deducing from the implicit information given in the course of the study what organisational principle underlies the study. Pollack, Felix. 1976. Elitism and the Littleness of Little Magazines. Southwestern Review 61: 297-303. Pound, Ezra. 1930. Small Magazines. The English Journal 19.9: 689-704.

Pound's own position on the role and functions of little magazines. He discusses almost exclusively the magazines he was involved with (and, of course, he is very critical of those he has left, such as Poetry ). He covers Poetry , The Egoist , The English Review, The Little Review , The Dial , and briefly The Criterion , transatlantic review , and transition . Cv Covering Letters! Rainey, Lawrence. 1989. The price of modernism: reconsidering the publication of The Waste Land . Critical Quarterly 31.4: 21-47. Master Thesis Electrical! Rainey's seminal first contribution to the discussion of modernism's economic interests. He demonstrates that the question of where to publish The Waste Land was guided by financial interests. City College Essay! Eliot ultimately chose the magazine ( The Dial ) that offered the most and master electrical actually made quite a lot of money.

The modernists' self-stylization as artists who had no interest in financial success whatsoever thus has to magazine advertisement essay be modified. Rainey, Lawrence. 1997. The real scandal of Ulysses : How literary modernism came to retreat from the public sphere. TLS (January 31): 11-13. Rainey argues that Sylvia Beach's decision to thesis electrical publish Ulysses was not just a selfless act of watermark, support for an avant-garde author, but was guided by financial considerations as well. She consciously chose to publish Ulysses as a deluxe and not as a limited edition. The book thus immediately became a collector's item rather than a book for a limited audience. Master Engineering! The attention was diverted from the content to the book as object.

Rhondda, Viscountess, Margaret Haig. 1933. Magazine Analysis Essay! This Was My World . London: Macmillan. Lady Rhondda's highly interesting autobiography in which she also briefly mentions the foundation and development of Time and Tide . Rosenberg, Harold. 1938. Literature Without Money. Direction 1.3: 6-10. A contemporary discussion of the thesis engineering role of little magazines in the development of modernism in America.

Rosenberg stresses that the little magazines often served as a first step in the publication history of an author and that commercial magazines and publishing houses latched on communication skills when they considered her or him financially promising. He notices a difference in reception with regard to the three genres (decidedly less interest in poetry with the commercial publishers). Sader, Marion, ed. 1976. Comprehensive Index to English Language Little Magazines 1890-1970 . Millwood, NY: Kraus-Thomson-Organization. A six-volume author index to over one hundred - mainly American and British - little magazines. Master Thesis Electrical! The entries include information on works by and about authors who were published in these magazines (interviews, articles, essays, poems, drama, fiction). Schwartz, Delmore. 1939. The Criterion , 1922-1939. Watermark! Kenyon Review 1: 437-449.

Selver, Paul. 1959. Orage and The New Age Circle: Reminiscences and master thesis electrical Reflections . London: Allen Unwin. Magazine Advertisement! This is more an autobiography than an account of The New Age and master thesis electrical its editor A.R. Orage although he tries to improve Orage's reputation with his book. Selver describes his own (rather marginal) function in the magazine. His comments on some of the avant-garde authors reflects his own conservative literary values. Singer, Herman B. 1940.

The Modern Quarterly 1923-1940. Modern Quarterly 11.7: 13-19. A characterisation of Modern Quarterly from a political perspective. Singer focuses on the editor's (V.F. Calverton) position with respect to marxism and communication skills the Soviet Union and its influences on the magazine. He hardly says anything about the literature in Modern Quarterly . Spender, Dale. 1984. Time and Tide Wait for No Man . London etc.: Pandora Press. One of the few accounts of Time and electrical Tide . Unfortunately Spender concentrates on giving biographical information about the most important (political) contributers (Lady Rhondda, Elizabeth Robins, Rebecca West, Cicely Hamilton, Helena M. Swanwick, Winifred Holtby, Very Brittain, and Crystal Eastman) and on advertisement analysis essay reprinting some of their articles. Electrical! Apart from naming some of the most prominent authors that appeared in Time and Tide she says very little about the magazine's literary contents. Sullivan, Alvin, ed.

1984. British Literary Magazines: The Victorian and Edwardian Age, 1837-1913 . Westport, Conn. London: Greenwood Press. To date one of the most important reference work on literary and little magazines. The magazines are arranged in on effective management, alphabetical order. Each magazine is introduced in an essay (whose length depends on the assumed importance of the magazines), including bibliographical references, information on publishers, editors, location sources as well as possible indexes and reprint editions, Sullivan, Alvin, ed.

1986. British Literary Magazines: The Modern Age, 1914-1984 . Engineering! Westport, Conn. London: Greenwood Press. To date one of the most important reference work on literary and little magazines. The magazines are arranged in alphabetical order. Each magazine is introduced in analysis essay, an essay (whose length depends on the assumed importance of the magazines), including bibliographical references, information on publishers, editors, location sources as well as possible indexes and reprint editions, Symons, Julian. 1967.

The Cri. London Magazine n.s. 7: 19-23. A description of The Criterion . Symons presents the thesis engineering magazine as an odd combination of a conservative and overly academic literary criticism and an interest in communication essays, literary innovation, revealing T.S. Eliot's own position. This also becomes apparent in Eliot's conservative social criticism. Symons notes some of the poetry that was published in The Criterion as remarkable, the prose less so and he complains that some genres such as history and biography were ignored altogether. Master Electrical Engineering! Tell, Waldo. 1934. Review of Radical Magazines. Partisan Review 1: 60-63.

An early account of a new turn to printmaking watermark the left in (American) little magazines of the 1930s. Tell introduces Left Front , The Anvil , Dynamo , and Blast (not Wyndham Lewis's London magazine of 1913). Thacker, Andrew. 1993. Dora Marsden and engineering The Egoist : 'Our War Is With Words'. English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920 36.2: 178-196. Another attempt to revaluate Marsden's position as editor of The (New)Freewoman / The Egoist and her role in the development of literary modernism (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997, 2001) Todd, Ruthven. 1939. The Little Review. Twentieth Century Verse 15/16: 159-162.

An early account of The Little Review focusing mainly on its early years. Todd criticises Margaret Anderson's indiscriminate choice of literature and stresses that her only real 'find' was Ulysses . He sees the most important improvement of the magazine in Pound's employment as foreign editor. Trilling, Lionel. 1951. The Function of the Little Magazine. The Liberal Imagination Essays on Literature and Society . London: Secker and communication skills essays Warburg.

93-103. Originally published as an individual essay in 1946 in an anthology on and of The Partisan Review this is another quite early literary-critical account of the function of little magazines, especially with respect to the development of modernism. Trilling criticises that the intellectuals of master thesis engineering, his time have lost interest in literature but sees a new hope in politically oriented little magazines such as The Partisan Review . Troy, William. 1930. The Story of the Little Magazines. Cuny College Application Essay! The Bookman 70: 476-481, 657-563.

Vondeling, Johanna E. 2000. The Manifest Professional: Manifestos and Modernist Legitimation. College Literature 27.2: 127-145. Vondeling's notion of the manifesto is master thesis engineering a little too vague, including essays and programmatic poetry, but she offers an interesting analysis of the function of little magazines in an author's self-legitimation. She focuses on Marinetti's Futurist Manifesto, Pound's essays in city college application, BLAST , and Loy's Feminist Manifesto and her essay International Psycho-Democracy. Thesis Electrical! Wall, Alan. 1976. Little Magazines: Notes towards a methodology. In Francis Barker et al., eds.

Literature, Society and communication skills essays the Sociology of Literature (Proccedings of the Essex Conference of the Sociology of Literature). Colchester: University of Essex. 105-117. Electrical Engineering! Wall provides some genereal sociological reflections from a typical 1970s marxist position on the status of little magazines. His main focus is on The Calendar of Modern Letters , though. In spite of uk, Wall's today rather outmoded political stance he offers a valuable attempt to go beyond a mere positivist listing of names of authors, editors and contributors. Whiteley, Mary N.S. Thesis! 1932. Shall We Let It Die? The Saturday Review of thesis statement on lupus, Literature 9.2: 19. A letter to thesis the editor that regrets the imminent death of essay classroom management, Harriet Monroe's Poetry . In a retrospective account Whitley stresses the magazine's importance in the advancement of modernist - especially imagist - poetry.

Young, Alan Michael Schmidt. 1973. A Conversation with Edgell Rickword. Poetry Nation 1: 73-89. Zabel, Morton Dauwen. 1929. The Way of Periodicals. Master Thesis Electrical Engineering! Poetry 34.6: 330-4.

A comment on the death of The Dial and The Little Review , which Zabel with amazing foresight also regards as the end of a literary-historical era: In going, they open the way to our next literary period, and so leave with us some of the sensations of suspense we experienced when they first flashed upon the view (1929: 334). Study on the situation of women between the wars. Key words: misogynist trends in society, female education as an enclave of emancipation - professions for women, health, leisure, reading, cinema, radio. Images of Women, influence on women writers. Brantlinger, Patrick. 1996. 'The Bloomsbury Fraction' Versus War and Empire. In: Carola M. Statement! Kaplan Anne B. Simpson, eds. Seeing Double: Revisioning Edwardian and Modernist Literature . New York: St.

Martin's Press. 149-167. Buitenhuis, Peter. 1987. The Great War of Words: British, American, and Canadian Propaganda and Fiction, 1914-1933 . Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press. Study on war and master engineering literature. Key words: established (male) authors, war euphemisms, war propaganda. Textual material: predominantly pamphlets, but also narrative fiction. Fictional accounts less obvious and stereotypical, more ambivalence (cf. ch. 8).

Buitenhuis distinguishes between two phases: 1st phase - patriotic, glorification of cv covering letters, war, 2nd phase - less patriotic, critical discussion of war. Byles, Joan Montgomery. 1985. Women's Experience of World War I: Suffragists, Pacifists and Poets. Women's Studies International Forum 8.5: 473-487. Article on the suffrage movement in the context of World War I. Key words: division - militarist suffragettes vs. pacifist suffragettes. Example: conflict between Emmeline and Sylvia Pankhurst. Textual material: war poetry by women.

Fussell, Paul. 1975. The Great War and Modern Memory . London New York: Oxford. Study on war and modernism. Details on World War I: major events, the end of the Great War - national ideals vs. Thesis Electrical! reality. Foci: war landscape - depiction of the trenches and thesis statement on lupus actual fighting, enemy territory vs. friendly territory, contrast home front - front, dichotomy of good and evil.

Mythicisation and fictionalization of master thesis engineering, war: revival of the cultic, the advertisement mystical, the thesis electrical engineering sacrificial, the sacramental and the universally significant. Speechlessness in the face of terror and communication essays its euphemistic verbalisation. The pastoral as a sheltering place of escape. Engineering! Homoeroticism. Criticism: study is communication skills restricted to master thesis electrical male authors and provides questionable value judgements. Gardiner, Juliet, ed. 1993. Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman. London: Collins Brown.

Essay collection on city literary representations of the New Woman. Analysis is not limited to the genre of the New Woman novel , covers a wide range of textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and other cultural-historical documents. Deals with established and less established writers. (ch. 6: Women's War) Goldman, Dorothy, ed. Master Thesis Engineering! 1993. Women and World War I: The Written Response . Basingstoke: Macmillan. Essay collection on women writers' reactions to World War I. Introduces female authors (not restricted to British ones).

Key words: War from a female perspective, female world of experience. Patriotic vs. pacifist attitudes. Textual material: poetry (contrast to male war poets) and management novels. Hewitt, Douglas. 1988.

English Fiction of the Early Modern Period, 1890-1940 . Longman Literature in English Series. London, New York: Longman. Higonnet, Margaret et al., eds. 1987. Master! Behind the Lines: Gender and the Two World Wars . New Haven London: Yale UP. Essay collection on application gender and war. Engineering! Postulates a gender-specific experience of the World Wars: confirmation of traditional gender roles, yet some change of gender consciousness in the field of war occupations such as driver, nurse, factory worker new professions (see Higonnet, Gould, Gubar). Questioning of cuny, masculinity through depiction of war neurosis and mutilation (see Showalter). Different perspectives and manners of perceiving war: men focus on the dramatic war action, women focus on the long-term effects of the war. Master Thesis Electrical! (cf. Rebecca West's The Return of the Soldier ). Special role of literature: expresses problems more poignant, yet has little effect on political change.

Hynes, Samuel. 1990. A War Imagined: The First World War and English Culture. London: Bodley Head. Detailed study on the influence of World War I on literature and art. Introduces war as a driving force for Modernism. Key words: Loss of values. Decadence.

Search for new forms and contents. War and the difficulty of its representation - conventional means do not suffice for adequate representation of analysis essay, war. Disillusionment (caused by war) leads to experimental tendencies in art and literature. Representation of space is further considered. Thesis Electrical Engineering! Captures the time before and after the war in different phases. Communication Essays! Criticism: On the whole very informative, also with regards to primary sources, but: unfortunately no bibliography. Kern, Stephen. 1983.

The Culture of Time and Space, 1880-1918 . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Master Thesis Electrical! (ch. 11: The Cubist War) Longenbach, James. 1989. The Women and Men of 1914. In: Helen M. Cv Covering Uk! Cooper, Adrienne Auslander Munich Susan Merill Squier, eds. Arms and the Woman: War, Gender, and Literary Representation . Chapel Hill, London: The University of North Carolina Press. 97-123.

Lucas, John. 1997. The Radical Twenties. Aspects of thesis electrical, Writing, Politics and Culture. City! Nottingham: Five Leaves. (ch. 4 on Jazz) Cultural-theoretical study on the 1920s as a time of master engineering, radical change. Points out several aspects of society and discusses them in cv covering letters uk, terms of their radicality: Effects of Wold War One on electrical the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals). Detailed discussion of college application essay, novels (also by female authors). Considers literary representation of space.

Mowat, John Loch. 1955. Britain Between the Wars 1918-1940 . Master Electrical Engineering! London: Methuen. Nicholls, Peter. 1995. Modernisms: A Literary Guide . London: Macmillan. Study on the time between the uk two World Wars: the 'Roaring Twenties' and the social consciousness in the 1930s (socialism, marxism, Spanish civil war, pacifism). Further key words: Fashion (the androgynous style of the flapper), architecture and mass media. Onions, John. Thesis! 1990. English Fiction and Drama of the Great War, 1918-39.

Basingstoke: Macmillan. Study on British war fiction. Similar to cuny college application Hynes (1990), but not as detailed. Centred on thesis electrical the figure of the hero and likewise the anti-hero. Considers comparatively few literary works, most of them established texts. Devaluation of minor works. Ouditt, Sharon. 1994.

Fighting Forces, Writing Women: Identity and Ideology in the First World War . London New York: Routledge. Study on women and World War I. Starts out focusing on a description of women at work (medical duty, agricultural work, work in munitions factories). Continues to approach the topic by looking at different texts: magazines, autobiographies and novels (partly popular literature). Literature (fictional and non-fictional) is granted a major role in this context. Areas of discussion: images of women: stereotypical Red Cross Nurse (active role of hero, yet female) - the thesis statement ordinary housewife at the home front as angel in the house in war literature. Critical reflection on the war and thesis women's roles in postwar fiction. Image of the mother as a preserver of life. Feminist pacifism.

The shock experience of war and cv covering uk the temporary allocation of roles as a danger to identity. Discussion of the influence of World War I on society and literature as part of modernism. Quinn, Patrick J., ed. 1996. Recharting the Thirties . Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. Essay collection on the effects of World War I on society and particularly on literature. Considers neglected authors: Irene Rathbone, R.H. Mottram, but also Rosamond Lehmann and Elizabeth Bowen. Trout, Steven. 1986. R. H. Mottram: The Great War and Europa's Beast . In: Patrick J. Quinn, ed.

Recharting the Thirties. Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. 51-63. Tylee, Claire M. 1990. The Great War and Women's Consciousness: Images of master electrical engineering, Militarism and advertisement essay Womanhood in master electrical, Women's Writings, 1914-64 . Thesis Statement On Lupus! Basingstoke London: Macmillan. de Vries, Jaqueline. 1994. Gendering Patriotism: Emmeline and Christabel Pankhurst and master thesis engineering World War I. In: Sybil Oldfield, ed. This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and Culture(s) in Britain 1914-1945. London: Taylor Francis. 75-88.

Wilson, Trevor. 1986. The Myriad Faces of War: Britain and the Great War 1914-1918 . Cambridge: Polity Press. Printmaking Paper! Study on World War I: based upon facts and events. Key words: happenings at thesis the front, the home front, working situation, job market and women's participation. Winter, J.M. 1985. The Great War and the British People . Basingstoke London: Macmillan. Demographic study on World War I, proceeding from thesis on lupus, social history. Key words: war and loss, people's health, standards of living, efforts to increase birthrates, female surplus. Criticism: the study hardly considers women's situations and perspectives.

Zilboorg, Caroline. 1996. Irene Rathbone: The Great War and Its Aftermath. In: Patrick J. Quinn, ed. Recharting the Thirties. Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. 64-81. Berg, Christian, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds.

1995. The Turn of the Century: Modernism and engineering Modernity in Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. Paper Watermark! Bloom, Clive, ed. 1993. Literature and Culture in thesis electrical, Modern Britain. Vol.

1: 1900-1929 . London New York: Longman. Essay collection on the socio-cultural context of modernism. Focuses on literature and art in their relation to society. Considers a multitude of aspects: mass culture, literary criticism, poetry, the novel (also: popular fiction), drama, forms of uk, publication, radio, cinema, popular music and fine arts. Master Thesis Electrical! Booth, Michael R. Joel H. Magazine Advertisement Essay! Kaplan, eds. 1996. The Edwardian Theatre: Essays on performance and the stage . Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Essay collection on Edwardian theatre. Focus on the business aspects of electrical engineering, theatre: stage, management, critics, audience. Popular theatre: musical comedy, Music Hall, Variety, suffrage plays, East End popular theatre. Popularity of Cross-dressing: male cross-dressing as misogynist, female as positive (imitating the male accepted norm), general implication: blurring of gender boundaries. Butler, Christopher. 1994. Early Modernism: Literature, Music, and Painting in Europe, 1900-1916 . Essay! Oxford: Clarendon Press. Chinitz, David. Master Engineering! 1997. Dance, Little Lady': Poets, Flappers, and the Gendering of Jazz.

In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach. New York London: Garland Publishing. Communication Skills Essays! 319-335. Finney, Gail. 1989. Women in Modern Drama: Freud, Feminism, and European Theatre at the Turn of the thesis engineering Century . Statement On Lupus! Ithaca London: Cornell UP.

Gale, Maggie B. 1996. Thesis Electrical! West End Women: Women and the London stage 1918-1962 . London New York: Routledge. Analysis Essay! Study on women and electrical engineering the theatre. Describes the significant participation of female authors in the theatrical world between 1918 and thesis 1962. After winning the vote, women were on the advance in every sector. Master Thesis Electrical Engineering! Gale addresses women questions, but not from a feminist theoretical background. Topics of communication essays, interest: profession and family, working class women, mother role, relationship mother-daughter. Master Thesis! Griffin, Gabriele. 1994. Becomings as Being: Leonora Carrington's Writings and Paintings 1937-40. In: Griffin, Gabriele, ed.

Difference in View: Women and Modernism . London: Taylor and communication skills essays Francis. Holledge, Julie. 1981. Innocent Flowers: Women in master thesis, the Edwardian Theatre . London: Virago. Cuny Application Essay! Hynes, Samuel. 1990.

A War Imagined: The First World War and English Culture. London: Bodley Head. Detailed study on the influence of master thesis, World War I on literature and statement on lupus art. Introduces war as a driving force for modernism. Key words: Loss of values.

Decadence. Search for new forms and contents. War and the difficulty of its representation - conventional means do not suffice for an adequate representation of war. Disillusionment (caused by war) leads to experimental tendencies in art and literature. Representation of thesis engineering, space is further considered. Captures the cuny college time before and thesis engineering after the war in different phases. Criticism: On the whole very informative, also with regards to primary sources, but: unfortunately no bibliography. Isaak, Jo Anna. 1986. The Ruin of Representation in paper, Modernist Art and Texts . Ann Arbor, Michigan: UMI Research Press.

Kahn, Elizabeth Louise. 1997. Engendering the Scandal: The Cubist House and the Private Spaces of Modernity. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. 175-198. Kaplan, Joel H. Master Thesis Electrical Engineering! Sheila Stowell. 1994. Theatre and Fashion: Oscar Wilde to the Suffragettes . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Study on statement on lupus the interrelationship of theatre and fashion: reciprocal influence. Function of showing fashionable women's clothes on stage: attracting and stimulating for audience (except in performances of Ibsen or Shaw).

Semantic function of dress: social status of a character and its alteration in electrical, the course of the play ( Pygmalion ; from flower girl to lady). Symbolization of stereotypes of on effective classroom, femininity: Woman as sex object, New Woman and Suffragette emphasize masculine markers (e.g. boots, umbrella) and reject female markers (e.g. skirts, sashes, puffed sleeves) - this is true for the stage as well as social reality. Lucas, John. 1997. Thesis Electrical! The Radical Twenties. Aspects of cuny application, Writing, Politics and Culture. Nottingham: Five Leaves. (ch. 4 on Jazz) Study on the 1920s as a time of radical change, proceeding from cultural theory. Points out several aspects of society and discusses them in terms of their radicality: Effects of master thesis electrical engineering, World War I on the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals). Detailed discussion of novels (also by female authors).

Lyon, Janet. 1992. Militant Discourse, Strange Bedfellows: Suffragettes and Vorticists before the War differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 4.2: 100-133. Article on the suffrage movement and developments in art before World War I. Discusses analogies and printmaking interactions between militant suffragettes and master thesis electrical radical artists of the avant-garde (e.g. vorticists, futurists). Printmaking Paper! Key words: militancy, iconoclasms, feminist delimitation and master self-marginalisation, polarizing tendencies and linguistic unambiguity in feminist pamphlets and manifestos.

Plassard, Didier. 1995. Le Théatre de Kandinsky face à l'interpretation. In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. 507-521. Reynolds, Dee A. 1997. Dancing Free: Women's Movement in Early Modern Dance.

In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. 247-279. Stevenson, Randall. 1992. Modernist Fiction: An Introduction . Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf. (ch. 4 on art) Weisstein, Ulrich. 1995. How Useful is the Term 'Modernism' for communication, the Interdisciplinary Study of Twentieth-Century Art?. In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds.

The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in thesis electrical engineering, Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. Yaari, Monique. 1995. Ironies of Modern/Postmodern Art: Duchamp, Margritte, Adami. College Application Essay! In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in Literature and electrical engineering the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. 537-552. Zabel, Barbara. 1997. Gendered Still Life: Painting of Still Life in the Machine Age. In: Lisa Rado, ed.

Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. 229-246. College Essay! Beddoe, Deirdre. 1989. Back to Home and Duty: Women Between the Wars, 1918-1939 . London etc.: Pandora. Study on the situation of women between the wars. Key words: misogynist trends in society, female education as an enclave of emancipation - professions for women, health, leisure, reading, cinema, radio. Thesis Electrical Engineering! Images of Women, influence on women writers. Bloom, Clive, ed.

1993. Literature and Culture in Modern Britain. Vol. 1: 1900-1929 . Cv Covering Uk! London New York: Longman. Essay collection on the socio-cultural context of modernism. Focuses on literature and art in their relation to society.

Considers a multitude of aspects: mass culture, literary criticism, poetry, the novel (also: popular fiction), drama, forms of publication, radio, cinema, popular music and fine arts. Carey, John. 1992. The Intellectuals and the Masses: Pride and Prejudice among the Literary Intelligentsia 1880-1939. London: Faber Faber. Study on the phenomenon of the masses from the perspective of intellectuals. Key words: polarization - mass culture vs. literary elite.

Revolt of the masses. Rewriting the masses: question of value judgements, increase in value. Cultivation of high intellectual standards as a means of excluding the masses from a reading public. Space: suburbia - housing development, suburbia as a place of the master electrical engineering masses. Travel: flight from civilisation of established authors like Robert Byron, Graham Green, Evelyn Waugh. DiBattista, Maria Lucy McDiarmid, eds. 1996. High and Low Moderns: Literature and Culture 1889-1939 . Oxford: Oxford UP. Hewett, Angela. 1994. The Great Company of Real Women': Modernist Women Writers and Mass Commercial Culture.

In: Lisa Rado, ed. Rereading Modernism: New Directions in Feminist Criticism . New York London: Garland. 351-372. Huyssen, Andreas. 1986. City College Application Essay! After the Great Divide: Modernism, Mass Culture, Postmodernism . London: Macmillan.

LeMahieu, D. L. 1988. A Culture for master thesis, Democracy: Mass Communication and the Cultivated Mind in Britain between the Wars. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Lucas, John. 1997. The Radical Twenties. Aspects of Writing, Politics and Culture. Nottingham: Five Leaves. Study on watermark the 1920s as a time of radical change, proceeding from cultural theory.

Points out master engineering, several aspects of society and discusses them in terms of paper, their radicality: Effects of master thesis electrical engineering, World War I on cv covering uk the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals). Detailed discussion of novels (also by female authors). Melman, Billie. 1988. Women and thesis electrical the Popular Imagination in the Twenties: Flappers and Nymphs . London: Macmillan. Study on images of women in the 1920s. Cv Covering Letters Uk! Images dominating the public consciousness: flapper and surplus woman.

Analysis of a very broad spectrum of popular literature (broad in thesis engineering, terms of paper watermark, reception rather than sales figures). Key words: best-seller, serial fiction, book business and magazines. Rado, Lisa, ed. 1997. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. Heterogenous essay collection. Key words: Flaneuse, Striptease, spirituality (moments of being), advertising in popular magazines, Modernist Design, Modern Dance, primitivist and matriarchal tendencies ( Herland ), Flappers and master electrical engineering Jazz. Trodd, Anthea 1998. Women Writing in English: Britain 1900 1945. London: Longman. Wicke, Jennifer.

1988. Advertising Fictions: Literature, Advertisement, Social Reading . New York, Columbia UP. Ankum, Katharina von, ed. 1997. Women in the Metropolis: Gender and Modernity in Weimar Culture . Berkeley: University of California Press. Barta, Peter I. 1990. On Effective Classroom Management! The Treatment of the Fourth Dimension in the Modernist City Novel. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds.

Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum. 310-315. Study on the modernist city novel . Key words: the fourth dimension, i.e. the representation of space as a major constituent of the electrical engineering integrative text structure. Magazine Advertisement Essay! Space and identity.

Becker, Claudia. 1990. Zur Interiorisierung der Raumsymbolik in der Literatur der Moderne. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the thesis electrical engineering XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. Communication Skills Essays! München: iudicum. 281-287.

The article deals with modernist tendencies of internalization: depiction of different rooms of the interior (factual and psychological ones). Becker, Sabina. Thesis Electrical Engineering! 1993. Urbanität und Moderne: Studien zur Großstadtwahrnehmung in der deutschen Literatur 1900-1930. St. Ingbert: Röhrig. Berghahn, Daniela. 1988.

Raumdarstellung im englischen Roman der Moderne . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Authoritative text on magazine essay literary representations of space in the avant-gardist modernist novel. Key words: Subjectivity, integration of space in stream of electrical engineering, consciousness; selectivity of perception and representation, processes of fragmentarization, montage as technique to uk depict space; associative spaces; spatial symbolism; interdisciplinary analogies (literature and art: impressionism, cubism); provides an analysis of Henry James The Ambassadors , Joseph Conrad Nostromo , Ford Madox Ford The Good Soldier , D.H. Lawrence Women in Love , James Joyce Ulysses , E.M. Forster A Passage To India , and Virginia Woolf To the Lighthouse . Thesis Electrical Engineering! Boynton, Percy Holmes. 1913. London in English Literature. Thesis Statement! Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. (Ch. 10 Contemporary London) Bradbury, Malcolm. 1976.

London 1890-1930. In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism. 1890-1930. Master! Harmondsworth: Penguin. 172-190. Bronfen, Elisabeth. Printmaking Paper! 1986. Master Electrical! Der literarische Raum: Eine Untersuchung am Beispiel von Dorothy M. Richardsons Romanzyklus Pilgrimage. Tübingen: Niemeyer. Study on literary space in the work of Dorothy Richardson.

Approach: phenomenological (cf. Ströker and Hoffmann) and structuralist (cf. Lotman). Key words: subjectivity of paper watermark, spatial perception in streams of consciousness. Metaphorical space (additional symbolism) vs. Master Electrical Engineering! space which can be physically entered. Space and thesis on lupus identity. Spatial textual structures. Thesis Engineering! Carey, John. 1992. The Intellectuals and essay classroom the Masses: Pride and Prejudice among the Literary Intelligentsia 1880-1939.

London: Faber Faber. Master! (Chap. 3 The Suburbs and the Clerks) Study on the phenomenon of the masses from the perspective of intellectuals. Space: suburbia - housing development, suburbia as a place of the masses. Travel: flight from civilisation of established authors like Robert Byron, Graham Green, Evelyn Waugh. Ecker, Gisela. 1995. Allegorical Gardens of Desire in Modernity: A Gendered Perspective. In: Susan C. Scott, ed. The Art of Interpreting . University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University. 260-292.

Allocations of meaning to the garden based on depth psychology. Gender-specific dimensions of the garden: a place of solitude and expansion of consciousness for women - a place of maternal security for communication, men. Frank, Joseph. 1963. Spatial Form in Modern Literature. In: The Widening Gyre: Crisis and Mastery in Modern Literature . Thesis Electrical Engineering! New Brunswick: Rutgers UP. 3-63. Article on watermark textual space.

Textual structures are described with help of spatial metaphors (see also Smitten 1981). Friedman, Susan Stanford. 1996. Spacialization, Narrative Theory, and Virginia Woolf's The Voyage Out . In: Kathy Mezei, ed. Ambiguous Discourse: Feminist Narratology and British Women Writers . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 109-136.

Article is an master thesis electrical, example of the essay notion of master thesis electrical, text as space. Structure of text and structure of communication: intertextual, historical and psychological (semiotic and cuny city essay symbolic) references. Master Thesis Electrical Engineering! Fryer, Judith. 1984. Women and Space.

The Flowering of Desire. In: Prospects: An Annual of American Cultural Studies : 187-230. Article on gendered concepts of space in cuny college essay, architecture, housing and narrative fiction from the turn of the century up to the 1930s based on social geography. Contains writings on architecture and master engineering feminist reform efforts. Gindin, James. 1992. British Fiction in the 1930s: The Dispiriting Decade . New York: St. Martin's Press.

Study introduces only the well-known texts of the 1930s. There are several references to the literary representation of space (ex. Rosamond Lehman, Elizabeth Bowen) Hertel, Kirsten. Essay Management! 1997. London zwischen Naturalismus und Moderne: Literarische Perspektiven einer Metropole. Heidelberg: Winter.

Keating, Peter. 1984. The Metropolis in Literature. In: Anthony Sutcliffe, ed. Metropolis 1890-1940. London: Mansell. 129-145. Kern, Stephen. 1983. The Culture of Time and Space 1880 1918 . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Study on modernist concepts of time and space.

Documents historical changes of spatial concepts in modernity. Key words: Subjectivity, categorisation according to different ways of perception (visual, acoustic, tactual etc.) Microscopic space. Art (cubism, impressionism) and sculpture. Film (rapid change of pictures and scenes). Heterogeneous space. Plurality of stance, multi-perspectivity. Changes of attitude. Space as designable matter (magnetic fields, architecture, artificial lighting). Expansion and thesis reduction of geographical space (expeditions, public and private transport, aviation).

Urban spaces. Psychoanalysis (mental rooms of the interior, stream of consciousness). Klarer, Mario. 1995. Simultaneity and Gender in communication skills essays, Modernist Discourses. Master Engineering! In: Near Encounters. Festschrift für Richard Martin . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. City Application Essay! Interdisciplinary study on the phenomenon of simultaneity and its implications concerning space and gender.

Simultaneity as spatially represented in the novel as well as in modernist paintings. Androgynity as a form of master electrical, simultaneity. Müller, Lothar. 1988. Die Großstadt als Ort der Moderne: Über Georg Simmel. In: Klaus R. Scherpe, ed. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Communication Skills Essays! Reinbek: Rowohlt.

14-36. Pike, Burton. 1981. The Image of the City in Modern Literature. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP. Pratt, Annis. 1972. Women and Nature in Modern Fiction. Comparative Literature 13: 476-490.

Article on space and nature in modern fiction. Key words: epiphanies in natural settings (especially in novels of master engineering, development), gender-specific differences in the perception of nature. Sizemore-Wick, Christine. 1989. A Female Vision of the City. London in the Novels of Five British Women . Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Study on the city from a female perspective. City can be entered by women in the 20th century. Provides detailed analysis of novels. Spencer, Sharon. 1971.

Space, Time and Structure in printmaking paper watermark, the Modern Novel . New York: New York UP. Master Electrical Engineering! Squier, Susan Merill. 1985. Virginia Woolf and London: The Sexual Politics of the City . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. Stanzel, Franz.

1990. Das Niemandsland in der englischen und deutschen Dichtung. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum. 219-27. Communication Skills! Article on the connecting and separating aspects of a boundary. Example: no-man's land between the master thesis electrical trenches during the First World War in German and English literature. Voss, Dietmar. 1988. Die Rückkehr der Flanerie: Versuch über ein Schlüsselphänomen der Moderne.

In: Klaus R. Scherpe, ed. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Reinbek: Rowohlt. 37-60. Weightman, Gavin Steve Humphries. 1984. The Making of essay, Modern London, 1815-1914. London: Sidgwick Jackson. Wolff Janet. Master Electrical! 1985.

The Invisible Flaneuse. On Effective Management! Women and the Literature of Modernity. Theory, Culture and Society 2.3: 37-46. Würzbach, Natascha. in print. Identitätskonstitution durch Raumerleben in der englischen Erzählliteratur des Modernismus. Theory of subjectivity and identity.

The significance of space and engineering body for the pre-linguistic formation of identity. Codes of spatial representation. Essays! Gender-specific spatial experience and concepts of subjectivity in some modernist novels. Ackroyd, Peter. [2000] 2001. London.

The Biography . London: Vintage. Alexander, Sally. 1989. Becoming a Woman in master electrical engineering, London in the 1920s and cuny college essay 1930s. In: David Feldman Gareth Stedman Jones, eds. Metropolis London: Histories and Representations since 1800. London New York: Routledge. 245-271. Alter, Peter. 1993.

Im Banne der Metropolen: Berlin und London in den zwanziger Jahren . Göttingen: Vandenhoeck Ruprecht. Alter, Peter. Master! 2000. Magazine Analysis! London in der Neuzeit. In: Andreas Sohn Hermann Weber, eds. Haupstädte und Global Cities an der Schwelle zum 21. Jahrhundert . Bochum: Winkler.

57-79. Ankum, Katharina von, ed. 1997. Women in the Metropolis: Gender and Modernity in Weimar Culture . Berkeley: University of California Press. Barta, Peter I. 1990. The Treatment of the Fourth Dimension in the Modernist City Novel. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum. 310-315. Study on the modernist city novel . Key words: the fourth dimension, i.e. the representation of space as a major constituent of the integrative text structure.

Space and identity. Becker, Sabina. Thesis Electrical! 1993. Urbanität und Moderne: Studien zur Großstadtwahrnehmung in der deutschen Literatur 1900-1930. St. Ingbert: Röhrig. Boynton, Percy Holmes. 1913. London in English Literature.

Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. (Ch. 10 Contemporary London) Bradbury, Malcolm. Letters Uk! 1976. London 1890-1930. Master Engineering! In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism. 1890-1930. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

172-190. Breuner, Michael. 1991. Hunger for Place: Studien zur Raumdarstellung im London-Roman seit 1940 . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Study on the London Novel after 1940. Key words: literary appropriation of the city. Space and subjectivity: subjective perceptions and analysis essay formations of space (philosophical basis: see Ströker, psychological basis: see Minkowski). Brooks, J.A. 1982.

Ghosts of London: The East End, City, and North. Norwich: Jarrold. Carey, John. 1992. The Intellectuals and the Masses: Pride and Prejudice among the Literary Intelligentsia 1880-1939.

London: Faber Faber. (Chap. 3 The Suburbs and the Clerks) Study on the phenomenon of the masses from the thesis perspective of cuny city college essay, intellectuals. Space: suburbia - housing development, suburbia as a place of the masses. Master Electrical Engineering! Travel: flight from civilisation of established authors like Robert Byron, Graham Green, Evelyn Waugh. Drabble, Margaret. 1979. A Writer's Britain: Landscape in Literature. Photographed by Jorge Lewinski. London: Thames Hudson.

Epstein-Nor, Deborah. 1991. The Urban Peripatetic: Spectator, Streetwalker, Woman Writer. Nineteenth Century Literature 46.3: 351 - 375. Frisby, David. 2001. Cityscapes of Modernity: Critical Explorations . Cambridge: Polity Press. Harding, Desmond. 2002. Writing the City: Urban Visions And Literary Modernism . On Effective! New York: Routledge.

Hertel, Kirsten. Thesis Electrical Engineering! 1997. London zwischen Naturalismus und Moderne: Literarische Perspektiven einer Metropole. Heidelberg: Winter. Keating, Peter. 1984. The Metropolis in Literature.

In: Anthony Sutcliffe, ed. Advertisement! Metropolis 1890-1940. London: Mansell. 129-145. Master Thesis! Kilian, Eveline. 2002. Exploring London. Walking the City - (Re)Writing the City.

In: Hartmut Berghoff, Barbara Korte Ralf Schneider, eds. The Making of Modern Tourism: The Cultural History of the communication skills essays British Experience, 1600 to 2000 . London: Palgrave. 267-283. Klotz, Volker. 1969.

Die erzählte Stadt: Ein Sujet als Herausforderung des Romans von Lesage bis Döblin. München: Hanser. Kublitz-Kramer, Maria. 1995. Frauen auf Straßen: Topographien des Begehrens in Erzähltexten von Gegenwartsautorinnen. München: Fink. Kursbuch Stadt.

Stadtleben und Stadtkultur an der Jahrtausendwende. 1999 . Redaktion Stefan Bollmann. Stuttgart: DVA. Engineering! Lane, Eric. Communication! 1988. A Guide to Literary London. Sawtry, Cambridgeshire: Dedalus. Lefèbvre, Henri.

1972. Die Revolution der Städte. München: List. Lehan, Richard. 1998. Master Thesis! The City in Literature: An Intellectual and Cultural History . Berkeley: University of California Press. Mahler, Andreas, ed. 1999. Stadt-Bilder: Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination . Heidelberg: Winter. Manley, Lawrence.

1995. Literature and Culture in Early Modern London . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Marcus, Steven. 1987. Reading the Illegible. Some Modern Representations of Urban Experience. In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds. Visions of the Modern City: Essays in History, Art, and Literature. Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. 232-256. Milgram, Stanley.

1970. Das Erleben der Großstadt: Eine psychologische Analyse. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie 1: 142-152. Müller, Lothar. 1988. Die Großstadt als Ort der Moderne: Über Georg Simmel. In: Klaus R. Scherpe, ed. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne.

Reinbek: Rowohlt. 14-36. Nord, Deborah Epstein. 1991. The Urban Peripatetic: Spectator, Streetwalker, Woman Writer. Nineteenth Century Literature 46.3: 351-375. Nowel, Ingrid. 1998. London: Biographie einer Weltstadt - Architektur und Kunst, Geschichte und Literatur.

Köln: Dumont. College Application Essay! Parson, Deborah L. 2000. Streetwalking the master Metropolis: Women, the advertisement analysis essay City and thesis electrical engineering Modernity. Oxford: Oxford UP. Pfeil, Elisabeth. 1972. Großstadtforschung: Entwicklung und gegenwärtiger Stand. Hannover: Jänecke.

Pike, Burton. 1981. Cuny City College! The Image of the City in Modern Literature. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP. Master Thesis Electrical Engineering! Punter, David. Classroom Management! 1979. Blake's Capital Cities. Thesis Engineering! In: P. Weston, ed. London in Literature. London: Roehampton Institute.

46-72. Scherpe, Klaus R., ed. 1988. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Reinbek: Rowohlt. Sennett, Richard, ed. 1978. Classic Essays on the Culture of Cities . New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. Sennet, Richard.

1995. Flesh and Stone. The Body and the City in Western Civilization . London: Faber Faber. Shaffer, Elinor S., ed. 1996. Spaces: Cities, Gardens and Wilderness . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Sharpe, William 1986. Feminizing the Urban World. Urban Resources . 3.2: 55-57. Sharpe, William Leonard Wallock. 1987.

From 'Great Town' to 'Nonplace Urban Realm': Reading the Modern City. On Lupus! In: William Sharpe und Leonard Wallock, Hgg. Visions of the Modern City. Essays in History, Art, and Literature. Baltimore/London: Johns Hopkins UP. 1-51. Sharpe, William Leonard Wallock. Master Thesis Engineering! 1987. From 'Great Town' to 'Nonplace Urban Realm': Reading the cuny city essay Modern City.

In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds. Visions of the Modern City: Essays in History, Art, and Literature. Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. Master Electrical! 1-51. Sizemore-Wick, Christine. 1989.

A Female Vision of the City: London in the Novels of Five British Women . Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. Study on printmaking the city from a female perspective. City can be entered by women in the 20th century. Provides detailed analysis of novels. Smuda, Manfred, ed.

1992. Engineering! Die Großstadt als Text . München: Wilhelm Fink. Squier, Susan Merrill, ed. 1984. Application Essay! Women Writers and the City: Essays in Feminist Literary Criticism . Knoxville. University of master thesis engineering, Tennessee Press. Squier, Susan Merill. 1985.

Virginia Woolf and London: The Sexual Politics of the City. Chapel Hill London: The University of North Carolina Press. (Ch. 5 The Carnival and Funeral of Mrs Dalloway's London) Sutcliffe, Anthony, ed. Essays! 1984. Metropolis 1890-1940. London: Mansell. Timms, Edward David Kelley, eds. 1985. Master Thesis! Unreal City: Urban Experience in Modern European Literature and Art.

Manchester: Manchester UP. Twyning, John. Essay On Effective Classroom! 1998. London Dispossess: Literature and Social Space in the Early Modern City. Basingstoke: Macmillan. Voss, Dietmar. 1988.

Die Rückkehr der Flanerie: Versuch über ein Schlüsselphänomen der Moderne. In: Klaus R. Scherpe, ed. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Reinbek: Rowohlt. 37-60. Weigel, Sigrid. Thesis Electrical Engineering! 1990. Thesis Statement On Lupus! 'Die Städte sind weiblich und nur als Sieger hold': Zur Funktion des Weiblichen in Gründungsmythen und Städtedarstellungen. In: Sigrid Weigel, ed. Topographien der Geschlechter. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt. 149-189.

Weightman, Gavin Steve Humphries. 1984. The Making of Modern London, 1815-1914. London: Sidgwick Jackson. Weightman, Gavin Steve Humphries. 1984. The Making of Modern London, 1914-1939.

London: Sidgwick Jackson. Weinreb, Ben Christopher Hibbert. 1983. The London Encyclopaedia. London: Macmillan. Wilson, Elizabeth. 1991. Thesis Electrical Engineering! The Sphinx in the City: Urban Life, the Control of Disorder, and Women . London: Virago. Wolff Janet. 1985. The Invisible Flaneuse.

Women and the Literature of magazine advertisement essay, Modernity. Theory, Culture and thesis Society 2.3: 37-46. Bausinger, Hermann et al., eds. 1991. Reisekultur: Von der Pilgerfahrt zum modernen Tourismus . München: Beck.

Berghoff, Hartmut, Barbara Korte Ralf Schneider, eds. 2002. The Making of Modern Tourism: The Cultural History of the British Experience, 1600 to 2000 . Analysis Essay! London: Palgrave. Thesis Electrical Engineering! Blake, Susan L. 1990. A Woman's Trek: What Difference Does Gender Make? Women's Studies International Forum 13.4: 347-353. Birkett, Dea.

1989. Cv Covering Letters Uk! Spinsters Abroad: Victorian Lady Explorers . Master Thesis Electrical! Oxford: Blackwell. Black, Jeremy. 1985. The British and the Grand Tour . London: Croom Helm. Blunt, Elison Gillian Rose, eds. 1994. Writing Women and Space: Colonial and Postcolonial Geographies . New York: The Guilford Press. Collection of essays on ethnological and geographical issues. Theoretical background: postcolonial studies, gender studies, discourse theory, and constructivism. Premiss: the white, middle-class subject constructs other cultures from a privileged and relatively uncritical stance.

Female living spaces: social mapping paves the way for social and political orientation, territorial dissociation. Fight against imperialism and gender-specific oppression. Statement! Articles on: Mary Kingsley's perspective on landscape, geographical spaces such as Australia, Western Africa, Ireland. Bode, Christoph, ed. 1997. West Meets East: Klassiker der britischen Orient-Reiseliteratur . Heidelberg: Winter. Brendon, Piers.

1991. Thomas Cook: 150 Years of Popular Tourism . London: Secker Warburg. Brenner, Peter J., ed. 1989. Der Reisebericht: Die Entwicklung einer Gattung in master thesis, der deutschen Literatur . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Articles on paper watermark the history of German travel literature. Introduction considers basic issues: perception of the foreign through patterns of the (kn)own. Perception is influenced by emotions: stimulation, rejection, amazement.

Quality of travel experience ranges from dissociation to identification. Change of the German travel report relative to the changes in the philosophical conception of the world (homogeneity or heterogeneity of the world). Brenner, Peter J. Master Thesis Engineering! 1989. Die Erfahrung der Fremde: Zur Entwicklung einer Wahrnehmungsform in der Geschichte des Reiseberichts. In: Peter J. Brenner, ed. Der Reisebericht: Die Entwicklung einer Gattung in der deutschen Literatur . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. 14-49. Burkart, Arthur J. Slavoj Medlik. Cv Covering Letters! 1974. Tourism: Past, Present, and master engineering Future . London: Heinemann. Skills! Buzard, James.

1993. The Beaten Track: European Tourism, Literature, and master the Ways to Culture, 1800 - 1918 . Oxford: Clarendon Press. Seminal study on magazine the definition and history of tourism. Critically assesses the engineering traveller vs. tourist dichotomy . Tourism is approached in a differentiated manner weighing the following aspects: tourism as phenomenon of the masses, processes of stereotyping the foreign, selection and assessment of tourist attractions, alleged authenticity, convenience and enhancement of infrastructure, the hierarchical structure of home culture vs. foreign culture, relaxation and flight from civilisation, democratisation of statement on lupus, travelling, antitourism ( off the beaten track ). Textual sources: travel reports, tourist guides, literary texts, documents on economic aspects of tourism. Chard, Chloe. 1999. Pleasure and Guilt on the Grand Tour: Travel Writing and Imaginative Geography 1600-1890 . Manchester: Manchester UP.

Cocker, Mark. 1992. Loneliness and Time: British Travel Writing in the Twentieth Century . London: Secker Warburg. Study exclusively deals with white, middle-class, imperialistic, male authors. Uncritical stylisation of the male traveller as a hero (alleged male characteristics: self-discipline, survival in the face of danger, suppression of emotions, 'the lone wolf', self-sufficiency). Claims travel literature to be factual. Cocker's arguments are not very well organised, nor up to the current state of engineering, research. Nevertheless, a useful source for male travel reports. Culler, Jonathan.

1988. The Semiotics of thesis statement, Tourism. In: Jonathan Culler, ed. Framing the Sign: Criticism and Its Institutions . Thesis Engineering! Oxford: Blackwell. 153-167. Article describes tourism as a semiotic system of stereotypization. Emphasises the uk fact that tourist attractions and souvenirs are semiotically communicated, i.e. they are signifiers serving the satisfaction of certain desires. Discusses this representative function of tourism from a Barthesian perspective, sees the availability of tourism as a commercial product. Thesis: semiotic processes of tourism turn the world into an accumulation of travel destinations. Dodd, Philip. 1982.

The Views of Travellers: Travel writing in the 1930s. Prose Studies 5.1 (Special Issue The Art of Travel: Essays on Travel Writing ): 127-138. Dodd analyses the traveller's/the narrator's attitude towards the travelled places as the most important structural component of the text. In general, the master engineering attitudes mirror the culturally given standards; personal interests also come into the play: e.g. nostalgic childhood memories ( home tour ), social interests etc. Dodd discusses texts by Greene, Muir, Orwell, Priestley.

Foster, Shirley. Essay Classroom! 1990. Nineteenth Century Women Tavellers and Their Writings . New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf. The study predominantly deals with female English travellers/travel writers of the 19th century. It is structured according to areas of destination (Italy, North-America, Far East) documenting the travellers' different attitudes towards the respective countries. Master Thesis Engineering! Introductory chapter is of fundamental relevance for thesis on lupus, theories and histories of female travelling. The following aspects are given detailed treatment: breaking away from social conventions and confining norms, the double bind of the female traveller and her difficulties as a woman due to master electrical male prejudice. Female travellers as exceptional women: acquisition of printmaking, stereotypically male characteristics, emancipated behaviour (positive evaluation, depicted in an almost panegyric manner).

Mixture of male and female conventions of writing: topography, economic aspects, male activity vs. Master! female aesthetics of landscape, female living spaces; objectivity, factual information vs. emotionalised information, expression of subjectivity and self-analysis, practising dominance vs. Skills! opening up to the foreign culture and showing a readiness to integrate. Thesis Electrical Engineering! Foucault, Michel. 1992. Andere Räume. In: Karlheinz Bark et al., eds. Aisthesis: Wahrnehmung heute oder Perspektiven einer anderen Ästhetik . Leipzig: Reclam: 34-46. Foulke, Robert. 1992. The Guide Book Industry. In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of thesis, Georgia Press.

93-106. Essay on the genre of the travel-guide: the travel-guide as the sole source for mass-tourists, the best-selling subgenre within travel literature. Distinction between predominantly factual-informative and other, more personally oriented, guides. Criteria for evaluation: travel-guides have to be up to date, affordable, handy, and respectable. Content: sights and master thesis engineering practical hints (means of printmaking watermark, transportation, hotels, restaurants, food, clothing). Early travel handbooks in the 19th century are above all educational ( Grand tour ). Thesis! Three different treatments of application essay, Bath demonstrate how travel-guides differ (in terms of selection, representation, or evaluation of the master thesis engineering place). Frederick, Bonnie Susan H. McLeod, eds. 1993. Women and the Journey: The Female Travel Experience . Pullman, Washington: Washington State UP.

Essay collection on women and essay travelling. Introduction discusses fundamental issues: women's motivations for master electrical engineering, travelling (liberation from the confining domestic shelter, transgression of thesis, boundaries), special risks for women, self-development, women's difficulties in finding a balance between the demands and conventions of home on the one hand and the freedom of travelling on the other hand. The individual contributions deal with examples of women travellers, focusing on their encounters with women of other ethnicities and questions of sex, race and class. The representation of female travelling in electrical engineering, literary texts is also considered: the female quest plot seems to thesis statement on lupus allow no happy ending for master thesis, female characters (either return to restrictive patriarchal structures at on effective classroom management home or emigration to a foreign country). Fussell, Paul.

1980. Abroad: British Literary Travelling Between the Wars . Oxford: Oxford UP. Early authoritative text on travel literature. Deals exclusively with traditional male travel literature written between the wars (summaries, biographical details). Thesis Electrical! Authors discussed are: Robert Byron, Norman Douglas, Graham Greene, D.H. Lawrence, Evelyn Waugh. Aspects of analysis: major need to travel in post-war society, boom of travel literature, introduction of passports, awareness of national borders.

Travel vs. tourism, the latter strongly deprecated. Questionable categorisation of travel periods: exploration (Renaissance), travel (age of the bourgeoisie), tourism (proletarian age). Fussell's study is of rather restricted use for information on travel literature. Fussell, Paul. 1992. Travel and the British Literary Imagination of the Twenties and Thirties.

In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on cuny application essay the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press. 71-92. Ghose, Indira. 1998. Women Travellers in Colonial India: The Power of the master thesis Female Gaze . Oxford: Oxford UP. Postcolonial-deconstructionist and feminist study on India. Ghose's study aims at uncovering ideologies. Shows women as doubly colonised. Women's subversive refusal of the colonial discourse, female quest for identity. Questions of ethnic difference and multi-culturalism.

Contemplation of the Other serves self-definition (confirmation of the Self through reduction of the Other). Thesis Statement On Lupus! The rational subject of European Enlightenment as the standard of thesis electrical, evaluation. Letters! Textual sources: 19th-century travel literature of British women depicting different images of Indian women. The female perspective of women travellers is influenced by aspects of race, class and gender. They seem to have taken over male positions of epistemological superiority, of voyeurs or spies. This is also evident in the description of landscape following the electrical aesthetic conventions of the picturesque. Henderson, Heather. 1992. The Travel Writer and the Text: My Giant Goes with Me Wherever I Go. In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press.

230-240. Printmaking Paper Watermark! Henderson demonstrates the intertextuality of travel literature on thesis the basis of communication, several examples. Literary and cultural influences determined the thesis engineering perception and style of travel writers: stereotypes, prejudices, historical and literary knowledge, former travel reports. Impossibility of a direct access to the reality of the travelled country. Subjective experiences of the traveller as another element of mediating reality. Hindley, Geoffrey. 1983. Tourists, Travellers, and Pilgrims . Advertisement Analysis Essay! London: Hutchinson. Hunter, Jefferson. 1982. Edwardian Fiction . Cambridge, Ma.

London: Harvard UP. Study on the Edwardian novel . Discusses predominantly male authors (only Woolf and Vita Sackville West are mentioned). Key words: Formal aspects (continuity and master engineering change). Depiction of social problems. Communication Essays! Best-sellers (do not account for the particular character of the epoch). Thesis Electrical! Travel literature as a means of escaping into the exotic. Imperialism. Debate on identity. The English country mansion as a topos. Criticism: Tendency towards superficial judgements. Ingemanson, Brigitta Maria.

1993. On Lupus! Under Cover: The Paradox of Victorian Women's Travel Costume. In: Bonnie Frederick Susan H. McLeod, eds. Women and the Journey: The Female Travel Experience . Pullman, Washington: Washington State UP. 5-24. The essay shows how women travellers of the Victorian and Edwardian period endeavoured to dress and master thesis engineering act according to conventional norms of femininity. This caused considerable difficulties for women: mountaineering with crinoline and cv covering uk Alpenstock . Dressing according to male dress codes was perceived as a loss of identity by most women up to the 20th century. Jost, Herbert. 1989.

Selbst-Verwirklichung und Seelensuche: Zur Bedeutung des Reiseberichts im Zeitalter des Massentourismus. In: Peter J. Brenner, ed. Der Reisebericht: Die Entwicklung einer Gattung in der deutschen Literatur . Electrical! Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. 490-507. Kohl, Stephan. 1990.

Travel Literature and the Art of printmaking paper watermark, Self-Invention. In: Rüdiger Ahrens, ed. Electrical Engineering! Anglistentag 1989 Würzburg: Proceedings . Tübingen: Niemeyer. Korte, Barbara. 1996. Der englische Reisebericht: Von der Pilgerfahrt bis zur Postmoderne . Darmstadt: WBG. Study on the history of travel literature in England; attempts a systematic description of the genre. Key words: genre hybridity and openness, relation of fact and fiction, narrative components, subject-object relation. Marginally, Korte also considers travel literature by women authors. Distinguishes different motivations for travelling and different forms of travel reports: pilgrimage (spiritual salvation), voyages of discovery (trade routes, map-making, exotic merchandise, conquest), expedition (scientific and magazine nautical discoveries), Grand tour (identity formation, sights, sexual adventures), Home tour (getting to master engineering know one's own country, questions of skills, national identity and nationalism), subjectivity, experimental forms of travel literature in the 1930s (personal experience, civilisation critique), development of master, tourism (relaxation, security, comfort, sights), intertextual play with travel reports in postmodernism. Kowalewski, Michael, ed.

1992. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on cv covering uk the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press. Master Thesis Engineering! The contributions to this essay collection are quite heterogeneous with respect to statement on lupus content and quality, they are separately listed and annotated under the engineering names of the cuny city college respective authors (see Rober Foulke, Heather Henderson, Mary Morris). The following aspects are mentioned in the editor's foreword: emphasis of the newly awakened interest in travel literature; hybridity of the genre (mixture of autobiography, journalism, travel guide, confessional literature, and novel); curiosity and desire for independence as travel motivations; subjectivity of travel impressions. Lawrence, Karen L. 1994. Penelope Voyages: Women and Travel in master thesis electrical, the British Literary Tradition . Cornell: Cornell UP. Semiotic-psychoanalytic approach to interpreting travel literature and novels calling upon mythical constructions.

Lawrence asks the hypothetical question: What happens if Penelope no longer waits for Odysseus but begins to travel herself? Thesis: it is the traditional exclusion of women from travelling that brings about the essay on effective classroom management male travel plot. Lawrence argues on the basis of psychoanalytic theorems: Freud's association of the uncanny with the stranger and the mother suggests the master electrical male traveller's ambivalent search for the maternal/original safety. Travelling enabled women to penetrate new spaces, experiencing the cv covering tension between the familiar and the strange. The flexibility of the genre of travel literature opened up opportunities for women, even the process of writing became a kind of travel adventure, a breaking away from male (literary) conventions. Lawrence illustrates that the signifier 'travel' can denote various signifieds. Postulates differences between male and female conventions of writing and master behaviour, provides evidence from a number of texts (Mary Kingsley and statement on lupus Sarah Lee among others). Lobsien, Eckhard. Thesis! 1981. Landschaft in essay classroom, Texten: Zur Geschichte und Phänomenologie der literarischen Beschreibung . Master Engineering! Stuttgart: Metzler.

Lutwack, Leonard. Classroom Management! 1984. The Role of Place in electrical engineering, Literature . New York: Syracuse UP. MacCannell, Dean. 1976. [1999] The Tourist: A New Theory of the Leisure Class . New York: Schocken Books. Structuralist-semiotic study on tourism. Thesis Statement On Lupus! MacCannell sees the tourist as a prototype of the modern human being (hunger for adventure, need for leisure time, superficiality). Sights are signifiers to which different signifieds can be assigned; they acquire a representative function. Authenticity of sights is produced and serially reproduced in the souvenir.

Process of semantisation: sacrilization, framing and elevation, mechanical reproduction. Wide spectrum of tourist attractions: museums, parks, historical buildings, residential areas (e.g. Beverley Hills), shipyards, slums, garbage dumps (examples of the negative sides of tourism), ways of transport (tunnels, canals, bridges), business quarters, markets, population groups (e.g. Amish people). Master Electrical! Melchett, Sonia 1991. Passionate Quests: Five Modern Women Travellers . London. Heinemann. Mersmann, Arndt. 2000. Novel Topographies: A Spatial Reading of Sybil. In: Joachim Frenk, ed.

Spatial Change in English Literature . Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier. Essays! Disraeli's novel serves as an example for illustrating the new experiences of space created by the possibility of railroad travelling (the account is based on Schivelbusch 1977, see below). Key words: mobility, speed, transportation of goods, communication, overcoming of distances, changes of landscape, gaining knowledge of thesis electrical, different social areas. Mills, Sara. 1991. Discourses of Difference: An Analysis of Women's Travel Writing and Colonialism . London: Routledge. One of the first studies focusing on cuny postcolonial issues from a feminist perspective (see also Ghose 1998). Extensive methodological reflections on the discourse-theoretical approach (Foucault). Mills emphasises that travelling women should - just as men - be viewed in master electrical, the context of an imperialist ideology, yet they deal with it differently ( double-voiced discourse ). Mills provides a research report on city essay travel literature and remarks on the previous neglect of female travellers. There are three case studies: Mary Kingsley, Alexandra David-Neel, Nina Mazuchelli. Master Thesis Electrical! Morris, Mary.

1992. Women and Journeys: Inner and Outer. Statement! In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press. 25-32. Morris characterises female travelling and travel writing from her own perspective. Electrical! Two types of travel plots are possible for women authors: either waiting for printmaking, the stranger at home or searching for the strange abroad. Morris discusses women's inclination to enter a dialogic relationship with the foreign country, to bring in their own perception.

Women prefer travelling in company, they are often in need of male protection. On the whole the study draws a somewhat simplistic picture of travelling women. Pelz, Annegret. 1993. Reisen durch die eigene Fremde: Reiseliteratur von Frauen als autobiographische Schriften . Köln: Böhlau. Pfister, Manfred. Master! 1993.

Intertextuelles Reisen, oder: Der Reisebericht als Intertext. In: Herbert Foltinek, Wolfgang Riehle Waldemar Zacharasiewicz, eds. Thesis Statement! Tales and 'their telling difference': Zur Theorie und Geschichte der Narrativik . Festschrift Franz K. Stanzel. Heidelberg: Winter. The article refutes the myth of authenticity and shows the manifold intertextual networks of travel literature. Typology of master electrical, intertextuality in travel literature. Repressed and negated intertextuality (blurring of intertextual tracks; search for new, non-verbalised spaces), compiled intertextuality (excerpting travel guides and essay classroom management reports), homage paying intertextuality (visiting cult-places and quoting authorities), dialogic function of intertextuality (discussion of former travel traditions). Pfister, Manfred Indira Ghose. 1996. Still Going Strong: The Loneliness of the Long Distance Traveller in electrical, Modern Travel Writing.

Journal for advertisement analysis, the Study of British Culture 3.2: 149-163. Pratt, Marie Louise. 1992. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation . London: Routledge. Postcolonial approach. Deals with travel literature on master thesis South America and Africa 1750-1980. Shows different types of relations between two cultures: co-presence ( contact zone ), dominance of the conqueror's perspective ( colonial frontier ), seemingly innocent stance of the paper watermark conqueror ( anti-conquest ), assimilation of the master thesis electrical engineering conquered ( autoethnographic ). An imperialistic attitude of essay management, conquest can also be expressed within Europe, e.g. through arrogance towards the stranger or through mental appropriation.

Pratt includes rhetorical devices of imperialistic tendencies in travel literature: epithets and thesis similes referring to the traveller's own country, aesthetisation of landscape according to native categories, elevated position with panoramic view, self-revaluation caused by a joy for discovery, exploiting the knowledge of the native guide. Quadflieg, Helga. Printmaking! 2000. Kleine Fluchten: Isabella Bird und ihre Reisen nach Amerika. Electrical! In: Querelles: Jahrbuch für Frauenforschung 2000. Magazine Analysis! (Vol.

5: Grenzgängerinnen des moralischen Geschlechts ). Stuttgart: Metzler. 110-123. Thesis Engineering! A case study of some of communication, Isabella Bird's travel writings. Illustrates the double bind of the female traveller in master thesis, the 19th and the beginning of the communication skills essays 20th century: tension between conventionality and freedom, affirmation and subversion of existing norms (see also Forster 1990: Frederick, ed. 1991). Master Electrical Engineering! Robinson, Jane.

1990. Communication Skills Essays! Wayward Women: A Guide to Women Travellers . Oxford: Oxford UP. A bibliography of women's travel writing listing approx. 400 authors. Entries contain brief biographical sketches, key words and synopses. Robinson provides bibliographical access to a comprehensive corpus of texts, and thereby enables further research on female travel literature.

Russel, Mary. Master Electrical! [1986] 1996. Advertisement Analysis Essay! The Blessings of a Good Thick Skirt: Women Travellers and Their World. London: Flamingo. Said, Edward. 1983. Orientalism . New York: Random House. Schabert, Ina. Master Electrical! 1997. Reisebücher: Die Frau in der Fremde.

In: Ina Schabert. Englische Literaturgeschichte aus der Sicht der Geschlechterforschung . Stuttgart: Kröner. 589-597. Paper! Schäffter, Ortfried, ed. 1991. Electrical Engineering! Das Fremde: Erfahrungsmöglichkeiten zwischen Faszination und Bedrohung . Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag. Schaff, Barbara. 1999. Gendered Cities: Italienische Städte im Blick britischer Reisender. In: Andreas Mahler, ed. On Lupus! Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination . Heidelberg: Winter.

173-196. Engineering! Schaff discusses the essay textuality of cities and their literary representation with respect to the different perspectives of male and female authors/characters. Examples: phallic conception of Florence as cultural space of masculinity (Lawrence), Venice as art-trophy (Ruskin) or as embodiment of the archetypal mother (Byron); Rome as unapproachable (for Dorothea in Middlemarch ), or as a symbol of triumphant conquest (Felicia Hemans). Schivelbusch, Wolfgang. 1977. Geschichte der Eisenbahnreise. Zur Industrialisierung von Raum und Zeit im 19. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M: Fischer.

Authoritative study on travelling by railroad. Focuses on: development of railway traffic in England, on the continent and in North America; the railroad's peculiarities as a means of public transport and merchandise transportation; the change of the experience of space and time; economic, social and cultural aspects; Schivelbusch presents a (somewhat one-sided) critique of civilisation (alienation from nature). Schülting, Sabine. 1997. Wilde Frauen, Femde Welten: Kolonisierungsgeschichten aus Amerika . Reinbek: Rowohlt. Stannard, Martin. 1982. Debunking the Jungle: The Context of Evelyn Waugh's Travel Books 1930-9. Electrical! Prose Studies 5.1 (Special Issue The Art of Travel: Essays on Travel Writing ): 105-126. Magazine Advertisement Essay! Stevenson, Catherine Barnes. 1982.

Victorian Women Travel Writers in Africa . Boston: Twayne. Schwarze, Hans-Wilhelm. 1982. Ereignisse, Zeit und Raum, Sprechsituationen in narrativen Texten. Thesis! In: Hans-Werner Ludwig, ed. Arbeitsbuch Romananalyse: Eine Einführung . Tübingen: Narr.

145-188. [esp. 170-174] Tinling, Marion. 1989. Woman into the Unknown: A Sourcebook on Women Explorers and Travelers . New York: Greenwood Press. Veit, Karin. 1997. Journey and Gender - Diversity of Travel Writing. In: Susanne Fender, ed. Cv Covering! Feminist Contributions to the Literary Canon: Setting Standards of Taste . Leviston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press. 107-138.

Veit examines gender-specific aspects of travelling and master thesis travel writing. Cites examples of women writers blurring the paper watermark gender boundaries, i.e. exemplary travel texts depicting women who break away from their conventional female role. Examples of gender-specific discourses: the journey of Ella Maillart and Peter Fleming from Peking through the Chinese province Sianking to Cashmere is master engineering told in two different texts (1936) representing a female and a male version; further examples are the two journeys to cuny city college application essay Russia undertaken by Susan Richards and thesis engineering Christopher Hope at the same time (1990). Veit's analysis confirms gender stereotypes, but also illustrates the double-voiced discourse of female travellers in their writings. Würzbach, Natascha. 2001. Erzählter Raum: fiktionaler Baustein, kultureller Sinnträger, Ausdruck der Geschlechterordnung. In: Jörg Helbig, ed. Erzählen und Erzähltheorie im 20.

Jahrhundert: Festschrift für Wilhelm Füger . Heidelberg: Winter. 105-129. Article covers the state of research on the phenomenon of literary space. Approaches: narratology, phenomenology, psychoanalysis, social geography, structuralism, semiotics of culture, deconstruction, cultural history, and gender studies. Introduces categories of conceptions and typologies of space. Points of special consideration: semantization of space, reference to the subject, the body, movement in space and its function as a reader's guide. Provides literary examples. Essay collection on the socio-cultural context of modernism. Focuses on literature and art in their relation to society.

Considers a multitude of aspects: mass culture, literary criticism, poetry, the cv covering letters uk novel (also: popular fiction), drama, forms of publication, radio, cinema, popular music and fine arts. Felski, Rita. 1995. The Gender of Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Thesis! Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from city college, cultural theory and cultural history. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication.

Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Harris, Jose. 1994. Private Lives and Public Spirit: Britain 1870-1914 . Harmondsworth: Penguin. Study proceeding from social history. Key words: demography, family, property, profession, religion, society and state, social theories. Keating, Peter. 1989.

The Haunted Study: A Social History of the master engineering English Novel 1875-1914 . Printmaking Watermark! London: Secker Warburg. Kern, Stephen. 1983. The Culture of thesis electrical engineering, Time and Space, 1880-1918 . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Lewis, Jane, Ed. 1986. Labour and Love: Women's Experience of Home and paper Family, 1850-1940 . Oxford: Blackwell. Study on women's social history between 1850 and 1940.

Deals with the usual topics: childhood, marriage, motherhood, class differences. Lucas, John. 1997. The Radical Twenties. Aspects of Writing, Politics and Culture. Nottingham: Five Leaves.

Study on the 1920s as a time of radical change, proceeding from cultural theory. Points out several aspects of society and discusses them in terms of their radicality: Effects of World War I on the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals). Detailed discussion of novels (also by female authors). McFarlane, Barbara. 1984.

Homes for Heroines. Housing in the Twenties. In: Making Space. Women and the Man-Made Environment . London: Pluto Press. Master Thesis Electrical Engineering! 26-36. Social history: women-centred housing. Mowat, John Loch. 1955. Britain Between the Wars 1918-1940 . London: Methuen. Nicholls, Peter. 1995.

Modernisms. A Literary Guide . London: Macmillan. Study on the time between the magazine two World Wars: the 'Roaring Twenties' and the social consciousness in the 1930s (socialism, marxism, Spanish civil war, pacifism). Further key words: Fashion (the androgynous style of the flapper), architecture and electrical mass media. Magazine Advertisement! Oldfield, Sybil, ed. 1994. This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and master thesis Culture(s) in Britain 1914-1945. London: Taylor Francis. Essay collection on social history.

Centred on women's history, introduces several women's groups. Key words: Divorce laws, motherhood. Women's rights to work between the wars, elementary school teachers. Suffragettes. Pacifist movement. Fascism. Female artists. Advertisement! Winter, J.M. 1985. The Great War and the British People . Basingstoke London: Macmillan.

Demographic study on World War I, proceeding from social history. Key words: war and loss, people's health, standards of living, efforts to master thesis electrical increase birthrates, female surplus. Criticism: the study hardly considers women's situations and perspectives. Study on female experience of the two World Wars. Special focus: women and profession.

Restraining of women from essay on effective, working in master thesis electrical, the time between the wars. Study provides detailed historical evidence: thoroughly investigated. Byles, Joan Montgomery. 1985. Communication Essays! Women's Experience of World War I: Suffragists, Pacifists and Poets. Women's Studies International Forum 8.5: 473-487. Article on the suffrage movement in the context of World War I. Key words: division - militarist suffragettes vs. Master Thesis Engineering! pacifist suffragettes. Example: conflict between Emmeline and Sylvia Pankhurst. Textual material: war poetry by women. Dyhouse, Carol.

1989. Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939 . Magazine Advertisement Essay! London: Blackwell. Study on family and marriage from a women-centred perspective. Textual material: basically (auto)biography, but also some novels. Felski, Rita. 1995. The Gender of Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP.

Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and cultural history. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Focus on master thesis one author: Marie Corelli. Gardner, Viv Susan Rutherford, eds. 1992.

The New Woman And Her Sisters: Feminism And Theatre 1850-1914 . Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf. Gardiner, Juliet, ed. 1993. Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman. Essay! London: Collins Brown. Essay collection on literary representations of the New Woman. Analysis is engineering not limited to the genre of the New Woman novel , covers a wide range of textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and other cultural-historical documents. Deals with established and less established writers. Horn, Pamela.

1995. Women in the 1920s . Stroud: Alan Sutton Publishing. Lewis, Jane, ed. 1986. Labour and Love: Women's Experience of Home and Family, 1850-1940 . Oxford: Blackwell. Essay collection on women's social history between 1850 and 1940. Deals with the usual topics: childhood, marriage, motherhood, class differences. McFarlane, Barbara. 1984. Homes for Heroines.

Housing in the Twenties. In: Making Space. Women and the Man-Made Environment . London: Pluto Press. 26-36. Social history: women-centred housing. Oldfield, Sybil, ed. 1994. This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and Culture(s) in Britain 1914-1945. London: Taylor Francis. Essay collection on social history.

Centred on women's history, introduces several women's groups. Key words: Divorce laws, motherhood. Women's rights to work between the wars, elementary school teachers. Suffragettes. Pacifist movement. Cuny Application Essay! Fascism. Female artists. Ouditt, Sharon. 1994. Fighting Forces, Writing Women: Identity and Ideology in the First World War . London New York: Routledge.

Study on women and World War I. Starts out focusing on master electrical a description of essay on effective management, women at work (medical duty, agricultural work, work in munitions factories). Continues to approach the topic by master thesis engineering looking at different texts: magazines, autobiographies and novels (partly popular literature). Literature (fictional and non-fictional) is granted a major role in this context. Areas of discussion: images of skills, women: stereotypical Red Cross Nurse (active role of hero, yet female) - the ordinary housewife at the home front as angel in the house in war literature. Critical reflection on the war and women's roles in postwar fiction.

Image of the mother as a preserver of life. Feminist pacifism. The shock experience of master electrical, war and the temporary allocation of roles as a danger to identity. Discussion of the analysis essay influence of World War I on society and literature as part of modernism. Thesis Electrical! Bataille, Georges. 1994. Die Erotik , ed. G. Bergfleth. München.

Benthien, Claudia. 1999. Haut: Literaturgeschichte, Körperbilder, Grenzdiskurse . Skills Essays! Reinbek b. Thesis Electrical Engineering! Hamburg: Rowohlt. Benthien, Claudia Irmela Marei Krüger-Fürhoff, eds. 1999. Über Grenzen: Limitation und Transgression in Literatur und Ästhetik . Stuttgart, Weimar: Metzler. Bordo, Susan.

1993. Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture, and the Body . Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. Communication Skills Essays! Breger, Claudia Tobias Döring, eds. 1998. Figuren des/der Dritten: Erkundungen kultureller Zwischenräume . Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi. Butler, Judith. 1990. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity.

New York, London: Routledge. de Lauretis, Teresa. 1990. Eccentric Subjects: Feminist Theory and Historical Consciousness. Feminist Studies 16.1: 115-150. Dollimore, Jonathan. 1992. Master Thesis Electrical! The Dominant and the Deviant: A Violent Dialectic. In:ed. Wayne R. Dynes Stephen Donaldson, eds. Homosexual Themes in Literary Studies . New York: Garland. 87-100.

Douglas, Mary. [1966] 1984. Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concepts of Pollution and Taboo . London, etc.: Ark. Doyle, Laura. 1994. Bordering on the Body: The Radical Matrix of Modern Fiction and Culture . Magazine Essay! New York, Oxford: Oxford UP. Durkheim, Emile. Thesis! [1893] 1996. Über soziale Arbeitsteilung. Studie über die Organisation höherer Gesellschaften. Frankfurt/M.

Dreitzel, H.P. 1972. Die gesellschaftlichen Leiden und das Leiden an der Gesellschaft: Vorstudien zu einer Pathologie des Rollenverhaltens . Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke. Febvre, Lucien. 1990. 'Frontière - Wort und Bedeutung. In: Lucien Febvre. Das Gewissen des Historikers . Frankfurt/M. 27-36. Ferguson, Russell, Martha Gever, Trinh T. Minh-ha Cornel West, eds. 1990.

Out There: Marginalization and communication skills Contemporary Cultures. New York: The New Museum of Contemporary Art Cambridge/Mass., London: The MIT Press. Finke, Laurie. 1986. Thesis! The Rhetoric of Marginality: Why I Do Feminist Theory.

Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 5.2: 251-72. Foucault, Michel. [1963] 1988. Zum Begriff der Übertretung. In: Michel Foucault. Schriften zur Literatur . Frankfurt/M.: Fischer. 69-89. Freud, Sigmund. [1919] 1994. Das Unheimliche. In: Sigmund Freud.

Studienausgabe IV, Psychologische Schriften, ed. Alexander Mitscherlich et al. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. 241-274. Gregg, John. 1994. Maurice Blanchot and the Literature of Transgression. Princeton/New Jersey: Princeton UP. Hohnsträter, Dirk.

1999. Im Zwischenraum. Ein Lob des Grenzgängers. On Lupus! In: Claudia Benthien Irmela Marei Krüger-Fürhoff, eds. 1999. Über Grenzen: Limitation und Transgression in Literatur und Ästhetik . Stuttgart, Weimar: Metzler. 231-244. Jervis, John. 1999.

Transgressing the Modern: Explorations in master electrical engineering, the Western Experience of Otherness . Cuny Application Essay! Oxford: Blackwell. Koschorke, Albrecht. 1990. Die Geschichte des Horizonts: Grenze und Grenzüberschreitung in literarischen Landschaftsbildern . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Kristeva, Julia.

1980. Powers of Horror. An Essay on Abjection . New York, London: Routledge. Sargisson, Lucy. 2000. Engineering! Utopian Bodies and the Politics of Transgression. London, etc.: Routledge. Shildrick, Margrit, Janet Price.

1999. Openings on the Body: A Critical Introduction. In: Janet Price Margrit Shildrick, eds. Feminist Theory and the Body: A Reader . New York: Routledge. 1-14. Advertisement Analysis Essay! Shildrick, Margrit. 1997. Leaky Bodies and Boundaries. Feminism, Postmodernism and (Bio)Ethics . London, New York: Routledge.

Showalter, Elaine. 1985. Feminist Criticism in the Wilderness. In: Elaine Showalter, ed. The New Feminist Criticism: Essays on thesis electrical Women, Literature and Theory . London: Virago, 243-270.

Stallybrass, Peter Allan White, eds. 1986. The Politics and Poetics of Transgression . London: Methuen. Stevens, Hugh. 2000. Introduction: Modernism and thesis on lupus its Margins.

In: Hugh Stevens Caroline Howlett, eds. Modernist Sexualities . Master Thesis! Manchester, New York: Manchester University Press, 1-12. Turner, Victor. 1967. Betwixt and Between: The Liminal Period in Rites de Passage . In: Victor Turner.

The Forest of Symbols . New York: Cornell UP. Magazine! Van Gennep, Arnold. [1908] 1960. The Rites of Passage , trans. M.B. Vizedom, G.L. Caffee. Chicago: U of Chicago P. Weigel, Sigrid. 1990.

Rekonstruktion und Relektüre: Die Arbeit von Frauen in der Literaturwissenschaft als Teil weiblicher Kulturkritik. In: Sigrid Weigel. Topographien der Geschlechter: Kulturgeschichtliche Studien zur Literatur . Reinbek b. Hamburg: Rowohlt. 252-263. Butler, Judith.

1993. Bodies that Matter: On the Discursive Limits of 'Sex' . New York London: Routledge. Diprose, Ros. 1994. The Bodies of Women: Ethics, Embodiment and master thesis electrical Sexual Difference. London: Routledge. Foucault, Michel. 1992. Sexualität und Wahrheit 1: Der Wille zum Wissen.

6th ed. Advertisement Analysis Essay! Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Foucault, Michel. 1994. Überwachen und Strafen: Die Geburt des Gefängnisses . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Foucault, Michel. Master Electrical! 1998. Über Hermaphrodismus: Der Fall Barbin , ed. Wolfgang Schäffner Joseph Vogl. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp.

Grosz, Elizabeth. 1994. Communication Essays! Volatile Bodies: Toward a Corporeal Feminism. Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana UP. Haraway, Donna. 1991. The Promises of Monsters: A Regenerative Politics for Inappropriate/d Others. In: L. Grossberg, C. Nelson, P. Treichler, eds. Cultural Studies. London: Routledge. Herdt, Gilbert, ed.

1994. Third Sex, Third Gender: Beyond Sexual Dimorphism in Culture and History . New York: Zone Books. Horner, Avril Angela Keane. 2000. Electrical Engineering! Body Matters: Feminism, Textuality, Corporeality. On Lupus! Manchester, New York: Manchester UP. Hurley, Kelly. 1996. The Gothic Body: Sexuality, Materialism, and Degeneration of the Fin de Siècle. Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Jacobus, Mary, Evelyn Fox Keller Sally Shuttleworth, eds. 1990. Body/Politics: Women and the Discourses of Science. New York London: Routledge. Laqueur, Thomas. 1992. Making Sex: Body and master thesis electrical engineering Gender from the Greeks to Freud . Cambridge/Mass., London: Harvard UP. Price, Janet Margrit Shildrick, eds. 1999. Feminist Theory and the Body: A Reader . New York: Routledge.

Sargisson, Lucy. 2000. Utopian Bodies and the Politics of on lupus, Transgression. London, etc.: Routledge. Shildrick, Margrit. 1997. Leaky Bodies and Boundaries: Feminism, Postmodernism, and (Bio)Ethics . London: Routledge.

Terry, Jennifer Jacqueline Urla, eds. 1995. Deviant Bodies . Master Thesis Electrical! Bloomington: Indiana UP. Brooks, J.A. 1982. Ghosts of London: The East End, City, and North. Norwich: Jarrold. Dinzelbacher, Peter, ed.

1993. Europäische Mentalitätsgeschichte: Hauptthemen in Einzeldarstellungen . Stuttgart: Kröner. Essay collection on different experiences of space from antiquity up to the present. Approach: history of magazine analysis, mentality. Key words: experience of space as social, geographic, and cultural (fields of interest: religion, architecture etc.). Space and aspects of conquering and opening up (of new rooms). Master Electrical Engineering! Cyberspace. Foucault, Michel. 1992.

Andere Räume. In: Karlheinz Bark et al., eds. Aisthesis: Wahrnehmung heute oder Perspektiven einer anderen Ästhetik . Reclam: Leipzig. 34-46. Article on space and otherness. Difference between normal and deviant spaces. Essay On Effective Classroom Management! Key words: heterotopias (hospitals, psychiatric clinics, prisons. ); spatial symbolism and thesis electrical engineering history of mentality. Frenk, Joachim, ed. 2000.

Spatial Change in English Literature . Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier. Aufsatzsammlung. Mentalitätsgeschichtlich bedingter Wandel von Raumvorstellungen in der englischen Literaturgeschichte. Besonderes Interesse der Postmoderne am Raum (Sozialgeographie, Kolonialismus, Datenflüsse um den Erdball, Cyberspace.) Fryer, Judith. Uk! 1984.

Women and Space. The Flowering of Desire. In: Prospects: An Annual of American Cultural Studies . 187-230. Study on thesis electrical gendered concepts of space in architecture, housing and narrative fiction from the magazine essay turn of the century up to the 1930s based on social geography. Contains writings on master thesis electrical engineering architecture and feminist reform efforts. Grosz, Elizabeth. 1995. Space, Time and Perversion. Essays on cuny city application the Politics of electrical, Bodies . London: Routledge. (esp.

103-124) Hauser, Susanne. 1990. Der Blick auf die Stadt: Semiotische Untersuchungen zur literarischen Wahrnehmung bis 1910 . Cuny City! Berlin: Dietrich Reimer. Master Engineering! Semiotic studies on literary perceptions of urban spaces. Key words: perception of space in general. Basic patterns of the experience of city space (multi-stimulation, processes of selection. Letters! ). Culturally variable navigation of perception (closely connected with aspects of value judgements).

Higonnet, Margaret R. Joan Templeton, eds. 1994. Master! Reconfigured Spheres: Feminist Explorations of Literary Space . Amherst: University of Mass. Press. Cv Covering Letters Uk! Essay collection. Provides different perspectives on the feminist relevance of thesis engineering, space: Historical, multi-cultural, metaphorical. Key words: Symbolic representative functions of skills, space in texts.

Marginalisation, transgression of boundaries, role of clothing, ghettoisation of feminist literary criticism. Hubrath, Margarete, ed. 2001. Geschlechterräume: Konstruktionen von gender in Geschichte, Literatur und Alltag . Electrical Engineering! Köln: Böhlau. Kern, Stephen. 1983. Skills! The Culture of Time and Space 1880 1918 . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Study on modernist concepts of time and space. Documents historical changes of spatial concepts in modernity.

Key words: Subjectivity, categorisation according to different ways of perception (visual, acoustic, tactual etc.) Microscopic space. Art (cubism, impressionism) and sculpture. Film (rapid change of pictures and master electrical scenes). Heterogeneous space. Plurality of stance, multi-perspectivity. On Effective! Changes of attitude. Thesis Engineering! Space as designable matter (magnetic fields, architecture, artificial lighting). Expansion and magazine reduction of geographical space (expeditions, public and private transport, aviation). Urban spaces. Psychoanalysis (mental rooms of the interior, stream of consciousness). Kursbuch Stadt.

Stadtleben und Stadtkultur an der Jahrtausendwende. 1999 . Redaktion Stefan Bollmann. Stuttgart: DVA. Läpple, Dieter. 1991. Gesellschaftszentriertes Raumkonzept: Zur Überwindung von physikalisch-mathematischen Raumauffassungen in der Gesellschaftsanalyse. In: Martin Wentz, ed. Thesis Electrical Engineering! Stadt-Räume . Frankfurt/M.: Campus.

35-46. Theoretical essay on different natures of space: Human-centred concepts of essay management, space vs. scientific concepts of space. Lefèbvre, Henri. 1972. Die Revolution der Städte. München: List. McFarlane, Barbara. 1984. Homes for Heroines. Master! Housing in the Twenties. Advertisement Analysis! In: Making Space.

Women and the Man-Made Environment . London: Pluto Press. 26-36. Social history: women-centred housing. Nowel, Ingrid. Master Engineering! 1998. London: Biographie einer Weltstadt. Architektur und Kunst, Geschichte und Literatur. Statement! Köln: Dumont. Shaffer, Elinor S., ed.

1996. Master Thesis Engineering! Spaces: Cities, Gardens and Wilderness . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Sharpe, William 1986. Feminizing the Urban World. Urban Resources 3.2: 55-57. Schivelbusch, Wolfgang. Cuny City College! 1979.

Geschichte der Eisenbahnreise. Zur Industrialisierung von Raum und Zeit im 19. Master Thesis Electrical! Jahrhundert . Frankfurt/M.: Ullstein. Historical study on space and time in the 19th century related to the development of the railway as a means of travel and transport. Its influence on the perception of space and skills essays time. (Germany, England, USA). Sennett, Richard. 1994. Flesh and Stone: The Body and the City in Western Civilization . Master Thesis Electrical! New York London: W.W.

Norton. Statement! Study on space and bodily experience. Key words: sensory perception, movements, analogies of city and body, allocation of meaning to certain areas (public, private etc.), historical change of cities, interior rooms, increasing dimension of the private in interior rooms. Master Thesis Electrical Engineering! Weigel, Sigrid. 1983. Topographien der Geschlechter: Kulturgeschichtliche Studien zur Literatur . Reinbek: Rowohlt.

Study on gender topographies and literature. Letters! Cultural-historical approach. Considers space: female allegorization of the city. Weinreb, Ben Christopher Hibbert. Master Thesis Electrical! 1983. Cuny City College! The London Encyclopaedia. London: Macmillan. Collection of essays, proceeding from cultural theory. Social space is defined by rules of behaviour, moral concepts, interests, objectives and class.

It is therefore relevant for questions of gender identity. Key words: setting and transgression of boundaries; domains of power; imaginary space in master electrical engineering, literature and utopia. Communication Skills! Bell, David Gill Valentine, eds. 1995. Mapping Desire: Geographies and Sexuality . Thesis Engineering! London: Routledge.

Collection of letters, essays, proceeding from social geography. Master Thesis! Key words: connection of space and on effective management different facets of identity formation (personal, professional and sexual). Questions of the body. Urban spaces. Power relations connected with space. Benko, Georges Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. 1997. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Oxford. Blackwell.

Collection of essays. Approach: deconstructivist social geography - social space as a linguistic construct to thesis engineering be newly developed over printmaking paper and over by the individual. Key words: Blurring of boundaries between mental and empirical spaces; spatial symbolism (described from master electrical engineering, a constructivist background and not from the cv covering usual arguments of social history or history of mentality). Duncan, Nancy, ed. Master Electrical! 1996.

Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. Essays! Essay collection on space, gender and sexuality. Approach: social geography. Key words: territories. Boundaries: blurring of boundaries, transgression of electrical engineering, boundaries. Domains of power concerning questions of gender identity and deviation from gender norms.

Duncan, Nancy. 1996. Magazine Analysis! Renegotiating Gender and thesis electrical engineering Sexuality in Public and Private Spaces. In: Nancy Duncan, ed. Essays! Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and thesis engineering Sexuality. London: Routledge. 127-145. Article on spaces of home and family.

Key words: homosexuality (male and female); prostitution. MacDowell, Linda. 1996. Spatializing Feminism. City Application! Geographic Perspectives. In: Nancy Duncan, ed.

Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. Master Electrical! London: Routledge. Magazine Advertisement Analysis Essay! 28-44. Article on a feminism and space. Approach: deconstructivist social geography. Key words: socially conditioned and electrical designed space, processes of uk, placement, boundaries, centres and margins, changes of place and transgression of boundaries, space and identity. Reference to gender relations. Natter, Wolfgang John Paul Jones III. 1997.

Identity, Space, and Other Uncertainties. In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and master thesis engineering Postmodernity . Oxford. Blackwell. 141-161.

Article on the volatile nature of space and identity. Approach. Deconstructivist social geography. Conception of space adapted from the conception of subject. Constructivity and contingency of discursive concepts as means of social change. College Application! Pfeil, Elisabeth. 1972.

Großstadtforschung: Entwicklung und gegenwärtiger Stand. Master! Hannover: Jänecke. Uk! Rose, Gillian. 1996. Master Thesis! Masculine Dwelling, Masculine Theory and watermark Feminist Masquerade. Thesis Engineering! In: Nancy Duncan, ed. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge.

56-74. Article on space and gender. Approach: Deconstructivist social geography. Space as projection: imagined emotions and actual design of space. Analysis! Concept of masquerade grounds on Luce Irigaray. Spain, Daphne. 1992. Gendered Spaces . Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. Study on space as a relevant factor for status and gender, proceeding from master, social geography. Gender-specific segregation (architecture, territorization of public spaces) Provides examples from different ethnic cultures. Classroom Management! Authoritative text on spatial symbolism.

Key words: archetypical spaces and their meaning in depth psychology: psychological dimension of places like 'house', 'shell' 'box', etc. Universalist allocation of meaning. Barta, Peter I. 1990. The Treatment of the Fourth Dimension in the Modernist City Novel. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds.

Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. Thesis Electrical Engineering! München: iudicum. 310-315. Essay on the modernist city novel . Key words: the fourth dimension, i.e. the representation of space as a major constituent of the statement integrative textual structure. Space and identity.

Becker, Claudia. 1990. Zur Interiorisierung der Raumsymbolik in der Literatur der Moderne. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the electrical XIIth Congress of the communication skills essays International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum. 281-287. Study deals with modernist tendencies of internalization: depiction of different spaces of the interior (factual and psychological ones). Berghahn, Daniela. 1988.

Raumdarstellung im englischen Roman der Moderne . Master! Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Skills! Authoritative text on thesis literary representations of space in the avant-gardist modernist novel. Key words: Subjectivity, integration of space in stream of consciousness; selectivity of perception and representation, processes of fragmentarization, montage as technique to depict space; associative spaces; spatial symbolism; interdisciplinary analogies (literature and art: impressionism, cubism); provides an analysis of Henry James The Ambassadors , Joseph Conrad Nostromo , Ford Madox Ford The Good Soldier , D.H. Lawrence Women in Love , James Joyce Ulysses , E.M. Forster A Passage To India , and Virginia Woolf To the Lighthouse . Breuner, Michael. 1991. Hunger for Place: Studien zur Raumdarstellung im London-Roman seit 1940 . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Classroom! Study on the London Novel after 1940.

Key words: literary appropriation of the city. Space and subjectivity: subjective perceptions and formations of space (philosophical basis: see Ströker, psychological basis: see Minkowski). Archetypical aspects of space. Thesis Electrical Engineering! Criticism: terminologically imprecise, appears rather essayistic. Bronfen, Elisabeth. Watermark! 1986. Der literarische Raum: Eine Untersuchung am Beispiel von Dorothy M. Richardsons Romanzyklus Pilgrimage. Tübingen: Niemeyer. Study on literary space in the work of Dorothy Richardson. Approach: phenomenological (compare Ströker and Hoffmann) and structuralist (compare Lotman). Key words: subjectivity of spatial perception in streams of consciousness.

Metaphorical space (additional symbolism) vs. space which can be physically entered. Space and identity. Spatial textual structures. Drabble, Margaret. 1979. A Writer's Britain: Landscape in Literature. Photographed by Jorge Lewinski. London: Thames Hudson.

Ecker, Gisela. 1995. Allegorical Gardens of Desire in Modernity: A Gendered Perspective. In: Susan C. Scott, ed. The Art of Interpreting . University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University. 260-292. Allocations of meaning to master thesis electrical the garden based on depth psychology. Statement On Lupus! Gender-specific dimensions of the garden: a place of solitude and expansion of consciousness for women - a place of master engineering, maternal security for men. Epstein-Nor, Deborah. 1991.

The Urban Peripatetic: Spectator, Streetwalker, Woman Writer. Magazine Advertisement Analysis! Nineteenth Century Literature 46.3: 351-375. Fludernik, Monika. 1999. Carceral Topography: Spatiality, Liminality and Corporeality in the Literary Prison. Textual Practice 13.1: 43-77. Article on space and identity. Key words: boundaries; identity formation; spatial symbolism. Provides examples of texts. Master Thesis! Füger, Wilhelm. 1984.

Streifzüge durch Allotopia: Zur Topographie eines fiktionalen Gestaltungsraums. Anglia 102.3,4: 349-391. Article on space in cv covering letters, the utopian genre. Hillebrand, Bruno von. 1975.

Poetischer, philosophischer, mathematischer Raum. In: Alexander Ritter, ed. Landschaft und Raum in der Erzählkunst . Darmstadt: WBG. 417-463. Article on different spaces: geometrical space vs. textual space. Narratological perspective on spatial representation (narratological background of the 1970s). Hoffmann, Gerhard. Thesis Engineering! 1978. Raum, Situation, erzählte Wirklichkeit . Poetologische und historische Studien zum englischen und amerikanischen Roman. Stuttgart: Metzler. Authoritative text on narrative representation of space.

Approach: phenomenological, structuralist and skills semantic. Key words: different facets of space, i.e. visional space, space of action, atmospheric space (Ströker). Typology of narrated space based on subjectivity and literary devices: curious space, grotesque space, gothic space etc. Allocation of meaning to space. Archetypal space, forms of representation: panoramic space, tableau, scene. Hubrath, Margarete, ed. 2001. Geschlechterräume: Konstruktionen von gender in Geschichte, Literatur und Alltag . Köln: Böhlau. Hunt, John Dixon. 1996. Paragone in Paradise: Translating the Garden.

In: Elinor S. Shaffer, ed. Spaces: Cities, Gardens and Wilderness . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 55-70. Thesis! Article on garden symbolism. Depicts the garden as a paradox combining nature with culture, preservation of the fleeting and the fragile. Jäger, Dietrich. 1998. Communication Essays! Erzählte Räume. Studien zur Phänomenologie der epischen Geschehensumwelt . Würzburg: Könighausen Naumann. Study on the phenomenology of narrative environments of action. Engineering! Textual examples (predominantly German, but also some English) are viewed as variants of mimesis.

Criticism: terminology is imprecise and thesis statement on lupus unsystematic, generally not up to the contemporary level of research. Kilian, Eveline. 2002. Exploring London. Walking the City - (Re)Writing the City. Engineering! In: Hartmut Berghoff, Barbara Korte Ralf Schneider, eds. The Making of Modern Tourism: The Cultural History of the British Experience, 1600 to 2000 . Magazine Essay! London: Palgrave. 267-283. Klarer, Mario. 1995. Simultaneity and Gender in thesis electrical, Modernist Discourses.

In: Near Encounters: Festschrift für Richard Martin . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Interdisciplinary article on the phenomenon of simultaneity and statement its implications concerning space and gender. Simultaneity as spatially represented in the novel as well as in modernist paintings. Androgynity as a form of simultaneity. Klein, Holger. 1990. Exploring Place and Space in Drama and in Fiction.

In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the thesis electrical engineering International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum. 174-181. Genre-theoretical essay on the nature of space in drama and fiction. Different spatial representations in drama and fiction: multi-sensory display of few places on stage vs. linguistic-evocative display of cv covering letters, many places in narrative texts. Klotz, Volker. 1969.

Die erzählte Stadt: Ein Sujet als Herausforderung des Romans von Lesage bis Döblin. München: Hanser. Master Thesis Engineering! Kublitz-Kramer, Maria. 1995. Frauen auf Straßen: Topographien des Begehrens in Erzähltexten von Gegenwartsautorinnen.

München: Fink. Lane, Eric. 1988. A Guide to Literary London. Sawtry, Cambridgeshire: Dedalus. Lutwack, Leonard. 1984. The Role of Place in Literature . New York: Syracuse UP. Study on the role of space in fiction.

Contains multiple aspects of analysis. Key words: literary coining of space (topoi). Genre-specific variants. Space imagery (spatial allegories, spatial symbols). Expansion and movement.

Time and its spatial component. Characterisation through space. Historical and national particularities of space (placelessness in Modernism, wildering in American literature) Provides detailed textual evidence. On the whole rather unsystematic, yet very stimulating. Maatje, Frank C. 1975. Versuch einer Poetik des Raumes. Cv Covering Letters Uk! In: Alexander Ritter, ed. Landschaft und Raum in der Erzählkunst . Master Electrical! Darmstadt: WBG. 392-416. Revised article on space (1st version from 1965) providing a summary of the state of communication essays, discussion at the time. Refers to spatial symbolism and the phenomenon of perspective.

Mahler, Andreas, ed. 1999. Stadt-Bilder: Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination . Heidelberg: Winter. Manley, Lawrence. 1995. Literature and Culture in Early Modern London . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Marcus, Steven. 1987. Reading the Illegible.

Some Modern Representations of Urban Experience. In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds. Visions of the Modern City: Essays in History, Art, and Literature. Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. 232-256. Mersmann, Arndt. 2000. Master Thesis! Novel Topography: A Spatial Reading of Sybil . In: Joachim Frenk, ed. Spatial Change in English Literature . Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier.

147-171. Article on watermark the representation of engineering, space in Sybil. Analysis of the particular influence of railway traffic on the perception of space in connection with the narrative structure of the text. Mitchel, W.J.T. 1989.

Space, Ideology, and letters Literary Representation. Poetics Today 10.1: 91-102. Thesis! Article on space in literature. Functional representation of magazine advertisement analysis essay, space: instrument of conveying ideology. Thesis Electrical! Criticism: argument not quite clear. Pratt, Annis. 1972. Paper Watermark! Women and Nature in Modern Fiction.

Comparative Literature 13: 476-490. Article on space and nature in modern fiction. Key words: epiphanies in natural settings (especially in novels of development), gender-specific differences in the perception of nature. Punter, David. 1979. Blake's Capital Cities. In: P. Weston, ed. London in Literature. London: Roehampton Institute.

46-72. Reichel, Norbert. 1987. Der erzählte Raum: Zur Verflechtung von sozialem und poetischem Raum in der erzählenden Literatur . Darmstadt: WBG. Study on the intermingling of social and poetic space. Space as bearer of meaning.

Narrative representations of space are shown in the context of a history of mentality. Ritter, Alexander, ed. 1975. Landschaft und Raum in der Erzählkunst . Darmstadt: WBG. Thesis! Schaff, Barbara. 1999. Gendered Cities: Italienische Städte im Blick britischer Reisender. In: Andreas Mahler, ed. Stadt-Bilder: Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination. Heidelberg: Winter. 173-196.

Article on the gendered nature of cities. Key words: linguistic and literary conceptualization of cities with male or female connotations, gender-specific perspectives on cities. Application of gender stereotypes to cities. Sharpe, William Leonard Wallock. 1987. From 'Great Town' to 'Nonplace Urban Realm': Reading the essay on effective classroom Modern City. In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds. Visions of the Modern City: Essays in History, Art, and Literature.

Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. Electrical Engineering! 1-51. Paper! Sizemore-Wick, Christine. 1989. A Female Vision of the City: London in the Novels of Five British Women . Knoxville: University of thesis electrical, Tennessee Press. Study on the city from city college application, a female perspective. City can be entered by women in the 20th century. Provides detailed analysis of novels. Smuda, Manfred, ed. 1992. Die Großstadt als Text . München: Wilhelm Fink.

Squier, Susan Merrill, ed. 1984. Women Writers and the City: Essays in Feminist Literary Criticism . Knoxville. University of Tennessee Press. Stanzel, Franz. 1990. Das Niemandsland in der englischen und deutschen Dichtung. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds.

Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum. 219-27. Article on the connecting and separating aspects of a boundary. Example: no-man's land between the trenches during the First World War in German and English literature. Timms, Edward David Kelley, eds. 1985. Unreal City: Urban Experience in Modern European Literature and Art. Master Thesis Engineering! Manchester: Manchester UP. Turner, James. 1979.

The Politics of Landscape: Rural Scenery and Society in English Poetry 1630-1660 . Oxford: Blackwell. Study on communication skills spatial symbolism according to the poetological devices of the 17th century. Social space and electrical engineering literature. Aestheticizing of topography. Methods of essay classroom, symbolizing and allegorizing space. Influence of landscape painting on literature in the 17th century.

Twyning, John. 1998. London Dispossess: Literature and Social Space in the Early Modern City. Basingstoke: Macmillan. Master Thesis Electrical Engineering! Weigel, Sigrid. 1990. 'Die Städte sind weiblich und nur als Sieger hold': Zur Funktion des Weiblichen in communication, Gründungsmythen und Städtedarstellungen. In: Sigrid Weigel, ed. Topographien der Geschlechter. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt. 149-189. Würzbach, Natascha.

2001. Erzählter Raum: fiktionaler Baustein, kultureller Sinnträger, Ausdruck der Geschlechterordnung. Thesis! In: Jörg Helbig, ed. Erzählen und Erzähltheorie im 20. Jahrhundert: Festschrift für Wilhelm Füger . Heidelberg: Winter. 105-129. Paper! Article covers the state of research on the phenomenon of literary space. Approaches: narratology, phenomenology, psychoanalysis, social geography, structuralism, semiotics of culture, deconstruction, cultural history, and gender studies.

Introduces categories of conceptions and typologies of space. Points of special consideration: semantization of space, reference to the subject, the thesis electrical engineering body, movement in space and its function as a reader's guide. Provides literary examples. Printmaking Paper Watermark! Würzbach, Natascha. in master electrical engineering, print. Identitätskonstitution durch Raumerleben in der englischen Erzählliteratur des Modernismus. Article on the theory of subjectivity and identity. The significance of space and body for the pre-linguistic formation of identity. Codes of spatial representation. Gender-specific spatial experience and concepts of subjectivity in some modernist novels. Article is an example of the notion of text as space.

Structure of text and structure of essay on effective, communication: intertextual, historical and psychological (semiotic and symbolic) references. Kahrmann, Cordula Gunter Reiß, Manfred Schluchter. 1977. Erzähltextanalyse: Eine Einführung in Grundlagen und Verfahren . 2 vols. Kronberg: Athenäum. Study on the interpretation of narrative texts. Representations of space are allocated to different textual levels of master thesis engineering, communication. Schwarze, Hans-Wilhelm. 1982.

Ereignisse, Zeit und Raum, Sprechsituationen in narrativen Texten. In: Hans-Werner Ludwig, ed. Arbeitsbuch Romananalyse: Eine Einführung . Tübingen: Narr. 145-188. [esp. 170-174] Essay collection on text analysis.

Contains a brief part on the narratological description of space on the grounds of Hoffmann 1978 (see 2.3). Statement On Lupus! Ronen, Rose. 1986. Space in Fiction. Poetics Today 7: 421-438. Master! Article on advertisement analysis essay the phenomenon of space and its characteristics in narrative texts. Study is linguistically backed up. Categorisation of space in its relation to the perceiving and acting character (immediacy), degree of factuality. Functions of space: public and private, symbolic, means of characterisation.

Integration in electrical engineering, the spatial overall structure (topographic, semantic). Stanzel, Franz. 1979. Theorie des Erzählens . Göttingen: Vandenhoeck Ruprecht. [ch. 5.2] Study on narratology. Foci: perspectival relation of objects to each other vs. non-perspectival naming of objects. In the 20th century: priority of perspectival representations of space: Subjectivity. Study on city literary space and narratology.

Approach: structuralist/semiotic text analysis (Lotman). Text as a spatial structure. Semantic functions of thesis electrical, space: convey conceptions of the world, archetypal notion of verticality and horizontality, distance and closeness, setting and transgressing boundaries. Segmenting function of literary representations of space. Thesis On Lupus! Selectivity of representation of space. Depiction of time through space. Generally a universalist notion of space. Lotman, Jurij. 1972.

Die Struktur literarischer Texte . München: Fink. Theoretical study on the structure of thesis, literary texts. Semiotic/structuralist concept of literary space as a model of essays, cultural rooms. Universalist allocations of meaning, depiction of oppositional spaces. Sappok, Christian.

1970. Die Bedeutung des Raumes für die Struktur des Erzählwerks . Aufgezeigt an Beispielen aus der polnischen Erzählliteratur . München: Otto Sagner. Structuralist/semiotic approach to space and narrative traditions. Collection of thesis electrical, essays, proceeding from cultural theory. Social space is defined by rules of behaviour, moral concepts, interests, objectives and class. It is therefore relevant for questions of gender identity. Key words: setting and transgression of boundaries; domains of power; imaginary space in literature and utopia. Bell, David Gill Valentine, eds. 1995. Mapping Desire: Geographies and Sexuality . London: Routledge. Collection of essays, proceeding from magazine analysis essay, social geography.

Key words: connection of space and different facets of identity formation (personal, professional and sexual). Questions of the body. Urban spaces. Power relations connected with space. Duncan, Nancy, ed. 1996. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of electrical, Gender and Sexuality.

London: Routledge. Essay collection on space, gender and sexuality. Approach: social geography. Key words: territories. Boundaries: blurring of on effective classroom management, boundaries, transgression of boundaries. Domains of power concerning questions of gender identity and deviation from gender norms. Duncan, Nancy. 1996.

Renegotiating Gender and master electrical engineering Sexuality in Public and Private Spaces. In: Nancy Duncan, ed. Analysis Essay! Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. Master Thesis Engineering! 127-145. Article on spaces of home and family. Skills Essays! Key words: homosexuality (male and female); prostitution. Friedman, Susan Stanford. 1996.

Spacialization, Narrative Theory, and Virginia Woolf's The Voyage Out . In: Kathy Mezei, ed. Ambiguous Discourse. Feminist Narratology and British Women Writers . Chapel Hill: Univ. of master thesis engineering, North Carolina Press. 109-136. Article is an on effective classroom, example of the notion of text as space.

Structure of text and structure of communication: intertextual, historical and psychological (semiotic and symbolic) references. Fryer, Judith. 1984. Women and Space. The Flowering of Desire. In: Prospects: An Annual of American Cultural Studies . 187-230. Essay on gendered concepts of space in architecture, housing and narrative fiction from the turn of the century up to the 1930s based on social geography. Contains writings on architecture and thesis electrical engineering feminist reform efforts. Gibson-Graham Julie Kathy. 1997.

Postmodern Becomings: From the advertisement analysis essay Space of Form to the Space of Potentiality. In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Oxford. Blackwell. 306-323. Article on conceptual forms of space from a post-structuralist perspective. Key words: Chora, identity, patriarchy, capitalism.

Remaining question from thesis engineering, a gender point of view: Is discursive space volatile enough to be changed more easily than space proper? Higonnet, Margaret R. Joan Templeton, eds. 1994. Reconfigured Spheres: Feminist Explorations of Literary Space . Amherst: University of city essay, Mass. Press. Essay collection.

Provides different perspectives on the feminist relevance of space: Historical, multi-cultural, metaphorical. Key words: Symbolic representative functions of space in texts. Marginalisation, transgression of boundaries, role of clothing, ghettoisation of feminist literary criticism. Pratt, Annis. 1972.

Women and Nature in Modern Fiction. Comparative Literature 13: 476-490. Article on space and nature in modern fiction. Key words: epiphanies in natural settings (especially in master, novels of essay, development), gender-specific differences in the perception of nature. Rose, Gillian. 1996.

Masculine Dwelling, Masculine Theory and Feminist Masquerade. In: Nancy Duncan, ed. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of master, Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. 56-74. Article on space and gender. Approach: Deconstructivist social geography. Space as projection: imagined emotions and actual design of space. Concept of masquerade grounds on Luce Irigaray. Sizemore-Wick, Christine.

1989. A Female Vision of the City. London in the Novels of Five British Women . Cuny College Application! Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. Study on the city from a female perspective. City can be entered by women in the 20th century. Provides detailed analysis of novels. Spain, Daphne. 1992. Gendered Spaces . Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. Study on space as a relevant factor for status and gender, proceeding from social geography. Gender-specific segregation (architecture, territorization of public spaces) Provides examples from master electrical, different ethnic cultures.

Weigel, Sigrid. 1983. Topographien der Geschlechter: Kulturgeschichtliche Studien zur Literatur . Reinbek: Rowohlt. Study on gender topographies and essay on effective management literature. Proceeding from cultural history.

Considers Space: female allegorization of the city. Philosophical study on space. Phenomenological approach. Had a major influence on the treatment of space in literary criticism. Compare Hoffmann 1978 (3.3), and others. Authoritative text on spatial symbolism. Key words: archetypical spaces and their meaning in depth psychology: psychological dimension of places like 'house', 'shell' 'box', etc. Universalistic allocation of master, meaning. Ecker, Gisela.

1995. Allegorical Gardens of Desire in Modernity: A Gendered Perspective. In: Susan C. Scott, ed. The Art of Interpreting . University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University. 260-292. Allocations of meaning to the garden based on depth psychology. Gender-specific dimensions of the garden: a place of solitude and expansion of consciousness for women - a place of maternal security for men.

Erikson, Erik. 1970. Womanhood and classroom management Inner Space. In: Identity. Youth and Crisis . London: Faber Faber. 261-294. Article on womanhood and inner space.

Psychological approach, supported by evidence from ethnic studies. Investigates the play of children as a confirmation of traditional gender differences. Milgram, Stanley. Thesis! 1970. Das Erleben der Großstadt: Eine psychologische Analyse. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie 1: 142-152.

Article on interior space. Approach: psychoanalytical, feminist. Key words: psychological places of the interior; interpersonal spaces of (human) relationship; psychoanalytical symbolization, space imagery, female subjectivity; Separateness and advertisement analysis integrity. Gibson-Graham Julie Kathy. 1997. Postmodern Becomings. From the Space of thesis, Form to the Space of Potentiality. In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Printmaking Watermark! Oxford. Blackwell. Thesis Electrical! 306-323.

Article on conceptual forms of space from a post-structuralist perspective. Key words: Chora, identity, patriarchy, capitalism. Remaining question from a gender point of view: Is discursive space volatile enough to be changed more easily than space proper? Gregory, Derek. 1997. Lacan and Geography: The Production of Space Revisited.

In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Oxford. Blackwell. Cuny College Application! 203-234. Article on psychoanalytical space. Key words: bodily experience of space (pre-lingual/premature), experience of space and formation of identity through entering the symbolic order, discursive dependency. Winzen, Matthias. 2000. Hysterisierte Räume.

In: Silvia Eibelmayr et al., eds. Die verletzte Diva: Hysterie, Körper, Technik in der Kunst der 20. Jahrhunderts . Köln: Oktagon. 154-178. Article on space and hystericalization. Foci: paradoxical intermingling of movement and master engineering stiffness.

Loss of orientation and expressivity. Watermark! Sudden removal of subject-object relations in electrical engineering, art and photography. Article on textual space. Textual structures are described with help of spatial metaphors (see also Smitten 1981). Smitten, Jeffrey M. Advertisement! Ann Dagistany, eds. 1981. Master! Spatial Form in Narrative . Ithaca, New York. Study theorizes text as space. Describes textual structures with the paper watermark help of spatial metaphors. Semiotic studies on literary perceptions of urban spaces. Thesis Electrical! Key words: perception of space in general.

Basic patterns of the experience of city space (multi-stimulation, processes of selection. ). Culturally variable navigation of perception (closely connected with aspects of value judgements). Jackendoff, Ray Barbara Landau. 1992. Spatial Language and Spatial Cognition. In: Language of the Mind: Essays on Mental Represenation . Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. 99-124.

Article postulates the superiority of the concrete image of an perceived object over its verbal representation. Watermark! Based on cognitive linguistics. Thesis Engineering! Tuan, Yi-Fu. Essay! 1974. Topophilia: A Study of Environmental Perception, Attitudes, and Values. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. Thesis Electrical! Wagener-Wender, Monika. 1993. Mentale Repräsentation räumlicher Informationen.

Bonn: Holos. Study on space from a perspective of cognitive psychology. Point of interest: cognitive-psychological processes are manifested in the linguistic representation of space. Bourdieu, Pierre. Printmaking Watermark! 1966. Champ intellectuel et project créateur.

Les Temps Modernes 246: 865-906. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1974. Zur Soziologie der Symbolischen Formen . Trans. Wolfgang Fietkau. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Bourdieu, Pierre. Master Thesis! 1982. Die feinen Unterschiede: Kritik der gesellschaftlichen Urteilskraft . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp.

Bourdieu, Pierre. 1983. Analysis! The Field of Cultural Production, or: The Economic World Reversed. Poetics 12: 311-56. Bourdieu, Pierre. [1984] 1988. Homo Academicus . Cambridge Polity. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1985.

The Genesis of the Concepts of Habitus and of Field . Master Thesis! Sociocriticism 2: 11-24. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1996. The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature , ed. Randal Johnson.

Cambridge: Polity Press. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1996. The Rules of skills, Art . Master Thesis Engineering! Cambridge: Polity. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1998. La Domination Masculine . Paris: Seuil. Bürger, Peter. 1986. Adorno, Bourdieu and the sociology of literature.

Stanford Literary Review : 75-90. Calhoun, Craig, Edward LiPuma Moishe Postone, eds. 1993. Bourdieu: Critical Perspectives . Cambridge: Polity. Dörner, Andreas Ludgera Vogt. 1990. Kultursoziologie (Bourdieu - Mentalitätengeschichte - Zivilisationstheorie). In: Klaus Michael Bogdal, ed.

Neue Literaturtheorien . Skills! Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag. 131-153. Dubois, Jaques. 2000. Pierre Bourdieu and Literature. SubStance 93: 84-102. Eder, Klaus, ed. 1989.

Klassenlage, Lebensstil und kulturelle Praxis: Beiträge zur Auseinandersetzung mit Pierre Bourdieus Klassentheorie . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Master Electrical Engineering! Fischer, Ludwig Klaas Jarchow. 1987. Die soziale Logik der Felder und das Feld der Literatur. Sprache im technischen Zeitalter 25: 164-172. An introductory essay to a whole issue on Bourdieu's sociology of culture in which the authors clarify and defend Bourdieu's key terminology - especially the concepts of field and habitus. Fowler, Bridget.

1997. Pierre Bourdieu and Cultural Theory: Critical Investigations . London: Sage. A very perceptive and insightful study of Bourdieu's writings on the cultural field with a special emphasis on literature. She even offers a gender-related discussion of modernist British literature from a Bourdieusian perspective (chapter 6) which unfortunately remains somewhat superficial and does not reflect the latest research in this area. This partly has to do with the fact that Fowler is more interested in revaluating 'middlebrow' women's writing than in a discussion of neglected modernist women writers.

Fowler Bridget, ed. On Effective Management! 2000. Reading Bourdieu on Society and thesis engineering Culture . Oxford: Blackwell. Garnham, Nicholas Raymond Williams. 1980. P. Bourdieu and communication skills the Sociology of Culture: An Introduction. Media, Culture and Society 2: 209-223. Gebauer, Gunter.

1994. Bourdieus Hermeneutik. lendemains 75/76: 27-40. Gebauer, Gunter Christoph Wulf, eds. 1993. Praxis und Ästhetik: Neue Perspektiven im Denken Pierre Bourdieus . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Harker, Richard et. al., eds. 1990. An Introduction to the Work of Pierre Bourdieu: The Practice of Theory. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Honneth, Axel. 1984. Die zerrissene Welt der symbolischen Formen: Zum kultursoziologischen Werk Pierre Bourdieus. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 36: 147-164. Master Thesis Engineering! Jarchow, Klaas Hans-Gerd Winter. 1993. Pierre Bourdieus Kultursoziologie als Herausforderung der Literaturwissenschaft. In: Gunter Gebauer Christoph Wulf, eds. Praxis und Ästhetik: Neue Perspektiven im Denken Pierre Bourdieus . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp.

93-134. Jenkins, Richard. 1992. Pierre Bourdieu . London New York: Routledge. Jurt, Joseph. 1979. Watermark! Für eine Rezeptionssoziologie. Thesis! RZLG 3: 214-231. Jurt, Joseph. 1994.

Für eine Wissenschaft der Genese kultureller Werke: Versuch einer Rekonstruktion des literatursoziologischen Ansatzes von Pierre Bourdieu in Les règles de l'art . Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen 231: 319-347. Jurt, Joseph. 1995. Das literarische Feld: Das Konzept Pierre Bourdieus in Theorie undPraxis . Communication Essays! Darmstadt: WBG. Jurt, Joseph. 1997. Bourdieus Analyse des literarischen Feldes oder der Universalitätsanspruch des sozialwissenschaftlichen Ansatzes.

Internationales Archiv für Sozialgeschichte der deutschen Literatur 22.2: 152-180. Jurt offers a defense of Bourdieu's concept of the (literary) field against critics who regard it as too economically oriented and as interactionist. Instead he conceives of the model as constructivist, offering a wide range of inderdisciplinary possibilies. Moreover, he points out that it enables both a synchronic and a diachronic analysis of the structure of the master thesis electrical production, publication, and reception of literature. Jurt, Joseph. 2000. Classroom! Pierre Bourdieus Theorie des Literarischen Feldes.

In: Derek Robbins, ed. Pierre Bourdieu , vol. 2. London etc.: Sage. 117-147. Lane, Jeremy F. 2000. Pierre Bourdieu: A Critical Introduction . London: Pluto Press. McClean, Ian. Master Electrical! 1993. Bourdieu's field of cultural production. French Cultural Studies 4.3: 241-251.

Moi, Toril. 1991. Appropriating Bourdieu: Feminist Theory and communication skills essays Pierre Bourdieu's Sociology of master, Culture. New Literary History 22: 1017-1049. Moi, Toril. 1997. The Challenge of the Particular Case: Bourdieu's Sociology of Culture and Literary Criticism.

Modern Language Quarterly 58.4: 497-508. Paulson, William. 1997. The Market of Printed Goods: On Bourdieu's Rules. Modern Language Quarterly 58.4: 399-415. Pinto, Louis. 1996. The Theory of Fields and the Sociology of Literature: Reflections on skills essays the Work of Pierre Bourdieu.

International Journal of Contemporary Sociology 33.2: 171-86. Pinto, Louis Franz Schultheis, eds. 1997. Master Electrical! Streifzüge durch das literarische Feld: Texte von Pierre Bourdieu, Christophe Charle, Mouloud Mammeri, Jean-Michel Péru, Michael Pollak, Anne-Marie Thiesse . Konstanz: Universitätsverlag Konstanz. van Rees, Cees J. 1983a. Advances in the Empirical Sociology of Literature and the Arts: The Institutional Approach. Poetics 12: 285-310. van Rees, Cees J. 1983b. Communication Skills Essays! How a Literary Work Becomes a Masterpiece: On the Threefold Selection Practised by Literary Criticism. Electrical Engineering! Poetics 12: 397-417. van Rees, Cees J. 1987. How reviewers reach consensus on the value of essay on effective classroom management, literary works. Poetics 16: 275-94. van Rees, Cees J. 1989.

The Institutional Foundation of a Critic's Connoisseurship. Poetics 18: 179-98. Robbins, Derek. 1991. The Work of Pierre Bourdieu: Recognizing Society . Milton Keynes: Open University.

A short and at electrical times rather simplistic survey of Bourdieu's work in communication essays, chronological order designed as an introduction for students. Robbins covers Bourdieu's major publications from Sociology d'Algerie to La Noblesse d'Etat , but only engineering, marginally touches on his literary sociological works. Robbins, Derek. 2000. Bourdieu and Culture.

London etc: Sage. de Saint Martin, Monique. Advertisement! 1990. Les 'femmes écrivains et le champ littéraire. Engineering! Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales 83: 52-56. Schwingel, Markus. 1993. Analytik der Kämpfe: Macht und Herrschaft in der Soziologie Bourdieus . Hamburg: Argument Verlag. Schwingel, Markus. 1997.

Kunst, Kultur und Kampf um Anerkennung: Die Literatur- und Kunstsoziologie Pierre Bourdieus in ihrem Verhältnis zur Erkenntnis- und Kultursoziologie. Internationales Archiv für Sozialgeschichte der Deutschen Literatur 22.2: 109-151. A useful overview of the central aspects of Bourdieu's sociology of culture. Schwingel shows in how far the concepts of the field and habitus are the essential building blocks of an extensive model not only of the sociology of culture but, ultimately, of a genereal sociology. Shiagh, Morag. 1993. 'Cultural studies' and the work of Pierre Bourdieu. French Cultural Studies 4.3: 213-223. Cv Covering! Verdaasdonk, Hugo. 1989. Literary Magazines as Media for Publishing Literary Texts.

Poetics 18: 215-32. Assmann, Aleida Jan Assmann. 1987. Kanon und Zensur als kultursoziologische Kategorien. In: Aleida Assmann Jan Assmann, eds. Kanon und Zensur: Beiträge zur Archäologie der literarischen Kommunikation II . München: Fink. 7-27. Bradbury, Malcolm. Thesis Electrical Engineering! 1971. The Social Context of Modern English Literature . Oxford: Blackwell. Uk! Bürger, Peter.

1974. Theorie der Avantgarde . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. [ Theory of the Avant-Garde . Trans. Michael Shaw. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1984] Bürger, Peter. 1985/1986. The Institution of 'Art' as a Category in the Sociology of master, Literature. Cuny City Application Essay! Cultural Critique 2: 5-33. Bürger, Peter, ed. 1978. Seminar: Kunst- und Literatursoziologie . Franfurt/M.: Suhrkamp.

Cultural Studies 4. 1973. (Special issue on Literature/society: mapping the field) Desan, Phillippe, Priscilla Parkhurst Ferguson Wendy Griswold, eds. 1989. Literature and Social Practice . Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Fügen, Hans Norbert. 1966. Die Hauptrichtungen der Literatursoziologie . Bonn: Bouvier.

Gaiser, Gottlieb. 1983. Zur Empirisierung des Kanonbegriffs. SPIEL 2: 123-35. Gaiser, Gottlieb. 1993. Literaturgeschichte und literarische Institutionen: Zu einer Pragmatik der Literatur . Meitingen: Verlag Literatur + Wissenschaft. Gedin, Per.

1977. Literature in the Marketplace . Electrical Engineering! London: Faber. Griswold, Wendy. 1987. The Fabrication of Meaning: Literary Interpretation in the United States, Great Britain, and the West Indies. American Journal of Sociology 92: 1077-1117. von Hallberg, Robert, ed. 1984. Canons . Chicago: Chicago UP.

Lepenies, Wolf. 1985. Die drei Kulturen: Soziologie zwischen Literatur und Wissenschaft . München: Hanser. Skills Essays! Poggioli, Renato. 1968. Master Thesis Engineering! The Theory of the Avant-Garde . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP.

Rogers, Mary F. 1991. Novels, Novelists, and Readers: Toward a Phenomenological Sociology of Literature . Albany: State University of New York Press. Sanders, Hans. 1981. Letters! Institution Literatur und Roman: Zur Rekonstruktion der Literatursoziologie . Franfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Scharfschwerdt, Jürgen. 1977. Grundprobleme der Literatursoziologie: Ein wissenschaftsgeschichtlicher Überblick . Stuttgart etc.: Kohlhammer. Schenck, Celeste M. 1989.

Exiled by Genre: Modernism, Canonicity, and the Politics of Exclusion. In: Mary Lynn Broe Angela Ingram, eds. Women's Writing in master, Exile . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 226-250. Viala, Alain. 1988. Prismatic Effects. Critical Inquiry 14: 563-573.

Voßkamp, Wilhelm. 1977. Gattungen als literarisch-soziale Institutionen: Zu Problemen sozial- und funktionsgeschichtlich orientierter Gattungstheorie und -historie. In: Walter Hinck, ed. Textsortenlehre - Gattungsgeschichte . Heidelberg: Winter. 27-44. Wasserstrom, William. 1962. T.S. Eliot and The Dial . Sewanee Review 70.1: 81-92.

Wolff, Janet. [1981] 1993. The Social Production of Art . London: Macmillan.

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Senior SAP ABAP/4 Technical Consultant Resume. US-MO-SAINT LOUIS (will consider relocating) • Senior SAP ABAP/4 Technical Consultant with over 9+ years of SAP experience working in master thesis electrical the Information Systems industry in cuny city college SAP involving 3 yrs of experience in thesis engineering SRM XI. • Strong in functional areas, including GTM, IS-MEDIA, SRM, SD, MM, FI / CO, AFS with 2 full cycle SAP implementation and Upgrade Experience. Industry backgrounds include IS-Oil and Gas, Chemical, Semi-conductor, High Tech and Manufacturing. • Centralized Contract Management in SAP SRM (Global Outline Agreements distribution in R/3 backbends and central contracts in SRM Server) • Expertise in developing interfaces between SAP systems and various third party systems using SAP XI 3.0 integration tool, WEBMETHODS SAP BUSINESS CONNECTORS. • Involved in concept proofing in XI. Extensive experience in mapping transformations such as GUI, XSL mapping, and Java Mapping. Printmaking Paper. Strong in adapter configuration such as RFC, File, IDoc, HTTP, JDBC, JMS, SOAP, Business Connector. • Experience in master electrical engineering EDI design, development, and implementation, mapping and testing.

• Extensive experience in cv covering letters uk Cross Applications using EDI/IDOC/BAPI, OOP's and RFC technology in SAP R/3.Good understanding of ABAP and thesis engineering JAVA proxies. • Technically sophisticated SAP Specialist and ABAP Developer with excellent experience providing technical design and development for SAP implementation projects. • Extensive experience in ABAP/4, IDOCs, ALE, RFC, BAPI, ALV, LSMW, Reports ABAP/4 Workbench, Data Dictionary, Reports (Classical and Interactive Report), BDC (Batch-Input and magazine essay Call Transaction Methods), SAP Scripts, Enhancements. • Experienced in working with SAP Business intelligent configuring InfoCubes, ODS objects, Info Objects, Worked on BEx Analyzer. Sound Knowledge on Bex Query Design, Structures, Hierarchies, Calculated. Interfaces, Dialog Programming, User Exits, BDC), ABAP-HR, JAVA, C C++ SAP BSP, VB Script, Java Script, HTML. MS SQL server 7.0. BUNGE SAP ABAP Consultant Sept 2008 -- Till Date. SAP Global Trade Management Module.

• Design and Development Custom program for Reversing Applications, Credit Vendor, Return product and reverse settlement for various reasons, including wrong product shipped/received, applied to electrical, wrong vendor/customer or pricing etc. Reverse Application program displays all the tickets applied and/or settled. Printmaking Paper. In this screen user can reverse the application of a ticket and re-apply to another contract. • Reverse Application: This reverses the application and opens up the ticket for engineering, re-application against different contract/pricings. • Credit Vendor: This reverses the original ticket and releases to city application, the billing/settlement to master thesis electrical, credit customer/vendor.

Also creates a new ticket a copy of original ticket, so that users can change any data on the ticket including customer/vendor and material info to go through the application process as per the new data. • Return Product: This will create a new return ticket with reference to original ticket. This will allow physical return of the product to one of our locations. • Reverse Settlement: This will cancel the check and thesis puts a block on A/P line item. This will not be allowed if check is enchased.

• Participate in defining/documenting technical system requirements and master electrical engineering systems management procedures. Develop ABAP programs for interfaces, reporting needs, and user exits. • Design and Development Custom program for settling the invoice amount for the vendors. Expense process is used to accrue and settle master contract, pricing contract and ticket expenses. User will have the capabilities to perform following actions on essays the report based on certain selection criteria: Create entry sheets, Delete service sheet, Create Settlement and Reverse Settlement.

• Participate in thesis engineering application development for analysis essay, new projects as well as troubleshoot problems with existing code using ABAP, EDI, ALE, IDoc?s, BAPI?s, and BDC?s. • Design, development and debugging of ABAP Programs (Dialog Programming, Standard and Interactive Reports), ALV Reporting, SAP Script, Menu Painter and Screen Painter, ALE, EDI and IDOC configurations, Custom IDOC development, Workflow configurations and development, RFC and BAPI Development, User Exit and Field Exit Development, Dialog Programming, Interfacing Data with external systems, Data conversions, Programming using BDC, • Assist with integration, performance testing, troubleshooting and application performance issues (e.g., performance tuning). • Developed Smart Form for shipment planning and master engineering Milling Certificate of cuny city college essay Analysis from System/2000. • Developed Smart Form for master engineering, Master and Pricing contracts. AIG SAP ABAP Consultant April 2007 -- Aug 2008. • Design and essay development of thesis outbound and inbound interface programs to third party systems using Intermediate Documents (IDoc) and Application link Enabling (ALE) tools.

Application integration was done using both synchronous asynchronous communications. Implemented distributed Scenario in ALE. • Created Development Standards Guidelines, File Naming Standards, Interface Development Standards and Batch Job Standards. Performance tuning of thesis on lupus custom programs and Extensive ABAP report/program development using of thesis BAPIs, BDCs and User Exits. • Participate in defining/documenting technical system requirements and systems management procedures. Develop ABAP programs for communication essays, interfaces, reporting needs, and user exits. • Production support including on-call rotation, Resolve problems, document issues and resolutions. • Design and development of thesis outbound and inbound interface programs to third party systems using Intermediate Documents (IDoc) and Application link Enabling (ALE) tools. Application integration was done using both synchronous asynchronous communications. Implemented distributed Scenario in magazine analysis ALE for Vendor master, Cost Center, CoA (G/L Master data), Approver data) (message type CREMAS, COSMAS, GLMAST, ZAPPDT).

• The current System used by Treasury is called SCU. The system is currently responsible for transmitting Master Data to different external applications. SAP will be responsible for generating a standard flat file format for each Master Data element being transmitted. This includes CoA Data (G/L Master Data), Vendor Data, Approver Data, and Cost Center Data. Master Electrical. The data will be transmitted to the Mainframe Application that will re-format and distribute the data to the receiving systems. Configured the Communication ports, partner profile and cuny college application essay message control for inbound and outbound processing in SAP. • For XI Developed templates for documenting interface requirements and technical specifications. Developed naming conventions for Repository and master Directory objects. Involved in general design of all interfaces for communication skills, first phase.

• IDOC/ALE configuration, development and enhancement on FI interface with external parties as well as Global System. Implements user-exits, customer-exits and BAdIs. • Directly responsible for 15 interfaces using IDoc's, RFC's in and out of SAP, BAPI's and electrical connecting to File and printmaking paper JDBC adapters on the non-SAP side. Master Thesis Engineering. Developed BAPI wrappers to perform standard BAPI's followed by a BAPI commit. Other RFC's were developed to perform common routines such as material conversions and description lookups that worked generically for any field whether a configured value or domain value list.

• Imported IDOCs from city college application, R/3 system and mapped the master, incoming flat file to the IDOC using GUI, Java Mapping, also developed user defined standard and advanced Java functions to watermark, be used in master thesis engineering Mapping. • Imported IDOCs from R/3 system and mapped the incoming flat file to the IDOC using GUI, Java Mapping, also developed user defined standard and advanced Java functions to be used in Mapping. • Used BPM to configure cross component Business Processes with Receive, Send, control, block, and transformation steps. Designed various BPM patterns, built scenarios using split/merge patterns and triggering alerts. • Object-Oriented Modeling/Analysis/Design, Inserting data into the database table using classes, working with Class Grid and printmaking paper watermark Dock Container for displaying the interactive report program.

Enhancing the Standard Class in OOP's. • Decided specific integration approaches for master electrical, various legacy systems based on parameters like - type of systems, amount of data to be exchanged, frequency of data. • Setting up the XI 3.0 system including SLD configuration, XI base configuration for cv covering letters, Profile Parameter settings -- Role of engineering Integration Server, HTTP and RFC destinations for XI Setup, connectivity of Integration server to SLD,, Queues, BPE automatic customizing etc, authorization profiles, HTTPS destinations to Business Systems. Environment: SAP ECC 6.0, ABAP/4, FI and MM. Pennsylvania State project SAP ABAP, SRM XI Consultant Oct 2006 to March 2007. SAP SRM, XI 3.0 SAP R/3. • Project Details, Analyze customer business requirements. Engage in BID management with prospects. • Design solutions and validate with customers. Support quality insurance process. Training and self training on new solutions.

• SAP SRM EBP (Release 5.0 ) with respect to direct and indirect procurement processes (catalog and free text), including: Coding in SRM BADI's: When PO is getting created in printmaking paper backend then adding 'Bid Invitation number' and master engineering Requisition number' to PO line item long text (BBP_CREATE_PO_BACK); Perform mandatory checks on goods receipt confirmation (BBP_DOC_CHECK_BADI); Program to watermark, change the Organization assignment of External Business Partners; Program to create Business Partners (internal and master electrical engineering external); Addition of custom fields in shopping cart item level and purchase order header level(standard display);Additional validations in user-defined fields(BBP_CUF_BADI_2): worked on contracts (BBP_PD_CTR_CREATE, BBP_PD_CTR_UPDATE) Purchase order (BBP_PD_PO_CREATE , BBP_PD_PO_UPDATE ) for replication data from third party system to SRM system and back to SAP R/3. • Developed BID invitation BADI'S (BBP_DOC_CHECK_BADI BBP_UI_CONTROL_BADI) to check only responsible person of the bid invitation can display the bids for statement, request for master, proposal. Developed BADI's (ZROS_BUPA_DATA_CHECK z ROS_REQ_CUF) for Supplier registration (SUS) initial screens should be checked for essay on effective classroom management, duplicate SSN and EIN entries. • Designed and developed complex Custom interface to replicate Vendor Master data from SRM EBP to R/3 system when the vendors register through Supplier registration screens. The standard SRM system only master thesis engineering supports replication of cv covering letters vendors from thesis, SAP R/3 to SRM in (Classic scenario) and for extended classic scenario Vendor master data should be replicated from SRM to R/3 since the vendors are registered in SRM SUS to EBP. Interface was developed to replicate the new vendors created and changed in city college application SRM system using remote enabled function modules to create vendor master data in R/3 system. • Imported IDOCs from R/3 system and mapped the incoming flat file to thesis electrical engineering, the IDOC using GUI, Java Mapping, also developed user defined standard and advanced Java functions to be used in Mapping.

• Imported IDOCs from R/3 system and mapped the incoming flat file to the IDOC using GUI, Java Mapping, also developed user defined standard and advanced Java functions to be used in Mapping. • Used BPM to configure cross component Business Processes with Receive, Send, control, block, and transformation steps. Designed various BPM patterns, built scenarios using split/merge patterns and triggering alerts. • Centralized Contract Management in SAP SRM (Global Outline Agreements distribution in thesis R/3 backbends and central contracts in SRM Server) • Developing BSP application in master HTMLB involving other BSP Extensions to bring the screens in portal. Developed BSP application involving HTMLB, Class and related BSP extensions. Developed BSP and URL Iview to call the BSP application from within the portal environment.

Environment: SAP ECC 6.0, ABAP/4, SRM and MM. DTE Energy Sr. SAP ABAP/4 SRM Consultant. April 2007 -- Nov 2007. SAP SRM, XI 3.0 SAP R/3. Interface -- ALE, IDoc BAPI. • Part of on lupus Capability Development team SAP SRM 4.0 wherein was involved in master data setup; understanding and deploying the business process flow in thesis PDP and Sourcing scenario. • SRM Centralized Contract Management (Contract Data distibution in national backends systems). • Sales Order Create (Inbound: Message type ORDERS) -- When a Order is placed in essay the Web; Tibco receives the data in a flat file and convert it into thesis electrical engineering IDoc format. On Lupus. The IDoc is master, send to SAP to create sales order in transaction VA01.

The below customizing has been done in the inbound Interface. • Basic type ORDERS05 has been extended to accommodate extra data points (Shipping type, Credit card CVV, Encryption scheme key, Tax Exempt ID and printmaking paper Customer /Seller Email ID) • Check for customer number existing in SAP. If the customer is master electrical, new, call BAPI function module “BAPI_CUSTOMER_CREATEFROMDATA1” to create a customer and assign the newly created customer number to structure DXVBAK of enhancement VEDA001. Cuny City College. For an engineering, existing customer call BAPI function module “BAPI_CUSTOMER_CHANGEFROMDATA1” to change the address. • Adding new catalogs and cv covering functionality, Approval hierarchies, Workflow, IDOC s, and electrical interfaces to SAP R/3. Guarantee methodologies and essay classroom tools integration and feedback for enhancements. • SAP R/3 MM Procurement (Release 4.7 or higher) with respect to requisitions and purchase orders and their respective release strategies and interaction with R/3 A/P (Req-to-Pay Process). • Design and development of outbound and inbound interface programs for creating PO, Contracts in SRM system once the Inbound IDOC is triggered and in turn data is replicate R/3 system. It is end to end data transfer from Non-SAP system to SRM and then to master thesis electrical, SAP R/3 system. • SAP BC and XI communications protocol, utilizing XML or EDI and ALE for on effective classroom management, data exchanges and Digital Certificates in master thesis engineering a B2B e-procurement environment.

• Good communication skills to provide first line end-user support, resolving day-to-day issues, in addition to letters uk, performing system upgrades/enhancements, and configuring new functionality and business processes. • System Study and Requirement specification including complete data inputs, end-user requirements, reporting format finalization, design of various reports. Coding, testing implementation. Assist the operators / end -users for day-to-day operations problems. • (SAP s E-Procurement Software). SRM 5.0 configured in electrical Classic Scenario posting to R/3 4.7 Enterprise. • Centralized Contract Management in SAP SRM (Global Outline Agreements distribution in thesis statement R/3 backbends and central contracts in engineering SRM Server) Environment: SAP ECC 6.0, ABAP/4, SRM, SD, FI and MM.

Barnes Nobles SAP XI ABAP/4 development consultant Jan 2006 to March 2007. SAP XI 3.0, SAP R/3 SRM. • The project included SAP R/3 backend integration, online cataloging, and partner integration. XML was used as the data format and cuny city college application the Internet as the electrical, transportation medium. • Supply relationship management (SRM) software with several enhancements, including live auctions and supplier portals. • Design and development of outbound and inbound interface programs to third party systems using Intermediate Documents (IDoc) and skills Application link Enabling (ALE) tools. Application integration was done using both synchronous asynchronous communications. • Hands on engineering SAP interface work included BAPI, IDoc, ALE config, user exit, custom RFC primarily in PP, PP-PI MM modules (version 4.6C).

• Involved in SAP XI implementation 3.0 in essays SRM MM, Modules. Master Engineering. Designed and thesis statement developed XI interfaces, defining Integration processes in thesis engineering BPM and developed complex multi-mapping programs utilizing XI (3.0) Integration Builder. • Involved in the configuration of SLD by creating software components, technical systems and business systems, creating message interfaces, message mapping, activating and testing of Integration Repository objects. • Involved in analysis essay configuring Sender adapters, Receiver adapters, Sender agreement, Receiver agreement, Receiver determination and master electrical engineering Interface determination in Integration Directory. • Extensive experience in XI adapters (File, IDOC, RFC, JDBC, SOAP, HTTP and JMS). • Estimate requirements for functional designs required for development including interfaces, enhancements, reports and workflow. • Decided specific integration approaches for various legacy systems based on parameters like - type of systems, amount of data to thesis on lupus, be exchanged, frequency of data.

• Setting up the master thesis electrical, XI 3.0 system including SLD configuration, XI base configuration for Profile Parameter settings -- Role of Integration Server, HTTP and essay RFC destinations for XI Setup, connectivity of Integration server to thesis electrical, SLD,, Queues, BPE automatic customizing etc, authorization profiles, HTTPS destinations to Business Systems. • Imported IDOCs from R/3 system and mapped the communication, incoming flat file to the IDOC using GUI, Java Mapping, also developed user defined standard and master advanced Java functions to be used in cv covering uk Mapping. • Imported IDOCs from master thesis, R/3 system and mapped the incoming flat file to classroom management, the IDOC using GUI, Java Mapping, also developed user defined standard and advanced Java functions to be used in Mapping. • Used BPM to configure cross component Business Processes with Receive, Send, control, block, and transformation steps. Designed various BPM patterns, built scenarios using split/merge patterns and triggering alerts. • Developed interfaces to integrate. § A legacy system to a SAP R/3 system (Outbound -- File adaptor, Inbound -- IDoc adaptor) § HTTP client to electrical, SAP R/3 (Outbound - HTTP adaptor, Inbound - RFC adaptor) Environment: SAP ECC 6.0, ABAP/4, SD, FI and MM.

Nov 2004 to Dec 2005. • Key member of the team to help the project go live and provide production support. • Developed ALV Reports as per cv covering client requirement Customizing standard SAP Programs using USER EXITS producing technical document Coding and Code reviewing. • Working extensively on Legacy data Conversions, Batch Input, and BDC for various modules such as FI/CO, HR, MM, and SD. • Extensively worked with BAPIs, Injecting retail sales order from Web to SAP through BAPI. • Designing and coding in the BAPI (Business Application programming Interface), ALE (Application Link Enabling) and EDI (Electronic Data Interchange) areas. • Created/designed LSMW projects/subprojects to master thesis electrical, load MM data, created/loaded the following views: Basic, Plant, Storage, Sales, MRP, Purchasing, Account (Plant/Valuation), Costing. • Successfully created high-volume data upload programs using BDC and direct-input methodologies. • Testing and optimizing the code in terms of quality and performance. • Developed interface programs, conversion routines. • Developed custom extractors on the R/3 OLTP systems and defined the extract structures on the source and target systems.

• Designed, developed and supported BW solutions based on requirements gathered from the business. • Performed extraction, transformation and loading of data into SAP BW constructs (PSA, ODS, Cubes). • Gathered business-reporting requirements, designed and college application essay developed solutions, tested/verified the solutions, migrated the solution to production, and master engineering provided ongoing support. • Designed and created new BW objects (Info packages, ODSs, Cubes, Info objects, Transfer rules, Update rules, Communication structures, Data sources). Environment: SAP ECC 4.6C, ABAP/4, SRM, SD, FI and MM.

McAfee Inc. Essays. SAP ABAP/4 development consultant. Dec 2003 to Oct 2004. • Responsible for implementing ALE, encompassing both master and transactional data. • Maintenance of the customer distribution model (filters, conversions, etc.) • Distributing the customer model, generating partner profiles and reducing IDOCs.

• Customizing and setting up of ALE on new clients / systems. • ABAP coding of master thesis engineering ALE User and Functional Exits. • Design and paper development of outbound and master electrical inbound interface programs to third party systems using Intermediate Documents (IDoc) and Application link Enabling (ALE) tools. Application integration was done using both synchronous asynchronous communications. • Hands on essay SAP interface work included BAPI, IDoc, ALE config, user exit, custom RFC primarily in PP, PP-PI MM modules (version 4.6C) • Define business process mapping, SAP R/3 business integration testing, SAP R/3 data transferring for legacy into system. • Define and master create functional specification for printmaking watermark, form, report, enhancement and interface program and End-user training, SAP R/3 Post Implementation Support and knowledge transfer to key user. Environment: SAP ECC 4.6C, ABAP/4, SD, FI and MM. Sept 2001 -- Nov 2003.

• EAI architecture study, Authored technical study for proposed integration. Study looked at Backend requirements of integrating to SAP 4.6 (IDoc, BAPI, variety of ABAP produced flat files) Integration requirements for certain subsidiary backend requirements (JD Edwards, custom DB applications) External partner integration (ftp, xml over https). • Error handling and monitoring (WebMethods Monitor, Modeler), BMC's patrol. • Created BAPI for Sales Order, the master thesis engineering, web methods will poll the city college, respective source applications. Involved in developing EDI settings for thesis electrical engineering, Invoice and thesis statement Enhancement for Plant in 4.0B. • SAP script for pre-printed and standard formats using print programs and Layout sets Developed Batch Data Communication programs (BDC) for uploading data from Legacy System to SAP R/3 System. • Created inbound and outbound GR Notification and master thesis electrical engineering this Message is sent to JDE, Oracle or WEBMETHODS. • Developed Batch Data Communication programs (BDC) for uploading data from Legacy System to SAP R/3 System. • Involved in developing EDI settings for Purchase Order and Invoice. Essay On Effective. When PO is electrical engineering, created IDOC is generated and send to WEBMETHODS and same as Invoice.

• Created BAPI for Sales Order, the WEBMETHODS will poll the essay on effective classroom, respective source applications. Master Thesis. Involved in developing EDI settings for Invoice and Enhancement for Plant. Environment: SAP ECC 4.6, ABAP/4, SD, FI, MM, Webmethods. May 2000 -- Aug 2001. The current project was providing purchase order module and now we have implemented Forecast, Inventory and Shipment modules. In this project Buyers will send the data to thesis on lupus, III Hub. This data will be sent to the Portal and master thesis engineering from Portal the data is again passed to SAP to create Forecast, inventory and Shipment modules. SAP R/3 4.6C, JDE, Oracle Apps Web methods. • When PO is created IDOC is generated and magazine analysis send to WEB METHODS and same as Invoice.

• Developed BAPI Programming for passing data from Portal to Sap and Sap to Portal. • Developed Batch Data Communication programs (BDC) for uploading data from Legacy System to SAP R/3 System. Electrical. Developed Reports as per client requirement. • Purchase Order Pending Report -- To display all the printmaking paper watermark, Purchase Orders for which the Materials are not Received Partially or Completely along with Vendor Name, Pending Quantity, Pending Price and Pending Weight for a given Plant / Vendor / Material. • Report to find Receipts and Issues of materials in various Plants grouped under Material Groups.

• Order reports based on sale order types lists out a detail of master electrical engineering orders with its value, quantity, tax, excise duty, freight etc. • Vendor Analysis reports which gives the percentage rejections for every material across the various vendors of the total tested samples. Environment: SAP ECC 4.0, ABAP/4, SD, FI/CO and printmaking paper MM. 1996-2000: Bachelor of Engineering (Electrical Electronic), Madras University, Chennai. You must be logged in and have a current resume access subscription. Login or Register »

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Electrical & Computer Engineering Masters Theses Collection

Research Topics in English Literature. Research topics on engineering English Literature initially start off broad and then narrow down and paper, you come up with your thesis. Using any of the research topics listed to the left (gender, comparisons, historical background, politics, and religion) can take you almost anywhere. Choose your general topic based on your literature class you're writing for. If it's a class focused on gender, start there and then branch out to something like my example of how the roles of men and women are portrayed. Knowing first your general topic and thesis, then what kind of essay or paper you're researching for (argumentative, persuasive, etc.) can help you decide what to do with it next when it comes to narrowing it down. Remember this isn't concrete.

Your topic can grow and completely change as you research. Choosing the cv covering, literature topic is just the key to getting started. Advice for Writing Papers or Essays. If you've chosen your research topic and need help writing your paper, check out my hub on a book that just might be your savior that also gives some writing advice based on the book. Topics For English Literature Research Essays.

When it comes to English Literature, there's no end to the topics that you can research on that novel or other piece that you've been reading. The easiest way to get an idea for that next research topic on English literature for your essay is to start broad and then work toward making it more specific and thesis electrical engineering, interesting for your readers. Here are a few examples of research topics in literature to magazine analysis, get you started (for a more extensive list of master thesis electrical engineering research topics in literature, please check out the link that can be found at the bottom of cv covering letters uk this article): How are the thesis electrical, roles of men and thesis statement on lupus, women portrayed in the novel? Are they distinctly different? Do they have equal rights? What gender expectations do they follow or fight against? 2. Comparisons between genres. How does each genre tell its story? What are the differences and similarities between the two? Is one more effective than the thesis electrical engineering, other?

Who is the author and what is their story? Were there controversies associated with him/her or their work? What is the printmaking watermark, significance of this novel in the time it was written? How does it reflect the society and beliefs of its time? What issues in politics does this novel address? Discrimination? Rights? Equality? How is master engineering this novel religious? What beliefs is magazine analysis essay it promoting or questioning?

6. Comparisons between two characters. This can be between characters in the same novel or two different ones. How are their differences and thesis engineering, similarities important to printmaking, the novel? 7. Master Thesis Engineering! Comparisons between two novels. If the city college essay, novels seem completely different but represent the same genre or come from the same time period, this may be something you want to explore. 8. Allusions within the novel. What are some significant allusions within the novel? These could be religious, refer to other novels or authors, etc.

How is this important to understanding the novel and its place in English Literature? What are some of the most notable criticisms out there? What is your response and how does it compare to other critics out there? What are important symbols in the novel? How are they significant? English Literature Research Projects.

The following can also be used for any other type of research projects for master engineering English Literature where you need to find your own topic. How to Find an English Topic to Research For Any Project. So, you’ve finally made it to your last year at your university and you’ve got one last thing to do before you leave: the dreaded Capstone Project. Have no fear; although it is time consuming and essay classroom management, stressful work, it is possible to turn all that work into something fun, as long as you choose the right topic in English literature to write about. The key to going out with a bang with a fantastic Capstone is to choose something you actually care about.

Of all the aspects of this project, choosing the right research topic is absolutely key. Choose the wrong one, and you may not meet the requirements or, worse, you may dislike it enough to have to electrical, change it halfway through the class. For the on effective, first time in thesis electrical four years, teachers are giving you the reigns and having you decide what you want to write about. No more prompts telling you what to do, except for the guidelines for printmaking watermark your project, and no more focusing on one aspect of master a novel that the prof tells you to. So don’t freak out, think of it as the best part of your university experience yet. Now’s the magazine advertisement, time to show your stuff and let everyone see how much of a successful English literature nerd you’ve turned out to be. Master Electrical Engineering! If you can do it yourself, you’ve proved yourself worthy of that snazzy degree they’re about to hand you in essay on effective a couple months. Master Thesis! Of course if you’ve made it to cuny college essay, this point, there’s no way you’re not worthy. Example of a Researched Essay in English Literature.

My Capstone class was titled “The Age of Novels” and master thesis, focused on the rise of the novel during the eighteenth century. Classroom Management! Basically, we looked at how the novel developed into what we see as a novel today, considering how writers presented and executed their works of fiction, who influenced them, and how they influenced others. We also looked at literary techniques such as psychological realism and the differing roles of men and women in the formation of this most popular form of writing. My class was focused on master thesis electrical engineering topics such as psychological realism and gender roles so this is something that I kept in analysis the back of thesis my mind as I read through the novel I chose to research. How to Get Started on an English Literature Paper. I’m going to use my own experience in the Capstone Project as an example for how to choose a research topic in city college essay English literature. I know your Capstone won’t be on master thesis electrical engineering the same topic, but it’s still important to know the basic focus of the class in order to get to paper watermark, your literature research topic. Look at master electrical, the prompt for your English class and see what sticks out to you.

After reading through the required reading in my class, I decided to veer away from novels of communication essays formal realism and go into the Gothic realm with M.G. Lewis’s The Monk , which was completely unexplored in master thesis engineering the class. Not only do I love Gothic literature, but this was a great way for me to draw comparisons with the essay classroom, books of the same period without doing the same old thing we were doing in master the classroom. I was killing two birds with one stone, as they say; getting to college essay, read a novel in the genre I’m most interested in thesis while still exploring the same prompts the class was focused on. Sometimes, if you're stuck on an English literature research topic, starting at city essay, a completely new angle can help you find something really interesting to work on. After you get to know the ins and outs of what your class is about, it's easy to electrical engineering, go off in another direction and management, work your way back into thesis electrical engineering what you've been learning about. This journey can bring you into whole new realm of college application essay possibilities to thesis electrical, research. How to thesis statement on lupus, Brainstorm Writing Ideas for Essays. Now, as you read the book of your choice (or your professor's), focus on master electrical one or more aspects from your English literature class prompt so that your research topic relates to the actual class you’re taking. I decided to focus on chastity within the novel and how the gothic novel portrays male and female chastity versus the novels of formal realism. This English literature research topic took a lot of work to get to.

Don't be afraid of setbacks or having to start over. The best way initially is to write down a broad topic to research and then list any information relevant to that topic. It doesn’t matter how insignificant the piece of information may seem, list it. Then go through and see what interesting conclusions you can make from the information. Looking at gender, how are males portrayed versus females? Looking at genre, how is the gothic novel different from cv covering letters uk a formal realism novel? Putting things out on paper is the best way to get it all out in the open and free your mind that’s jumbled with information. Once it's on paper, you can actually look at it all and piece it all into electrical one neat picture (through words of course) that anyone can understand. Without doing this, it’s like trying to put together a puzzle with all of the pieces turned down, so you aren’t sure which ones actually go together.

Ideas on Getting a Research Topic. If the brainstorm step doesn't work for you, just write down any questions you have about the paper watermark, novel. If you noticed that there was a lot of electrical religious references and ideas in the novel, maybe you'd be curious to communication skills, know the author's biography and see how that plays a significant role in the piece. For my own example, I could have asked myself what is gothic or how did eighteenth century England define chastity? After this brief research, go back through your notes and see if you can come up with an interesting topic you can do further research on for that English literature essay. Writing Research Essays in Literature. What is the most difficult part in writing a research paper in literature? Tips for Researching Topics on English Literature. Looking at what you’ve put together in thesis electrical engineering your brainstorm, it’s easy to see where you need to do research on the novel.

No one wants a paper full of communication skills generalizations so take each topic you can't automatically define and start researching it. Do you know how to define gothic or formal realism? Research it. What were the gender expectations for this time? Research it. You want to electrical, go as in depth into skills essays your topic as possible, which involves even more research than reading two or three novels. It also doesn’t help to thesis engineering, learn some background on the author. Were they a rebel or a strict conservative?

Was this novel popular? How did it affect the watermark, readers of its time? For example, Lewis was actually brought to master thesis electrical engineering, court for The Monk because it was seen as a bad influence for his female readers. This is something not only advertisement analysis essay, interesting but relevant to the topic of female chastity in my chosen English literature research topic for my essay. Doing some background research on the novel like this can bring ideas together into a thesis for your paper and lead you in a solid direction for your actual research for your paper. If you haven’t finally figured something out by this point, you may have to consult your professor. Outline of an Example for an English Research Essay.

Thesis: Lewis’s novel completely undoes the plots, tropes, and electrical engineering, principles of Richardson and on lupus, Fielding’s formal realism, not only through its use of superstition and master engineering, other Gothic elements, but also in city college the development and thesis electrical engineering, resolution of each of these character’s stories. Instead of providing a positive example, The Monk gives a horrifying one to instill fear in its readership to preserve the same virtue. 1. What is a gothic novel? 2. Communication Skills Essays! Pamela Andrews. 3. Master! Joseph Andrews. 4. What is formal realism? 5. What is a gothic novel? 6. Gothic novel versus formal realism. 8. Joseph Andrews. 10.

Pamela Andrews. How do you know it's a good research topic on English literature? Test it with an communication skills, outline. If you aren’t sure you’ve got the thesis engineering, right topic to watermark, come up with a twenty-some-odd page essay, outline what you’ve got so far. I like to do a very basic outline, starting with my thesis (in its rough draft form of course) at the very top. Next I write what each paragraph will be about. If it’s a twenty page paper, you may write about master thesis, two to three paragraphs a page so you will need to have at least 10 paragraphs. Knowing what each paragraph is supposed to be about, making writing their topic sentences a little easier. Printmaking Watermark! Sometimes you may find that a research topic is broad enough to thesis engineering, be able to split into two paragraphs, this is handy if you couldn’t initially list at least ten topics.

For example, just saying Pamela Andrews for one of my paragraph topics doesn't cover what I want to say. Paper Watermark! I may just give a brief overview of her character or provide why her character is significant to formal realism. Example of a research topic turning into master a topic sentence: 1. What is a gothic novel? “It is important, when studying this novel, to thesis, examine what defines a Gothic novel in master electrical engineering relation to eighteenth-century definitions of novel-writing.”. This leads to questions of “why is this important?” and, of advertisement analysis course, “what is Gothic?” which brings you into the paragraph and gives you your first two major points you need to cover. Just remember that the key to choosing a research topic for master thesis English Literature is to communication skills essays, start broad. Read the novel and remember to focus on your own class's focus or on whatever interests you most. Master Electrical Engineering! From there, you can branch out to almost any research topic, it just takes some work to get there. List of Research Paper Topics in Literature. The amount of potential research paper topics in literature are nearly endless.

Here is on lupus a good start at coming up with topics of your own with a few examples for inspiration. The Gothic Novel: What is Gothic Literature? What Is Style in English Literature? 100 Current Events Research Paper Topics with Research Links. by Virginia Kearney 16.

How to Write an Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 16. How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper. by Laura Writes 40. 100 Argument or Position Essay Topics with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 37. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers.

by Virginia Kearney 108. shah zaib yousafzai 5 weeks ago. Helpful information to write a research paper. I want to slect symbolism in tale of two cities by Charles Dickens. But couldn't find out the exact statement. . Can you help me plz.

very informative it help me a lot of thesis selecting an communication, topic for my master proposal article thanks you so much. Plz suggest any topic about English literature for my project. any good topic about the difficulties of thesis electrical students in English subject? sir i do want to get help regarding my topic for reseach,would you plz help me. Jannat butt 4 months ago. I need a good and easy topic for my synopsis in English literature plzzzx help me any one.

i need a research about on effective management, (the old man and the sea)theme of master thesis engineering hope , please any one help me. khalidmehmood 6 months ago. please help to suggest the topic about letters, english literature,, i want to write a thesis . very helpful informations thank you so much. Carolinrini 8 months ago. I have taken the changeling and the duchess of malfi comparison as my research topic can u pls help me.

Really useful and genuine. I need a current topic for master engineering research in English Language rather than Literature. I need a good topic on Literature. Communication! Please help me anyone.. For sometime now, I hardly read, just scan, but this one I did. Very cohesively propounded on the art of writing. For those still seeking help, like myself: 1-need to read the text. 2-get familiar with the master thesis electrical engineering, main events. 3-know the characters. 4-the various roles played by the characters.

5-overall impression of the cuny college, text - tragic,comic,tragic-comic,none. 6-get the undertone on : politics,gender,economy,religion; read on the period of the writer; compare with yours. 7-note the various plots within the main. 8-be aware of the language impact with reference to the readers' and writer's time. 9-read on thesis current affairs - find the topics most interest you. 10-befit the topic in your text. Hopefully you guessed the right one. Dr Anupma Srivastava 3 years ago from India. Informative hub. It is really very tough to statement on lupus, choose topic for writing.

Very informative and helpful for the beginners/strugglers . you have put your ideas in a very systematic manner that will help others to choose their topics of research. thanks. Please share more topics. plzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz suggest me any good english literature topics for master thesis engineering my thesis and also for my two friends ,i have to submit my thesis in the first week of july. I hate research papers, especially for English literature, but this was really helpful for cv covering letters me to come up with my own essay topic. Omg you saved me.

My teacher told me I had to come up with 4 research topics on English Literature to write about over the next month. I am a fan of English Literature but I had no idea how to engineering, go about finding research topics on the subject. and thesis statement on lupus, now I do. Thanks, Lisa! bhise pradeep 4 years ago. It is master wonderful page. very useful tostudent. busyguru 5 years ago from U.S. Wonderful advice on organizing your thought process before committing concrete idea to paper. :)

ravindrapatil 5 years ago. good ideas for letters beginners in thesis electrical the area of research in English studies and encouraging at college, the same time. thank you! James Paterson 5 years ago from Scotland. Great Ideas and information, thanks for sharing. jimmy. LisaKoski 5 years ago from WA.

Thank you! I fixed the typo ;) Cheds 5 years ago from Maine. This is a wonderful hub packed full with information that will be useful to me, and many others. Nice work! You do have one typo at the beginning. You left out the T in Suggested. Woops! Joan Whetzel 5 years ago. For my college Lit class, my topic was a comparison of master electrical short stories by on effective management, O. Henry. Though therer are plenty of other authors our there who have written short stories that can also be compared.

I love your other suggestions though, and master electrical, like angela_michelle, I wish I'd had this article available when I took that lit class. Angela Michelle Schultz 5 years ago from United States. Oh boy, if only had I had this when I was going for my english degree. Would have been so helpful. LOL Great job! Anastasia Kingsley 5 years ago from Croatia, Europe. Lots of great detail, original photo (with lovely pink fingernails) and plenty of examples, much like a well thought out recipe. Bookmarked and voted up + beautiful. Judith Hancock 5 years ago from UK. There's lots of useful information, as well as some great practical examples.

This would be useful for anyone who was totally stuck with how to start their project or those who just wanted a bit of direction. Bev 5 years ago from Wales. Very comprehensive - lots of communication essays ideas for thesis electrical jumping-off points. I should imagine that mindmapping would be a good tool to be able to see patterns or links within the topic. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of skills essays their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.

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5th year plan essay PLAN OUTLAYS AND PROGRAMMES OF DEVELOPMEN. The Draft Fifth Five Year Plan envisaged an outlay of Rs. 37250 crores in the public sector. The revised Plan outlay is now estimated at Rs 39303 crores excluding provision for inventories. 5.2. Not only has the Total Plan Outlay been increased from Rs 37250 crores to Rs 39303 crores but the outlay for the next two years has been reckoned at thesis engineering, Rs 19902 crores as against the estimate for on lupus, the first three years of the Plan which aggregate to Rs 19401 crores. 5.3. The break down of the revised outlay under major heads of development is as follows : Fifth Five Year Plan Outlay-1974-79. draft fifth plan. 1 Does not include an amount of Rs- 16 crores for which sectoral break-up is master electrical, not worked out. 2 Sectoral break-up does not include an amount of Rs. 203 crores added subsequently.

The outlays for the remaining years of the Plan are based on the following broad considerations : - The plan priorities of the Draft Fifth Plan have been kept unchanged; the outlays for on-going projects/schemes have been determined on the basis of present and future demand, past performance, current completion schedules and escalation in costs ; provisions have been made for new starts, including those which have long gestation periods, keeping in view the demand pattern for thesis statement on lupus, 1981-82 and in some cases 1983-84 ; and master thesis electrical engineering, an attempt has been made to see that the investments are not only fruitful but that they also ensure adequate return. In agricultural production, power, irrigation and education sectors targets were suggested keeping in view the national targets, natural resources of States and on effective, their present state of preparedness. 5.4. There is master thesis electrical engineering, substantial step-up in the outlays on irrigation and flood control, power and industry and cuny application essay, minerals. In agriculture, education and thesis, social services sectors though the revised outlays for the Fifth Plan as a whole are smaller, the outlays for the last two years of the Plan are higher than the advertisement essay, outlays for the first three years. Master Thesis Electrical? 20-Point Economic Programme. 5.5.

The 20-Point Economic Programme was announced by the Prime Minister on 1st July, 1975. The various constituents of the 20-Point Economic Programme, especially those which require financial investment, have been identified. Priority has been accorded to the implementation of the schemes falling under this programme. The outlays of the Centre, States and Union Territories for the remaining two years of the plan#151;1977-79 and the Fifth Plan are indicated below : Annexures 21 and 22 indicate the proposed outlays for 1 977-79 in respect of different constituents of the 20-Point Economic Programme. 5.6. The distribution of the outlays by sectors, by Ministries, by States and by Union Territories is shown in Annexures 17-20, Briefly, the revised Plan outlays are as follows : 2. Cv Covering Uk? Agriculture and Irrigation. Electrical? 5.7. Agriculture Production: The methodology followed in arriving at the projections of foodgrains, important commercial crops, irrigated areas and other physical programmes has been explained in the chapter on the Rate and Pattern of Growth. These estimates relate to average weather conditions in a given year. Cv Covering? However, in master engineering order to allow for printmaking watermark, variations in the effect of weather, provisions have been made in individual state plans on a slightly higher scale so that the total production is not materially lowered even if some part of the master thesis electrical, country is affected. If these outlays are utilised with a fair degree of efficiency and if weather conditions are favourable in all the states, the skills, total production would naturally be much higher and could be of the order shown in the table below. (mt-million tonnas, mh-million hectares, mb-million bales ) 5.8.

The expenditure on master, Agriculture and allied programmes during 1974-77 is likely to paper watermark, be about Rs. 2 I 30 crores. The outlays proposed for the last two years of the Plan period are of the order of Rs. 251 3 crores. The Sectorwise outlays are shown in Annexure 23 and the State-wise allocations are given in Annexure 24. 5.9. Performance of the important programmes, like DPAP, minor irrigation, production and distribution of high-yielding varieties of seed and distribution of fertilisers have been specifically examined and necessary provision has been made. The outlays for reclamation of alkline, saline and acidic soils and plant protection programmes have been suitably enhanced.

Emphasis has also been placed on developing organic sources of thesis, manure and higher outlays provided for setting up biogas plants. Adequate provision has also been made for accelerating the minikit seed programme and strengthening of the extension services. Provision has also been made for augmenting storage capacity in the public sector. 5.10. The total irrigation potential likely to be created during the Fifth Plan period is printmaking paper, placed at 13-1 million hectares ; 5-8 million under 'major and medium' and master thesis engineering, 7'3 million under'minor'. Allowing for certain adjustments the cuny city college application, additional potential should be of an order higher than 11 million hectares. Major and Medium Irrigation. 5.11. Thesis Electrical Engineering? During the first three years of the Fifth Plan the statement on lupus, expenniture on electrical, major and magazine advertisement analysis essay, medium irrigation projects is likely to be Rs. Electrical? 1474 crores.

For the remaining two years of the Plan, an outlay of Rs. 1 621 crores is indicated keeping in view the progress achieved on each project, new completion schedules, development of additional command and escalation in costs. Cuny College Application? Where work could be accelerated, higher, outlays have been provided for projects such as Nagariuna-sagar, Sarda Sahayak, Rajasthan Canal, Malaprabha and master thesis, Kadana, Commitments to international agencies like the World Bank in respect of certain projects and obligation of States to provide matching funds in respect of inter-State projects have been kept in mind. 5.12. An Outlay of Rs. 1013 crores has been provided for new starts during the Plan period. In selecting new projects, priority was accorded to those located in magazine analysis drought prone areas. Thesis? On the basis of the essay management, data furnished by master thesis electrical engineering, the States and the discussions held recently, an additional potential of printmaking, 5-8 million hectares is expected to be acnieved during the Fifth Plan period.

Details indicating the outlays and benefits State-wise are given in Annexures 25 and 26. 5.13. Planning Commission has been laying great emphasis on thesis electrical, modernisation of certain important irrigation schemes urgently, particularly those completed earlier to the Plan periods. Provision has been made for some schemes like Godavari Barrage, Tajewala and Okhia Barrages and Bhimgoda headworks. 5.14. According to the outlays available to the states for the first three years, a maximum potential of nearly 3'4 million hectares is likely to be created during the first three years of the Plan. Magazine Advertisement Analysis? The provision made in the following two years of the Plan almost equals the provision in the first three years.

As a number of the projects are nearing completion, it is master thesis, expected that an additional 3-9 million hectares will be brought under irrigation during the next two years. Soil and Water Conservation. 5.1 5. The programme for application, treatment of area in river valley catchment of major reservoirs and other soil and water conservation programme made a late start. A considerable step-up in outlays for electrical, implementation of these programmes has been made for the remaining two years'of the cv covering uk, Fifth Plan. In some of the States, soil and water conservation programmes have also been taken up with institutional credit support and the targets of physical performance are likely to be achieved. 5.16. This important programme for optimising the use of irrigation water and thesis electrical, utilisation of the potential created from selected commands of major irrigation works also took time to make a start. Now the Command Area Development Authorities have been set up and other infrastructure facilities developed. Therefore, the provision in the Central sector would be almost 22 per cent higher for the remaining two years as compared to the outlays for the first tnree years.

The provisions in the respective states adequately match the provision made in the Central sector. Essay On Effective Management? Investment in Agricultural Financial Institutions. 5.17. More and more institutional finance is being extended to the development programme for rural areas which leads to higher physical achievements with less public sector outlays. Accordingly, for providing support to Agricultural Refinance and Development Corporation, adequate budgetary provision has * been made in the Central Sector, which is almost 55 per cent higher than the outlay in the draft Fifth Plan. In the State, sector, provisions have also been made for investment in agricultural financial institutions which are higher by about 22 per cent. The provision made for the remaining two years in some of the States especially in the eastern region for strengthening of cooperative structure and development of loaning programmes by the Land Development Banks is almost 62% higher than the outlays available for the first three years. Master? The total investment outlay is being raised to Rs. 129 crores. It is to be noted that the major portion of it will go to minor irrigation sector.

This should generate sizeable investment and strengthen the operational capability of the Central/State Ground Water Boards. 5.18. Taking note of the fact that forestry development has assumed a significant dimension as a source of timber and fuel and for cv covering letters, the maintenance of the natural ecological system, special programmes for social forestry and economic plantations have been given high priority. Accordingly, for the remaining two years of the plan, the provision made is almost double the outlays provided for in the first three years of the Plan. Adequate provision has also been made for 'project Tiger' and for the development of National Parks and for strengthening the reserch programme in the forestry sector. Animal Husbandry and Dairy Farming. 5.19. There had been some delay in giving a start to the special livestock development programmes through small and marginal farmers and agricultural labourers. By and large the targets under production oriented projects such as intensive cattle development projects, intensive poultry production-cum-marketing centres, sheep and wool extension centres and fluid milk plants and master, milk product factories are expected to be achieved in full. There are 85 subsidised projects for cross-breed calf rearing, 57 poultry production projects, 45 piggery production projects and 38 sheep production projects through small and marginal farmers and on effective classroom, agricultural labourers in 148 districts. Intergrated milk production-cum-marketing projects would be implemented in the States of Meghalaya, Assam, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, J and master electrical, K, Orissa and Kerala as a second phase of the 'Operation Flood' project.

Emphasis will continue to be laid on cross-breeding in cv covering letters uk cattle through establishment of exotic cattle breeding farms and intensive artificial insemination measures. Particular emphasis will be laid on scientific poultry breeding programme. Programmes for the control of rinderpest and foot and mouth disease would be continued. 5.20. There has been some delay in the start of a few projects but the targets for master, mechanisation of boats, production of fish seed and development of fishing harbours are expected to be achieved in full A special Trawler Development Fund will be created in order to helo, in particular, smaller entrepreneurs and cooperatives to cuny college application, purchase and operate trawlers for master thesis, marine fishries. Fish Farmers Development Agencies would be started in statement the states for augmenting inland fish production and exploitation of water bodies in rural areas.

5.21. The UNDP assisted palagic fishery project would be continued for thesis electrical engineering, exploration and exploitation of city college essay, fishery resources and this scheme would be extended to cover both the West and master thesis, South East coasts. A survey of the North West coast would be conducted. An intergrated fishery development project around two fishing harbours at Veraval and Mangrol in Gujarat would be taken up with world Bank assistance. A research vessel will be provided to the Central Marine Fishries Research Institute. 5.22. In spite of the fact that the trend of expenditure during the first three years has been low on account of ban on recruitment of staff, the research priorities in different fields of crop production and animal husbandry have been maintained to yield new innovations in developing farm level technology. The coordinated research programmes have been suitably strengthened with the active participation of the Agricultural Universities in different States.

A new research complex has been established in the north-eastern region. New institutes have also been established for strengthening cotton research and for developing research programmes on farm tools, equipment and machinery. Provisions have been made for projects with collaboration of statement, agencies of United Nations. The Educational programmes have been further strengthened by setting up new Agricultural Universities which now number 21 covering 1 6 States. 5.23. Taking note of the desirability of master, strengthening the cooperative structure, provision has been sufficiently enhanced for Agricultural Stabilisation Fund, rehabilitation of college, weak Central Cooperative Banks and assistance to cooperative credit institutions in developing States. Thus the revised outlay for 1977-79 is almost 60 per cent higher than the outlays for the first three years of the Fifth Plan. Master? Similarly, adequate provisions have been made in the State sector to provide for strengthening of cooperative structure by organising Farmers Service Societies-and LAMPS in analysis essay the tribal areas. Provisions have also been made for increasing the loaning programmes for m'nor irrigation, land development and supply of electrical engineering, inputs. 5.24. The anticipated expenditure in the first three, years is likely to be of the order of essay classroom, Rs.

177-69 crores. For the next two years (1 977-79). an outlay of Rs. Master Electrical Engineering? 167.59 crores has been indicated (Annexure 27). 5.25. Some of the .important schemes are the Patna City Protecton Works, flood protection works in North-Bihar and U.P., flood control and drainage works in Jammu and Kashmir, drainage works in Punjab, improvement of lower Damodar system in West Bengal and flood protection works in communication skills essays North Bengal. The provision also covers the flood control works in the Brahmputra valley for which provision has been rr.ade in the Central sector. 5.26.

The Centre is also assisting in sharing the cost of flood control component of the Rengali dam in Orissa and anti-sea erosion works in Kerala. It also meets the thesis electrical, cost of the flood forecasting system that has been set up in the Department of on lupus, Irrigation. 5.27. Master? In the thesis statement on lupus, Fourth Plan an master thesis electrical engineering, additional 4280 MW of generating capacity was added, taking the installed capacity to 18456 MW. In the first two years of the Fifth Plan 3524 MW were added, and with the requisite efforts on the part of the project authorities, it might be possible to add 2387 MW capacity during 1976-77.

In the first three years, the outlay on letters uk, generation projects would be about master thesis engineering Rs. 2145 crores. It is now expected that a total of about 12500 MW of generating capacity would be added during the thesis statement on lupus, Fifth Plan. Out of the projects which are currently under implementation, generating capacity of about 6000 MW would be still under construction at the end of the Fifth Plan. Experience indicates that management and master electrical engineering, techniques of construction and monitoring, would need to be considerably improved. 5.28.

In finalising the Fifth Plan for Power, emphasis has been placed on the completion of paper watermark, on-going schemes as expeditiously as possible. In recommending outlays, the latest cost of each generation project, status of progress of major items of works, delivery schedules for the equipment and any constraints likely to be faced in implementation were all taken into account. Particular consideration has also been given to infra and inter-State transmission lines, setting up and strengthening of regional load despatch centres, and investments on master thesis, distribution. Transmission and distribution losses are expected to be reduced. The needs of schemes covered by external assistance have baen also kept in view. Rural electrification will also be significantly higher than in the first three years of the Fifth Plan. The States will also be attracting institutional finance for essay on effective classroom, rural electrification. The programme of energising pump sets will be accelerated. About 13 lakh pump sets are expected to be energised during the Fifth Plan period, as against about 6.3 lakh pump sets in the first three years. About 81,000 additional villages are also expected to be electrified in the Fifth Plan.

5.29. In planning advance action for the Sixth Plan, the power requirements till the end of the Sixth Plan are being kept in view. It has been assumed that the healthy trends In improved utilisation of capacity which have been observed in the Fifth Plan period and the progress in reduction of distribution losses, will continue. Special attention will be paid towards ensuring that regional grids are strengthened, that there is a balanced development of peaking and base load stations in each region, and that optimal use is made of these stations both by master thesis, an integrated operation within the region and where necessary by cooperation between regions. With these considerations in mind, provision has been made for a number of new starts in the thermal and hydel projects including a centrally owned super thermal station. The views of the States were taken note of particularly in on lupus regard to aspects like readiness of projects, construction periods and electrical engineering, escalation in cost. Many States expressed their willingness to raise additional resources to meet the requirements of new power projects. 5.30. The power position in northern and eastern regions will continue to be comfortable.

But western and southern regions are expected to city college application, face both peaking and energy deficits. 5.31. Increased outlays are provided for training facilities for the operation and maintenance of power system, testing facilities for electrical equipment and R and D in such priority areas as geothermal and tidal power. 5.32. The revised outlays under the various categories are summarised below:- Fifth Plan Power-Financial Outlay. 5.33. Thesis Electrical? The generation schemes which have been or are expected to be commissioned '#149;n Fifth Plan period are shown in Annexure 28. The regionwise break up of installed capacity is expected to paper watermark, be as in Annexure 29. 5.34. The stresses and strains in the economy kept the industrial growth low :2.5% during 1974-75 and 5.7% during 1975-76.

Even so, significant increase in production have been achieved in some of the basic industries like steel, coal, cement, non-ferrous metals and power generation. Decline was particularly noticed in industries like passenger cars, consumer durables and cotton textiles. 5.35. Some of the thesis electrical, steps taken to correct this situation can be mentioned. 21 industries including cotton spinning, basic drugs and industrial machinery have been delicensed. In respect of 29 selected i ndustries, the existing units including foreign and MRTP companies have been permitted to on lupus, utilise their installed capacity without limit. In order to promote exports of engineering goods, 15 engineering industries have been allowed the facility of electrical, automatic growth of capacity,at 5% .per annum or up to a ceiling of 25% in a Plan period in physical terms. Various facilities have been extended to non-resident Indians for the establishment of industrial undertakings and for investing their earnings in selected industries. The resources of I DBI and other term lending institutions are also proposed to thesis, be augmented. Conditions are now favourable for maintaining the tempo of growth in engineering industrial production and investment, achieved during the last quarter of 1975-76.

5.36. In making revised allocations, speedy completion of projects and appropriate action for essay classroom, starting new projects with long gestation periods have been kept in mind. As against an outlay of Rs. 13,528 crores envisaged in the draft Fifth Plan, the revised figure is placed at Rs. 1 6,660 crores : Rs. Electrical? 9660 crores in the Central and States Public Sectors and Rs. 7000 crores in private and cooperative sectors. 5.37. A detailed list of projects and programmes included in the Central sector of the plan is given in paper watermark Annexure 30. Master Thesis? The broad break up of certain important groups of industries in the public sector is as follows : Outlays for important groups of industries.

5.38. The targets of production visualised in the Plan for selected industries is given in Annexure 31. The average rate of industrial growth during the Fifth Plan is reckoned to be around 7% per annum. In view of the paper watermark, relatively lower rate of growth in the first 2 years of the plan, the master, growth rate in industrial production in cv covering the lernaining 3 years of the Plan will have to be maintained around 9 to 10% 5.39. The domestic demand for master electrical, finished mild steel is estimated at about 7.75 MT by 1978-79, while the production is expected to cv covering uk, be 8.8 MT including a production of 1.06 MT from the mini steel plants and re-roilers. Though a few special categories of steel will still need to be imported, on the whale the country has now emerged as a net exporter of steel.

5.40. The 1.7 MT stage of Bokaro is master electrical, expected to be completed by the end of 1976. This plant, except the cold-rolling mill, is expected to statement, expand to 4.0 MT by June 1979. The work on the expansion of Bhilai steel plant to 4.0 MT is expected to be completed by December 1981. Plans have also been drawn up for rehabilitation and modernisation of the IISCO plant. 5.41. Considering the longer gestation period in the steel industry, various alternatives for expansion and development are under consideration. 5.42. The Korba plant is expected to achieve its full capacity of 100,000 tonnes of aluminium along with associated fabricating facilities, before the end of the Fifth Plan.

Along with the capacity existing in the private sector, this will contribute to the total capacity of 325,000 tonnes and will be adequate to meet the domestic requirements. 5.43. With the commissioning of the Khetri copper complex, the current smelting capacity is 57,000 tonnes per annum. Provision has been made for the development of mining projects at Malanjkhand and Rakha and expansion of copper mines in the Bihar belt. The Plan envisages a production target of 37,000 tonnes of copper from domestic ore by 1978-79. 5.44. The capacity for zinc production is expected to increase to 95,000 tonnes by 1978-79 with the completion of the expansion of engineering, Debari smelter (45,000 tonnes) and installation of a new smelter at Vizag (30,000 tonnes). 5.45.

A provision of Rs. Magazine Essay? 468 crores has been made in the Plan towards the thesis electrical, various schemes included for the development of non-ferrous metals and associated facilities. 5.46. The bulk of the uk, investments is for completing the programme for the production of electric generation equipment and supporting facilities in Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited and for diversification of the production programme of Hindustan Machine Tools for the manufacture of lamp machinery, printing machinery, tractors and watches. Provision has also been made for balancing facilities at Heavy Engineering Corporation and for rehabilitation and diversification programmes of engineering undertakings taken over by the Government. 5.47. A large step up in scooter production is envisaged. The concept of master thesis electrical engineering, a mother unit supplying components for assembly to a number of subsidiary units has been introduced in the public sector.

5.48. Provision has been made for the Hindustan Shipyard to achieve a production of paper watermark, three ships per annum of 21,600 DWT size. Cochin shipyard will have a capacity of two ships per annum of 75,000 DWT size by 1 977-78. The further expansion to four ships per master thesis electrical annum will also be started before the end of the Plan. The establishment of one or more new shipyards is currently under consideration. 5.49. A detailed plan for the development of watermark, electronic industry on a scientific basis has been drawn up. Provision has been made for testing facilities and R and D support for the growth of the electronic industry. 5.50. The installed capacity for nitrogenous fertilisers is expected to reach 4.7 million tonnes by 1 978-79. Since a part of this capacity will be realised only in the last year of the Plan, the production target is placed at 2.9 million tonnes.

5.51. The demand for phosphatic fertilisers has not increased to the extent envisaged. Measures have been mitiated to stimulate consumotion of phosphatic fertilisers. Further expansion of phosphatic fertiliser capacity is being planned. Thesis? 5.52. Apart from the new plants envisaged in the public sector, it is expected that additional capacity will be promoted in the private sector. 5.53.

A total provision of Rs. Analysis? 1 533 crores has been made in the Fifth Plan for fertilser projects as compared to Rs. 1093.28 crores in the draft Plan. This includes a lumpsum provision for new fertiliser projects and also fertiliser projects in the cooperative sector. 5.54.

Programme for the exploration and exploitation is being stepped up to intensify activities in the most promising oil bearing areas where the payback is likely to be quicker. Resources are, therefore, mainly being canalised to the development and master thesis engineering, production of oil from off-shore and selected on-shore areas. 5.55. A time-bound programme has been drawn to develop production of oil from Bombay High to a rated capacity of 10 million tonnes per annum by 1980-81. Studies for optimal exploitation of resources, transportation, processing and utilisation of the thesis on lupus, oil and associated natural gas are being currently carried out. 5.56. The draft Plan envisaged a step up of thesis, crude oil production from 7.2 million tonnes in 1973-74 to 12.0 million tonnes in 1978-79.

The production target for skills, crude oil is now placed at 14.18 million tonnes in 1978-79. Thesis Electrical? 5.57. Advertisement Essay? Taking into account the enlarged programme, the outlays for ONGC during the Fifth Plan, have now been revised to Rs. 1056 crores as compared to Rs. 420 crores in the Draft Fifth Plan. 5.58.

The refinery programmes included in the Plan cover the completion of the Kaldia refinery, the expansion of Koyali and the establishment of refineries at Mathura and Bongaigaon. All these projects are expected to be completed in the Fifth Plan excepting Mathura refinery which is scheduled to be commissioned by 1980. By the end of the Fifth Plan, refining capacity will be stepped upto31.5 million tonnes. Provision has been made in thesis electrical engineering the Planter these schemes. 5.59. The first major petrochemicals complex at on effective, Baroda will be completed during the Fifth Plan period. The Aromatic Project of the complex has already been commissioned. The defines and the downstream units are expected to be commissioned between August, 1977 and April, 1978. The polyester filament yarn project of Petrofils Cooperative Ltd. is also expected to master thesis engineering, be commissioned in phases between March and July, 1977. A provision of Rs.

349 crores has been made for the above mentioned schemes. A Refinery-cum-Petrochemical unit at Bongaigaon has been included in the Plan. 5.60 In consonance with the classroom management, broad policy frame for the Energy sector drawn up by the Fuel Policy Committee, the Draft Fifth Plan envisaged a production target of 1 35 million tonnes by 1978-79. ? 5.61. A comprehensive programme of advance action involving bulk purchase of standardised plant and equipment and various technical, managerial and master thesis engineering, administrative improvement together with a favourable industrial climate has resulted in city essay higher production of coal. 5.62. The demand for coal, however, has not kept pace with production. After keeping in view the outlook for coal consuming industries and a review of the current energy situation, the likely demand of coal at the end of the engineering, Fifth Plan period has now been projected at communication, 124 million tonnes. Provision has been kept for an export of 2.5 million tonnes of coal in 1978-79 as compared with 1.5 million tonnes envisaged earlier.

Consistent witn the master thesis electrical, revised outlook in demand, the production programmes are being rephased, in a way which would not hamper the future growth. 5.63. Even with this target, the outlays for the Plan are likely to be of the order of Rs. 1025 crores as against the earlier provision of Rs. Magazine? 747.60 crores. This includes the requirements for the setting up of 1 0 million tonnes of additional washery Capacity, of which, 4 million tonnes will be operational by 1 978-79. Master Engineering? Two units of low temperature carbonisation plants are also contemplated. Cv Covering Letters Uk? Adequate provision has been made for better housing facilities and other welfare activities etc. 5.64.

The draft Fifth Plan made a provision of Rs. 39.80 crores for the Neyveli Lignite Project which was expected to reach a production of 6.0 million tonnes in 1978-79. 5.65. On the basis of the review now carried out, this provision has been increased to Rs. 122.25 crores, mainly on account of escalated cost of the specialised mining equipment which is to be imported. In view of the slippages in the implementation of the programme, a production of 4.5 million tonnes of lignite is now expected by the end of the Fifth Plan period, the production of 6 million tonnes being attainable by 1 980-81.

5.66. The production target envisaged for iron ore in the Draft Plan was 58 million tonnes. Due to slight fill in master engineering the domestic demand, the production now envisaged is 56 million tonnes, 5.67. As currently reckoned Donimalai, Bailadila-5 and Kiriburu expansion projects will be commissioned in 1976-77. The development of cuny city college application, Meghahatu-buru project for meeting the requirements of Bokaro steel plant at the 4 million tonnes stage is expected to be taken up shortly. Provision has also been made for thesis electrical engineering, establishing pelletisation capacity. A notable feature in the field of iron ore development has been the decision to develop the Kudremukh magnetite deposit for classroom, a production of 7.5 million tonnes of magnetite concentrates at a cost of around Rs. 567 crores. 5.68. Master Electrical Engineering? Based on current estimates, a provision of cuny city college application essay, Rs. 107.57 crores, excluding the investments on Kudermukh Project, has been made in the Plan.

5.69. To achieve speedy implementation of licences issued and to make new sugar factories and expansion schemes economically viable, incentives were announced in September, 1975. The capacity is expected to increase from 4.3 million tonnes in 1 973-74 to 5.4 million tonnes in 1 978-79. Master Engineering? 5.70. From a production of 7900 million metres of cloth in 1973-74, the communication skills, production is expected to go up to 9500 million metres in 1978-79. Master? The share of the mill sector is envisaged at 4800 million metres and the decentralised sector would contribute the balance of 4700 million metres. 5.71.

The spinning capacity .is being expanded so as to ensure adequate availability of thesis statement, yarn to the decentralised sector. 5.72. To accelerate the modernisation of the textile industry, a scheme to extend long term finance at engineering, concessional rate is being drawn up. A provision of Rs. 104 crores has been made for the rehabilitation and modernisation of the mills of the National Textile Corporation. 5.73. The capacity in the cement industry is communication skills, expected to go up to 23.5 million tonnes by 1978-79 from electrical 19.7 million tonnes in 1973-74. 5.74.

The share of the public sector (Central and States) in the cement industry is expected to increase from 2.30 million tonnes in 1973-74 to 3.88 million tonnes in 1978-79. Drugs and Pharmaceuticals. 5.75. The drug industry which was mainly confined to formulation activities and essay, the manufacture of bulk drugs from penultimate intermediates has in a progressive manner entered into the field of master electrical, manufacture of bulk drugs. 5.76. Public sector has been given a prominent role in the overall development of drug industry. A significant step up in communication production in the area of antibiotics, synthetic drugs and formulations in public sector is envisaged. Vegetable Oils and Vanaspati. 5.77. Thesis Electrical Engineering? The production of vanaspati is expected to increase from 449,000 tonnes in 1973-74 to 610,000 tonnes in 1978-79.

5.78. The production of paper and paper board is expected to be stepped up to 1.05 million tonnes by 1978-79 from 0.77 million tonnes in essay on effective classroom 1973-74 Provision has been made for initiating construction of two new projects in the Central sector. 5.79. Production of newsprint is envisaged to master thesis electrical, be stepped up to 80,000 tonnes by 1978-79. The additional production will be contributed primarily by the expanded capacity of NEPA and communication essays, the Kerala Newsprint project in the public sector. 5.80. A provision of Rs. Master Thesis Engineering? 203 crores has been made in the Central Sector of the Plan for the development of paper and newsprint industry. Industrial and mineral programme relating to atomic energy.

5.81. Cuny? The major programmes in this field are the completion of heavy water plants, the schemes under the nuclear fuel complex and electrical engineering, the expansion of public sector undertakings under the Department of Atomic Energy. A provision of Rs. 184.18 crores has been made for these programmes. 5. Village and Small Industries Small Scale Industries. Printmaking? 5.82. Master? The number, volume and range of production of small scale industries have continued to grow. Schemes of thesis statement, extension services and increase in institutional finance have materially assisted in this increase. Regional testing centres have been established. A few branches of Small Industries Service Institutes have also been opened.

5.83. For the next two years, adequate provisions have been made both for the continuing schemes and for schemes to be formulated for engineering, margin or seed money to facilitate institutional finance and for supply of machines on hire-purchase terms. 5.84. Of 455 estates functioning by March, 1974, 347 were located in urban and semi-urban areas and the remaining 108 in rural areas. In these estates, about 1 0,1 40 units were functioning providing employment to 1.76 lakh persons. 5.85. Adequate provision has been made for the continuing schemes as well as some new schemes. Khadi and Village Industries. Cv Covering Uk? 5.86 Ihe employment in Khadi ragistered an increase from 9.78 lakhs in 1974-75 to 10.0 lakh persons in 1975-76.

The increase in village industries was from 9.82 lakhs to 11.28 lakh persons. 5.87. Master Thesis Electrical? A study has recently been completed by the Administrative Staff College, Hyderabad, regarding the viability of letters, some village industries. Meanwhile, provisions have been made for expansion of the existing programmes. Handloom and Powerloom Industries. 5.88.

Certain special schemes have been initiated for revitalisation and development of the handloom industry as a part of the 20-point Economic Programme. Thesis Electrical? These schemes include intensive development projects (each covering about 10,000 handlooms) and export-oriented production projects (each covering about 1,000 handlooms). 5.89. Adequate provisions for printmaking watermark, continuing schemes as well as for the States to meet a part of the cost of intensive development projects have been made. For the powerloom industry, provisions have been made for processing facilities and setting up technical service centres. The value of exports of handloom fabrics and manufactures is expected to go up to Rs. Electrical? 1 40 crores from the application, current level of about Rs. 1 00 crores.

5.90. During the last two years, schemes have been taken up for production of master thesis engineering, industrial bivoltine mulberry silk in Karnataka, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and cv covering letters, Andhra Pradesh. 5.91. These schemes will be expanded during the next two years. The production of raw silk is expected to increase from the present level of about 3.2 m. Thesis Engineering? Kgs to about 5.0 m. Kgs. by 1978-79 and the exports from Rs. 17.5 crores to Rs.

21.0 crores. 5.92. Recently, a high-powered Study Team has been set up to review the proQress and suggest measures for the development of communication, this industry. Meanwhile, adequate provisions have been made for the continuing schemes. Over the next two years, the value of exports is master thesis electrical, expected to cv covering, increase from the present level of master electrical engineering, about Rs. 19 crores to Rs. 22 crores. 5.93. Recently, a massive scheme for training 30,000 carpet weavers has been initiated which will help to promote larger exports of woollen carpets. Steps have been taken to develop a few selected handicrafts having a high potential for development.

5.94. The value of exports of handicrafts is expected to go upto Rs. 240 crores, as against the present level of about Rs. 190 crores. General. 5.95.

The levels of production and exports achieved by some industries are shown in Annexure 32. 5.96. The provisions made for the next two years in the Central and cv covering uk, the State sectors for engineering, different small industries are shown in Annexure 33. Analysis? 6. Engineering? Transport and Communications. Thesis Statement On Lupus? 5.97. A sectorwise break-up of the provisions in the Central sector for Transport and Communications is indicated in Annexure 34. 5.98. Thesis Electrical? The expenditure for the first three years of the Plan is likely to be about Rs. Essay? 1149 crores; while an outlay of Rs. 1053 crores is master electrical engineering, proposed for the next two years.

5.99. By 1978-79, the railways would be equipped to carry an estimated originating freight traffic of 250 to 260 million tonnes, of which the largest single commodity would be 98 million tonnes of coal. While finalising provision for printmaking paper watermark, replacement or acquisition of locomotives and master engineering, wagons, emphasis has been laid on better utilization of existing track and cv covering letters uk, rolling stock capacity by maximising movement in block rakes and reducing turn-round time. 5.100. In regard to non-suburban passanger traffic,outlays have been provided after taking into consideration past trends and master electrical, possible growth in the next two years. Provision for suburban traffic takes into consideration the optimisation programmes of the communication skills essays, Railways. 5.101. Electrical Engineering? Full provisions have been made for completion of on-going traffic and project oriented lines. Some provision has also been made for new lines of promotional character to the extent permitted by the available resources. 5.102.

Despite constraints on resources, the electrification projects of Virar-^abarmati, Panskura-Haldia and Tundla-Delhi sections have been completed. By the end of the Fifth Plan, it is expected that the Madras-Trivellore section will be fully electrified while electrification of Waltair-Kirandul and Madras-Vijayawada sections would have reached an advanced stage. 5.103. Adequate provision has been made for meeting the Railways' share of the investment in Road Transport Corporations. Classroom? An outlay of Rs. Master Thesis? 50 crores has also been provided for Metropolitan Rail Transport scheme. 5.104. Outlays on the different items of the Railway Development programmes are given in cv covering letters Annexure 35. 5.105. Main emphasis has been on completion of spill over works of the Fourth Plan, which included a number of missing bridges and road links. It is expected that during the last two years of the Plan, work will be largely completed on such of those works which were in progress at the commencement of the Fifth Plan.

Besides, provision has also been made for certain new schemes of master engineering, essential character, particularly those relating to safety of the traffic. 5.106. Management? The revised outlays for the Central programmes are given below. The figures in the brackets refer to spill over schemes. 5.107. In the State Plans also emphasis has been laid on thesis electrical, completion of the spill over works so that investments already made fructify early. Provision has also been made for rural roads under the paper, Minimum Needs Programme. 5.108. The likely expenditure during the first three years, 1974-77 is master electrical engineering, reckoned at about Rs.

479.32 crores and the outlays for the next two years are kept at Rs. 423.04 crores. 5.109. The main scheme under the magazine analysis essay, Central sector road transport relates to the Delhi Transport Corporation. At the beginning of the Fifth Plan, the D.T.C. had a total fleet of 1495 buses. During the first three years, the Corporation is thesis electrical engineering, likely to acquire 1137 buses, including 682 buses for augmentation and 455 buses for replacement. Provision has been made for printmaking watermark, acquisition of additional 389 buses based on consideration of traffic growth and efficient fleet utilisation and for engineering, construction of additional depots and terminals. A total outlay of printmaking paper, Rs. 29.77 crores is master thesis electrical engineering, envisaged against communication the Draft Fifth Plan provision of Rs. 23.00 crores. 5.110.

In the State sector the estimated expenditure on Road transport during 1974-77 is likely to be Rs. 197.08 crores and an outlay of Rs. 205.87 crores is provided for the next two years. 5.111. The traffic handled at thesis electrical engineering, Major Ports is expected to increase from 65.84 million tonnes in 1974-75 to about 77 million tonnes in 1978-79.

The main increase is expected to be in iron ore and general cargo, 5.112. With the completion of the major spillover projects at Haldia, Madras, Visakhapatnam, Marmugao and Mangalore during 1976-77 the capacity for handling traffic in bulk commodities like iron ore, coal and fertilisers will be considerably augmented. Provision has also been made for work in connection with replacement of printmaking, oil pipeline at thesis, Bombay, Salaya off-shore terminal, and Kudremukh Iron ore export at Mangalore. 5.11 3. The draft Fifth Plan, provided an outlay of Rs. 308 crores for major ports including about Rs. Cv Covering Letters? 200 crores for spill-over schemes.

The total outlay now envisaged is Rs. 521.46 crores including Rs. 363.55 crores for master thesis, spill-over schemes. 5.114. In the revised Fifth Plan, an outlay of Rs. 49,67 crores has been provided for minor ports including Rs. 27.29 crores in the Plans of States and Union Territories.

The provision for Central schemes is on account of Minor Ports Survey and Dredging Organisation and development of port facilities in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and communication, Lakshadweep. 5.115. In view of engineering, a number of major and letters uk, far-reaching developments such as decline in the import of crude oil, opening of the Suez Canal, non-materialisation of the projected coastal movement of coal, and escalation in the price of thesis electrical engineering, ships, the target for shipping tonnage has been reduced from 8.6 million GRT to 6.5 million GRT. Details of the operative tonnage, tonnage on cuny city college essay, order and master thesis, tonnage to be acquired are shown in Annexure 36. 5.116. Indian ships, whether new or old are acquired partly by the Shipping Companies out of their own resources and skills essays, partly through loans granted by the Shipping Development Fund Committee (SDFC) at subsidised rates of interest. A provision of Rs. 410 crores for the Plan period has been made as against the original estimates of Rs. 243 crores.

5.117. Suitable provision has also been made for expansion of training facilities and programmes for the walfare of thesis electrical, seamen and for loan assistance to the sailing vessels industry. 5.118. Outlay of Rs. 14.73 crores for thesis on lupus, next two years includes development of Rajabagan Dockyard, operations of the Central Inland water Transport Corporation and operation of river services on the Ganga. Master Thesis? In the Centrally Sponsored programme, the provision of statement on lupus, Rs. 5.83 crores is mainly for dredging of master thesis engineering, Cum-berjua Canal in Goa, ferry services on Hooghly, improvement of Champakara-Neendakara Canal in Kerala and improvement of Buckingham Canal in printmaking paper Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

5.119. In addition, a provision of Rs. 7.75 crores has been made for the development of Inland Water Transport in master thesis electrical engineering the States and Union Territories. Printmaking Paper? 5.120. As against the draft Fifth Plan provision of Rs. 12 crores for lighthouses and lightships, the master electrical engineering, revised provision is city college, Rs. 1 3.66 crores. Of this, the provision for 1977-79 is thesis electrical engineering, Rs.

6.13 crores. Cuny College Essay? The revised outlay includes Rs. 6.53 crores for Salaya Decca Chain and Floating Aids for approach channel to the Salaya Off-shore Terminal. 5.121. One Boeing 747 aircraft joined the Air India fleet of 5 Boeing 737 and 9 Boeing 707 during the Plan period. The outlay of Rs. 38.65 crores during 1977-79 has been made to master electrical, cover this liability as well as other supporting facilities including interim arrangements towards establishing real time computer system. 5.122. Indian Airlines have already acquired during this Plan period 6B-737 aircraft and placed orders for 3 Air Buses (equivalent to 9B-737 aircraft) which are expected to join Indian Airlines fleet shortly. The old Turboprop aircraft are also to be replaced. A total provision of Rs.

99.45 crores has been made to cover the payment liability of the paper watermark, aircraft acquired or to be acquired and for interim arrangements towards use of real time computer facilities. International Airports Authority of India. 5.123. A sum of Rs. 27.67 crores has been provided for the programme of IAAI in the Fifth Plan. This includes a provision of Rs. 11 crores for a new International and Cargo Terminal Complex at Bombay. Civil Aviation Department. 5.124. The provision of Rs.

65.15 crores inter alia includes outlays on electrical, aeronautical communication services and works at essay on effective classroom, aerodromes. Under aeronautical communication services, provision has been made for augmentation of calibration facilities and for improving the aeronautical fixed and mobile telecommunication net work. These would further improve the safety of aircraft operation. As regards works at aerodromes, the emphasis in the Draft Fifth Plan on the development of existing aerodromes rather than the taking up of new works has been continued. 5.125. The Plan provision of Rs. Master Thesis Engineering? 39.58 crores includes the completion of cv covering, 2.36 M Telescope by the Indian Institute of Astro-physics. This also includes a provision of Rs. 20 crores for Monsoon 1977 experiment, Monex 1979 and INSAT programme. Electrical Engineering? 5.126.

A provision of Rs. 23.62 crores has been made for the programme of classroom management, Department of thesis electrical engineering, Tourism and that of thesis, Rs.17.12 crores for the India Tourism Development Corporation (ITDC). Thesis Electrical? The programmes under the cv covering, Department of Tourism include loans to hotel industry in the private sector, integrated development of tourist resorts at Kovalam, Gulmarg, Goa and Kulii#151;Manali and construction of a number of youth hostels,tourists bungalows and forest lodges. The programmes under ITDC include expansion of hotels and construction of travellers' lodges, motels and master engineering, cottages. 5.127. In the State Sector also a provision of watermark, Rs. 33.21 crores has been mt.de for the development of tourism.

5.128. The Plan provision of Rs. 24.38 crores apart from covering the expenditure on opening or upgradation of master thesis electrical, 2520 post offices during the first three years of the city college application essay, Fifth Plan, is expected to master, enable opening or upgrading of magazine analysis essay, additional 3800 post offices in the next two years. 5.129. The revised Plan outlay of Rs. 1129.45 crores would enable creation of master electrical, additional exchange capacity of 8.42 lakh lines. 5.130. Adequate funds have been set apart for expanding the telegraph system and opening of about 45 Telex exchanges with 10,000 lines capacity.

Overseas Communication Services. 5.131. The revised provision of Rs. 35.87 crores includes funds for INTEL-SAT Dehradun Earth Station, SPC Telex Exchange at Bombay and Indo-USSR Tropo Link. Token provisions have also been made for a wide-band submarine Link between India and essay, Malayasian Peninsula as well as the new schemes relating to Indo-Afghan Tropo-scatter Link, Andaman Earth Station and Third Earth Station at Calcutta. I.T.I, and master engineering, Hindustan Teleprinters Limited. 5.132. Adequate provision has been made for the continuing and the expansion programmes of these industries. 5.133. The statement below gives the programme-wise outlays: Fifth Plan Outlay : Communications. 5.134.

The revised provision of Rs. 37.63 crores lays emphasis on completion of continuing schemes costing Rs. 32.52 crores. The balance provision is for initiating action for new Transmitter schemes, improvement of studio facilities, software requirements and construction of essays, staff quarters. 5.135. The revised Fifth Plan outlay for TV is Rs. Master Electrical? 50.98 crores, of which Rs.

33.41 crores is for continuing schemes and Rs. 17.57 crores for new schemes. The new schemes include setting up of 2 transmitters of 10 KW each at Hyderabad and Jaipur and advertisement analysis, 4 low-power transmitters of 400 watts at Gul-barga, Sambalpur, Muzaffarpur and electrical, Raipur. These transmitters would serve about 40 per cent of the villages covered under the Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) programme after the termination of Experiment. For Community Viewing, provision has been made for about 3000 conventional TV sets and modificatipn of about 2400 special sets deployed under the SITE programme. The Plan also provides for software schemes to improve the quality of programme. 5.136.

Plan outlays for education during the skills essays, first three years of the plan have been somewhat modest because of the economic situation but the growth in the total governmental expenditure on education, both plan and non-plan, must be considered substantial. The total expenditure is estimated to rise from Rs. 1450 crores in 1974-75 to about Rs. 2287 crores in 1 976-77. 5.137. Elementary Education : Very high priority has been given to this programme. Adequate provision has been made for additional enrolment in terms of teaching personnel and construction of class-rooms, especially in backward areas. 5.138. The table below indicates the additional enrolments, which are likely to master engineering, be achieved by the end of the Fifth Plan : Growth of Enrolment (figures in lakhs) 5.139. In addition to the expansion of educational facilities, provision has been made for curricular reorientation, work experience and strengthening of educational institutions for teachers.

5.140. Secondary Education : The existing trend in communication the increase of enrolment has been kept in view. Against the additional enrolment of 1 5 lakhs likely to be achieved in the first three years, an enrolment target of another 15 lakh in classes IX-XI/XII has been proposed for 1977-79. The percentage of children of the age-group 1.4-1 71 8, enrolled in classes IX-XI/XII will increase from 20 in 1973-74 to 25 in 1978-79. While making provisions, note has been taken of the requirements on account of the introduction of the new pattern of education. Master Thesis Electrical? 5.141. After detailed preparatory work, vocationalisation at thesis, the secondary stage will be initiated in selected areas during the next two years so that well-conceived and fully thought-out programmes are implemented.

5.142. University Education : The main emphasis in university education is on consolidation and improvement. Provision is, however, being made to provide additional educational facilities to weaker sections of society and in the backward areas. Facilities through evening colleges, correspondence courses and private study will be expanded. Post-graduate education and master, research will continue to be strengthened through the development of centres of advanced study, science service centres, common computer facilities and regional instrumentation workshops. Programmes of faculty development, like summer institutes, seminars and orientation courses will be stepped up. Advertisement Analysis? These figures are taken from Draft Fifth Plan. The Third Education Survey, however, indicated that the master electrical engineering, enrolments in classes l-V-and-VI-VIII in on effective management 1973-74 were 611 lakhs (80%) and 141 lakhs (33%) respectively. Assuming the Survey enrolments as the base figures, the thesis, loial enrolment in 1978-79 in Ihese iwo groups would be 741 lakhs (92%) and 199 lakhs (43 %).Figures in printmaking paper parenthesis indicate the proportion of children of respective age groups enrolled in Classes I-V and VI-VIII. Engineering? 5.143 Non-Formal Education : With the strengthening of existing programmes of non-formal education, about 16 lakh participants are expected to be covered under these programmes.

The existing programmes are intended to be reviewed. 5.144. Thesis Statement On Lupus? Scholarships: 12,000 awards are being given every year from 1974-75 onwards, from the non-plan budget. The number of annual awards under the thesis electrical, National Scholarship Scheme was 3,000 in essay each of the first two years of the Plan and 5000 in 1 976-77. Provision has been made to increase the number to 7,000 in master electrical engineering 1 977-78 and to 10,000 in 1 978-79. City College Application? Provision has also been made for continuing 20,000 yearly national loan scholarship awards during the Fifth Plan period. The number of national scholarships for talented children from rural areas, which was 1 0,000 each year during 1 974-77, will be increased to 1 5,000 per year during 1 977-79; thus increasing the number of scholarships per community development block from 2 to 3. Other programmes of scholarships will be continued. 5.145. Language Development: Provision has been made for the appointment of 2000 additional Hindi teachers in middle and secondary schools during 1977-79, in non-Hindi speaking States.

These are in addition to 4,000 teachers appointed during 1974-77. This programme will be reviewed with a view to determining its benefits. The Central Institute of Indian Languages (Mysore), the Kendriya Hindi Sansthan (Agra), the Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan (New Delhi) and the Central Institute of English and Foreign Languages (Hyderabad) will be further developed. 5.146. Other Programmes : Provision has been made for strengthening of the existing Nehru Yuvak Kendras and for setting up some more Kendras at approved places. While the coverage of the master thesis, National Service Scheme will be expanded. City College Application? National Service Volunteers Scheme is expected to be launched on a pilot basis.

Facilities for games and sports, coaching camps and rural sports will be expanded. Provision has been made for the development of Central Libraries. 5.147. Technical Education : Generally, the emphasis is on consolidation and quality improvement in terms of faculty development, replacement of obsolete equipment and diversification of courses. Centres of studies in material science, cryogenic engineering, energy studies and ocean engineering are expected to be established in electrical engineering close collaboration with user agencies.

Provision has been made for augmenting physical facilities at the existing Institutes of Management, and preparatory work will be started for establishment of the fourth Institute at Lucknow. Reginal Engineering Colleges and the Engineering Departments in the universities will be-further developed. 5.148. Cultural Programmes : Provision has been made, inter alia, for essay management, further development of the master thesis electrical engineering, three national academies of Sahitya, Sangeet Natak and Lalit Kala, propagation of culture among college and thesis on lupus, school students, revision of district gazetteers and development of various activities of the Archaeological Survey of India. Thesis? 5.149. 20-Point-Socio-Economic Programmes : Three components of this programme are provision of books and stationery to students at on effective management, cheaper rates, supply of thesis electrical, essential commodities to hostel students at subsidised prices and magazine analysis, expansior if apprenticeship training programme. The capacity of the master electrical engineering, textbook printing presses is being developed further.

Book banks will continue to be established in educational institutions. The coverage of apprenticeship scheme is being expanded. 5.150. Outlays : For completing the thesis on lupus, various tasks related to educational development, an outlay of Rs. 1285 crores has been provided for different sectors as indicated below : In relation to the first three years, the proposed outlay in the next two 'ears marks a considerable step-up. 8. Health, Family Welfare Planning and Nutrition. 5.1 51. In the draft Fifth Plan, an amount of Rs. 252.79 crores was provided for this sector The expenditure during the first three years is likely to be Rs.

1 52-93 crores. An outlay of Rs. 182'90 crores has been recommended for the last two years after assessing the performance of various major on-going programmes and after keeping in view the broad aspects of health strategy. 5.152. Among the Centrally sponsored schemes National Malaria Eradication Programme has been allocated Rs. 196-44 crores as against the original provision of Rs 96-71 crores in the Draft Fifth Plan. A substantial increase in the outlay for this programme has become necessary to contain the disease according to a revised strategy. Master Electrical Engineering? Provision has also been made for uk, more effective implementation of master thesis engineering, National Leprosy Control Programme and the National Scheme for prevention of impairment of cuny city application essay, vision and control of blindness. A pilot research project to develop a strategy for control of thesis, filaria in rural areas has also been included. Adequate provision has been made during 1 977-79 for cv covering letters, establishing combined food and drug testing laboratories and for giving Central assistance to existing food laboratories in the States. 5.153.

An outlay of Rs. 543 21 crores was provided in the draft Plan for various health programmes under the States and Union Territories. Master Thesis Electrical Engineering? The total likely expenditure for the first three years of the Fifth Plan is estimated at Rs. On Effective Management? 159-92 crores. For the remaining two years of the Fifth Five Year Plan i.e., 1977-79, an outlay of Rs.

185-91 crores has been recommended. Master Engineering? 5.154. These provisions include the requirements of the on-going programmes and essay on effective classroom management, the reed for reasonable expansion, extension and development of master electrical, rural health services. It has been ensured that all the primary health centres and sub-centres in the country would get drugs at the enhanced level of Rs.1 2,000/-per PHC and Rs. 2,000/- per sub-centre per annum. Adequate provision has also been made for medical education. 5.155. The revised total Fifth Plan outlay for the Health Sector thus works out to Rs. 681.66 crores. The break-up of the outlay for the Central and State Sectors is given below : Family Welfare Planning Programmes. Communication? 5.156.

In the draft Plan an master thesis electrical, amount of Rs. 516.00 crores was provided for programmes relating to family welfare planning. The likely expenditure during the first three years of the Fifth Plan is expected to be of the cv covering letters uk, order of Rs. 237.65 crores. 5.157. An outlay of Rs. 259'71 crores has been recommended for the period 1977-79. The family planning programmes wilt be carried forward in master thesis an integrated manner alongwith Health,Maternity and Child Health Care and Nutrition services on the basis of the strategy outlined in the draft Fifth Plan. Firm and bold steps envisaged in the National Population Policy to improve the tempo of the magazine, programme has been kept in view in recommending the revised outlays. To cope with the increasing demand for sterilisation, facilities will be expanded at 1000 selected Primary Health Centres and master thesis engineering, 325 Taluka level hospitals during 1976-79. Two hundred additional post-partum centres beyond the original targets in the draft Fifth Plan are also proposed to be opened.

Another unit of the Hindustan Latex Ltd. will be set up at Farakka to meet the increased demand of Nirodh. The India Population Project with Sl DA/I DA assistance will be carr.pleted by the end of the watermark, Fifth Plan. Special multi-media motivation campaigns on pilot basis will be launched in Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, and West Bengal. Maternity and child health programmes will be vigorously pursued and furds for this purpose will be made available on the basis of performance. Research and evaluation facilities will be strengthened. Funds for completion of incomplete buildings and for construction of essential buildings for Rural Family Welfare Planning Centres have been provided. 288 New Rural Family Welfare Planning Centres will be opened in a phased manner. 5.158.

A total provision of Rs. 497.36 crores has been envisaged in the revised Fifth Plan. Summary of the outlays is given in the enclosed statement (Annexure 37). 5.159. Indraft Fifth Ptan, an amount of Rs. Electrical? 70 crores was provided in the Central Sector.

Rs. Cuny City College Application? 50 crores were earmarked for the Subsidiary Food and master electrical, a Nutrition Scheme of the Department of Food, and Rs. 20 crores for the Applied Nutrition Programme of the paper watermark, Department of Rural Development. Nutrition Schemes of the Department of Food. 5.160. The likely expenditure during the first three years of the Fifth Plan is placed at Rs. 6.53 crores. Electrical Engineering? Under the revised Fifth Plan an skills essays, outlay of thesis, Rs. 6.70 crores has been provided during 1977-79 for production of nutritions foods. An amount of Rs.

1.27 crores has also been recommended during 1977-79 for other schemes like fortification of essay classroom, Food Stuffs, nutrition education through mass media, Pilot Research Projects etc. An outlay of Rs. 7.97 crores has thus been recommended for 1977-79 making up a Fifth Plan provision of Rs. 14.50 crores. Applied Nutrition Programme (Deptt. of Rural Development) 5.1 61. The outlay of Rs.

20 crores provided in the draft Fifth Plan was meant for providing Central assistance to the on going Applied Nutrition Blocks, opening of 700 new blocks and maintenance of thesis, post operational blocks for one year after existence for watermark, a period of five years. Due to constraint of resources in the social Services Sector only 192 blocks were set up in the first two years (1974-76) of the Plan. The likely expenditure during the first three years of the Plan is Rs. 4.48 crores. A sum of Rs. Master Engineering? 8.51 crores has been recommended for 1977-79. The total outlay under the letters uk, revised Fifth Plan works out to Rs. 1 2.99 crores. 5.1 62. In the draft Fifth Five Year Plan, an amount of Rs.

330.00 crores was provided for the States and Union Territories, for the supplementary Feeding programmes, i. e.. Mid-day Meals Programme for the School going children and Special Nutrition Programme for the children in the age group of 0-6 years and expectant and lactating mothers. Likely expenditure during the first three years of the Plan is placed at Rs. 44.24 crores. The slow progress in the initial years of the Fifth Plan was mainly due to the financial constraint and non-availability of funds in the non-Plan budgets of the State Governments for meeting cost of food, administration and transport for the beneficiaries.

For the remaining years of the Fifth Plan adequate provision has been made from the non-Plan resources of the State for beneficiaries cf special nutrition programme at the end of the master thesis engineering, Fourth Plan. After taking into account a reasonable expansion, a provision of watermark, Rs. 43.94 crores has been recommended by Planning Commision for 1977-79-The revised outlay under the Fifth Plan thus works out to Rs. 88.18 crores. A statement showing programme-wise break-up under the revised Fifth Plan is attached (Annexure 38). 9. Urban Development, Housing and Water Supply.

5.163. Provision made in the State Plans for integrated Urban Development are being supplemented by funds provided for the scheme of integrated Urban Development in the Central Sector. This scheme provides loan assistance to State Governments for developing the necessary infrastructure. It is expected that over master thesis electrical engineering a period of communication skills, time the State Governments will be able to master thesis, build up a corpus of seed money for expansion programmes. Magazine Advertisement Analysis Essay? 5.164. Urban Development progrmmes were taken up in the three metropolitan cities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras and nine other cities in 1974-75. Additional six cities were taken up in 1975-76 and it is expected that six more will be taken up during 1976-77. Work for the preparation of Plans for some other cities is in hand . 5.165.

In view of the progress made so far, total provision of Rs. 256.13 crores has been made for Urban Development for next two years against a likely expenditure of Rs. 249.33 crores during 1974-77, as indicated in Annexure 39. Housing. 5.166. The main thrust of the programmes in thesis electrical the Fifth Plan is directed towards ameliorating the conditions of the backward sections of the society. This is sought to be achieved by augmenting the programmes for the construction of housing colonies by State Housing Boards and by taking up on a large scale a programme for watermark, the provision of house-sites for landless labourers in rural areas. Master Engineering? While the bulk of this programme is being undertaken in cuny application the State Plans, the activities of the Housing and Urban Development Corporation in the Central sector are being geared up to meet the expanding demand. A provision is being made to increase the Equity participation in HUDCO to enable it to generate resources of the order of Rs. 150 crores in the Fifth Plan period.

Separate provisions have been made for the scheme of subsidised housing for plantation labourers and Dock labourers. AdeqLate emphasis has also been placed on research and master, development activities for generating better and cheaper designs. The outlays for various programmes in the State and Central sectors have been indicated in Annexure 40. Communication Essays? Water Supply and Sanitation Rural Water Supply. 5.167. The main objective is to provide safe water supply in difficult and problem villages. At the end of the Fourth Plan period, it had been estimated that there were 1.13 lakhs of such villages. It is expected that in the first three years of the thesis, Fifth Plan with a provision of Rs. 201.10 crores, about 57,800 villages would have been covered. The allocation made for the remaining two years is on the basis of providing safe water supply for additional 53,900 villages.

The provision which has been made is printmaking, of the order of Rs. 180.14 crores (inclusive of Rs. 1 57.87 crores under the MNP). The revised Fifth Plan outlay would now be Rs. 381.24 crores. Urban Water Supply and Sanitation.

5.168. Particular emphasis is being laid on completion of spill over schemes. Master Thesis? In the first three years with an investment of on effective classroom, Rs. 257.54 crores, about 266 towns are likely to be covered with water supply and 46 towns with sewerage and thesis, drainage systems. With an outlay of Rs. 281.63 crores for the remaining two years of the Fifth Plan, about 254 towns are likely to be covered with water supply and 38 with sewerage and drainage systems. The outlay mentioned above will be supplemented from the Central sector scheme of Integrated Urban Development in cities of national importance such as Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Kanpur, Lucknow, Agra, Allahabad, Varanasi, etc. Cuny City College Application Essay? The outlay in the Fifth Plan amounts to Rs.

539.17 crores against the outlay Rs. 431.00 crores in engineering the Draft Fifth Plan. 5.169. The revised Fifth Plan also provides for an outlay of Rs. 10.27 crores for supporting programmes such as public Health Engineering training to train about 3000 Public Health Engineering personnel and mechanical composting to set up 27 mechanical compost plants along with 60 mechanical sieve plants in different cities. A provision also exist for converting about city 30,000-35,000 dry latrines into sanitary latrines. 5.170 The revised outlays for water Supply and sanitation are given in Annexure 41. 10. Craftsman Training and Labour Welfare Central Plan. 5.171.

In the draft Fifth Plan, an amount of Rs. Thesis Engineering? 14.57 crores was provided in the Central Plan. The likely expenditure during the first three years of the Fifth Plan is placed at Rs. 4.01 crores. 5.172. For the two year period 1977-79 a provision of Rs. 10.17 crores has been made. Letters Uk? This will cover (i) the requirements of the major on-going training institutions such as the Central Staff Training and Research Institute, the Foreman Training Institute, and the Central Training Institutes for instructors ; (ii) the strengthening/extension of the Advanced Training Institute ; (iii) the expansion of the Apprenticeship Training programme ; (iv) Vocational Training in Women's occupations ; and master electrical, (v) Sche.nes relating to research, surveys and studies to be undertaken by various institutes. Flans of States Union Territories. 5.173.

In the draft Fifth Plan, an cv covering letters uk, amount of Rs. 42.37 crores was provided for States and Union Territories. The likely expenditure during the first three years of the Plan is placed at Rs. 15.69 crores. 5.174. For the two year period 1977-79, an thesis, .outlay of Rs.

20.27 crores has been suggested keeping in view the requirements of paper watermark, (i) the industrial training institutes ; (iiy-the expansion of the thesis electrical, Apprenticeship Training Programmes in the establishments ; (iii) the strenghtening of the employment service organisations; (iv) the setting up of labour welfare centres, and promoting safety measures; and (v) the Employees' State Insurance Scheme, Revised Fifth Plan Outlays for Craftsmen Training and Labour Welfare. ll. Hill and essay on effective classroom management, Tribal Areas, Backward Classes Social Welfare and Rehabilitation. Master Electrical? 5.175. This scheme refers to the hill regions of printmaking paper watermark, Assam, Tamil Nadu, U.P., West Bengal and the Western Ghats region. Programmes of singnificance are funded party from the State Plan and partly from the sub-plan allocations. During the fisrt three years of the Plan, Central allocations would be of the order of Rs. 76 crores while the States are likely to invest about Rs. 68 crores.

5.176. With the experience gained so far, the master electrical engineering, programme is now expected to gather momentum. A provision of Rs. 94 crores is earmarked for the next two years in the Central Plan. 5.177. Tribal sub-plans incorporating programmes of particular significance to the tribal economy are being prepared for areas, with large concentration of classroom, Scheduled Tribes, in 16 States and 2 Union Territories. These programmes are funded through provisions in the State Plans, and Central assistance. So far about 40, out of 145 Integrated Tribal Development projects have been formulated and an amount of Rs. 65 crores is likely to be spent during the first three years of the Plan.

5.178. Initial difficulties are now expected to be overcome and thesis electrical engineering, it is expected that the rest of the lTDPs would be formulated and implemented in the remaining period of the Fifth Plan. On this basis, a provision of Rs. 125 crores of Central assistance is being made for the next two years. Letters? 5.179. Thesis Engineering? Priority has been accorded to regional schemes of agriculture, power and communications forwarded by NEC for securing a balanced development of the communication skills, north-eastern region.

It is expected that in the first three years an expenditure of Rs. 28 crores would be incurred on such schemes. Due to initial difficulties in identifying and implementing schemes, the programme has had a slow start. It is, however, now gathering pace. A provision of Rs. 62 crores has been kept for master electrical, the next two years.

5.180. A statement indicating the outlays for these programmes is given below : Welfare of Backward Classes. 5.181. The revised Fifth Plan outlays for the Centre and the States have been raised to Rs. College Essay? 119 crores and Rs 208 crores respectively. The details are given in Annexure 42.

In the Central Plan, emphasis has been placed on master thesis electrical, post-matric scholarships, schemes for coaching of students and girls' hostel. In the State Plans, provision has been made inter alia for educational incentives, subsidised housing, various agricultural programmes and requirement of development Corporations. 5.182. The revised Fifth Plan outlays for the Centre and States are Rs. 63.53 crores and Rs. 22.60 crores respectively.

Details are given in Annexure 43. Printmaking Watermark? 5.183. Thesis Electrical Engineering? These outlays are related to the progress reported in classroom management the implementation of the various schemes. Care has been taken to ensure that important programmes like Intergrated Child Care Services, Working Girls Hostels, Scholarships for Handicapped Persons in the Central Sector and women and child welfare Programmes and Programmes of Social Defence in master electrical engineering the State sector are provided adequate funds. 5.184. Watermark? The Draft Fifth Plan envisaged the resettlement of 65827 families. This figure has now been reassessed at 67067 familes. It is expected that against an overall expenditure of Rs. 47.62 crores in the first three years of the Plan, 35767 families would have been recently resettled.

The outlays for the next two years of the Fifth Plan are based on the following considerations : (i) Sri Lanka : Of the expected 28,434 families, 16,434 have so far been resettled at a cost of thesis engineering, Rs. 14.17 crores. It is expected that 12,000 families would be resettled during the next two years at an approximate cost of Rs. 14 crores. (ii) Dandakarnaya : Of the 9120 families in on effective classroom management camp, 3120 have been resettled in the first three years at an approximate cost of Rs. 1 3.54 crores. It is expected that 6000 families would be resettled in the remaining period of the Plan at an approximate cost of master thesis, Rs. 12 crores. Besides the direct cost of resettlement, the outlays include expenditure on major irrigation projects and other infrastructure development.

(iii) Residual problems of rehabilitation in communication skills West Bengal : On the basis of the recommendations contained in the report of the working Group set up by the Department of Rehabilitation, a provision of Rs. 10.20 crores has been made. Thesis Electrical Engineering? This is based on an assessment that besides acceleration of the SFDA/MFAL programmes in areas where these migrants were concentrated and outlays required for the provision of medical facilities, 8000 plots in the colonies of displaced persons located in the Calcutta Metropolitan District and 4000 other urban plots would be developed. (iv) Other Schemes : With regard to progammes for the resettlement of repatriates from Burma, West Pakistan, Uganda, Zaire and migrants from Indian enclaves in former East Pakistan, an printmaking, expenditure of Rs. 1 7.73 crores has been incurred in the first three years of the Plan, to resettle 1 5843 families. It is expected that in the remaining two vears 11 300 families would require resettlement for which a provision of Rs. 1 7.39 crores has been made.

5.185. Scheme-wise outlays provided in the Fifth Plan are given in Annexure 44. Master Thesis Engineering? 5.186. In finalising the analysis essay, Fifth Five-Year Plan for Science and Technology (S and T) an attempt has been made to thesis engineering, restructure research programmes as far as practicable into projects with predetermined time spans, costs and expected benefits. In a departure from previous practice, the S and T programmes of the different Ministries were the subject of separate discussions at which emphasis was placed on aligning research programmes to conform more closely with plan priorities and promoting quicker interaction between the on effective classroom, users of research and the research agencies, so that problems ara more sharply defined and transfer of technology is facilitated. Master? 5.187. Particular attention Fs expected to be paid to fuller use of existing facilities, avoiding of unplanned duplication of city college essay, research into electrical, similar problems by different agencies, minimising sub-critical funding by spreading resources over too many projects, and closer monitoring of research programmes right up to the stage of their application in the field. 5.188.

The thrust of the various sectoral programmes broadly remain as outlined in the draft Fifth Plan. In agriculture, specific emphasis will be placed on programmes to skills essays, control crop diseases, crop sequencing, dry farming, agricultural implements, post harvesting technology etc. Master Electrical? New agro-industrial complexes, setting up of a fish farm and increased support to agricultural institutes, animal sciences and fisheries institutes are envisaged in the Plan. Programmes for improving the technology used in village and rural industries are proposed to cuny essay, be intensified. Activities proposed cover bee keeping, pottery, palm gur, gur and khandsari. To acquire a closer insight into the problems of optimal management of water resources, an Institute of Hydrology is proposed to be set up. Steps will be taken to see that central R and D irrigation schemes are not sub-criticaliy funded and a mechanism is set up to see that research findings are expeditiously applied in master thesis the field. 5.189. In the essays, area of energy, a multi-pronged approach to develop biogas technology, as well as new sources such as solar energy, tidal and wind power has been initiated. A major programme on magneto hydro dynamics is being undertaken as an inter-institutional project. Programmes for improved mining techniques, mine safety, transportation and gassification of coal have been given priority.

Programmes for developing stowing materials, improved instruments, and processes for upgrading coal are being funded. Thesis Engineering? 5.190 In power engineering, test facilities, specially those connected with high voltage/DC transmission lines have been given special attention. No significant departures from the on effective classroom, draft Fifth Plan programmes have been proposed in the research programmes of the Department of Atomic Energy except for the power reactor fuel reprocessing plants and investment in facilities for engineering, making seamless steel tubes for ball bearings and power plants. 5.191. In steel, the major thrust in use of S and T has been to improve the productivity and capacity utilisation of the thesis, steel plants, utilise low grade materials, improve refractory quality, develop new alloys and work on new techniques for making sponge iron. A wide range of chemicals particularly pesticides, drugs, and intermediates hitherto imported, is being developed by several institutions, in particular by master thesis electrical engineering, CSIR laboratories and the public sector companies in these fields. In heavy engineering, the setting up of a research institute for paper watermark, welding deserves special mention. 5.192. Special emphasis is being paid to surveying and engineering, research on developing the country's natural resources.

The programmes of city application, bodies such as the National Remote Sensing Agency, geological and other surveying agencies and National Institutes of Oceanography have been given high priority. These are being supplemented by master engineering, the programme of the Department of Space for launching satellite with remote sensing capabilities and institutional research facilities for petroleum exploration and reservoir studies. Tree breeding and essay management, prevention of disease in important tree species have been given special attention. In meteorology, apart from strengthening the existing institutes, a major new programme is India's participation in Monsoon 77 in collaboration with USSR and master electrical engineering, Monex (monsoon experiment) as a part of a world-wide study of the factors which affect the weather. Provision has been made for INSAT-1, the proposed Indian-owned geo-synchronous satellite which will provide a variety of meteorological data.

5.193. In health, the focus has been placed on research into new methods of family planning, integrated system for delivery of health care services to infants, and control and prevention of on lupus, communicable diseases including malaria, tuberculosis and cholera. 5.194. The priority area in housing and urban development is the development of new low cost housing designs and master thesis electrical, materials, rural sanitation and waste water treatment. Agencies concerned with environmental protection have been given due attention. 5.195. In the area of electronics, substantially more funds will be given to various institutions for research in the indigenisation of a large variety of electronic components. In addition, the Department of Electronics will establish major multi-user regional computer centres in certain metropolitan cities and set up a corporation for cuny college application essay, making semi-conductor devices.

Support will be given to developing the infra-structure for electronic standards and testing techniques at master electrical engineering, various institutes like NPL and essay classroom management, the national test houses. The Department has already established corporations for maintaining computers and developing trade and technology in thesis electrical electronic items. Tele-communication research will concentrate on indigenising many of the components hitherto imported and development work on electronic communication systems, the major emphasis being on instruments, transmission system and exchange equipment. An Asian Telecommunication Training Centre is proposed to be set up at Ghaziabad. 5.196. The major efforts in space research will be to gear up research work and develop components to enable a series of variants of the SLV 111 launcher being produced and more advanced satellites being launched in collaboration with other countries. The proposed INSAT-1 which, in addition to meteorological equipment will have various tele-cummunication and other capabilities, will give added relevance to these programmes. 5.197. Under the Department of Science and communication, Technology, plans have been finalised for making a beginning with the national information system on science and technology (NISSAT).

Provision has been made for the manufacture of master engineering, fer rites and electronic ceramics by a new company and for a substantial step-up in funds for sponsored projects under the Science and Engineering Research Committee. 5.198. Considerable effort is proposed to be put into developing new instruments for operation, process control, measurement and research by a variety of agencies. Coordinating inputs are proposed to be provided by the Instrument Development Division of the Department of Science and Technology. 5.199. Testing facilities under agencies like the National Test House and printmaking watermark, Indian Standards Institution will be strengthened.

5.200. Master Thesis Engineering? In order to stimulate indigenous research, industrial licensing regulations have been liberalised in the case of industries which are proposed to be set up based on R and D developed in-house or by communication skills, national laboratories. The question of levying R and D cess is under consideration. 5.201 A Department wise distribution of the outlays for Science and Technology is indicated in master electrical engineering Annexure 45. A provision of Rs.

5 crores has been included in the outlays of each of the Ministries of Information and Broadcasting and Tourism and Civil Aviation (Meteorology) for INSAT.

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cognos and resume Atlanta, GA 30338. Accomplished Senior IT professional with a background in business intelligence, reporting systems, data quality (including ETL), software design and full life-cycle development. Capable of managing numerous projects while leading cross-functional teams to meet and exceed overall IT initiatives. Electrical Engineering! Demonstrated consultative process skills with emphasis on technical, written, and relationship development. Business Objects Enterprise ETL (Data Services -- BODI / BODS, SSIS) Reporting (Web Intelligence, Xcelsius, Crystal Reports) Highlights of skills: Business Intelligence Data Warehousing Process Improvement Team Leadership Effectiveness. Strategic Planning Analysis Reporting Systems Architecture Process Implementation Software Design Development.

Business Objects 4, XI r3, r2, r1, 6.5, …; WebIntelligence 4, XI, 6.5, …; UDT/IDT; Data Integrator 6; Data Services 4, XI 3.2, 4; DQM; SAP HANA; SSIS; Ab Initio; BEx Query Designer; PowerDesigner; Sagent; BrioQuery; Cognos; Genio; Erwin; Crystal Reports 2011, XI, 8.5; Xcelsius 2008; Lumira; IIS; Visio. Basic 6; PL/SQL; SQL; Transact-SQL (T-SQL); ASP; JavaScript; VBScript; HTML; DHTML; Ajax; JQuery; CSS; JSON; XML; XSLT; eBay, Indeed, YQL, Google APIs; SAS; Cobol. SQL Server 2012, 2008, 2005, 2000, 7.0, 6.5; Oracle 11g, 10g, 9i, 8, 7; Teradata; Neteeza; SAP HANA; Hyperion Essbase; MySQL; MS Access; UDB; DB2; Sybase; Filemaker. SAP ECC 4.7, 6.0; Salesforce; Oracle ERP. MM, MDM, FICO, PI, PUR, COPA, CAPEX, MFG, SD, PP, QM, PM, MRP, UOM, WM, HCM, SCM, VM. Windows Server 2012/2008/2003/7/Vista/XP/2000/NT/98/95/NT; Unix/Linux; Mac OS; Mainframe. OLTP, OLAP, ODBC, ADO, RDO, OLE DB, SOAP, SSL, SAP Bank Analyzer, Forecasting, Trend Analysis, Star and Snowflake Schemas, Executive Dashboards, CDC (change data capture), 3-Tier Programming, TCP / IP, FTP, HTTP, ISO, LDAP, SSO, RPC.

Agile, Scrum, Waterfall, Inmon, Kimball, object oriented programming (OOD), rapid application development (RAD), Accelerated SAP (ASAP). Consumer Products, Banking, Lumber, Legal, Logistics, Health Care, Chemicals, Pharmaceuticals, Dept. of Defense, Energy, Electric, Automotive, Government, Politics, Insurance, Data Quality, Telecommunications, Building Materials, Financial Services, Commodities, Fleet Management, Furniture, Food Beverages, Mining, Coal, Debit Credit Cards, Pet Food, Animal Feed, Incentives, Marketing, Education. Teradata Certified Professional, Teradata Certified SQL Specialist. Development of BODS objects supporting multiple change data capture styles that include thousands of mappings and over seventy SAP DSO destinations. All information sourced from and writing to SAP HANA.

Created BODS specific portions of management, mapping documents, including CDC information. Design (modeling) and construction of SAP HANA tables, functions, procedures, and views using a combination of Data Services, PowerDesigner, and HANA Studio. Performed modeling with HANA, using attribute, analytic, and calculation views. Migration of information from multiple source systems (out of SAP HANA) into master thesis electrical, SAP Bank Analyzer, with various data profiling and watermark, quality checks and use of a composite table to ease maintenance/LI Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, SAP HANA, SAP Bank Analyzer, DB2, PowerDesigner, Windows 7. Creation of thesis electrical engineering, executive dashboard illustrating volumes, imbalances, accounting details, and letters uk, customer information related to acquisition. Improvement of existing dashboards – organization and bug fixes. Ensured data accuracy and providing of most important and up to date details by meeting with business analysts and management in electrical, multiple locales. Developed several multi-source IDT universes referencing relational databases, containing derived tables. Provided key and timely details in user-friendly dashboard to advertisement analysis essay, help management make informed decisions. Conversion of existing dashboards from Xcelsius to master engineering, Lumira, for comparison purposes.

Environment: Xcelsius 4.1, SAP Lumira, IDT, MS Access 2012, SQL Server 2012, Windows 7. Successful and rapid conversion of multiple Ab Initio processes to Data Services, implementing methodologies to increase maintainability, including simplification, logging, and inline documentation. Data analysis, modeling, and profiling using SQL Server and Data Services, to provide new and improved structures and aid in data quality checks related to watermark, conversion efforts. Cost savings through replacement of scheduler with scripting involving file watcher loops and, or database flag checks, moving files to staging and production folders, and emailing of results, including attachments. Executed technical leadership on the use of the technology platform and tools, mentoring in optimal use of BODS in a SQL Server, SAP, and Unix environment. Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, SQL Server 2008, Oracle, SAP, Ab Initio, Acorn, Windows 7, Unix. Created and master thesis electrical, optimized executive summary and several linked dashboards, including hierarchical selectors, flash variables, and magazine analysis, dynamic sales and marketing information based on thesis electrical, live SAP BPC data.

Built Crystal Reports detail reports connected to paper, BI services pointed at Web Intelligence blocks containing BEx query details. Reports launched by and received prompts from Xcelsius dashboard. Acted as go-to for the team for thesis engineering, technical concerns and idea development. Significant contributions to dashboard and ETL architecture and design, including best practices. Constructed reusable templates to speed batch and real-time ETL development in thesis statement, BODS and provide auditing functionality. Led training sessions explaining usage of templates and gathering ideas for improvement. Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, Dashboard Designer (Xcelsius), Business Objects 4 (WebI, UDT, IDT), Crystal Reports 4, SQL Server 2008, Neteeza, XML, Windows 7. Provided administrative assistance, including fixing of scheduling errors, performance tuning, permissions management, and migrating jobs between systems. Creation of new repositories and configuration of existing ones. Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, Oracle, Windows Server 2003, Windows 7. Constructed website to create, update, and delete batches of thesis, listings to classroom management, eBay through XML using the eBay API and process related responses.

Added code to engineering, send and process listing status checks to eBay. Created code to encrypt and decrypt sensitive information used in website. Developed code in website, stored procedures, and functions that wrote results to SQL Server database. Scheduled listing creation (based on database contents) and uk, status checking. Environment: HTML, CSS, JavaScript, ASP, JQuery, XML, JSON, eBay API, SQL Server, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7. Converted data conversion processes from BW to ECC sources, using Data Services integrated with SAP. Created reporting system, including data model and dictionary, ETL, and master thesis electrical, WebI reports, based off SAP ECC material master information. Involved frequent discussions with offshore team members and business analysts. Troubleshooting of reporting, universe, and on effective classroom management, ETL issues with onshore and offshore engineers.

Environment: Data Services (BODS) 4, Business Objects 4 (WebI, UDT), Oracle, SAP BW and ECC, Windows 7. Acted as systems/software engineer for system architecture planning, technical design, software development and test, and electrical, software, hardware, and printmaking, interface integration. Thesis Engineering! Installation and configuration of Business Objects Enterprise and Data Services, including Data Quality. Creation, improvement, and documentation of HR reports and related universe, including standardization and on lupus, applying best practices. Environment: Data Services XI r3.2, Business Objects XI r3.2, SQL Server 2008; Win Server 2008.

Engineered conversion projects, using a self-designed standardized process, for migrating information between SAP 4.7 and 6.0. Converted information from SAP modules, including manufacturing, material master, basic data, fico, general plant, mdm, mrp, purchasing, qm, sales data, units of measure, warehouse mgmt, and work scheduling. Built and implemented validation projects to ensure quality data migration. Frequent daily interaction with SAP functional analysts and electrical, business to review requirements and cuny city college, results. Environment: Data Services XI r3.2, Oracle 9i; SQL Server 2008; SAP ECC 4.7, 6.0; Win XP. Converted and enhanced Cognos into WebI, Crystal, and Xcelsius reports with SAP data (HCM and SCM).

Mapping of master, reporting requirements from business terms into on lupus, SAP objects. Creation and maintenance of thesis, OLAP universes sourced from BEx queries. Writing and management, editing of electrical engineering, SAP BEx queries using Query Designer. Writing of test scripts for magazine analysis essay, accuracy, formatting, and performance. Environment: Business Objects XI r3.2; SAP ECC 4.7 – HCM, SCM, SD; SQL Server 2008; Win XP. Guided and played key role in design document production, including ETL field mappings for 500+ fields in four systems (2000+ fields total), data dictionary, universe and report documents, and DDL scripts. Constructed universe and related star schema database, with focus on user-friendly configuration of classes and master thesis engineering, objects. Universe automatically updated with self-created automation tool. Printmaking Paper Watermark! Led report development effort, including creation of many Web Intelligence reports. Designed and implemented Business Objects architecture, including hardware and software requirements, CMS information, security, and migration from XIr2 to XIr3. Championed standardization of field mappings, data dictionary, and electrical engineering, universe and report documents.

Coordinated offshore ETL efforts, including meetings and answering of daily questions. Environment: Business Objects XI r3.2; SQL Server 2008; Designer SDK; Crystal Enterprise SDK, Win XP. Designed, created, implemented, and tested dataflows, workflows, scripts, and cuny city college, jobs for thesis electrical engineering, multiple projects. Troubleshooting and performance tuning which reduced several jobs from several hours to less than one. Full lifecycle project focusing on surveys, including Data Services and Designer (universe) components. Migrated dataflows, workflows, scripts, and jobs between repositories. Environment: Data Services XI r3.2, Business Objects XI r3.2; SQL Server 2008; Windows Server 2008, Windows XP. Created and ran ETL jobs to load and manipulate Material Master and Vendor SAP information. Generated, put into successful production, and statement on lupus, trained others in data validation / testing tool, using Data Services and SQL Server procedures and functions. Administration and configuration of multiple datastores and servers.

Upgrade of First Logic / Data Quality to electrical engineering, Data Services, with data and communication, multiple country address cleansing. Developed, published, and scheduled batch and real-time jobs. Produced contact duplicate checking ETL project, including match transforms and adjustable parameters. Constructed dashboards to review data validation results. Environment: Data Services XI r3.1, 3.2; SQL Server 2005; SAP (extracts); Xcelsius 2008; Windows XP. Directed and coordinated organizational strategies of employees responsible for conceptualizing, designing, constructing, testing and implementing business and technical solutions for telecommunications data. Partnered with software and architectural teams to plan and build out new systems, understand scalability and constraints of software, and manage disaster recovery and master thesis engineering, business continuity planning. Acted as key developer, leading a team of four (mostly remote) developers in the creation of Webi reports, universes, and Xcelsius dashboards consisting of proprietary telecommunications information. Implemented ETL related to thesis, numerous systems, including creating and manipulating tables with raw SQL/SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS) and conversion of SAS into engineering, packages and cuny college application essay, SQL. Guided and developed the Business Objects teams, including providing hiring recommendations, training, mentoring and monitoring staff performance to effectively adhere to company’s “best practice” initiatives.

Environment: Business Objects XI r2 (Webi, Designer, CMS, Admin); Crystal Reports XI; Crystal Xcelsius 2008; SQL Server 2005; Teradata; SSIS; Netezza; SAS; Aqua Data Studio; Windows XP. Responsible for creating Business Objects universes and engineering, reports to thesis, provide information on clinical trials. Successfully migrated universes and thesis engineering, reports from development to test to production. Created Oracle functions and stored procedures to supply comma-delimited lists and date information. Created functional and technical documentation for college, all reports and master, universes, outlining processes to management, create an easily readable roadmap of all procedures for master thesis engineering, end users. Environment: BusinessObjects XI r2; Oracle 9i; ARISg; Windows XP. Led efforts in the successful extraction and transformation of information from paper watermark, Excel to SQL Server database, designing a database geared towards OLAP reporting and later Essbase loading. Created over electrical engineering, two thousand transformations to alter information extracted from Excel. Skills Essays! Developed ETL program using VB with features for master thesis, types of processes to display and paper, run, status lists, storing metrics, HTML help, and electrical engineering, options to skip process with errors to convert text values to skills essays, zero’s. Environment: SQL Server 2005; Visual Basic 6; Hyperion Essbase; Microsoft Excel 2003; OLAP; Windows XP. Responsible for gathering customer requirements, architecting prototypical solutions, acquiring customer acceptance, and managing software processes from initial design to final implementation and deployment.

Primarily responsible for migrating Sybase, Business Objects (6.x), and Oracle Sagent data warehouses to provide commodities-related financial information to client and internal business users. Key Projects: Migrated three reporting systems to Business Objects XI and Crystal Reports XI, with Oracle 9i. Administration using Central Management Console to thesis electrical, schedule reports, configure user and essay management, group security, and thesis engineering, manage categories, folders, universes, and licensing. Paper Watermark! Created and tested reports and master, universes with information about commodities, futures, and options. Installed, tested, and maintained Business Objects XI (including Crystal) client and uk, server software. Environment: Oracle 9i; Business Objects XI r2 (Webi, Crystal Reports, Performance Management, SDK); Sagent; Visual Basic 6; Scripting (VB, Java, batch); ASP; HTML; XML; CSS; SDLC; Cisco VPN; Windows XP. IT Consultant 1995 to 2006. Key Clients: LeasePlan, Lockheed Martin, WPAFB (Air Force), Haworth, HPFS, ATT, Travelers, CIT, Cigna, Anheuser-Busch, Peabody Group, MasterCard, Ralston Purina, Maritz, Davis Interactive Client:nbspnbsp LeasePlan -nbspAtlanta, GA,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2005 to 2006) Created a Business Objects data warehouse to provide leasing information to 100 key clients. Designed and rolled out an innovative reporting system using Webi, including linked reports. Master Electrical! Created conversion utility supporting improved (Excel) and unavailable formats (Word and HTML). Cuny City Application Essay! Client:nbspnbsp Lockheed Martin (US Navy) -nbspNew Orleans, LA,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2004 to 2005) Gained acceptance of a conversion of an Access reporting system into Business Objects.

Developed, documented, and master engineering, performance tuned thirteen reports and associated universes. Essays! Conducted qualitative and quantitative analysis to define project scopes and technical criteria. Master Electrical Engineering! Created many Data Integrator jobs, workflows, and dataflows supplying source data for systems. Printmaking Watermark! Collaborated with key internal and external decision makers to electrical, recommend process enhancements, including creation of conversion utility for city college application essay, perfecting Word and Excel files from Excel exports. Recipient of the “Lockheed Martin Outstanding Performer” Award (2004). Master Electrical! Client:nbspnbsp WPAFB (US Air Force) -nbspDayton, OH,nbsp Business Objects Technical Support Analyst (2005 to 2006) Provided expert analysis and assistance for the Air Force Knowledge System application, supporting over 450 tickets arising from over 300 users. Analysis! Tested and troubleshot WIS and INF errors, training, and network, database and universe issues. Troubleshot invalid data resulting from universe and database problems. Client:nbspnbsp Haworth -nbspHolland, MI,nbsp Data Integrator Developer (2005 to 2006) Gathered specifications and developed, tested, and master thesis, rolled out transformations and universes for AP, PO, and FA segments of Oracle Financials using Business Objects Data Integrator and Designer. Client:nbspnbsp HPFS -nbspMurray Hill, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2003) Served as financial reporting analyst, balancing data related to a conversion of a loan system.

Provided support to letters, users for report requests and maintenance, creating and testing 30 reports. Analyzed, documented, and master thesis electrical engineering, implemented recommendations for SQL Server DTS scripts. Client:nbspnbsp ATampT -nbspBedminster, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2003) Reporting analyst/administrator for essay classroom, a data warehousing project targeted to analyze and improve call center performance and processes. Responded to daily maintenance requests, streamlining processes through the installation, administration and configuration of Business Objects, including Publisher. Client:nbspnbsp Travelers -nbspHartford, CT,nbsp Business Analyst (2002 to 2003) Main point of contact in a Focus mainframe, SAS to thesis electrical engineering, client-server (Business Objects, Crystal Reports) migration and conversion of the Annuity Reporting System. Printmaking! Collaborated with cross-functional teams to develop 42 reports including prototype creation, testing, documentation, performance tuning, and requirements gathering and design. Conducted in-depth data analysis including data dictionary, physical data model, entity relationship diagrams, and master thesis electrical engineering, PL/SQL queries for balancing and on effective management, reviewing integrity of data. Master Engineering! Client:nbspnbsp CIT Group -nbspLivingston, NJ,nbsp Business Objects Expert (2002) Served as lead financial reporting analyst in a Citation mainframe to client-server (ALS) Business Objects implementation of essay, a data warehouse (Oracle, Sybase) for leasing. Partnered with end-users and key internal decision makers on electrical, requirements gathering. Full life-cycle development and performance tuning of 54 flawless reports using Business Objects Reporter, Designer, Supervisor, and Broadcast Agent.

Trained, mentored and monitored new and existing developers, instilling “best practices” to thesis on lupus, adhere to internal protocols and procedures. Client:nbspnbsp Cigna -nbspHartford, CT,nbsp Data Warehousing Consultant - Genio / Brio (2001 to 2002) Responsible for master electrical, the enhancement and maintenance of thesis statement on lupus, a customized Brio data warehouse reporting application for investment data, including transforming source data (Genio). Gathered scopes and specifications to test and provide daily support of Brio and master thesis electrical engineering, Genio. On Effective! Taught end users on the capabilities, enhancements, and limitations of Brio. Client:nbspnbsp Anheuser-Busch, Inc. Master Electrical Engineering! -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Senior Business Objects Developer (1999 to 2001) Implemented full lifecycle design of a 60 report data warehouse for essay classroom, pricing and master thesis electrical, promotions, that aided retailer sales tracking and marketing applications. Administered Business Objects repository, security, setup, universes, and report scheduling, including an application essay upgrade from version 4 to 5. Constructed automated universe and report documentation with Business Objects SDK. Participated in master thesis electrical engineering, Oracle ETL (transformation) related efforts, including creation of essay, PL/SQL functions, packages, stored procedures, views, tables, indexes, explain plans, and types. Client:nbspnbsp Peabody Group -nbspSt.

Louis, MO,nbsp Business Objects Developer (1999) Production included report creation, design, and prototyping security, universe maintenance and origination, data definition and engineering, manipulation, testing and layout. Client:nbspnbsp MasterCard -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Consultant (1998 to printmaking, 1999) Accountable for the conception of financial reporting system and associated graphical user interface, generating financial reports using Crystal Reports, VB, and Oracle. Client:nbspnbsp Davis Interactive (Interchange Technologies) -nbspSt. Louis, MO,nbsp Consultant (1995 to master electrical, 1999) Responsible for design and support of multimedia projects with Macromedia Director and VB. Paper! Created graphical user interfaces and thesis electrical engineering, database engines to interact with databases and magazine analysis essay, kiosks. Assembled software for reusable client incentive system (CIMS for Windows). Performed database administration, including backups, scheduling tasks, and electrical, setting up users and groups. Designed, developed, and tested reports and skills, associated interface using Visual Basic and Crystal Reports. Produced reusable Visual Basic tools, including batch form dynamic link library, report executable creator, system administration form creator, data source creator, and SQL Server administrative software.

Environment: Visual Basic 6; Crystal Reports; SQL Server 6.5; Filemaker; Windows NT. B.S. Accounting; Minor: Business Management, December 1996. Recipient of Academic Scholarship. Tutor: General Statistics, 1995-97.

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Free Information Technology essays. Nowadays people tend to electrical engineering, read articles or news directly from paper gadgets such as Smartphone and tablets. Wea??re already seeing some changes, even with semantics. For example, you publish a book, but you launch an master thesis electrical e-book. E-books are more similar to the Internet than to traditional books. The lengths of city college application essay e-books are changing. Thesis Electrical? E-books can be shorter than print books, as seen with long-form journalism and e-shorts by Byliner, Atavist, Kobo, and Kindle Singles. E-books can also be published as serials, allowing for statement the agile model of publishing. Readers now have the chance to give input and help shape the content. The evolution of the E-Books make people change their reading habits. These habits lead to reduction of people visited the library.

Library can be defined as a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing. It provides physical or digital access to material, and may be a physical building or room, or a virtual space, or both. In another words, people love to subscribe eBooks through gadgets than visit the library to find a books. In these situation library should play a role in increasing their information about people interest in the form of books and Journals. Master Electrical? It is because more people nowadays tend to read E-Books or E-Journals than visiting the library.

Though e-readers are becoming more and more popular, theya??re not outdistancing print, and therea??s no indication that they will even in the future. In 2012, researcher found that of the magazine essay, adults questioned, only 5 percent of thesis them read exclusively e-books. People of all ages prefer print books than E-books because of many reason. It will cover the pro printmaking and cons of master thesis engineering print books and E-books. There will be a justification made in these report. Communication Skills Essays? The purposes of this report are; i) To justify the statement a?˜..Libraries should provide more books rather than invest in new technology such as ebooks and e-journals. ii) The pros and master engineering cons of letters uk E-Book and E-Journals. With the advance of phones, tablets, and ereaders, ebooks have become a popular reading standard. Still, there’s something about the feel of an master electrical old-fashioned paper book. Ebooks can be read practically anywhere on anything, it really help when we in work and have no time to open a book.

On another hand, some researchers discovered that 62 percent of the respondents actually prefer printed books to e-books, even though theya??re technically the magazine advertisement, technological and thesis electrical engineering digital generation. i) Paper books cannot be deleted and real experience. There are few opinion that agree, library should invest more in books because books is classroom management more practical than ebooks. One of them are; a??The ebook I was reading told me I was 84% finished with the book when the book ended.

The remaining 16% was excerpts from the thesis electrical engineering, author’s other books, an skills author interview, and a discussion guide. Paper books are far superior when it comes to letting you know your place in a book, and that’s why I prefer booka?? In these case library should give more attention to providing a books than invest in master thesis, technology. Magazine? Libraries should be responsible for keeping paper books as one day the master thesis, internet may not exist. It is a known fact that paper books are the only reliable and safe source of information. The best way to cuny city college application essay, start and finish your book is reading the book itself. One day your gadget may lost all the data because of technical problem such as virus and malware. There is no guarantee that ebooks will kept forever in our phone. Leta??s take an engineering example, when A format their phone or laptop the data store in printmaking paper watermark, it will not exist and may deleted. It will destruct the ebooks in their phone. Lending print books couldna??t be easiera?” just grab the thesis electrical, book and pass it along; no set-up or hassle involved.

There is just something about print books that ebook cana??t compete with, the way the spine cracks the fist time ita??s open, the way the pages feel in letters uk, your hands, the rich scent of paper, the way they wear over time and gain character. People will appreciate the books when they can touch, feel and read it. The best part it we can hold a pen and write down anything that we thought about every passage we read. While ebooks are probably going to be around for quite a while, there is something really special about being able to hold something in your hands that your parents, grandparents, and master other family members had when they were young. Some people love to sit with their family and holding a book than holding a tablet.

It is because they will more concentrate on the book their read. Seeing a shelf full of books and topics is inspiring and magazine advertisement analysis essay stimulates the imagination. Keeping books in handphone and bookshelf is much different. When we keep books in master electrical engineering, bookshelf we can see the books in our house or any place. If we keep the books in our gadgets, it was like the books we read are never exist. The situation is printmaking paper watermark we read and delete rather than read and keep it for engineering our collection. It’s no secret that reading is good for you. Just six minutes of reading is enough to reduce stress by 68%, and essay on effective classroom management numerous studies have shown that reading keeps your brain functioning effectively as you age.

One study even found that elderly individuals who read regularly are 2.5 times less likely to develop Alzheimer’s than their peers. Thesis Electrical? But not all forms of reading are created equal. ii) E-books are damaging our health. Ebooks will damaging our physical and essays mental health than we might think. Thesis? When we read through smartphone, the light from the screen may destruct our sight and communication lead to master electrical engineering, eyes problem. Researchers have been examining the differences between reading regular books and e-books for years. Cuny College Application Essay? Many of the studies have shown that reading old-fashioned books has plenty of advantages over master thesis, e-books, which can be gateways to other electronic distractions, all of advertisement which screw with your sleep. This is why you should ditch the screen for printed pages. Using laptops or phones late at night to read doesn’t make way for restful sleep. Reading helps you de-stress faster or just as fast as listening to music, taking a walk, or having a cup of tea or coffee, according to electrical engineering, a 2009 study. When researchers measured heart rate and muscle tension, they found that people relaxed just six minutes into cv covering letters reading.

But reading on a device might cancel out this effect, and may even impact your stress levels negatively. Master Thesis Engineering? Repeated use of mobile phones or laptops late at night has been linked to depression, higher levels of stress, and fatigue among young adults. Constant use of technology not only disrupts our sleeping patterns and throws off our circadian rhythms, but it fosters a shorter attention span and fractured focus a?” online, we jump from meme to meme and link to link, checking Facebook intermittently. Social media and technological distractions also always seem to foster guilt and regret, and before we know it, three hours have passed and our brains feel like mush. People nowadays love to printmaking watermark, read something with visual than directly words by words.

Thata??s why people will love to check facebook than open their books in their smartphone or tablets. Reading an old-fashioned paper book might seem out of thesis style, wasteful, or impractical. Printmaking Paper? But dona??t underestimate the simplicity of holding a physical book in thesis electrical, your hands, flipping through the college, pages, and engineering not having anything else to shift your focus to. Commit to the classic paper book and communication skills essays you’ll get the full, healthier experience. Reading in print helps with comprehension. A 2014 study found that readers of a short mystery story on a Kindle were significantly worse at remembering the order of events than those who read the same story in paperback.

Lead researcher Anne Mangen of Norway’s Stavanger University concluded that “the haptic and tactile feedback of a Kindle does not provide the same support for mental reconstruction of master engineering a story as a print pocket book does.” iii) Survey about Prints books and cv covering uk E-books. Textbook makers, bookstore owners and college student surveys all say millennials still strongly prefer print for electrical pleasure and learning, a bias that surprises reading experts given the same groupa??s proclivity to consume most other content digitally. Marlene England (Owner of a bookstores) said millennials regularly tell her they prefer print because ita??s a??easier to follow stories.a?? Pew studies show the highest print readership rates are among those ages 18 to 29, and the same age group is still using public libraries in large numbers. Cv Covering Letters Uk? Don Kilburn, North American president for Pearson, the largest publisher in the world and the dominant player in education, said the move to digital a??doesna??t look like a revolution right now. It looks like an evolution, and ita??s lumpy at best.a?? And it can be seen most prominently on college campuses, where students still lug backpacks stuffed with books, even as they increasingly take notes (or check Facebook) on thesis laptops during class. This is the report made by essay classroom management, The Washington Post. This post shows that more people will choose prints book than E-books. In order to justify this report, there is thesis a survey has been conducted with 20 respondent. It will ask about statement on lupus which the respondent prefer in finding information. The question will cover their choices about prints books or E-books.

Survey about thesis Print Books Vs E-books. 1. How many Books have you read in the last year? a??11 or more Books. 2. Have you purchased an E-book or a print book in the last 12 months? a??Ia??ve purchased only E-books. a??Ia??ve purchased only printed books. a??Ia??ve bought both e-books and advertisement analysis printed books.

a??No Ia??havena??t purchased either. 3. Do you prefer to read E-Books or Print Books? a??Print books only. 4. Do you agree with the following statement: a??Library should invest more in master electrical, books publication than ebooks and e journals..a?? a??Neither agree or disagree.

Result of the survey. 1. How many Books have you read in the last year? Among the 20 respondent the majority will read four to five books in a year. 2. Have you purchased an E-book or a print book in the last 12 months? These finding shows more people prefer to purchased both e-books and printed books. Printed books are more popular among the reader. 3. Do you prefer to on effective, read E-Books or Print Books? The third questions shows that most of the respondent prefer print books than E-books.

Many people wrote in thesis, their comments and had clear reasons for avoiding the screen like, a??Therea??s something about curling up with a good book in advertisement, onea??s hands that cana??t be beata?? and a??I spend enough time on computers at work, need a breaka?? to a??I like the feel of the pagesa??. Seems like the smell and feel of paper, curling up on a rainy afternoon with a mug of tea is thesis electrical better than seeing on screen with brighting light that can distract our eyes. 4. Do you agree with the following statement: a??Library should invest more in books publication than ebooks and e journals..a?? The last questions is about the main topic that need to justify with the survey. Magazine Advertisement Essay? More respondents strongly agree that library should vary and invest in print books to satisfied people needs in reading a print books. The result show that most of them strongly agree library should invest more on prints book than E-books. We will forget how good to hold a books in real and thesis electrical engineering appreciate the writing in communication skills, the print books.

Library will play a main role in master engineering, promoting a people to read a print books. Readers absorb less on Kindles and iPads than when they read on cv covering paper. A few years back, researcher wrote that it’s faster to read paper books than e-books, study shows. For a conclusion, it is better if we invest more on printed books because many people cana??t forget the thesis electrical engineering, smell of the thesis, books and also the engineering, sentimental value when we hold a book than smartphones. The survey will be the evidence that print books may allow for deeper reading and printmaking stronger understanding and memory than digital books. Nostalgia, comfort and master thesis convenience seem to be big reasons in cuny, favor for electrical engineering keeping the physical book alive. Another study show that sixteen to 24-year-olds are known as the analysis, super-connected generation, obsessed with snapping selfies or downloading the latest mobile apps, so it comes as a surprise to learn that 62% prefer print books to ebooks. The two big reasons for preferring print are value for money and an emotional connection to physical books. On questions of ebook pricing, 28% think that ebooks should be half their current price, while just 8% say that ebook pricing is right. Sometimes books in digital form is expensive than books in printed form. People nowadays will consider much on the value of the things they buy.

It is better to buy something that we can see and hold than in virtual form. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Information Technology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Electrical? Each of us is qualified to thesis on lupus, a high level in master thesis electrical engineering, our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Information Technology work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Information Technology essay was submitted to us by printmaking watermark, a student in master thesis electrical, order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Books and ebooks . Cuny City College Essay? Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/information-technology/books-and-ebooks/ [04-10-17]. If you are the original author of master thesis this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal:

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